Concepts of Space: The History of Theories of Space in Physics
Although the concept of space is of fundamental importance in both physics and philosophy, until the publication of this book, the idea of space had never been treated in terms of its historical development. It remained for Dr. Jammer, noted scholar and historian of science, to trace the evolution of the idea of space in this comprehensive, thought-provoking study. The focus of the book is on physical, rather than metaphysical, ideas of space; however, philosophical or theological speculations are discussed when relevant. The author has also given special attention to the cultural settings in which the theories developed.
Following a Foreword by Albert Einstein and an introductory chapter on the concept of space in antiquity, subsequent chapters consider Judaeo-Christian ideas about space, the emancipation of the space concept from Aristotelianism, Newton's concept of absolute space and the concept of space from the eighteenth century to the present. For this third edition, Dr. Jammer has contributed an extensive new chapter six, reviewing the numerous and profound changes in the philosophy of space since the publication of the second edition.
An abundance of meticulously documented quotations from original sources and numerous bibliographic references make this an exceptionally well-documented book. It is essential reading for philosophers, physicists, and mathematicians, but even nonprofessional readers will find it accessible.
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absolute motion absolute space according argument Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s assumption atoms cabalistic Cambridge Campanella century chapter classical conceived concept of absolute concept of space conﬁne cosmology Crescas curvature Damascius deﬁned deﬁnition deﬁnition of place Descartes determined dimensionality distance doctrine dynamical earth edition Einstein elementary particles Euclidean geometry experience extension fact ﬁeld ﬁeld equations ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁnite ﬁrst ﬁxed forces fundamental gravitational Griinbaum Huygens Ibid idea identiﬁed inertial system inﬁnite inﬂuence Kalam Kant Kant’s Leibniz Leipzig logical Mach’s Principle manifold mathematical matter measure metaphysical metric metric tensor modern motu move natural Newton Newtonian non-Euclidean geometry objects particles Patritius Philoponus philosophy of science philosophy of space physical space possible postulate Principia problem of space purely quantum mechanics Raumes reference relation relationism relative motion relativistic Riemann Riemannian rotation scientiﬁc space-time spatial surface tensor theory of relativity theory of space thought three-dimensionality tion void Weyl