Europe or Africa?: A Contemporary Study of the Spanish North African Enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla

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Oxford University Press, May 1, 2000 - History - 208 pages
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Ceuta and Melilla are two enclaves on the northern coast of Africa that have been Spanish for centuries but that are claimed by the Kingdom of Morocco. As an integral part of Spain the towns have also been part of the territory of the European Union since 1986. Their unique situation has created considerable tension in the relationship (both political and economic) between Spain and Morocco. As well as looking at this relationship, the book explains how the anomalous situation of the enclaves impinges on issues such as immigration from North and sub-Saharan Africa into the EU, defense, trade and the Spanish political scene in general.
 

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Contents

The impact of the enclaves on SpanishMoroccan relations
1
The enclaves within the Spanish state the autonomy statutes
36
The evolving political landscape in the enclaves
56
The 1985 Immigration Law and community relations in the enclaves
91
The enclaves a migration gateway to Europe
120
The enclaves Europe or Africa?
151
Gibraltar and the enclaves
158
looking to the future
166
References
177
Index
185
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About the author (2000)

Formerly a research assistant to Dr. Margaret Mead and curator at Indiana University's anthropology and folklore museum, Gold is currently on the anthropology faculty of the California Institute of Integral Studies in San Francisco. He is also the author of "Tibetan Reflections: Life in a Tibetan Refugee Community; Altar of the Earth: The Life, Land, and Spirit of Tibet; and Tibetan Pilgrimage".

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