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encouragement instead of indulgence in ful engravers of facial expression in the unfavorable criticism and making unjust | United States, Mr. Jeremiah Rea, of Philcomparisons between recent graduates of adelphia, who put his best upon it with the Normal School and teachers of long unusual interest, and pronounces it one experience who lacked the benefit of of the most satisfactory pictures he has regular professional training. The old ever made. The portrait from which he practitioner in medicine may know many worked was a composite picture, made things with which long experience has from a number of photographs under caremade him familiar, and which the recent ful criticism by those who knew Dr. Burgraduate may know only in theory. At rowes well, and we do not see how any such times it is well to remember that result could be more life-like. beginnings are difficult, that the new- “The pictures now on exhibition are comer in any vocation who is honestly known as India proofs, impressions by trying to learn desires the helpful sym- hand directly from the wood, upon the pathy of his older colleagues. There are famous India or Japan paper, and are some things which even the best Normal as fine specimens of the engraver's and School cannot give to those preparing to printer's

art as can be produced any. teach, and if this fact were borne in mind where. The very delicate tissue on which by carping critics, there would be fewer they are printed was mounted by Mr. aching hearts and fewer failures among Harry Eckert, at Trout's bindery in this those who are teaching their first terms. city, though both the engraver and art

printer in Philadelphia, from whose hand

press this tissue comes, said they had DR. BURROWES' PORTRAIT. never seen it mounted thus, and did not

think it could be done successfully. T required three months or more to se- “The same portrait on heavy plate

cure such a portrait of Dr. Burrowes paper, from the electrotype, seems almost as was regarded satisfactory by the Memo- equal to the above. Ten thousand five rial Committee. Three artists worked hundred copies of this picture have just upon it, one after another. The unusu- been printed on one of The New Era ally large size of the engraving-it being presses, and of these six thousand have the largest head Mr. Rea has ever made already been distributed to different parts - again caused delay. Then came diffi- of Pennsylvania by the Memorial Comculty in securing the kind of plate paper mittee. desired for the large edition. But at last "It is a great thing that a picture like the portrait, satisfactory in all respects, this should be given to the State. Dr. is printed, and already six thousand Burrowes is a historic character, a man copies have been sent out through the of the very first rank in his beneficent inmails, or distributed to Superintendents 'fuence upon his own and aster times. It and Normal Schools. A few artist proof is therefore a matter upon which the impressions, on the finest Japan tissue, State is to be congratulated that a picture have been printed from the wood-cut it. such as this shall truthfully present this self, by the slow but perfect hand-process, great man to future generations. His is which are at the very top of the art, and a face that should be familiarly known in are worth ten dollars each. Of the por- every free school in Pennsylvania, traits framed and exhibited in Lancaster, "These pictures, which have been where of all places Dr. Burrowes was best framed in handsome style, will be sent to known, The New Era say:

the State Normal Schools, Dr. Burrowes “The portrait of Dr. Thomas H. Bur- having written the law under which these rowes, which has been placed in a num- schools were organized, to the Departber of the large show windows of our ment of Public Instruction, the office of principal streets, is a remarkably fine the Secretary of the Commonwealth, the piece of art work. It is twenty-seven State Library at Harrisburg, and elseyears since Dr. Burrowes removed from where. Dr. Burrowes did more than any Lancaster to the Presidency of the Penn- other man for the cause of education in sylvania State College, but the man ‘in Pennsylvania; and the memorial which his habit as he lived,' is at once recog- is now contemplated, and of which this nized in this perfect picture, his face as portrait is one of the best features, will familiar as if he had left us but yesterday. serve to put him in his proper place as It is the work of one of the most skill- one of the foremost of all men in enduring service to the State. It is to the great | It has been a campaign of education, and honor of Lancaster that such a man can Pennsylvania knows more of Dr. Burbe claimed as one of her citizens.

rowes and his invaluable work than it “In the good work they are doing the ever did before. The different features Dr. Burrowes Meniorial Committee de- of the memorial have also been looked serves well of the Commonwealth." after and pressed on towards completion

Says The Morning News: “One of the as if there were no money to be collected. most appropriate memorials that have at- The memorial portrait has but lately tracted recent attention is that in recog- been finished. More than ten thousand nition of the great work done by Dr. copies have been printed within the past Thomas H. Burrowes.

It is in every

few days, and the Committee expect to way to be commended. The amount of print another large edition before their nioney received by the Memorial Com- work is done. They have just placed on mittee during the past few months is be- exhibition a number of India proofs, tween $2,000 and $2,500. The unique handsomely framed, for the inspection of plan submitted by the committee and ap- the public. There is but one opinion of proved by the State Teachers' Associa- the picture expressed by those who knew tion at the Mount Gretna meeting last Dr. Burrowes—that it is most life like. summer, includes a tomb of granite, As a work of art, Lancaster has not seen memorial window, mural tablet, memo- anything to match it since Sartain's steel rial portrait, and memorial volume. The engraving of Thaddeus Stevens some portrait has just been printed. It is one thirty years ago.” of the niost striking features of the plan, Says The Examiner: “The Dr. Burand nothing has been spared in money, rowes Memorial Committee has just time or care, to give to the State an placed on exhibition some India proofs ideally excellent picture of this distin- of a life-size and life like portrait of Dr. guished man. Within a day or two this Thomas H. Burrowes, which attracts portrait has been put on exhibition in much attention. They are well worth Lancaster. It challenges criticism, as a seeing. The engraver was Mr. Rea, of triumph of engraving and art printing ; Philadelphia, and the result of his work and, as a likeness, all who knew Dr. Bur. is simply admirable. We do not think rowes pronounce it'about perfect.' The that Lancaster has ever seen anything pictures exhibited are known as Japan | better in this line of work. Dr. Burproofs, carefully printed by hand, with rowes is one of the great men of whom, all the life in them that this finest of tis. as a city, we have reason to be proud. sue paper affords.

It is, beyond any He belongs much more to the State; and doubt, a remarkable picture, and will is the only man in the history of our city now and hereafter stand as 'the counter- in whose honor the State at large would feit presentment of Dr. Burrowes, who unite in such a fitting memorial as is now is, by common consent, our foremost man proposed, of which this admirable porin service rendered to the cause of general trait forms a part. We congratulate the education in Pennsylvania. We add, in Committee upon their success in pushing closing, an extract from a recent article forward this noble work.” by Dr. N. C. Schaeffer, State Superin- Prof. W. W. Davis, writing in the tendent of Public Instruction: The edı- Sterling (111.). Standard of the Dr. Burcational services of Dr. Burrowes to Penn- rowes' portrait recently received, says: sylvania exceed those of Horace Mann to “It is a striking picture of this generous the State of Massachusetts. The name educational benefactor, and should hang of the latter is glorified the world over ; on the walls of every household in Pennuntil this memorial work was begun that | sylvania. Dr. Burrowes gave his life to of the former was hardly known to the the cause, and his fame will brighten as teachers of this generation in his native the years roll on. His body rests in the State."

old graveyard of St. James' Episcopal Says The Intelligencer: The Memorial Church, Lancaster, and a memorial tablet Committee appointed at the last meeting in the sacred edifice bears fitting testiof the Pennsylvania State Teachers' As- mony to his noble character. Men of sen-sociation has been busily at work. They sational reputation vanish from the earth,. have, with few exceptions, reached all but names like those of Horace Mann the teachers in the State outside of Phila- and Thomas H. Burrowes will live forever delphia, as well as the Normal Schools. in gracious and hallowed achievement."

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STORY WITH A MORAL. ers who may, perhaps, have been hitherto

a little too unsuspicious or lax in this E transfer to our columns from the regard to make a special study of the

Canadian Educational Journal, a qnestion of the habits the children are story that may be read with profit' by forming in respect to truthfulness and many a teacher and pupil. In calling at

honesty in their own schools, and govern tention to it the editor of the Canadian themselves according to the conclusions monthly says:

to which careful observation and investi, a proportion of our space to the story, but that the teachers sometimes read such we wished to publish it, and it could not

stories as these to their classes on Friday well be divided. Moreover, we are sure afternoons, or other suitable occasions ?” that our readers will be interested in it no less for its intrinsic interest than for the practical hints it suggests and the moral FUNDS FOR PUBLIC SCHOOLS. it conveys. For our own part, we are bliged to confess our conviction that the 'HE

lar more common than many teachers are ing attention (in the May number of 1895 willing to believe. This cheating takes and the January issue for 1896) to the on various forms besides the very com- criminal crowding of the Public Schools mon one represented in the story. We in our large cities and to the diseases have often spoken of the opportunities which are promoted thereby. The inforafforded by the self-reporting system in mation was obtained, not by sending an its various uses. We believe thoroughly expert to visit the schools, but by culling in trusting children when and in so far the facts from the Reports of Superintenas it can be safely and wisely done. But dents and Boards of Education. the ability to stand such a test is very In Brooklyn there were not less than largely a matter of home and school train- 447 schools with an enrollment of from 60 ing. In the absence of careful moral to 150. By actual count 14,000 children training, it must be obvious to every were “either improperly provided with thoughtful person that, in ordinary cases, school accommodations or seeking admisa large percentage of children will fail insion in vain." When the schools of New the presence of a temptation against York began, in September 1895, the which their urtrained consciences have Herald announced that there were 50,000 never been fortified. In some schools, children who could not gain admission. in many, we believe-the children are In Jersey City there were in September, required to report at certain intervals 1894) 1836 children attending half-day whether, and how often, they have broken sessions, 1606 more pupils than seats, and rules, how many marks they have re- 775 had been refused admission. In ceived for lessons, misdemeanor, failures Washington all the white schools of the in class, tardiness, etc. Now, when the first and second grades, and 2,000 pupils pupil knows that his or her standing will of the third and fourth grades, were limbe affected by the answer, is not the ited to half-day sessions, while two-fifths temptation to give an untruthful or mis- of the entire nuinber of colored schools leading answer a pretty strong one for a were in similar straits. Supt. Powell child whose moral nature has never been calls the half-day system for schools above developed by a course of judicious and the second grade "a farce," and adds : persistent training? Unquestionably it “To give a lad twelve years of age opis. There are not a few schools in which portunity to attend school but three and many pupils systematically give untruth- a half hours a day, knowing well that he ful answers to such questions.

will spend the rest of the time upon the “As a matter of fact the unsuspecting street, is robbery of the boy's time and a master in the story is by no means an danger to society." unusual character. Most of our readers "The children of the poorer classes," can find one or more similar characters in continues the Forum, “lose by this systheir own school-day experiences. We tem one-half their schooling, because they shall be very glad, and shall flatter our- must begin to earn a living before the selves that we have been of service, if the time comes when they can enjoy the reading of the story shall lead some teach- ' privilege of an entire day at school. There is one square mile in Washington, The city which is building school well populated by colored citizens, in houses and providing school accommowhich there is no school at all, and several dations most rapidly is Chicago. Her other sections are little better off ! We Board of Education is not dependent on read of floors worn to the thinness of councils for the funds, but is vested with veneer, of window sashes loose and so

power to make a five per cent. levy on the badly decayed that they will not retain real estate of the city, two-fifths of which the glass during a moderate wind-storm, may be used for salaries and three fifths thus rendering it almost impossible to for building purposes—"a sum amply heat the rooms. Doors are without proper sufficient to provide wholesome and comfastenings, and thousands of dollars' fortable accommodation for every child of worth of property left without protec- school age in the city." tion."

We can not help admiring the wisIt is needless to quote further the alarm- dom of those who framed the school ing facts which the Forum has spread laws of Pennsylvania, in vesting local before its many readers. The Commis- Boards with the power of levying the sioner of Education in his Report for taxes for school purposes, and then hold1891–2, which is now before us, although them directly responsible to the citizens several years late in its appearance for whose children are to be educated. The circulation, makes this startling generali- | School Directors of each district are zation : "In all the great cities of the authorized during the month of June to country the schools are losing ground.” determine the amount of school tax to be In this connection we call special atten- levied for the ensuing year. Said amount tion to a recent editorial from the Phila- can not be greater in any district (except delphia Ledger, printed elsewhere in this by special legislation) than the amount issue of The Journal.

of State and County tax authorized by The question arises, How is this deca- law to be assessed. At the time of the dence in city schools to be explained ? It passage of the law the maximum was is evidently due to a lack of funds for thirteen mills on the dollar, ten mills for building school-houses and providing county and three for State purposes. seating rapidly enough to keep pace with The State tax has since been taken off the growth of population. In Washing real estate, but this does not affect the ton the schools are dependent upon con- amount of school tax that can be levied, gressional appropriations, and since the for the reason that it was the obvious inmembers of the House and Senate are tention of the law to fix the maximum at occupied with the affairs of the whole thirteen mills on the dollar, and thus nation, they have very little time to avoid the perplexing changes that would bestow upon educational questions, and otherwise cripple the financial managehence possess very little knowledge of ment of school affairs by the district. This the schools in the District of Columbia. decision has been sustained by the SuThe same trouble recurs in cities whose

preme Court. Boards of Education must secure from In a few districts where the valuation Councils the money with which to build is low, there is perplexity in raising school-houses and to run the schools. sufficient funds. In all instances the The estimate which the school authorities final appeal is to public opinion and to make of the amount required for school the votes of the citizens. In the creation purposes, is generally cut down unless of public sentiment in favor of better the law requires the Councils to levy the school houses and longer terms use must tax for school purposes up to the full be made of the press, of the local and amount of the estimate. The members

institute, of educational of Council are not interested primarily in rallies and revivals, and of appeals to the educational questions. There are so parents' love for the child. In cities many axes to grind that the schools come which do not vest the power of taxation in for only secondary consideration. directly in the Board of Control, appeals Councilmen as a rule are politicians, and to public opinion will ultimately reach the the keeping down of the tax-rate to make members of Council, and force them to a good showing, appeals to them more increase the appropriations for school strongly than the needs of the children purposes. It is impossible to frame any living in wards where it is not necessary system of civil government and to set it for them to solicit votes.

the county

in motion as if it were piece of ma

chinery that would run itself without | directly responsible to the people for exfurther attention. Every systein of gov- travagance and all waste of money ; and ernment which vests power ultimately in whilst the taxpayers may occasionally the people will require perpetual vigi- suffer, the innocent children are not apt lance on the part of those who vote, and to be deprived of their right to an educato this the machinery of a school system tion, whilst at the same time most of the is no exception. Give a School Board evils due to the criminal crowding of the the power necessary to raise sufficient public schools will, by these means, be funds for school purposes ; make them greatly mitigated if not entirely prevented.





ARMSTRONG-Supt. Jackson: At the LoTHE ex-officio members of the College and

cal Institute held at Putneyville, important H. Hastings, Attorney-General C. McCor

topics were discussed, and the teachers mick, and Superintendent of Public Instruc

and citizens all took an earnest part. Our tion Nathan C. Shaeffer.

County Institute during the week of DeThose members who have been appointed

cember 23–27 was one of the best and most by the Governor are as follows: Provost C. C. practical ever held in the county. Nearly Harrison, University of Pennsylvania, Phil

every teacher was present, and many of the adelphia ; George W. Atherton, President

directors. The instructors were Hon. N. C. State College, State College P. O.; W. J.

Schaeffer, Drs. Arnold Tompkins, John Holland, Chancellor Western University,

Perrin, W. S. McCreight, Supt. Jos. S. WalAllegheny City; T. L. Seip, President Muh

ton, Profs. Geo. S. Little and E. W. Hall. lenberg College, Allentown; J. D. Moffat,

The lecturers were Dr. Tompkins, John R. President Washington and Jefferson College,

Clarke and Bishop Vincent, and there was Washington; George E. Reed, President an entertainment by the Washington and Dickinson College, Carlisle; G. M. Philips,

Jefferson College Glee Club. The Armstrong Principal State Normal School, West Ches

County School Directors' Association met ter; Edward Brooks, City Superintendent,

on Thursday, and held two sessions. There Philadelphia, and James M. Coughlin, Su

were about sixty members present. The perintendent, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.

following officers were re-elected for the ensuing year: J. H. McCain, President; Dr. J.

A. Armstrong, Vice President; C. S. Bovard, THE NORMAL SCHOOLS.

Secretary, and Wm. F. Brodhead, Treasurer.

This Association was organized by Supt. * The annual examinations at the State

Jackson at the Institute of 1894, and, alNormal Schools will be held as follows:

though only one year old, has been stirring West Chester, Monday, June 8th, 2 p. m.

up the Directors throughout the county. Mansfield, Tuesday, June 9th, 9 a. m.

The Association sent two delegates. J. H. Edinboro, Monday, June 15th, 9 a. m. McCain, esq., and Rev. R. A. Jamisou, to Slippery Rock, Monday, June 15th, 9 a. m. the meeting of School Directors of the State East Stroudsburg, Monday, June 15, 9 a.m. held at Harrisburg in January. The teachCalifornia, Wednesday, June 17th, 9 a. m. ers and citizens in the vicinity of GoheenKutztown, Wednesday, June 17th, 9 a. in. ville held a very creditable local Institute Shippensburg, Monday, June 22nd, 9 a. m. on January 24 and 25. Prof. Hepler, of the Indiana, Monday, June 22nd, 9 a. m.

New Bethlehem schools, gave his lecture, Clarion, Monday, June 22nd, 9 a. m.

Walks and Talks in the South," on the Lock Haven, Wednesday, June 24th, 9 a. m. evening of the first day. Bloomsburg, Wednesday, June 24, 9 a. 11. BeaveR.-Supt. Hillman: The attendMillersville, Wednesday, June 24th, 9 a. m. ance at the County Institute was very large,

and the proceedings unusually interesting

and instructive. State Supt. Schaeffer added PERMANENT CERTIFICATES. much to the interest of Directors' Day by

meeting with the directors in separate sesThe following are added to the list of sion during the forenoon, and taking part committees on Permanent Certificates: in their discussions. In the afternoon, Dr.

McKeesport-W. H. McMullen, Miss Ida Schaeffer also addressed the Institute on the McCaughan, and Miss Blanche Muse. subject of “ Township High Schools." A

New Castle-George C. Thompson, Miss County Directors' Association will result Mary Aikens, and Martin Gantz.

from this “ Directors' 7." Two local inReading-Charles E. Foos, Miss C. A. stitutes and a meeting of the County TeachHobson, and A. J. Wobensmith.

ers' Association were held during the month.

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