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Fruits they have, Strawberies, Gooseberies, Raspices, MaracoTcos, Puchamines, Muskmillions, Pumpions; And for Fruits brought thither and planted. Aples, Peares, Quinces, Apricocks, Peaches; and many more kindes excellent good, he.

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The Lord Baltamore''s printed Case, un-
cased and answered.

Shewing, the illegality of his Patent and
. usurpation of Royal Jurisdiction".
and Dominion there. . ,

', With,

The Injustice and Tyranny practised in the Government, against the Laws and Liberties of the English Nation, and the just Right and Interest of the Adventurers and Planters.


A short RELATION of the Pa

pists late Rebellion against the Government

of his Highness the Lord Protector, to which they
were reduced by the Parliaments Commissioners; but
since revolting, and by Lord Baltambre's instruc-
tions caused to assault the Protestants there

in their Plantations, were by a far lesser number .
repulsed, some' slain, and all the
rest taken Prisoner*

To which is added, ,

A brief Account of the Commissioners proceedings in' the reducing

of Maryland, with the Grounds and Reason thereof; the Commission and
Instructions by which they acted; the Report of, the Committee of the Navy,
concerning that Province; and some other Papers and Passages relating there-
unto: together with the Copy of a Writing under the Lord Baltanwre'e Hand
and Seal, 1644. discovering his Practices, With the King at Oxford against the
Parliament, concerning the Londoners and others trading in Virginia.
i' iii ii

For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise,
saith the Lord, 1 will set him in safety, from him that puffeth at him.
- Psal. 12. 5.

London, printed and are to be sold at the Crown in Popes-hoad-Ally, and in , Westminster Hall. 1655.

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Virginia and Maryland. ,OR, The Lord Baltamores printed Case, uncased, and answered. ,

IN the yeer 1607. divers preceding discoveries having iconfirmed an- Opinion, That the Country of Virginia was fit for Plantation ; It pleased God to affect the mindes of very many worthily disposed Noblemen, Gentlemen, and others to conceive it as a matter of great Religion and Honpur, to undertake the work of- perfecting a Christian Plantation in those parts. Whereupon King Jama was pleased to become the first Founder of this noble work, and by his Letters Patents from time to time renewed and enlarged, granted all ample Priviledges and Immunities, both to those that managed in England, and those that went to inhabit there: which gave so great an encouragement, that fifty Earls and Barons, three hundred and fifty Knights, and six liuudred Gentlemen, and Merchants of primest rank became incorporated, and were originally named in the Letters Patents by the name of the Company of Virginia, being, a greater union of Nobles and Commons, then ever cpncurred to such an undertaking. But nevertheless, partly by the natural difficulties incident to all new Plantations; but, chiefly, through the unnatural and faulty impediments arising by the cross agitations of two powerful factions in the Cpmpany, the work went heavily on for the first twelve yeers, appearing desperate in the several ill successes thereof. And though afterward somewhat advanced and prosperous, yet in the yeer 1621. by the fatal blow of a Massacre, it was almost shattered to pieces, and brought to a very low and calamitous condition; which occasion thccontrary faction presently took hpld of, insomuch that they exceedingly slighted the action, and cared not to cast aspersions on the Country, and on the whole management of that affair. And then further strongly possessed and advised the then King, against the form of the Companies Government, as consisting of an excessive number of Councellours, and a confused Popularity, as being a Nurse of Parliamentary spirits, and obnoxious to Monarchical Government. Thereupon Order was made upon the eighth day of October, 1623. at the Council-Table, whereby the Company were moved to give in their assents for surrendering their Patent, and altering their form of Government, and a new one proposed, wherein the Interests and Rights of all men should be preserved: which Order the Company not submitting unto, A Quo Warranto was directed for the calling in of their Patent, and an advantage taken upon their mispleading. The Patent was condemned in Trinity-Term following; but for many yeers after, not vacated upon the Record in the Office of the Rolls, whereby some that sought the overthrow of the Lord Baltarriore's Patent for Maryland, in the beginning of the Parliament, 1640. took out the Virginia Patent again under the broad Seal of England: therefore thought by primest Lawyers now to be' unquestionably in force, at least to point of interest; and that Patent of Maryland unconsistent and void.

Thus in brief was the late Company dissolved, and a Commission given to divers Lords and others, for present directing and ordering the affairs of Virginia; and that they should advise.touching a better form of Government for advancing and establishing the Colony. Then issued also severall Proclamations, and several Orders from the Council-Table, with great assurances under the Broad Seal and privy Seal, that all men, with the Adventurers,and Planters should be assured, that their Rights and Interests should be conserved and enlarged, onely alteration in point of Government. But both that Commission and renewing of the Companies Charter expired, and all those Proceedings were delayed, by reason of the death of King James, which then suddenly ensued. The principal scope of that Commission was, that they should finde a better form of Government for the Countryes advancement, and therein was especially promised the conservation of every man's right; intentions worthy the wisdom and justice of so great a Prince. But nothing was done by those Commissioners touching either of those ends, nor by, those'by whose prosecutions these things hapened, who having attained their private ends of spleen and profit upon the changes and revolutions of ensuing times deserted the interest of the Colony, and left her weltring in her blood, unsupplied with Ammunition and Arms in the heat of a difficult war with the Indians: the burthen and charge whereof was

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