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tained them when they came, making provission for them to his great charge, and continued so to doe, whilst they could stay in England. And when they were to remove out of the cuntrie he was one of the first in all adventures, and forwardest in any charge. He was the cheefe of those that were taken at Boston, and suffered the greatest loss; and of the seven that were kept longest in prison, and after bound over to the assises.1 Affter he came into Holland he suffered much hardship, after he had spente the most of his means, haveing a great charge, and many children;? and, in regard of his former breeding and course of life, not so fitt for many imployments as others were, espetially shuch as were toylesume and laborious. But yet he ever bore his condition with much cher

the “very fair Palace, a far greater House of receit, and a better Seat for provisions," was largely demolished in 1637,“enough being spared, and suitably repaired, to shelter the resident farmer, the 'plain farm tenement' which is there to this day.” See Dexter, The England and Holland of the Pilgrims, 215.

Writing in 1909, Rev. Morton Dexter expressed a conviction that the present socalled manor house at Scrooby contains part of what was the manor house in the days of Brewster. No proof exists that the house was ever completely demolished, though it is known to have fallen into decay in 1637, when it had ceased to be needed for the use of the Archbishop of York. A portion of the house was then pulled down, but some building has always been required for the use of the bailiff or farmer in charge, and the construction of the house tells its own story. “The southern (part), evidently is much older and dates back to the time of the original structure. Its walls are several feet thick in several places. It has some of the small windows which used to be common three hundred years ago. There are one or two niches which no farmhouse ever would have been likely to contain, as well as several large arched windows or doorways, now bricked up, which, like the niches, can have had no modern use but would have found a natural place in a building having, as we know that the original edifice had, a great hall and a chapel.” Mayflower Descendant, XI. 215. Doubts, however, have been expressed whether the existing building was not an out-house of the manor, now containing some of the materials of the original manor house.

1 See vol. 1. p. 31.

• Brewster married about 1591, and his wife, Mary, was about two years younger than he. At least three children were born at Scrooby, Jonathan, Patience and Fear. The exact dates of birth have not been determined, but Dexter, with reason, conjectures that Jonathan was born about 1592-93, Patience, before 1600, and Fear, just before the flight into Holland.

fullnes and contentation. Towards the later parte of those . 12. years spente in Holland, his outward condition was mended, and he lived well and plentifully; for he fell into a way (by reason he had the Latine tongue) to teach many students, who had a disire to lerne the English tongue, to teach them English; and by his method they quickly attained it with great facilitie; for he drew rules to lerne it by, after the Latine maner; and many gentlemen, both Danes and Germans, resorted to him, as they had time from other studies, some of them being great mens sonnes. He also had means to set up printing, (by the help of some freinds,) and so had imploymente inoughg, and by reason of many books which would not be alowed to be printed in England, they might have had more then they could doe. But now removeing into this countrie, all these things were laid aside againe, and a new course of living must be framed unto; in which he was no way unwilling to take his parte, and to bear his burthen with the rest, living many times without bread, or corne, many months together, having many times nothing but fish, and often wanting that also; and drunke nothing but water for many years togeather, yea, till within 5. or .6. years of his death. And yet he lived (by the blessing of God) in health till very old age. And besides that, he would labour with his hands in the feilds as long as he was able; yet when the church had no other minister, he taught twise every Saboth, and that both powerfully and profitably, to the great contentment of the hearers, and their comfortable edification; yea, many were brought to God by his ministrie. He did more in this behalfe in a year, then many that have their hundreds a year doe in all their lives. For his personall abilities, he was qualified above many; he was wise

· The Pilgrim Press was set up in Choir Alley. A list of Brewster's issues is given in Arber, The Story of the Pilgrim Fathers, 237, and the difficulties he had on their account, in vol. 1. p. 89.

• Bradford expresses his opinion of Brewster's ministrations, vol. 1. p. 402. It may be noted that Winthrop (1. *91), while characterizing Bradford as "a very discreet and grave man,” makes no mention of Brewster.

Succincti & Dilucidi





Quibus adhibita est Præfatio clarissimi viri IOHANNIS POLYANDIRI,

S. Theologija Profefforis L E IDENS I S.

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