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“Regulation might have brought those people down on our “ Settlements, and have occasion d another Indian War. The 6 Act for sinking 35.0001, the current Year, in Bills of Credit, “ had been broken through ; which it was absolutely necessary “some other Law should be provided to make good. Hos }, " The abovesaid Reasons, they presume, your Lordships will " think were such, that they could not then immediately Dis“ solve the Assembly, who had but Six Weeks to Continue, by " their Biannual Act: And it is with some Pleasure that they “ can inform your Lordships, that they think they have presery'd s to your Lordships any Right you were before posses'd of; and “at the same time have got such Laws pass’d, as, with your “Lordships Approbation, will very much contribute to Settle " the Country, and, we hope, give no Offence to Great-Britain.
(a) “ The Governor and Council have frequently recom“mended to Mr. Secretary Hart, his transmitting to your Lord“ ships Copies of the Laws pass’d, that your Lordships may “ Approve, or signify your Dislike of them: And he has as often “ complaio'd of the Difficulty he has to get them Transcribed, “ and of the great Charge he must be at so to do, that he is “ now at 1001. a Year Expence for a Clerk; and more than “ that, for Books, Pens, Ink and Paper, &c. That your Lord"ships Allowance to him for the Whole, is but 401. a Year.
They therefore take the Liberty of Requesting your Lord“ships to Augment the Salary of the said Secretary, or allow a - Clerk with a competent Salary to attend the Council, and trans
cribe such Laws, or other things, as may at any time be thought 7“ needful to send to your Lordships, or done there. They have “ also formerly, and do again request your Lordships, That the
Room they now sit in, and have done for four Years past and 66 which belongs to Mr. William Gibbon, the said Mr. Gibbon
may have some Allowance for, as well for the Time past, as “ for the future ; they having promis'd him to move your Lord" ships in his Behalf. They are also in hopes your Lordships 56 will not think it unreasonable to make Themselves some Al66 lowance, to defray the Expence they are at, in Attending the 56 Council, Court of Chancery, and Assembly, which takes up 66 more than one third part of their Time, and is a very great “ Charge to them. And whereas Fire, Candles, and several 66 other Contingent Charges will accrue, they desire the same " may be paid by your Lordships Receiver-General when he shall 1.6 be Order'd so to do by them.
(a) They had sent Orders to have all the Laws constantly sent them by their Secretarios.
Carolina, could not be repeal'd by them; and this being their. own particular Concern, requir'd, their more particular Approbation,
Mr. Yonge waited upon their Lordships three Months in London, and attended their Boards, in order to the satisfying them in any thing they might have had Occasion to have enquir'd after of him, concerning the State of the Country, or of the best Methods to be taken, to allay the Heats, and reconcile. the People to their Authority ; which he apprehended was not more than he ought to expect, since they had done him the Honour to appoint him their Surveyor-General, and one of their Council, and he had sailed Five or Six Thousand Miles for their Service, in a Conjuncture that their Governour and Coun. cil thought it most absolutely necessary he should do so. But their Lordships were of other Sentiments; it may be suppos’d, they took all for Fact that was sent them by Mr. Trott's private. Letters and at last, dispatch'd him back with Pacquets seal'd up, for the Governour, amongst which, upon his Arrival in Carolina, was found the following Letter.
- OTTE have receiv'd and perus’d your Letters, and all
your Papers deliver'd us, by your Agent Mr. Yonge;
and though we are favourably inclin'd in all our Thoughts relating to our Governor, yet we must tell you, we 6. think you have not obeyed your Orders and Directions given " to you, to Dissolve that Assembly, and Call another forth with,
according to the ancient Usage and Custom of the Province; " and to publish our Repeals of those Acts of Assembly, imme“diately upon the receipt of our Orders aforesaid ; But we shall " say no more upon that Subject now, not doubting but our Go66. vernour will pay a more punctual Obedience to our Orders 6 for the future.
- The Lords Proprietors Right of Confirming and Repealing 6 Laws, was so particular a Privilege granted to them by the “ Crown, that we can never recede from it: and we do assure “ you we are not a little surprized, that you would suffer that - Prerogative of Ours to be disputed.
. . . “We have sent you herewith an Instruction under our Hands 66 and Seals, nominating such Persons as we think fit to be of " the Council with you, six whereof, and your self, and no less
“ Number, to be a Quorum. Upon your Receipt of this, we ..66 hereby require you to summons the said Council, that they
how much they resented the Conduct of those of the Council, who bad join'd with the Lower House of Assembly, in the Com plaint against him, who were, Col. Thomas Broughton, Mr. Alexander Skene, Mr. James Kinlaugh, and Mr. Yonge, (the first of these the Governor's Brother in Law) they left the three first out of the Council ; and one of the Proprietors told Mr. Yonge, he had also been left out, but in Respect to my Lord Carteret, who was his Patron and recommended him. .." * By this the Governor found Mr. Trott was to Rule the Province, tho' he had the Name of it; and therefore he resolv'd for the future to Act by his and the new Council's Advice, that they might be answerable for any ill Effects their future Councils and
Transactions might produce. He,'according to the Lords Proprietors Orders, call’d his New Council, and qualified such of them as would serve. Several of them refusing, he declar'd the three Acts of Assembly Repeal'd, and by Proclamation dissolv'd the Assembly, and called a new one, to be chosen all at Charles Town, after the old Method. Thus the People were irritated and heated to a violent Degree, and the Basis of all Government being either Love, Fear, or Interest, or perhaps any two, or a Mixture of all the three, but in this, there was neither one nor the other; for they thought they had no reason to love the Proprietors, who not only refused them Justice, but protected and countenanc'd an Evil Minister in an Office which most immediately affected their Lives and Properties, who refused to part with the Uncultivated Lands, either for the Publick.or any Private Use, but their own; tho’ it is apparent by their Charter, it was granted to them to be disposed of in such a Manner as to encourage His Majesty's Subjects to go over, and settle there, and to extend his Dominions, and they had just before promis'd it in Tracts of 200 Acres to new Comers; on which Promise several Hundreds had come from Ireland, but could not have a Yard of Land to settle on when they came, and this notwithstanding the Country had been put to the Expence of paying some Thousands of Pounds for their Passages to Carolina ; so that the Number of inhabitants could not be increas'd or their Frontiers strengthen’d, neither would they allow them the Free dom they desired, and what was the Practice of other Colonies, in chusing their Representatives, nearest the Methods used in England, which their Laws are to be, by the express Words of the Charter, Another Reason of their not loving the Proprietors, is the same that made them not fear them, i. e. their Inability to succour and protect them, either from their own Intes tine Enemies, the Indians, or from the Spaniards, with whom at that time there was a War; for it is very natural to think,