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near Degrees, it for the bere and then und there,

New England is placed in the golden meane.

directions you may proove it thus : Counting the space betweene the Line and either of the Poles, in true proportion, you shall finde it to be 90. Degrees: then must we finde the meane, to be neare unto the Center of 90. and that is about 45. Degrees, and then incline unto the Sotherne side of that Center, properly for the benefit of heate, remembringe that Sol & Homo generat hominem; and then keepe us on that same side, and see what Land is to be found there, and we shall easily discerne that new England is on the South side of that Center. For that Country doth beginne her boundes at 40. Degrees

. .. of Northerne latitude, and ends at 45. Degrees of placed in the gold. the same latitude, and doth participate of heate

and cold indifferently, but is oppressed with neither: 'and therefore may be truly sayd to be within the compasse of that golden' meane, most apt and fit for habitation and generation, being placed by Allmighty God the great Creator, under that Zone, called Zona temperata, and is therefore most fitt for the generation and habitation of our English nation, of all other, who are more neere neighbours, to the Northerne Pole, whose Land lyeth betweene 50. and 54 Degrees of the selsesame latitude: now this new England though it be nearer

to the line, then that old England by 10. Degrees

o. of latitude, yet doth not this exceede that other in the" line, then old heate or cold, by reason of the cituation of it ; for

as the Coast lyeth, being circularly Northeast and Southwest, opposite towards the Sunnes risinge, which makes his course over the Ocean, it can have litle or no reflecting, heat of the Sunbeames, by reason of the continuall motion of the waters, makinge the aire there the cooler and the constanter; so that for the temperature of the Climent, sweetnesse of the aire, fertility of the Soile, and small number of the Salvages (which might seeme a rubb in the way of an effeminate minde,) this Country of new England is by all judicious men, accounted the principall part of all America, for habitation and the commodiousnesse of the Sea, Ships there not being subject to wormes, as in Virginea and other places, and not to be

paraleld in all Christendome. The Massachussets sets in the middel being the middell part thereof, is a very beautifull

guand Land not mountany, nor inclininge to mountany, lyeth in 42. Degrees, and 30. minutes, and has as yet the greatest number of inhabitants, and hath a very large bay to it, divided, by Islands into 4 great bayes, where shippinge may safely ride, The Windes not all windes and weathers in those partes being not so

n New violent as in England by many Degrees, for there

New England 10.
Degrees neerer

England,

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The Massachussets in the middel of New Englan

so violent in New England.

are no shrubbs seene, to leane from the windes as by the Sea Coast of England, I have seene them leane, and the groundage is a sandy 'sleech free from rocks to gaule Cables, but is good for anchorage, the rest of the Planters are disperst among the Coasts betweene 41. and 44. Degrees of Latitude, and as yet, have very little way into the iland, the riches of which Country I have set forth in this abstract as in a Landskipp, for the better information of the Travellers, which hee máy peruse and plainely perceave by the demonstration of it, that it is nothing inferior to Canaan of Israel, but a kind of paralell to it, in all points.

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Of the originall of the Natives.

TN the yeare since the incarnation of Christ, 1622. it was my

chance to be landed in the parts of New England, where I

found two sortes of people, the one Christians, the other Infidels, these I found most full of humanity, and more friendly then the other : as shall hereafter be made apparant in DewCourse, by their severall actions from time to time, whilest I lived among them After my arrivall in those partes, I endeavoured by all the wayes and meanes that I could to find out from what people or nation, the Natives of New England might be conjectured originally to proceede, & by continuance & conversation amongst them, I attaned to so much of their language, as by all probable conjecture may make the same manifest, for it hath been found by divers, and those of good judgement that the Natives of this Country, doe use very many mo re wordes both of Greeke and Latine, to the same a mixed, lansignification that the Latins and Greekes have done, guage as en animia, when an Indian expresseth, that hee doth any thing with a good will; and Pascopan signifieth Pasco Panpreeder gredy gut, this being the name of an Indian that gutt. was so called of a Child, through the greedinesse of his minde, and much eating, for Pasco in Latine signifieth to feede, and Pan in Greeke signifieth all, and Pasco nantum, quasi pasco nondum, balfe starved, or not eating, as yet; Equa coge, set it upright, Mona is an Island in their language, quasi Mona an Island. Monon, that is alone, for an Island is a peece or plott of ground standing alone, and devided from the mane Land by force of water.

guage,

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Copa Whetstone. Cos is a Whetstone with them. Hame an instru

ment to take Fish, many places doe retaine the name of Pan, as Pantneket and Matta pan, so that it may be thought that these people heretofore, have had the name of Pan the Shep.' Pan in great reverence and estimation, and it may heards Gode" bee have worshipped Pan the great God of the Heathens : Howsoever they doe use no manner of worship at all now : and it is most likely that the Natives of this Country, are descended from people bred upon that part of the world, which is towardes the Tropicke of Cancer, for they doe still retaine the memory of some of the Starres one that part of thea Cælestiall Globe, as the North-starre, which with them is called Maske, for Maske in their Language signifieth a Beare, and they doe divide the windes into eight partes, and it seemes originally, have had some literature amongst them, which time hath Cancelled and worne out of use, and where as it hath beene the opinion of some men, which shall be nameles, that the Natives of New-England may proceede from the race of the Tartars, and come from Tartaria into those partes, over the frozen Sea.

!, Toda ceede I see no probality for any such Conjecture, for from the Tartars, as much, as a' people once setled, must be remooved by compulsion, or else tempted thereunto in hope of better fortunes, upon commendations of the place, unto which they should be drawne to remoove, and if it may be thought, that these people came over the frozen Sea, then would it be by compulsion, if so, then by whome, or when ? or wbat part of this

mane continent may be thought to border upon the No part of imbcc Country of the Tartars, it is yet unknowne, and it neare Tartary. is not like, that a people well enough at ease, will of their one accord undertake to travayle over a Sea of Ice, considering how many difficulties they shall encounter with, as first whether there be any Land at the end of their unknowne way, no Land beinge in view, then want of Food to sustane life in the meane time upon that Sea of Ice, or how should they doe for Fuell, to keepe them at night from freezing to death, which will not bee had in such a place, but it may perhaps be granted that the Natives of this Country might originally come of the scattered Trojans : For after that Brutus, who was the forth from Aneas, left Latium upon the conflict Whir Brutus het had with the Latines, (where although hee gave Latium. them a great overthrow, to the Slaughter of their grand Captaine and many other of the Heroes of Latium, yet hee held it more safety to depart unto some other place, and people, then by staying to runne the hazard of an unquiet life

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of their onge how many any Land

uw inge make a

or doubtfull Conquest, which as history maketh mention hee performed ;) this people were dispersed there is no question, but the people that lived with him, by reason of their conversation with the Græcians and Latines, had a mixed language that participated of both, whatsoever was that which was proper to their owne nation at first; I know not for this is commonly seene where 2. nations traffique together, the one indevouring to understand the others meaning makes thë both many times speak a mixed language, as is approoved by the s', Natives of New England, through the coveteous Two nations meetdesire they have, to commerce with our nation, and mixed language. wee with them.

And when Brutus did depart from Latium, we doe not finde that his whole number went with him at once, or arrived at one place; and being put to Sea might encounter with a storme, that would carry them out of sight of Land, and then they might sayle God knoweth whether, and so might be put upon this Coast, as well as any other; Compasse I beleeve they had none in those dayes; Sayles they might have (which Dedalus i Dædalus the first inventor thereof) left to after ages, that used Sayles. having taught his Sonne Icarus the use of it, who Icarus the second to his Cost found how dangerous it is, for a Sonne that used not to observe the precepts of a wise Father, so that the Icarian Sea, now retaines the memory of it to this day, and Victuals they might have good store, and many other things fittinge, oares without all question, they would store themselves with, in such a case, but for the use of Compasse there is no men- Trou destroyed tion made of it at that time (which was much about about Saula time. Sauls time the first that was made King of Israell.) Yet it is thought and that not without good reason for it) the use of the Loadstone, and Compasse was knowne in Salo- The Loadstone in mons time, for as much as heé sent Shippes to fetch Salomons time. of the gould of Ophir, to adorne and bewtify that magnificent Temple of Hierusalem, by him built for the glory of Almighty God, and by his speciall appointment: and it is held by Cosmographers to be 3. yeares voyage from Hierusalem to Ophir, and it is conceaved that such a voyage could not have beene performed, without the helpe of the Loadstone and Compasse.

And why should any man thinke, the Natives of New England, to be the gleanings of all Nations, onely because by the pronunciation and termination their words seeme to trench upon severall languages, when time hath not furnished him with the interpretation thereof, the thinge that must induce a man of reasonable capacity to any manner of conjecture, of their originall, must by the sence and signification of the words, princi

ompare was much abonell

pally to frame this argument by, when hee shall drawe to any conclusion thereupon, otherwise hee shall but runne rounde about a maze (as some of the fantasticall tribe use to do about the tythe of muit and comin.) Therefore since I have had the approbation of Sir Christopher gardiner Knight an able gent). that lived amongst them & of David Tompson a Scottish gentl. that likewise was conversant with those people both Scollers and Travellers that were diligent in taking notice of these things as men of good judgement. And that have bin in those parts any time ; besides others of lesse, now I am bold to conclude that the originall of the Natives of New England may be well conjectured to be from the scattered Trojans, after such time as Brutus departed from Latium.

CHAP. III. Of a great mortality that happened amongst the Natives of New England neere about the time, that the English came there to plant.

TT fortuned some few yeares, before the English came to in

habit at new Plimmouth in New England ; that upon some 1 distast given in the Massachusetts bay, by Frenchmen, then trading there with the Natives for beaver, they set upon the men, at such advantage, that they killed manie of them burned their shipp then riding at Anchor by an Island there, now called Peddocks Island in memory of Leonard Peddock that land-ed there (where many wilde Anckies haunted that time which hee thought had bin tame, distributing them unto 5. Sachems which were Lords of the severall territories adjoyninge, they did keepe them so longe as they lived, onely to sport them

selves at them, and made these five Frenchmen Five Frenchmen kept by the Salva. fetch them wood and water, which is the generall

worke that they require of a servant, one of these five men out livinge the rest had learned so much of their language, as to rebuke them for their bloudy deede, saying that God would be angry with them for it; and that hee would in his displeasure destroy them ; but the Salvages (it seemes boasting of their strenght,) replyed and sayd, that they were so many, that God could not kill them. The Plague fellon But contrary wise in short time after, the hand the Indians. of God fell heavily upon them, with such a mortall stroake, that they died on heapes, as they lay in their

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