Page images

around the class. Such early training in work in the world; in every boy, not only reading as I have described is the best in those who are brilliant, not only in possible preparation for the more elabo- those who are quick, but in those who rate expression demanded by the higher are stolid, and even those who are dull.” literature. And we shall not have a true, Now if every teacher in the land did but honest vocal interpretation of literature fully realize the truthfulness of this stateuntil we return to this early honest read- ment, it would be a grand stimulus to ing. I say “return," for, so far as my him to put greater effort than he has ever knowledge goes, there is a plentiful lack done before to develop in the boy the of it, at present, in the schools.-Corson. power to do something and to be some

thing in the working world. A LARGE part of the number of those who leave school before graduation might Good advice is more easily given than be saved, if held to their work hy personal taken. Many a superintendent who thinks love and magnetism of some teacher. himself quite competent to give good adPresident Gilman of Johns Hopkins Uni-vice to his teachers in their methods of versity gave a good definition of what work is not himself open to the receiving makes an educated person when he said of good advice from his teachers. It is every man should be taught how to pro- well to bear in mind that he who cannot vide for a household and every woman accept advice graciously, is not likely to how to manage one. One reason why

One reason why be able to give advice acceptably. the world is not reformed is because every man is bent on reforming others, and In the February Atlantic, Rose Hawnever thinks of reforming himself. Thank thorne Lathrop gives “Some Memories God every morning when you get up of Hawthorne, especially her childish that you have something to do that day recollections of her father's life in Engwhich must be done, whether you like it land, from which we take the closing or not. Being forced to work and forced sentences: “In our early experience of to do your best, will breed in you tem- English society my mother's suppressed perance, self-control, diligence, strength fondness for the superb burst into fruition, of will, content, and a hundred virtues and the remnants of such indulgence have which the idle will never know.

turned up among severest humdrum for

many years; but soon she refused to perNor the greatest man is the most inde- mit herself even momentary extravapendent. The highest is that which gances. To those who will remember needs the highest, the largest that which duty, hosts of duties appeal, and it was needs the most. Not the largest or not long before my father and mother strongest nature feels a loss the least. began to save for their children's future An ant will not gather a grain of corn the the money which flowed in. My father's less that his mother is dead: a boy will rigid economy was perhaps more unbroken turn from books, play, dinner, because than my mother's. Still, she has written, his bird is dead.—George Macdonald. 'I never knew what charity meant till I

knew my husband.' There are many A bigot cares more for a straw point records of his having heard clearly the ing his way than for a hurricane blowing teaching that home duties are not so another way.-Exchange.

necessary or loving as duty towards the

homeless." He that will not permit his wealth to do any good to others while he is living The series of Parents' Meetings, which prevents it from doing any good to him- are being held in Cheltenham, Montgomself when he is dead, and by an egotismery county, says the West Chester Local that is suicidal and has a double edge, News, should be adopted in other sections. cuts himself off from truest pleasure here They are of very great benefit in proand highest happiness hereafter.--Colton. moting the interests of education. It is

a well-known fact that the parent must The key note was struck by Glad- co-operate with the teacher if the best restone when he said: “What is really sults are to be obtained in our public wanted is to light up the spirit that is schools. And yet how general is the within a boy. In some effectual degree, neglect of this knowledge! It is somethere is in every boy the material of good l times assumed that teachers are not anxo ious to have the schools under their charge | the Memorial Committee that so five a visited by those who, next to the pupils picture could now be had, and courteously themselves, have the deepest interest in offered to pay for framing the portrait in the success of educational work. A Chel- a manner suitable for his department. tenham director, who recently made a few Of course the committee appreciated the remarks on the relation that parents bear courtesy of this generous offer. to schools, spoke truly when he said: "The object of Parents' Meetings is to Did you ever hear of a man who had bring about a closer sympathy between striven all his life faithfully and singly patrons and schools, and keep them in toward an object, and in no measure ob. touch with the new methods of school tained it? If a man constantly aspires, work. If the children are not taught to- is he not elevated ? Did ever a man try day as the old folks when they were heroism, magnanimity, truth, sincerity, young, it does not follow that the teach- and find no advantage in them—that it ing is not as good as formerly, but a wider was a vain endeavor ?Thoreau. study of the problems of education and a deeper insight into the true nature of the TALK over a pupil's misconduct alone child enable the teacher of to-day to with him. One good private talk with a do bis work in a more rational manner. pupil is worth twenty reprimands in the That man is foolish who claims that a

presence of the school. It is worth cold, rattling, swaying stage-coach is bet- everything to get the pupil's point of ter than a passenger train. With the par-view, to let him state his side of the case ents' hearty co-operation, the schools will fully and freely. Listen to all he has to continue the good work they are now do- say, and then tell him frankly and kindly ing, and increase in power to do it well.”' where he is in the wrong. He will trust

you after such a talk as he never will it FROM the correspondence of the Carlisle you “jump on him” before the school Volunteer, March 18th, we take this para- for every misdemeanor. Half our disgraph: "In speaking of Governor Ritner ciplinary troubles come from the outraged and his son, I am reminded that it would feeling of misguided pupils, that they be a notable tribute to the Governor's have no chance to tell their side of it. memory and to that of his compeers, Thomas H. Burrowes, Thaddeus Stevens, The order by the President extending and Charles B. Penrose, the champions the civil service to printers and pressmen of our free schools, to erect a suitable in the executive departments is another monument. I recollect when quite a marked advance in the progress of civil small boy to have heard that Governor service reform at Washington. During Ritner received many petitions not to sign the past few months the Weather Bureau the revised free school bill. A number and the Bureau of Animal Industry in of the petitioners not being able to write the Agricultural Department have been their names made their mark, on seeing placed under civil service rules. The which the Governor said he wanted no Government Printing Office has come better evidence that the people of Pennsyl- under the same system, and, following it, vania needed a little more education." the printing offices in all the various

Dr. Burrowes was Secretary of the Com- executive departments are taken out of monwealth under Governor Ritner, and politics and placed upon the basis of it was then that he organized the Com- merit. These additions to the civil sermon School System of Pennsylvania. A vice list practically complete the work few weeks since a noble portrait of him, which the advocates of civil service rerichly framed in gold, was placed in the form have been urging for so many years, Department of State on Capitol Hill, in so far as the executive departments in commemoration of his distinguished ser- Washington are concerned. With very vice in that office-just sixty years ago! few exceptions all the employees of the Hon. Wm. F. Harrity, who was Secretary great departments and bureaus, with the of the Commonwealth under Governor exception of laborers, messengers and Pattison, was desirous of securing such a scrub.women, are now under the protecpicture for this department, but none tion of the civil service, and as vacancies could be had at that time. General Frank occur they will be filled by certification Reeder, the present Secretary, under Gov- from the eligible list in possession of the ernor Hastings, was glad to learn from Civil Service Commission. Little by little during the past eight years the gross ical sources has sprung up in recent discrepancies in the representation of months, the liberally inclined as a rule States in the civil service have been wiped favoring the introduction of such a book, out, and in appointments now made and the conservatives and confessionals opwhich will be made for years to come, the posing it.-Meriden Journal. various States will have allotments of clerks in proportion to their popnlation. I BELIEVE that no one is fit to teach in The District of Columbia has naturally the the schools who has not the soundness of greatest excess of employees in the civil character and the cultivation of mind to service, and for some time past no resi- be worthy of admission to the best of dents of the District have been permitted American homes; that the teaching serto attend examinations, and vacancies vice is not competent unless it possesses occurring by the death, dismissal or scholarship broader than the grade or the resignation of District of Columbia clerks branches in which it is engaged, and have been filled by appointment from beyond this is specially trained and preeligibles certified up from the several pared, and over and above this is in States. There has been a most marked touch and hearty sympathy with the advance in the progress of the extension highest purposes and aspirations of the of the civil service during the adminis- American people; and that even then it trations of Presidents Harrison and Cleve- ceases to be competent when it ceases to land, and when Presiilent Cleveland's be studious and fails to know and take successor takes possession of the White advantage of the world's best thought House he will find little to do in the and latest experience in the administramatter of further extending a system which tion of the schools.-A. S. Draper. now covers nearly all the employees of the Government engaged in clerical work The director of one of our large corand in services requiring professional porations was in the habit of prowling knowledge in the various departments. around the office. One morning he hap

pened to come across the dinner-pail of MANY things that are essential in fact the office boy. His curiosity led him to are not essential for the age of the child take off the cover. A slice of home-made when he is learning them. Mathematical

Mathematical bread, two doughnuts, and a piece of geography, for instance.

apple pie tempted the millionaire's appe

tite. He became a boy again, and the A MAN may be an eternal failure, al- dinner pail seemed to be the same one he though his footsteps glitter with gold and carried sixty years ago. Just then the his words sparkle with knowledge. That office boy came in and surprised the old man is the most successful in the divine man eating the pie-he had finished the kingdom who sets in motion the greatest bread and doughnuts. “That's my dinamount of spiritual power, power for the ner you're eating!" said the boy. "Yes, glory of God, whatever may be the opin- sonny, suspect it may be; but it's a firstions or rewards of fallen mortals.-Reid. rate one, for all that. I've not eaten so

good a one for sixty years.

"There," Church and school in Germany are he added, as he finished the pie, “take considerably agitated over the proposed that and go out and buy yourself a dinintroduction of what is there called a ner ; but you won't get so good a one,” "school Bible." This is practically an and he handed the boy a five-dollar bill. excerpted edition of the Scriptures, in- For days after, the old man kept referring tended to be used chiefly in the school- to the first-class dinner he had eaten from room and for family reading. It is the boy's pail that he had found someclaimed that there are, in many parts and where in the corner. portions of the Scriptures, references to the relation of the sexes, oriental imagery “When I was a boy," said an old and the like, which are unsuitable for man, “we had a schoolmaster who had children; and it is also maintained that an odd way of catching idle boys. One the Scriptures at times mention evils and day he called out to us : ‘Boys, I must sins without condemning them, and that have closer attention to your books. The in the interest of morality these sections first one that sees another idle I want you should not be read by children. A whole to inform me, and I will attend to the literature from theological and pedagog- case.' 'Ah!' thought I to myself, 'there is Joe Simmons that I don't like. study of and sympathy with the chilI'll watch him, and if I see him look off dren will bring you out all right, in time. his book I'll tell.' It was not long be- It is possible you are needing more indifore I saw Joe look off his book, and im- vidual discipline than the children, and mediately I informed the master. 'In- that true progress will not begin for either deed !' said he ; 'how did you know he of you till you are fitted for your work was idle?' 'I saw him,' said I. 'You "so as by fire."-Primary Education, did ? and were your eyes on your book when you saw him? I was caught, ONE country teacher, who was successand I never watched for idle boys again.' ful in keeping children interested in If we are sufficiently watchful over our their work, tried, among others, the own conduct, we shall have little time to following plan with good results. Infind fault with the conduct of others. stead of the customary reward cards only,

she used pens, pencils, rubber erasers, It is said that a celebrated Indian chief, and other school supplies as tokens of when for the first time taking in his arms studiousness and good conduct. Many his baby boy, gave expression to the fol- of her pupils were from poor families, and lowing beautiful sentiment: “Little she found them eager to supply themselves child, thou camest into the world weep- with these necessary articles; whereas, ing when all around thee smiled; con- before they had become so used to the trive to live so that thou mayest leave everywhere present colored cards, that it smiling while all around thee weep." they showed no great desire to obtain

them. “Variety is the spice of life," even Dury walks with bowed head, as if al- in such small affairs as school rewards. ways tired; faith has a way of looking up, and it sees things duty never sees. TEACHERS' classes properly conducted

may lead to the following advantages: THEY who are the most persistent, and They enable the superintendent to dework in the truest spirit, invariably are tect genius, draw it out, and use it to adthe most successful; success treads on the vantage. They introduce the student heels of every right effort.

spirit into the teachers' work; this spirit

alone can give strength and value to such Some one has said concerning the ideal meetings. They give opportunity for free

: So , children alike that he never treats even the spirit of give and take, so necessary in the same child in the same way two days a school department. They give unity and in succession, knowing by feeling rather purpose to the work of the department." than theory that no one-especially a child-is the same

in No doubt many have wasted much succession." What tact, then, is neces- valuable time in trying to master the sary to train the young mind-tact di- intricacies of psychological phenomena rected by love, emboldened by sympathy. before they were prepared for such a

course. No one can master such a sub“Must be”-does some new teacher ject who has not acquired, some power of say who does not find the school-room all thought. To one who is not prepared for her fancy and normal school ideals

normal school ideals it, it is uninteresting and even repulsive, painted for her.

“But supposing it and a permanent dislike is often created isn't?” she asks again, “What then?” by its study too soon. Power to think, My dear young teacher, if the school- to concentrate, to dig out for one's self, is room is irksome to you; if the voices of necessary to a full appreciation and enjoythe children and all their little, clinging ment of such a study. It is acquired only ways make you nervous;" if day after by pursuing a suitable course of study. day brings no improvement and the year ahead looks like an eternity to you, go to No problem seems to be greater than the your best school friend-some earnest, one that confronts the world growing out experienced teacher, perhaps—and tell it of the possession of reading. The Cathoout frankly and ask for help-you need it. lics see this more clearly than the ProNo cause for discouragement if you have testants. They prefer to know the young a teacher's heart in you and only mourn person is able to recite the Catechism your inability and want of skill; closer rather than to know that he is drawing



books from the free library. The Catholic better educated in literature and lanbishop of Illinois declared that power to guages, with greater activity of thought, read must not be looked upon as educa- more vivacity, quickness of appreciation, tion—the use which will be made of this and greater facility of happy expression power will show whether there is educa of her thoughts, than most girls her sution or not. Just how to solve the prob-periors in years. Considering her limited lem has been the subject of very much facilities for acquiring information, the thought, but no solution is apparent. Of result is very puzzling from a merely a thousand children in the cities who materialistic point of view. learn to read, too large a number may be Another train of thought is suggested demoralized by reading ; yet it is believed by her character and disposition. She is that a larger part of that thousand would what her infancy promised. Great aniibe worse off in many ways if they could ability and sweetness of disposition have not read. It is not in the possession of been preserved in her intellectual develreading, but the use of this great power, opment, and I believe that she is the that danger lies.

purest-miuded human being ever in exist

She has never knowo or thought

any evil. She does not suspect it in othHELEN KELLER.

ers. The world to her is wbat her own

mind is. She has not even learned that BY CHARLES D. WARNER.

exhibition upon which so many pride

themselves, of "righteous indignation." THE story of Helen Keller is too well Some time ago when a policeman shot

known to need repetition here. My dead her dog, a dearly-loved daily comonly excuse for increasing the publicity panion, she found in her forgiving heart of it, which she and her judicious friends no coudemnation for the man; she only have never sought, is the exceedingly said, "If he had only known what a good interesting mental and moral problems dog he was, he would not have shot him.” involved in it. A child of great apparent | It was said of old time, “Lord, forgive promise and most winning qualities, she them, they know not what they do!" Of became deaf, dumb, and blind at the age course the question will arise whether, if of nineteen months. Thenceforward, till Helen Keller had not been guarded from her seventh year, the soul within her was the knowledge of evil, she would have sealed up from any of the common modes been what she is to-day. But I cannot of communication with the world. It but fancy that there was in her a radical could only faintly express itself, and predisposition to goodness. there seemed no way that knowledge I said that Helen is what her infancy could reach it. What was it during that promised. This point needs further exsilent period? Was it stagnant, or was planation. Up to the time, at the age of it growing ? If it was taking in no im- nineteen months, when illness left her pressions, usually reckoned necessary to deaf, dumb and blind, she was a most education, was it expanding by what used amiable, tractable child, not only winning to be called “innate ideas '? When her and lovely, but with apparently an even, teacher, with infinite patience, tact, and sweet temper and an unselfish disposi. skill, at length established communica- tion. From that date until, in her sevtion with her, she found a mind of un- enth year, when Miss Sullivan found common quality, so rare that in its rapid means to communicate with her, she had subsequent development one is tempted to been isolated from the world. She could apply the epithet of genius to it. It was only express herself as an animal might.. sound, sweet, responsive to a wonderful She could only be influenced by physical degree. The perceptions, if I may use means—there was no way of telling her that word, were wonderfully acute; the what to do or what not to do but by laymemory was extraordinary ; in short, ing hands on her. She could make signs. there was discovered a mind of uncom- if she were hungry or thirsty. Her soul mon quality. Was it really a blank that was absolutely shut in from influence orthe teacher had to work on, or was there expression. In this condition she began a mind in process of developing, indepen- to be more and more like a caged bird, dent of contact with other minds? The beating its wings and bruising itself development or the growth was very against the bars, to its physical injury. rapid. Helen Keller is now fifteen, and When Miss Sullivan took her it was al

« PreviousContinue »