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them, and drive them from thence, they often sollicited them to goe thither, and they should have much trade, espetially if they would keep a house ther.And having now good store of comodities, and allso need to looke out wher they could advantage them selves to help them out of their great ingagments, they now begane to send that way to discover the same, and trade with the natives. They found it to be a fine place, but had no great store of trade; but the Indeans excused the same in regard of the season, and the fear the Ind[e]ans were in of their enemise. So they tried diverce times, not with out profite, but saw the most certainty would be by keeping a house ther, to receive the trad when it came down out of the inland. These Indeans, not seeing them very forward to build ther, solisited them of the Massachusets in like sorte (for their end was to be restored to their countrie againe); but they in the Bay being but latly come, were not fitte for the same; but some of their cheefe made a motion to joyne with the partners ? here, to trade joyntly with them in that river, the which they were willing to imbrace, and so they should have builte, and put in equall stock togeather. A time of meeting was appointed at the Massachusets, and some of the cheefe here was appointed to treat with them, and went accordingly; but they cast many fears of deanger and loss and the like, which was perceived to be the maine obstacles, though they alledged they were not provided of trading goods. But those hear offered at presente to put in sufficente for both, provided they

1 In April, 1631, Wahginnacut (or Wahgumacut), a sagamore of the Connecticut River, came to Boston, to invite the English to plant in his country, and offered them some solid inducements. Winthrop learned that he had the reputation of being a very treacherous man, and, further, of being at war with the “Pekoath,” that is, the Pequots. When the same message came to Plymouth is not known, but it probably came from the same source, and, as stated in the text, before an appeal was made to the Bay authorities. The “banished Indians” were Mohicans, who had been subdued by the Pequots and had placed themselves under the protection of the Dutch. The Mohicans had, in 1628, been driven by the Mohawks from the Hudson, and had settled on the Fresh River.

· Bradford first wrote “people.”

would become ingaged for the halfe, and prepare against the nexte year. They conffessed more could not be offered, but thanked them, and tould them they had no mind to it. They then answered, they hoped it would be no offence unto (197) them, if them sellves wente on without them, if they saw it meete. They said there was no reason they should; and thus this treaty broake of, and those here tooke conveniente time to make a begining ther; and were the first English that both discovered that place, and built in the same, though they were litle better then thrust out of it afterward as may appeare.

But the Dutch begane now to repente, and hearing of their purpose and preparation, inde[v]oured to prevente them, and gott in a litle before them, and made a slight forte, and planted.2. peeces of ordnance, thretening to stopp their passage. But they having

1 On learning of the Dutch purchase and intention to erect a fort, the Governor went to Massachusetts Bay, and Winthrop gives the following account of the conference: “[July) 12. Mr. Edward Winslow, governour of Plimouth, and Mr. Bradford, came into the bay, and went away the 18th. They came partly to confer about joining in a trade to Connecticut, for beaver and hemp. There was a motion to set up a trading house there, to prevent the Dutch, who were about to build one; but, in regard the place was not fit for plantation, there being three or four thousand war. like Indians, and the river not to be gone into but by small pinnaces, having a bar affording but six feet at high water, and for that no vessels can get in for seven months in the year, partly by reason of the ice, and then the violent stream, etc., we thought not fit to meddle with it.History, 1. *105. In spite of this refusal to coöperate, the ship of the Bay, the Blessing, was sent in August or September on a trading voyage to Long Island and Manhattan, passing by the mouth of the Connecticut, which they found barred at the entrance. At Manhattan the leader of the expedition told Van Twiller of the grant of Connecticut by the King of Great Britain to his own subjects, and desired him to forbear to build there. Van Twiller courteously made a counter claim in behalf of the West India Company, and asked that nothing be done until the matter was determined by the home authorities. Ib. *112.

· Winslow went to the Connecticut River in 1632, the year before the Dutch “began in the river,” and he “had a place given (the place we after possessed).” In June, 1633, Wouter van Twiller sent Jacob van Curler and six others, to make a treaty with the Indians for lands on the Connecticut, and to establish a fort. On the eighth of the month Curler purchased a tract of land called Sickajoock, from Wapyquart

made a smale frame of a house ready, and haveing a great newbarke, they stowed their frame in her hold, and bords to cover and finishe it, having nayles and all other provisions fitting for their use. This they did the rather that they might have a presente defence against the Indeans, who weare much offended that they brought home and restored the right Sachem of the place (called Natawanute);- so as they were to incounter with a duble danger in this attempte, both the Dutch and the Indeans. When they came up the river, the Dutch demanded what they intended, and whither they would goe; they answered, up the river to trade (now their order was to goe and seat above them). They bid them strike, and stay, or els they would shoote them; and stood by ther ordnance

or Tattoepan, chief of the Sickenames River, who claimed to own the Fresh River. The fort mounted two guns, and was called “The Hope.” Tattoepan held the land by conquest. Winslow claimed that “the Dutch came in by way of prevention, and stept in between us and our people, etc.; that this was done without superior order from either the states or their masters, the West India Company, and so confessed by Curler; that the river was not oaccuum domicilium, but inhabited the year before, etc.To Winthrop, April 6, 1643. Morton, New Englands Memoriall (Davis), 395. The Dutch claimed to have established a sort on the Fresh River in 1623, in which a garrison had always been stationed and maintained since that year, and that only the circumstances of the company prevented an occupation of Sloup's Bay, behind Cape Cod. Deduction, in Documents relating to the History of New York, 11. 133, 134, 139.

1 The Dutch call him “Attarbaenhoot.” “I brought in Attawanhut, and there left him, where he lived and died upon the ground, whom Tatopan the tyrant had before expelled by war; that this Attawanhut, by the relation of Lieutenant Holmes, if he would have given way to it, would have cut off the Dutch, because they came in by Tatopan. I cannot remember all the particulars of that I gave under my owne hand writing, but one thing more of great consequence I call to mind, that Tatopan, for so we termed him, after he had chid me for bringing in his mortal enemy and countenancing him, as he did, would have had me (when indeed hee durst not attempt it againe upon him) to have given him but a knife, or but an awl blade, for his consent, to what I had done, which I utterly refused, etc. . . . But the truth is, I could say more about their (the Dutch) entrance, and the unworthiness of it, if I would bring our Governor (Bradford) on the stage, but will not, while it is under hand without his leave.Winslow to Winthrop, April 6, 1643, in Morton, New Englands Memoriall (Davis), 396. Tattoepan was later slain by the Dutch, and a curious controversy arose over his son Tausaquonawhut. 4 Mass. Hist. Collections, vi. 278.

Byde Vergaderinghevan de Negenthiene vande Geoctroyeerde

Welt-Indische Compagnie vergunt aen alien den ghenen / die eenighe Colonien in Nieu

Pederlande [ullen planten.

In bet licht gbegbeven
Om bekent te maken wat Profijten ende Voordeelen
aldaer in Nieu-Nederlandt, voor de Coloniers ende der
felver Patroonen ende Meesters, midtsgaders de
Participanten, die de Colonien aldaer

planten, zijn becomen.

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Weftindjen Kan Syd Nederlands groot gewin
Vår kliyat foyands Macell brengt Silver platea

in
T'AMSTELRED A M,
Door Marten lansz Brandt Boeckvercooper / woonende by
De nieuwe Berck/in de Gereformeerde Catechismus, Anno 1630.

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