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2. Argument

perhaps might effect more then all the rest, yet were in no proportion sufficient to employ the supernumeraries which this Land would yeeld is wee could bee confined within the bounds of sobriety and modesty, seeing it may bee demonstrated, that neere a third part of these that inhabite our Townes and Cities (besides such spare men as the Country yeelds) would by good order established, be left to take up new employments. , ,

We have as much opportunity as any Nation to from the oppor- transport our men and provisions by Sea into those tunity of the Sea.

wa Countries, without which advantage they cannot possibly be peopled from any part of the world; not from this Christian part at least, as all men know: And how usefull a neighbour the sea is to the furthering of such a worke; the examples of the Græcians and the Phænicians, who filled all the bordering coasts with their Colonies doe sufficiently prove unto all the world: Neither can it be doubted, but the first Planters wanting this helpe (as Abraham in his removing to Charran first, and to Canaan afterwards) must needs spend much time and indure much labour in passing their famlies and provisions by Land, over rivers and through Woodes and Thickets by unbeaten pathes.

But what need Arguments to us that have already from our owne determined this truth? How many severall Colopractice alreadie.

an nies have wee drawne out and passed over into severall parts of the West Indies ? And this we have done with the allowance, encouragement, & high cõmendation of State, perhaps not alway with the best success, who knowes whether by erring from the right scope ? Questionlesse for the want of fit men for that imployment, and experience to direct a worke, which being carried in an untrodden path, must needs be subject to miscariage into many errours.

Now whereas it hath beene manifested that the 4. Argument from our fitnes to most eminent and desirable end of planting ColoColonies, then of nies, is the propagation of Religion; It may be planting of true conceived this Nation is in a sort singled out unto

that worke; being of all the States that enjoy the libertie of the Religion Reformed; and are able to spare people for such an employment, the most Orthodoxe in our profession, and behind none in sincerity in embracing it; as will appeare to any indifferent man, that shall duly weigh and recount the number and condition of those few States of Europe, that continue in the profession of that truth which we embrace.

3. Argument

Religion.

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That New-England is a fit Country for the seating of an .

English Colonie, for the propagation of Religion.

A TOT onely our acquaintance with the soyle 1. Argument or

I and Natives there, but more especially our into the coun

opportunity of trading thither for Furres trey, and fish, perswade this truth, if other things be answerable. It is well knowne, before our breach with Spaine, we usually sent out to New-England, yearely forty or fifty saile of ships of reasonable good burthen for fishing onely. And howsoever it . fals out that our New-found-land voyages prove more beneficiall. to the Merchants; yet it is as true, these to New-England are found farre more profitable to poore Fishermen; so that by that time all reckonings are cast up, these voyages come not farre behind the other in aduantage to the State,

No Countrey yeelds, a more propitious ayre for 2. The fitnesse of our temper, then New-England, as experience our health and hath made manifest, by all relations: manie of our maintenance. people that have found themselves alway weake and sickly at home, have become strong, and healthy there : perhaps by the drynesse of the ayre and constant temper of it, wbich seldome varies suddenly from cold to heate, as it doth with us : So that Rheumes are very rare among our English there; Neyther are the Natives at any time troubled with paine of teeth, sorenesse of eyes, or ache in their limbes. It may bee the nature of the water conduceth somewhat this way; which all affirme to keepe the body alwaies temperately soluble, and consequently helps much to the preventing, and curing of the Gout, and Stone, as some have found by experiēce. As for provisions for life : The Corne of the Country (which it produceth in good proportion with reasonable labour) is apt for nourishmēt, and agrees, although not so well with our taste at first; yet very well with our health ; nay, is held by some Physitians, to be restorative. If wee like not ihat, wee may make use of our owne Graines, which agree well with that soyle, and so doe our Cattle : pay, they grow unto a greater bulke of body there, then with us in

3. Argument from the emp

Land.

England. Vnto which is wee adde the fish, fowle, and Venison, which that Country yeelds in great abundance, it cannot be questioned but that soile may assure sufficient provision for food. And being naturally apt for Hempe and Flax especially, may promise us Linnen sufficient with our labour, and woollen too if it may be thought fit to store it with sheepe.

The Land affords void ground enough to receive

more people then this State can spare, and that tinesse of the

not onely wood grounds, and others, which are

unfit for present use : but, in many places, much cleared ground for tillage, and large marshes for hay and feeding of cattle, which comes to passe by the desolatio hapning through a three yeeres Plague, about twelve or sixteene yeeres past, which swept away most of the Inhabitants all along the Sea coast, and in some places utterly consumed man, woman & childe, so that there is no person left to lay claime to the soyle which they possessed ; In most of the rest, the Contagion bath scarce left alive one person of an hundred. And which is reinarkable, such a Plague hath not been knowne, or remembred in any age past; nor then raged above twenty or thirty miles up into the Land, nor seized upon any other but the Natives, the English in the heate of the Sicknesse commercing with them without hurt or danger. Besides, the Natives invite us to sit dowre by them, and offer us what ground wee will: so that eyther want of possession by others, or the possessors gift, and sale, may assure our right: we neede not feare a cleare title to the soyle. 4. Argument. In all Colonies it is to bee desired that the nesse of that col- daughter may answer something backe by way of ony to this State. retribution to the mother that gave her being. Nature hath as much force, and sounds as strong a relation betweene people and people, as betweene person and person : So that a Colonie denying due respect to the State from whose bowels it issued, is as great a monster, as an unnaturall childe. Now, a Colonie planted in New-England may be many wayes usefull to this State.' 1. In our fishing As first, in furthering our Fishing-voyages (one voyages of the most honest, and every way profitable imployment that the Nation undertakes) It must needs be a great advantage unto our men after so long a voyage to be furnished with fresh victuall there; and that supplyed out of that Land, without spending the provisions of our owne countrey. But there is hope besides, that the Colonie shall not onely furnish our Fisher-men with Victuall, but with Salt too, unlesse mens expectation and conjectures much deceive them: and so quit

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this Stale, possibility are founance and t; the group of w

benefit of such a

unto them a great part of the charge of their voyage, beside the hazard of adventure.

Next, how serviceable this Country must needs be for provisions for shipping, is sufficiently knowne already : At present it may yeeld Planks, Masts, Oares, Pitch, Tarre, and Iron; and hereafter (by the aptnesse of the Soyle for Heinpe) if the Colonie increase, Sailes and Cordage. What other commodities it may afford besides for trade, time will discover. Of Wines among the rest, there can be no doubt; the ground yeelding naturall Vines in great abundance and varietie; and of these, some as good as any are found in France by humane culture. But in the possibilitie of the serviceablenesse of the Colonie to this State, the judgement of the Dutch may somewhat confirine us, who have planted in the same soyle, and inake great account of their Colonie there.

But the greatest advantage must needes come 5. Argument the unto the Natives themselves, whom wee shall teach Colony to the Naprovidence and industry, for want whereof they tives. perish oftentimes, while they make short provisions for the present, by reason of their idlenesse, and that they have, they spend and wast unnecessarily, without having respect to times to corne. Withall, commerce and example of our course of living, cannot but in time breed civility among them, and that by Gods blessing may make way for religion consequently, and for the saving of their soules. Vnto all which may bee added, the safety and protection of the persons of the Natives, which are secured by our Colonies. In times past the Tarentines (who dwell from those of Mattachusets bay, neere which our men are seated ; about fifty or sixty leagues to the North-East) inhabiting a soile unfit to produce that Countrey graine, being the more hardy people, were accustomed yearely at harvest to come down in their Canoes, and reape their fields, and carry away their Corne, and destroy their people, which wonderfully weakened, and kept them low in times past: from this evill our neighbourhood hath wholy freed them, and consequently secured their persons and estates; which makes the Natives there so glad of our company.

Objection 1.- ! .io hot H. But if we have any spare people, Ireland is a fitter place to receive them then New-England. Being 1, Nearer. 2, Our owne, 3, Void in some parts. 4, Fruitfull. 5. Of importance for the securing of our owne Land. 6, Needing our helpe for their recovery out of blindnesse and superstition.

Answere. Ireland is well-nigh sufficiently peopled already, or will be in the next age. Besides, this worke needs not hinder that, no more then the plantation in Virginia, Bermudas, S. Christophers, Barbados, &c., which are all of them approved, and incouraged as this is. As for religion, it hath reasonable footing in Ireland already, and may easily be propagated further, if wee bee 'not wanting to our selves. This Countrey of NewEngland is destitute of all helpes, and meanes, by wch the people might come out of the snare of Satan. Now although it be true, that I should regard my sonne more then my servant; yet I must rather provide a Coate for my servant that goes naked, then give my sonne another, who hath reasonable clothing already.

Objection 2. But New-England hath divers discommodities, the Snow and coldnesse of the winter, which our English bodies can hardly brooke : and the annoyance of men by Muskitoes, and Serpents: and of Cattle, and Corné, by wild beasts.

Answere.. The cold of Winter is tolerable, as experience hath, and doth manifest, and is remedied by the abundance of fuell. The Snow lyes indeed about a foot thicke for ten weekes or there about; but where it lies thicker, and a month longer as in many parts of Germany, men finde a very comfortable dwelling.

As for the Serpents, it is true, there are some, and these larger . then our. Adders; but in ten yeares experience no man was

ever indangered by them; and as the countrey is better stored with people, they will be found fewer, and as rare as among us here. As for the wilde beasts, they are no more, nor so much

dangerous or hurtfull here, as in germany and other parts of the · world. The Muskitoes indeed infest the planters, about foure moneths in the heat of Summer; but after one yeares acquaintance, men make light account of them ; some sleight defence for the hands and face, smoake, and a close house may keepe them off. Neither are they much more noysome then in Spaine, Germany, and other parts; nay, then the fennish parts of Essex, and Lincolne-shire. Besides, it is credibly, reported, that twenty miles inward into the Countrey they are not found: but this is certaine, and tried by experience, after foure or five

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