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In laudem Authoris.
BVt that I rather pitty I confesse,
NEW ENGLISH CANAAN,
IF art 8i industry should doe as much
Procures, as if the elements had here
And ly fast bound in darck obscurity,
Prooving New England the principall part of all America, and most commodious and fitt for
THe wise Creator of the universall Globe, hath placed a golden meane betwixt two extreame9: I meane the temperate Zones, betwixt the hote and cold; and every Creature, that participates of Heavens blessings, with in the Compasse of that golden meane, is made most apt and fit, for man to use, who likewise by that wisedome is ordained to be the Lord of all. This globe may be his glasse, to teach him how to use moderation, and discretion, both in his actions and intentions. The wise man sayes, give mee neither riches nor poverty; why? Riches might make him proud like Nebuchadnezar, and poverty despaire, vKojvegrta- like lobs wife, but a meane betweene both. So it
is likewise in the use of Vegetatives, that which
hath too much Heate or too much Colde, is said to be venenum,
so in the use of sensitives, all those Animals, of what genus or
species soever they be, if they participate of heate or cold, in
the superlative, are said to be lnimica naturce, as
abmu the uietf in some Fishes about the Isle of Sail, and those
Ilandes adjoyninge, betweene the Tropickes, their
participatinge of heate and cold, in the superlative is made
most manifest, one of which, poysoned a whole Ships company
that eate of it. And so it is in Vipers, Toades, and Snakes,
that have heate or cold in the superlative degree.
Therefore the Creatures that participate of heate and cold in a meane, are best and holsomest: And so it is in the choyse of love, the middell Zone betweene the two extreames is best, and zona tempcrata it 1S therefore called Zona temperata, and is in the thcGoidm meane. golden meane; and all those Lands lying under that Zone, most requisite and fitt for habitation. In Cosmography, the two extreames are called, the one Torrida Zona, lying betweene the Tropickes, the other Frigida Zona, lying neare the Poles: all the landes lying under, either of these Zones, by reason, they doe participate too much of heate or cold, are very inconvenient, and are accompanied with many evils. And allthough I am not of opinion with Aristotle, that the landes under Torrida Zona, are alltogether uninhabited, I my selfe having beene so neare the equinoctiall line, that I have had the Sunn for my Zenith, and seene proofe to the contrary, yet cannot I deny, but that it is accompanied with many inconveniences, as that Fish and Flesh both will taint in those partes, notwithstanding the use of Salt which cannot be wanting there, „ , , . ordained by natures hande-worke. And that is a
Salt aboundeth i . , i • r 1 > i r
under the Tro- great hmderance to the settmge forth and supply of pK *, navigation, the very Sinewes of a flourishing Com
monwealth. Then barrennesse, caused through want of raines, for in most of those partes of the world it is seldome accustomed to raine, untill the time of the Tornathees (as the Portingals phrase is, who lived there) and then it will SSf ^gu^^S- ra'ne aD0Ut 40. dayes together, which moisture twecnecancerand serveth to fructify the earth for all the yeare after
the Line. . J • • n i
dunnge which time is seene no rame at all: the heate and cold, and length of day and night, being much alike, with little difference. And these raines are caused by the turning of the windes, which else betweene the Tropickes, doe blow Trade, that is allwayes one way. For next the Tropicke of Cancer it is constantly North-East, and next the Tropicke of Capricome it is Southwest; so that the windes comming from the Poles, do keepe the aire in those partes coole, and make it temperate and the partes habitable, were it not for those and other inconveniences.
This Torrida Zona is good for Grashoppers: and Zona Temperata for the Ant and Bee. But Frigida Zona good for neither, as by lamentable experience of Captaine capt. ixnhfrtict Davis Fate, is manifest, who in his inquest of the t»ileathNorthwest passage for the East India trade was frozen to death. And therefore for Frigida Zona, I agree with Aristotle, that it is unfit for habitation: and I know by the Course of the caelestiall globe, that in Groeneland many Degrees short of „ , .
. r. i A • i ' ' • ii i Greene hand too
the role Articke, the place is too cold, by reason «w for habitaof the Sunns absence almost six monthes, and the land under the continuall power of the frost; which thinge many more Navigators have prooved with pittifull experience of their wintringe there, as appeareth by the history, I thinke, they will not venture to winter there againe for an India mine.
And as it is found by our Nation under the Pole Articke, so it is likewise to be found under the Antarticke Pole, yet what hazard will not an industrious minde, and couragious spirit undergoe, according to that of the Poet. Impigcr extremos currit Mercator ad Indos per mare pauperiem fugiens, per saxa, per ignes. And all to gett and hord up like the Ant and the Bee, and yet as Salomon saith, he cannot tell whether a foole or a wise man shall enjoy it. Therefore let us leave these two extreames, with their inconveniences, and indeavour to finde out this golden meane, so free from any one of them. Behold the secret wisedome of Allmighty God, and love unto, our Salomon to raise a man of a lardge hart, full of worthy abilities to be the Index or Loadstarre, that doth point out unto the English Nation, with ease and comfort how to finde it out. And this the noble minded Gentleman, Sir Ferdinando Gorges Knight, zealous for the glory of God, the honor of cmJu^o'rlgX his Majesty, and the benefit of the weale publicke, ^^Vef^. hath done a great worke for the good of his Coun- u""ttiy.
And herein this, the wondrous wisedome and love of God, i3 shewne, by sending to the place his Minister, to The salvage, sweepe away by heapes the Salvages, and also dydoSti*plague giving him length of dayes, to see the same performed after his enterprise was begunne, for the propagation of the Church of Christ.
This judicious Gentleman, hath found this golden meane, to be scituated about the middle of those two extreames, and for