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together with the directors elected, shall manage the business of the corporation. .

Sec. 705. ELECTIONS.—All officers shall be elected by a plurality of votes given at any election, and a general election of officers shall be held at least once in each year; but in case of any accidental failure or neglect to hold such general election the corporation shall not thereby lapse or terminate, but shall continue and exist, and the old officers shall hold over until the next general election of officers provided for in the constitution adopted.

Sec. 706. TENURE OF OFFICE.—The officers shall hold their offices for the time which shall be prescribed in the constitution adopted by the corporation and until others shall be elected and qualified as prescribed by such constitution.

Sec. 707. BY-LAWS.-Such corporation shall have the right to admit as members such persons as they may see fit, and expel any members as they may see fit; and in all cases a majority of the members present at any stated meetings shall have the right to pass, and also the right to repeal, any by-law of the corporation; and in all cases the constitution and by-laws adopted by the corporation shall be binding upon and control the same until altered, changed, or abrogated in the manner that may be prescribed in such constitution.

Sec. 708. FINES.-Such corporation may inflict fines upon any of its members, and collect the same, for breach of the provisions of the constitution or by-laws; but no fine shall in any case exceed twentyfive dollars. Such fines may be collected by action of debt, brought in the name of the corporation, before a justice of the peace, against the person upon whom the fine shall have been imposed.

Sec. 709. WHAT BUSINESS TO BE CARRIED ON.-Such corporation shall have no power or authority to do or carry on any business excepting such as is usual in the management and conduct of boards of trade or chambers of commerce and is provided for in the preceding sections of this subchapter.

Subchapter IX.-STREET RAILWAYS.

Sec. 710. REMOVAL OF DISUSED TRACKS. — Whenever the track or tracks, or any part thereof, of any street railway company in the District of Columbia shall not have been regularly operated for railway purposes upon a schedule (approved by the Commissioners] as required by its charter for a period of three months, the Commissioners of said District, in their discretion, may thereupon notify such company to remove said unused tracks and to place the street in good condition; and if such company shall neglect or refuse to remove said tracks and place the street in good condition within sixty days after such notice, the said company shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be liable to a fine of ten dollars for each and every day during which said tracks are permitted to remain upon the street or streets, or said roadway shall remain out of repair, which fine shall be recovered in the police court of said District, in the name of said District, as other fines and penalties are now recovered in said court.

Sec. 711. USING OTHER COMPANY'S LINES.—It shall be unlawful for any street railway company operating its system or parts of its system

over any portion of the underground electric lines owned and operated by another street railway company in the city of Washington to continue such operation, or to enter into reciprocal trackage relations with any other company, as provided for under existing law, unless its motive power for the propulsion of its cars shall be the same as that of the company whose tracks are used or to be used. For every violation of this subchapter the company violating it shall be subject to a fine of ten dollars for every car operated in violation of the provisions of this subchapter, said fine to be collected and applied in the same manner as is provided by the preceding section.

Sec. 712. FREE TRANSFERS. —All street railway companies within the District of Columbia now operating their systems, or parts of their systems, in the city of Washington by use of the tracks of one or more of such companies, under a reciprocal trackage agreement, as provided for under existing law, which shall be compelled to discontinue the use of the tracks of anotber company, shall issue free transfers to their patrons from one system to the other at such junctions of their respective lines as may be provided for by the Commissioners of the District of Columbia.

Subchapter X.-SAVINGS BANKS.

Sec. 713. REPORT TO BE MADE TO COMPTROLLER.-All savings banks or savings companies or institutions organized under authority of any Act of Congress to do business in the District of Columbia sball be, and are hereby, required to make to the Comptroller of the Currency, and publish, all the reports which national banking associations are required to make and publish under the provisions of sections fiftytwo hundred and eleven, fifty-two hundred and twelve, and fifty-two hundred and thirteen of the Revised Statutes, and shall be subject to the same penalties for failure to make or publish such reports as are therein provided, which penalties may be collected by suit before the supreme court of the District of Columbia. — Act of June 30, 1902.

[Sec. 713. REPORT TO BE MADE TO COMPTROLLER, AND TO BE SUBJECT TO PROVISIONS OF LAW APPLICABLE TO NATIONAL BANKS. —All savings banks or savings companies or institutions organized under authority of any act of Congress to do business in the District of Columbia shall be, and are hereby, required to make to the Comptroller of the Currency, and publish, all the reports which national banking associations are required to make and publish under the provisions of sections fifty-two hundred and eleven, fifty-two hundred and twelve, and fifty-two hundred and thirteen of the Revised Statutes, and shall be subject to the same penalties for failure to make or publish such reports as are therein provided; which penalties may be collected by suit before the supreme court of the District of Columbia.

And all savings or other banks now organized, or which shall hereafter be organized, in the District of Columbia, under any act of Congress, which shall have capital stock paid up in whole or in part, shall be subject to all the provisions of the Revised Statutes and of all acts of Congress applicable to national banking associations, so far as the same may be applicable to such savings or other banks: Provided, That any savings banks established before eighteen hundred and seventy-four shall not be required to have a paid-up capital exceeding one hundred thousand dollars.]

Sec. 714. COMPTROLLER AUTHORIZED TO EXAMINE.—The Comptroller of the Currency, in addition to the powers now conferred upon him by law for the examination of national banks, is hereby further authorized, whenever he may deem it useful, to cause examination to be made into the condition of any bank in the District of Columbia organized under act of Congress. The Comptroller, at his discretion, may report

to Congress the results of such examination. The expense necessarily incurred in the execution of this section shall be paid out of any appropriation made by Congress for special bank examinations. Subchapter XI.-TRUST, LOAN, MORTGAGE, AND CERTAIN OTHER COR

PORATIONS.

Sec. 715. FOR WHAT PURPOSES TO BE FORMED.—Corporations may be formed within the District of Columbia for the purposes hereinafter mentioned in the following manner:

At any time hereafter any number of natural persons, citizens of the United States, not less than twenty-five, may associate themselves together to form a company for the purpose of carrying on, in the District of Columbia, any one of the three classes of business herein specified, to wit:

First. A safe deposit, trust, loan, and mortgage business.
Second. A title insurance, loan, and mortgage business.

Third. A security, guarantee, indemnity, loan, and mortgage business: Provided, That the capital stock of any of said companies shall not be less than one million dollars, and that any of said companies may also do a storage business when their capital stock amounts to the sum of not less than one million two hundred thousand dollars.

Sec. 716. ORGANIZATION CERTIFICATE.-Such persons shall, under their hands and seals, execute before some officer in said District competent to take the acknowledgment of deeds, an organization certificate, which shall specifically state

First. The name of the corporation.
Second. The purposes for which it is formed.

Third. The term for which it is to exist, which shall not exceed the term of fifty years, and be subject to alteration, amendment, or repeal by Congress at any time.

Fourth. The number of its directors and the names and residences of the officers who for the first year are to manage the affairs of the company.

Fifth. The amount of its capital stock and its subdivision into shares.

Sec. 717. POWER OF COMMISSIONERS OF THE DISTRICT.-This cer. tificate shall be presented to the Commissioners of the District, who shall have power and discretion to grant or refuse to said persons a charter of incorporation upon the terms set forth in the said certificate and the provisions of this subchapter.

See. 718. NOTICE OF APPLICATION TO COMMISSIONERS.—Previous to the presentation of the said certificate to the said Commissioners, notice of the intention to apply for such charter shall be inserted in two newspapers of general circulation, printed in the District of Columbia, at least four times a week for three weeks, setting forth briefly the name of the proposed company, its character and object, the names of the proposed corporators, and the intention to make application for a charter on a specified day; and the proof of such publication shall be presented with said certificate when presentation thereof is made to said Commissioner's.

Sec. 719. RECORDING CHARTER, AND SO FORTH.-If the charter be granted as aforesaid, it, together with the certificate of the Commissioners granting the same indorsed thereon, shall be filed for record in

the office of the recorder of deeds for the District of Columbia, and shall be recorded by him. On the filing of the said certificate with the said recorder of deeds as herein provided, approved as aforesaid by the said Commissioners, the persons named therein and their successors shall thereupon and thereby be and become a body corporate and politic, and as such shall be vested with all the powers and charged with all the liabilities conferred upon and imposed by this subchapter upon companies organized under the provisions hereof: Provided, however, That no corporation created and organized under the provisions hereof, or availing itself of the provisions hereof as contained in section seven hundred and twenty-five, shall be authorized to transact the business of a trust company, or any business of a fiduciary character, until it shall have filed with the Comptroller of the Currency a copy of its certificate of organization and charter, and shall have obtained from him and filed the same for record with the said recorder of deeds, a certificate that the said capital stock of said company has been paid in and the deposit of securities made with said Comptroller in the manner and to the extent required by this subchapter.

Sec. 720. REPORTS TO COMPTROLLER.—All companies organized hereunder, or which shall, under the provisions hereof, become entitled to transact the business of a trust company, shall report to the Comptroller of the Currency in the manner prescribed by sections fifty-two hundred and eleven, fifty-two hundred and twelve, and fifty-two hundred and thirteen of the Revised Statutes of the United States in the case of national banks, and all acts amendatory thereof or supplementary thereto, and with similar provisions for compensating examiners, and shall be subject to like penalties for failure to do so. The Comptroller shall have and exercise the same visitorial powers over the affairs of the said corporation as is conferred upon him by section fifty-two hundred and forty of the Revised Statutes of the United States in the case of national banks. He shall also have power, wben in his opinion it is necessary, to take possession of any such company for the reasons and in the manner and to the same extent as are provided in the laws of the United States with respect to national banks.

Sec. 721. SPECIAL POWERS.-All companies organized under this subchapter are hereby declared to be corporations possessed of the powers and functions of corporations generally, and shall have power

First. To make contracts.

Second. To sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded, in any court as fully as natural persons.

Third. To make and use a common seal and alter the same at pleasure. Fourth. To loan money.

Fifth. When organized under subdivision one of section seven hundred and fifteen of this subchapter, to accept and execute trusts of any and every description which may be committed or transferred to them, and to accept the office and perform the duties of receiver, assignee, executor, administrator, collector of estate or property of any decedent, guardian of the estate of minors with the consent of the guardian of the person of such minor, and committee of the estates of lunatics and idiots whenever any trusteeship or any such office or appointment is committed or transferred to them, with their consent, by any person, body politic or corporate, or by any court in the District of

Columbia; and all such companies organized under the first subdivision of section seven hundred and fifteen of this subchapter are further authorized to accept deposits of money for the purposes designated herein, upon such terms as may be agreed upon from time to time with depositors, and to act as agent for the purpose of issuing or countersigning the bonds or obligations of any corporation, association, municipality, or State, or other public authority, and to receive and manage any sinking fund on any such terms as may be agreed upon, and shall have power to issue its debenture bonds upon deeds of trust or mortgages of real estate to a sum not exceeding the face value of said deeds of trust or mortgages, and which shall not exceed fifty per centum of the fair cash value of the real estate covered by said deeds or mortgages, to be ascertained by the Comptroller of the Currency; but no debenture bonds shall be issued until the securities on which the same are based have been placed in the actual possession of the trustee named in the debenture bonds, who shall bold said securities until all of said bonds are paid; and when organized under the second subdivision of section seven hundred and fifteen of this subchapter said company is authorized to insure titles to real estate and to transact generally the business mentioned in said subdivision; and when organized under the third subdivision of section seven hundred and fifteen of this subchapter said company is hereby authorized, in addition to the loan and mortgage business therein mentioned, to secure, guarantee, and insure individuals, bodies politic, associations, and corporations against loss by or through trustees, agents, servants, or employees, and to guarantee the faithful performance of contracts and obligations of whatever kind entered into by or on the part of any person or persons, association, corporation, or corporations, and against loss of every kind: Provided, That any .corporations formed under the provisions of this subchapter when acting as trustee shall be liable to account for the amounts actually earned by the moneys held by it in trust in addition to the principal so held; but such corporation may be allowed a reasonable compensation for services performed in the care of the trust estate.

Sec. 722. MAY BE APPOINTED TRUSTEE, EXECUTOR, AND SO FORTH.-In all cases in which application shall be made to any court in the District of Columbia, or wherever it becomes necessary or proper for said court to appoint a trustee, receiver, administrator, collector, guardian of the estate of a minor, or committee of the estate of a lunatic, it shall and may be lawful for said court (but without prejudice to any preference in the order of any such appointments required by existing law) to appoint any such company organized under the first subdivision of section seven hundred and fifteen of this subchapter, with its assent, such trustee, receiver, administrator, collector, committee, or guardian, with the consent of the guardian of the person of such minor: Provided, however, That no court or judge who is an owner of or in any manner financially interested in the stock or business of such corporation shall commit by order or decree to any such corporation any trust or fiduciary duty.

Sec. 723. Oath.—Whenever any corporation operating under this code shall be appointed such trustee, executor, administrator, collector, receiver, assignee, guardian, or committee, as aforesaid, the president, rice-president, secretary, or treasurer of said company shall take the

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