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GRADUATE SCHOOL OF EDUCATION

MONROE C. GUTMAN LIBRARY

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATIC:N, AND WELFARE

AUG 2 1 1956

LIBRARY

PENNSYLVANIA

SCHOOL JOURNAL.

VOLUME XLIV.

That which makes a good Constitution must keep it, viz.: men of wisdom and virtue ;

qualities that, because they descend not with worldly inheritance, must be carefully
propagated by a virtuous education of youth.-WM. Penn.

N. C. SCHAEFFER, EDITOR.

LANCASTER, PA.:
WICKERSHAM PRINTING CO.

1895.

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The best ethical training in the public schools does not come from text-books. These may help, but they will fail of their purpose unless one very essential condition is present, and that is, a vigorous personality in the teacher's desk. It is strange, the number of people of intelligence who seem to think that success in the school-room depends upon one thing only—a knowledge, on the part of the instructor, of the subject to be taught. But the truth is, to-day and to-morrow as well, that the value of the teacher, regarded from any standpoint any one pleases, ethical or what not, depends upon the influence he is able to exert-an influence not manufactured, but in the person by right divine. The true text-book, therefore, for expounding temperance truths, or for the ethical training of the child, is in the teacher's chair; it is he or she who goes in and out before them day by day, holding them, if worthy of the position, with silken cords and yet as strong as steel.

It is agreed by an overwhelming weight of evidence that the best light for a school-room is exclusively on the side of the room to the left of the pupils; that the windows should be massed as closely as safe construction will allow along nearly the whole of the side ; that the windows should be square at the top (not circular), and extend quite to the ceiling, and that the window sill should be higher than the tops of the pupils' desks; that the seat farthest from the windows should be about twice the distance from the tops of the desks to the ceiling, or, in general, once and a half the height of the room ; that, when necessary to shut off a part of the light, the lower part of the window, and never the top or sides, should be shaded ; that shades should therefore always roll from the bottom, and, where the direct rays of the sun enter the room, white, or very light, curtains should roll from the top merely to soften, but never to shut out, the light; and if blinds are used, they should be made in sections and slide up and down, and that blackboards should never be placed between windows. The walls and ceiling of the room should be tinted a light pearl, lavender, or brown color, rather than a darker shade, or any shade of yellow; and the shades (rolling from the bottom) should be of a similar color, or of a greenish tint. Shades of yellow are not good for the eyes. Supt. A. P. Marble.

A Boy Saved, 23.

Transportation of Pupils—R. S. McNamee

A Brave Life - Mary Ferguson, 30.

and S. C. Weadley, 334.

"A Chip Off the Old Block," 302.

Constitution and By-Laws of State Teachers'

A Country School Ma'am-M. E. Wilkins, 59. Association, 82.

Address of Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg, 395. Contagious Diseases: Views of Dr. Geo. G. Groff
Advice to a Young Man, 209.

and State Board of Health, 308.

A Few Words About Education: Sound and Continuous Education, 352.

Wholesome, 305.

CONVENTION OF CITY, BOROUGH AND TOWN-

A Household School: Which Has Not Enough SHIP SUPERINTENDENTS, 427. Addresses of

Students, 172.

Welcome-). L. Kleffmann and B. M. Bun-

A Light in the Window-Jean Ingelow, 407. ker, 427. Standard of Teachers' Qualification
A Little Boy of Fifty Years Ago, 539.

-Henry S. Wertz, 428. Inaugural Address :
An Education to be Dreaded-School Govern- Authority and Faith."-E. Mackey, 439.

ment-Edison on Electricity-Argon-Not The Compulsory School Law Problem: Dis-
Enough Reading-Dictionary and Cyclopedia cussion, 437: How may the Superintendent

- Codling Moth-Spiritual Deterioration- Help His Teachers ? 440. The Function of
College Training, etc., 379.

Nature in Education-M. G. Brumtaugh,442.
Angels, The Ministration of-Henry Ward Local Conimittees on School Legislation, 449.
Beecher, 254.

Superintendents as to Election of Teachers--
A Pictorial Geography-C. M. Drake, 170.

D. A. Harman, 451. What and How Much
April Arbor Day, 464.

in the Public Schools-- John C. Kendall, 458.

Arbor Day Circular: Autumn, 180.

Banquet Tendered to the Convention, by the

Arbor Day Proclamation of Gov. Hastings, 460. Altoona School Board, 447. Deputy Supt.
Arbor Day Address by Governor Hastings, 491. Houck's Sixtieth Anniversary, 450. Officers
Are Our Schools Meeting the Demands of the Elected for 1897, 451. Resolutions, 459.
Hour?-F. S. Miller, 116.

Spelling Reform, 460. Membership, 460.
Army Schoolmaster, The, 536.

Co-ordination of the Courses of Study: High
Astronomy in High Schools—E. Miller, 403. Schools, Colleges, 101.
As We See Things: Influence of Our Inner Life Correct English, 7.
on External World, 481.

Cultivate the Memory, 356.

Atlanta Exposition, 276.

At School and Out of School-N. C. Schaeffer, Dawdling over Books, 28.

Department of Agriculture, &o.

232.

Do They Think of Me at Home? Song, 192.

Authority and Faith-E. Mackey, 430.

Dr. Burrowes Memorial, 107, 127, 140.

Baltic Ship Canal, 39.

Dr. Burrowes Memorial Elms: Arbor Day Re-

Barnegat Light House, 379.

marks--1. P. McCaskey, 235.

Beauty of Sky: Nature Study in Education, 255. Dr. Thomas H. Burrowes: Brief Sketch of His

Benefit of College Training, 385.

Life and Work, 153. Memorial Exercises at

Best Teacher in the County-C. M. Drake, 544. Williamsport Meeting of Pennsylvania State

Bible, The: a Text-Book in College-W. W. Teachers' Association, 157.

Davis, 396.

Dr. Thomas H. Burrowes and the State Normal

“Bible Says:'' A Lay Preacher-Mrs. Cooke, 473. Schools: His Long and Invaluable Service in
Bloomsburg, 558.

Behalf of Normal Schools-Extract from His
Buffalo and Its Vicinity: N. E. A. Meeting, 495. Annual Report for 1838–His Report on State
Care of Woodland, 361.

Normal Schools in 1853–Text of Our State

Normal School Law which he wrote in 1857–
Carlisle Industrial School, 528.
Certificates to College Graduates, 84, 184, 325,

Deputy Supt. Hickok's Remarks and Instruc-

tions upon the Law-Editorial Comments of
567.
Cheating Class, The: A Desperate Remedy-

Dr. Burrowes upon his Normal School Law,

Robert B. Hale, 398.

Report of Select Committee of the Sen-

Cheer. Boys, Cheer; Song-Ħ. Russell, 146.

ate--Speech of Hon. Geo. F. Brewer-Address
Childhood Brutalized by Vivisection 199.

of Dr. Burrowes at Recognition of Millersville

Normal School, etc., 257.

Children's Teeth, 19.

Dr. Burrowes' Portrait, 416.

Choice of a School: Most Receptive Period, 198.

Dr. Burrowes : Sixty Years After, 522.

Choose the Best Men for Superintendents, 462.

Christian Endeavorers, 79.

Dr. Burrowes Tomb: Worthy Tribute from Ves-
Christian Womanhood: Women of the Bible, 256.

try of St. James Church, 559.

Duties of Superintendents as to Election of

Civil Service Extension, 522.

Teachers-D. A. Harman, 451.

Compulsory Education-N. C. Schaeffer, 490.

EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT.

Compulsory Education: Address before State July-Student Honor, 33. "Old Red School

Association-J. R. Farr, 163.

House." 34. Tolerating Music, 34. Deep

Conduct and Character: Sunday Evening Talk Breathing, 34. Consult the Teachers, 36.
-S. C. Armstrong, 484.

Nautical School Ship, 36. Manual Training,

Confusion of Tongues, 22.

37. Effects of Inbreeding, 38. Baltic Ship

Conquests of Silence, 310.

Canal, 38. Mrs. E. E. Hutter, 39. ur Schools,

Consolidation of County Schools and Free Perpetual Benefaction, 41.

210.

490.

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