« PreviousContinue »
enter into an undertaking, with sufficient surety, to be approved by the justice, for the delivery of such property to the marshal, if the judgment of the court shall be against the party entering into such undertaking; and said undertaking shall be returned to said supreme court, and it may give judgment thereon.
Sec. 37. Nothing herein contained shall prevent a claimant other than the defendant from bringing an action of replevin against the officer levying upon the property claimed as aforesaid.
Sec. 38. DOCKET.-Each justice of the peace is required to keep a docket, in which he shall enter from day to day concurrently with the respective proceedings
First. The title of each action.
Second. The date of the writ issued and the time of its return, the fact of affidavits being filed, with the name of any affiant.
Third. The appearance of the parties.
Seventh. The appeal, if one is taken, by which party taken, the undertaking and the time of giving the same.
Eighth. The satisfaction of the judgment and the date thereof.
And it shall be his duty to furnish a copy of any judgment rendered by him when required by either party to the action. If he shall omit to keep such docket or be guilty of any other negligence or omission whereby the plaintiff, having obtained a judgment before him, shall lose his debt, the justice shall pay and satisfy to the plaintiff the debt, interest, and costs so lost, to be recovered in an action of debt against said justice and his surety or sureties, with any additional interest that may have accrued.
Sec. 39. RETIRING JUSTICES, AND REMOVAL, RESIGNATION, AND DEATH.—It shall be the duty of every justice of the peace hereafter appointed, upon his resignation or removal from office, or the expiration of his commission, and in case of his death, it shall be the duty of his executor or administrator, if such dockets or papers have come to his possession or are within his control, to deliver all dockets and all original papers in cases in the possession of such justice of the peace at the time of his resignation, removal, expiration of commission, or death, to his successor in office.
Upon failure of any person to deliver such dockets and papers as in this section provided, he shall forfeit to the United States the sum of five hundred dollars, to be recovered as other penalties are recovered. And every justice of the peace hereafter appointed shall have the same jurisdiction to issue executions and attachments upon all unsatisfied judgments in dockets in his possession, and certify copies thereof and copies of papers on file with him, as in cases brought before and judgments rendered by him. And the successor of a deceased justice of the peace shall have jurisdiction to try causes pending before the deceased at the time of his death: Provided, That no action pending before a justice of the peace at the time this code went into effect shall abate, but such action shall not be tried or otherwise disposed of by the justice to whom it may be assigned until he has caused at least two days' notice of the time and place of trial to be served upon each party to the suit, or his attorney, or the parties or their attorneys agree in writing upon a time and place of trial.- Act of June 30, 1902.
[Sec. 39. DEATH OR RESIGNATION.-It is hereby made the duty of every justice of the peace, upon his resignation or removal from office or the expiration of his commission, and that of his executors or administrators in case of his death, to deliver to the clerk of the supreme court of the District all dockets and all original papers in cases not yet closed, which said justice may have had; and any person neglecting to comply with this requirement shall forfeit to the United States the sum of five hundred dollars, to be recovered as other penalties are recovered.]
Sec. 40. REMOVAL FROM OFFICE.—The supreme court of the District shall have power to remove justices of the peace from office, after due notice and an opportunity given them to be heard in their defense, for incompetency, habitual drunkenness, corruption, or other misconduct in office.
Sec. 41. PROCESS, SERVICE OF.--The office of constable is hereby abolished, and all process issued by a justice of the peace shall be served by the United States marshal for the District of Columbia, or, if he is disqualified, by the coroner, and the fees for such service shall he as prescribed by rule of the supreme court of the District of Columbia.
SUPERSEDEAS. On all judgments rendered by a justice of the peace, except as hereinafter provided, stay of execution may be had upon good and sufficient security being entered by a person who may be at the time the owner of sufficient real property located in the District, above all liabilities and exemptions, to secure the debt, costs, and interest.
In such cases stay of execution shall be entered as follows:
For the sum of five dollars, and not exceeding twenty dollars, one month.
For all sums over twenty dollars, and not exceeding forty dollars, two months.
For all sums over forty dollars, and not exceeding seventy-five dollars, four months.
For all sums exceeding seventy-five dollars, six months.
There shall be no stay of execution on any judgment for the wages of a servant or common laborer, nor upon any judgment for a less sum than five dollars.
Subchapter II.-THE POLICE COURT. Sec. 42. CONSTITUTION.—There shall continue to be a police court in the District as at present constituted, consisting of two judges learned in the law, appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, for the term of six years, or until their successors are appointed, who shall each receive a salary of three thousand dollars per annum. The said judges shall hold separate sessions and may carry on the business of said court separately and simultaneously, and are empowered to make rules for the apportionment of the business between them, and the act of each of said judges respecting the business of said court shall be deemed and taken to be the acts of said court. Each judge when appointed shall take the oath prescribed for judges of courts of the United States. — Act of June 30, 1902.
[Sec. 42. CONSTITUTION.—There shall continue to be a police court in the District, as at present, consisting of two judges learned in the law, appointed by the President,
by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, for the term of six years, who shall each receive a salary of three thousand dollars per annum. The said judges shall hold separate sessions and may carry on the business of said court separately and simultaneously, and are empowered to make rules for the apportionment of the business between them, and the acts of each of the said judges respecting the business of said court shall be deemed and taken to be the acts of the said court. Each judge, when appointed, shall take the oath prescribed for judges of the courts of the United States.)
Sec. 43. JURISDICTION.—The said court shall have original jurisdiction concurrently with the supreme court of the District, except where otherwise expressly herein provided, of all crimes and offenses committed in the said District not capital or otherwise infamous and not punishable by imprisonment in the penitentiary, except libel, conspiracy, and violation of the post-office and pension laws of the United States; and also of all offenses against municipal ordinances and regulations in force in the District of Columbia. The said court shall also have power to examine and commit or hold to bail, either for trial or further examination, in all cases, whether cognizable therein or in the supreme court of the District.
Sec. 44. That prosecutions in the police court shall be on information by the proper prosecuting officer. In all prosecutions within the jurisdiction of said court in which, according to the Constitution of the United States, the accused would be entitled to a jury trial, the trial shall be by jury, unless the accused shall in open court expressly waive such trial by jury and request to be tried by the judge, in which case the trial shall be by such judge, and the judgment and sentence shall have the same force and effect in all respects as if the same had been entered and pronounced upon the verdict of a jury.
In all cases where the accused would not by force of the Constitution of the United States be entitled to a trial by jury, the trial shall be by the court without a jury, unless in such of said last-named cases wherein the fine or penalty may be fifty dollars or more, or imprisonment as punishment for the offense may be thirty days or more, the accused shall demand a trial by jury, in which case the trial shall be by jury. In all cases where the said court shall impose a fine it may, in default of the payment of the fine imposed, commit the defendant for such a term as the court thinks right and proper, not to exceed one year.
Sec. 45. JURY.—The jury for service in said court shall consist of twelve men, who shall have the legal qualifications necessary for jurors in the supreme court of the District, and shall receive a like compensation for their services, and such jurors shall be drawn and selected under and in pursuance of the laws concerning the drawing and selection of jurors for service in said court. The term of service of jurors drawn for service in said police court shall be for three successive monthly terms of said court and, in any case on trial at the expiration of such time, until a verdict shall have been rendered or the jury shall be discharged. The said jury terms shall begin on the first Monday in January, the first Monday in April, the first Monday in July, and the first Monday in October of each year, and shall terminate, subject to the foregoing provisions, on the last Saturday of each of said jury terms. When at any term of said court it shall happen that in a pending trial no verdict shall be found, nor the jury otherwise discharged before the next succeeding term of the court, the court shall proceed with the trial by the same jury, as if said term had not commenced, .
Sec. 46. At least ten days before the term of service of said jurors shall begin, as herein provided for, such jurors shall be drawn as hereinbefore directed, and at least twenty-six names so drawn shall be certified by the clerk of the supreme court of said District to the said police court for service as jurors for the then ensuing term. Deficiencies in any panel of any such jury may be filled according to the law applicable to jurors in said supreme court, and for this purpose either judge of said police court shall possess all the powers of a judge of said supreme court and of said court sitting as a special term. No person shall be eligible for service on a jury in said police court for more than one jury term in any period of twelve consecutive months, but no verdict shall be set aside on such ground unless objection shall be made before the trial begins. Service on such jury shall not render any person exempt, ineligible, or disqualified for service as a juror in said supreme court, except during his term of actual service in said police court. The marshal of said District, by himself or deputy, shall have charge of said jury, and may appoint a deputy for that purpose, who shall be paid three dollars a day while so employed.
Sec. 47. JUDGMENT TO BE FINAL.-In all cases tried before said court the judgment of the court shall be final, except as hereinafter provided.
Sec. 48. POWERS.—The said court shall have power to issue process for the arrest of persons against whom information may be filed or complaint under oath made and to compel the attendance of witnesses; to punish contempts by fine not exceeding twenty dollars and imprisonment for not more than forty-eight hours, or either, and to enforce any of its judgments by fine or imprisonment, or both, and to make such rules and regulations as may be deemed necessary and proper for conducting business in said court. In all cases where the said court shall impose a fine it may, in default of the payment of the fine imposed, commit the defendant for such a term as the court thinks right and proper, not to exceed one year.
That every person charged with an offense triable in the police court of the District of Columbia may give security for his appearance for trial or for further hearing, either by giving bond to the satisfaction of the court or by depositing money as collateral security with the appropriate officer at the said police court or the station keeper of the police precinct within which such person may be apprehended. And whenever any sum of money shall be deposited as collateral security as hereby provided it shall remain, in contemplation of law, the property of the person depositing it until duly forfeited by the court; and when forfeited it shall be, in contemplation of law, the property of the United States of America or of the District of Columbia, according as the charge against the person depositing it is instituted on behalf of the said United States or of the said District; and every person receiving any sum of money deposited as hereby provided shall be deemed in law the agent of the person depositing the same or of the said United States or the said District, as the case may be, for all purposes of properly preserving and accounting for such money. And all fines payable and paid under judgment of the said police court shall, upon their payment, immediately become, in contemplation of law, the property of the said United States or the said District, according to the charge upon which such fine may be adjudged; and the person receiving any such fine shall be deemed in law the agent of the said
United States or the said District as aforesaid, as the case may be; and any person, being an agent as hereinbefore contemplated and defined, who shall wrongfully convert to his own use any money received by him as herein before provided shall be deemed guilty of embezzlement, and upon conviction thereof be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or by imprisonment not exceeding five years, or both: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall affect the ultimate rights under existing law of the Washington Humane Society, or the policemen's fund (by whatever name the same may be called or known), or the firemen's relief fund, of the District of Columbia, in or to any fines or forfeitures paid and collected in the said police court.
Sec. 49. SEAL.—The said court shall have a seal, and each of the judges shall have power to take the acknowledgment of deeds and to administer oaths and affirmations to public officers.
Sec. 50. TERMS.—The said court shall hold a term on the first Monday of every month, and continue the same from day to day as long as it may be necessary for the transaction of its business.
Sec. 51. DISABILITY OF JUDGE.—In cases of sickness, absence, disability, expiration of the term of service of or death of either of the judges of said court, any one of the justices of the supreme court of the District of Columbia may designate one of the justices of the peace to discharge the duties of said police judge until such disability be removed or vacancy filled. The justice so designated shall take the same oath prescribed for the judge of the police court. — Act of June 30, 1902.
[Sec. 51. DISABILITY OF JUDGE.—In cases of sickness, absence, or disability of either of the judges of said court, any one of the justices of the supreme court aforesaid may designate one of the justices of the peace to discharge the duties of said police judge until such disability be removed. The justice so designated shall take the same oath prescribed for the judge of the police court, and shall receive the sum of ten dollars per day for the time that he shall serve, to be paid in the same manner as the salary of the judge of the police court.]
Sec. 52. CLERK.—The court shall have power to appoint a clerk, at a salary of two thousand dollars per annum, who shall hold his office at the pleasure of the court, and he shall give bond with surety and take the oath of office prescribed by law for clerks of the district courts of the United States, and said clerk shall charge no fee for any service rendered by him.
Sec. 53. DEPUTIES. — The said clerk may appoint four deputies, with the approval of the court, if the business of the court requires it, to be paid, each, such compensation as may be allowed by the court, not exceeding one thousand five hundred dollars per annum as to two of such deputies and twelve hundred dollars as to the other two.
Sec. 54. The said clerk and deputy clerks shall have power to administer oaths and affirmations.
Sec. 55. BAILIFFS AND OTHER OFFICERS. —The said court may appoint not exceeding three bailiffs, who shall receive for their services nine hundred and thirty-nine dollars each per annum, on the certificate of service by the court. Said bailiffs may act as deputies to the marshal for service of process issued by the court. The said court may also appoint a doorkeeper at a salary of five hundred and forty dollars per annum, an engineer at a salary of nine hundred dollars per annum, and a janitor at a salary of four hundred and fifty dollars per annum.