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August-Legislation of the Late Session, 73. June—Programme State Teachers' Association

Change in Permanent Certificate Committee, -Election of Superintendents, 555. History

73. Decency about School Outhouses, 73. of Education-Summer School, University

Summer Schools—The Meeting of the N. E. Extension, 556. New Spelling-Bible Read-
A. at Denver-Dr. Burrowes Memorial: Re- ing Book - Metric System, 557. Bloomsburg,
port of Memorial Committee, 75. Mount 558. Dr. Burrowes' Tomb, 558. High Schools:
Gretna Meeting of State Association, 77. Preparation of Teachers for Lower Grades,
Christian Endeavorers in Convention at Bos- 561. Wickersham Memorial Library, 564.

ton, 79. Department of Agriculture, 80.

Philadelphia, 564. Story with a Moral :

October-Autumn Arbor Day Circular, 180. Youthful Train Wreckers, 565.

Plant a Tree-Dr. Rothrock and Dr. Warren, Education According to Nature, 166.

181. Good Memorial Work in Chester and Educational Interest of the Commonwealth:

Berks, 181. Anthony Comstock - Prof. Mull Sixty-Second Annual Report of the Superin.

on Dr. Burrowes Fund, 181. Honor Thy Fa- tendent of Public Instruction: Appropriations

ther and Thy Mother, 182. The Superinten- - College and University Council --Examina-

dency: Its Bearing on the Efficiency of the tions—Public Library Act-Educational Prob-

Schools, 182. Teachers Honoring Them- lem-City and Rural Schools-Right Use of

selves, 184. Gross Errors in Figures: High Books--School Virtues-Secondary and Even-

School Percentage of Attendance, 186.

ing Schools-Training of Teachers--Election

November-Contributions Dr. Burrowes' of Superintendents-Statistics-Nathan C.

Monument Fund, 229. New Library Law in Schaeffer, 285.

Reading-Prof. March, of La Fayet College, Education for Citizenship-J. R. Flickinger, 176.

Our Most Noted Lexicographer, 230. Normal Education Here and Abroad, 353.

School Statistics, Showing the Vast Field of Electrical Exposition in New York, 500.

Influence of these Schools-Nautical School Electrical Triumph, 552.

Ship “Saratoga," 230. Hon. Henry L. Dief- Elmira Reformatory of the State of New York:

fenbach, 231. At School and Out of School, Manual Training and Moral Discipline, 3.

232. Payment by Results under the Public English in High School-

James W. Adams, 357.

School System of England, 234. Educational | English Language, The, 32.

Press, 235. Dr. Burrowes Memorial Elms, 236. | Evolution of One Teacher, 548.
Décember-Dr. Burrowes Memorial Fund: A Eye or Ear: Which Seems Most Important ?-

Noble Life-size Portrait for General Distribu- W. W. Deatrick, 408.
tion in Pennsylvania, 273. “My Country,
'Tis of Thce :" Death of Rev. Samuel F.

Far Away; Song-M. Lindsay, 46.

Fearless and Honest, 494.

Smith, 275. Atlanta Exposition, 276.

Four Glimpses, 553;

January-Free Libraries, 311. University Sum-
mer Schools: Rare Facilities Afforded, 313.

Francis A. March : Teacher-Jas. C. Mackenzie,

530.
Girl Students --Higher Education, 314. Make

Froebel and Herbert: Their Educational Theo-

Geography Interesting -"Inasmuch"--Sixty-

second Annual State Report, 317. State As-

ries-James L. Hughes, 295.

sociation of School Directors, 319. The Good

From a Teacher's Note-Book: Suggestive Ex-

tracts-R. N. Yawger, 482.
Work Goes On: “Best of All was the Enthu-
siasm,” 319. The Pilgrim Fathers, 321. Pa-

Funds for Public Schools-N. C. Schaeffer, 418.

rents and Directors, 322.

Genesis of Our State Normal School System-

February-Jacksonville Meeting, 365. Pesta- H. C. Hickok, 486.
lozzi, 365. “Poor Souls,” 366. Educational

Germans in Pennsylvania: Their Descendants
Classics, 367. Wise Resting, 367. Master-

Outnumber any other Nationality in the
piece of Portraiture-School Directors' Asso-

State—"Apologetic Contumely" – Franklin's
ciation, 368. Pittsburg School Laws of 1895 Judgment Warped-Map of Europe, History
Unconstitutional, 369. Cities and Boroughs of Palatinate and the Rhine-Penn's Emigra-

--Altoona Meetiug, 369. Their Reward, 370. tion Societies—Decemvirs of Berks-Geo. F.
March--School Readings from the Bible, 411. Baer, 240.
Altoona Meeting-Our Summer Schools, 412.

Giving, The Art must be Learned like Spelling

The Jacksonville Meeting of the Department -C. H. Parkhurst, 354.

of Superintendence, 413. The Normal Schools

Glasgow a Model City, 20.

and Teachers, 415. Dr. Burrowes' Portrait, Good Advice to a Young Man, 209.

416. Story with a Moral, 418. funds for the

Gov. Hastiugs' Address at Atlanta Exposition,

Public Schools, 418.

269.

April-Arbor Day Proclamation of Governor Gravest of Questions: What Do Our Boys and

Hastings, 460. World's Fair, A. D. 1900-N. Girls Read ?--Washington Gladden, 246.

E. A. at Buffalo, 401. Horace Mann's Cen- Greeley's Manuscript, 299.

tennial Anniversary-Penusylvania Chautau- Gross Errors in Figures: Percentage of Attend-

qua, 461. Choose Best Men for Superintend- ance as Reported in Statistics for High Schools

ents, 462. Altoona Meeting, 463. Arbor Day: -N.C. Schaeffer, 186.

Familiar Words of Dr. Higbee, 464.

May-Compulsory School Laws, 505. Reform Having Fixed Principles, 16.

School Bíll for New York City-High School Heaven is My Home; Song-T. B. Taylor, 378.

in Reading, 505. Meeting of the National He Got It: Incident in Life of Spoiled Child, 402.

Association at Buffalo, 506. State Teachers' Helen Keller : Deaf, Dumb, and Blind, 525.

Association at Bloomsburg, 507. Spring Ar- Henry L. Dieffenbach -H. C. Hickok, 231.

bor Day, 507. Mr. Spangler's Attack: Not the High Schools: Ideal Course of Study-(. A.

Curriculum, but the Teachers, 508.

Babcock, 137.

High Schools: Preparation of Teachers for

Lower Grades-N. C. Schaeffer, 562.

Honoring Themselves-Editorial, 184.
“ Hoorllumismu" in Colleges, 519.
How Boys May Be Taught to Think – Thomas

G. Apple, 147.
How Shall We Select Teachers for Graded

Schools ?-Wm. Brower, 502.
How to Test the Quality of a Teacher's Work –

M.J. Brecht, 62.

“I Can but I Shan't,” 300.

Ideal Primary School Course - Addison Jones,

III.

Illiterate Masses, The: Report of U. S. Commis-

sioner Wm. T. Harris, 396.
Importance of Writing, 21.
Impure Literature: Debauching Youth-An-

thony Comstock, 405.
Impurity in the Schools. 301.

Inaugural Address: "Independent, Self-Reliant.

Honest"-E. T. Jeffers, 98.

Inbreeding, Effects of, 38.

Inflated Valuation put upon the Common

Branches-Jos. S. Walton, 538.

Influence of Work upou Character, 304.
Is It a Fad: The New " Nature Study," 60.
Items from Reports, 43, 90, 188, 238, 278, 325,

373, 420, 468, 512, 568.
Jolly Old Saint Nicholas; Song, 284.
Judge Dieffenbach: Brief Sketch of Service to

the Schools-Henry C. Hickok, 363.
Keystone of the Arch: What the State and the

Nation Owe to the Common School and to

the Men who Made It-Editorial, 159.
Killarney; Song-M. W. Balfe, 330.
Language that Needs a Rest, 18.
Lessons of Kindness to Animals: Some Good

Books-N. C. Scheaffer, 200.

Liberty Bell in Philadelphia, 520.

Limitations of Kindergarten Work-D. A. Har-

man, 107.

* Little Scotch Granite," 541.

Low Plane vs. High Plane Teachers, 520.

Military Drill, 32.

Ministration of Angels-H. W. Beecher, 254.

Misleading Terms, 15.
Moral Effect of Public School Environment-

Jos. S. Walton, 68.
More Concentrated Work: Wasted Tinie, Atten-

tion, Strength, 68.
Mount Gretna Meeting-Editorial, 77.
Multiplication, Story iu, 551.
MUSIC PAGES: “Far Away'-M. Lindsey, 40.

“Speak Gently"-W.V. Wallace, 92; "Cheer,

Boys, Cheer," 146; Do they Think of Me at

Honie ?"'--C. W. Glover, 182; Row, Row,

Cheerly Row"-D. M. Mulock, 240; “Jolly

Old Saint Nicholas," 284; Killarney: " By Kil-

larney's Lakes and Fells”—M. W. Balfe, 330;

" Thoughts of Wonder,” and “Heaven is My

Home," 378; "Over There"-T. C. O'Kane,

426; “Rejoice! the Summer Months are Com-

ing,” 472; “Oh, What is the Matter with

Robin ?” 518 -Rain upon the Roof, 570.

“My Country, 'Tis of Thee"-S. F. Smith, 275.
Nature in Education -M. G. Brumbaugh, 442.
New School Boards, 559.
Niagara Revisited-Edward Everett Hale, 253.

Normal School Diplomas, 42.

Normal Schools and Teachers, 415.

Object of School Government, 379.
OFFICIAL DEPARTMENT.-Distribution of State

Appropriation – Superintendents Commis-
sioned - Normal School Diplomas – Must
Teach Two Years in Pennsylvania-Items from
Reports, 42. Normal School Appropriations-
Coinpulsory Law Deferred-Recent Legisla-
tion: Classification of High Schools, Commit.

tee on Permanent Certificates, Decency about

School Outhouses, Free Public Libraries in
School Districts, District and Normal Schools.

Incorporation of Institutions of Learning and
Conferring Degrees, Kindergarten Schools,
Religious Garb Bill - College Graduates-
Items, 84. New Edition of School Laws, 1896
-Commissions to Superintendents-Certifi-
cates to College Graduates-County Institutes
-Items, 184. State Certificates to College

Graduates-Items from Reports, 325. Col-

lege and University Council - Normal School
Examinations - Permanent Certificates

Items, 420. Committee on Permanent Certif-

icates in Counties and Cities-Carlisle School
Board-Items, 371. Election of Superintend-
ents-Examination of Teachers-To School
Directors in View of Approaching Election of
Superintendents, Oath of Office of Superin-
tendent-How to Make Objections to Issuing
Commissions-Items, 465. Opinion of Dep.
uty Attorney General Elkin as to Payment of
Assessors under Compulsory School Law-
Normal School Examinations-Itenis, 510.
Transfer of Records, etc., 566. Superintend-
ents Elected for Ensuing Term, 566. Certifi-

cates to Graduates, 567.
Oh! What is the Matter with Robin ? Song, 518.
One Hour Each Day for Reading, 381.
“One Talent,” 39.

Organizing the School System: Dr. Burrowes

the Great Organizer, 160.

Our Pennsylvania Forests: Necessity for Their

Preservation: Address by Governor Hastings

on Arbor Day at Drexel Institute, 491.

Over There; Hymn-T. C. O'Kane, 426.
Parents and Directors— T. R. Edwards, 322.

Payment by Results-Editorial, 234.

Pennsylvania High Schools-N. C. Schaeffer,

126.
Pennsylvania State Association of School Direc-

tors : Address of Welcome (L. 0. Foose) -
Responses (H. H. Hubbert and Nathan C.
Schaeffer) - Consolidation of County Schools
and Free Transportation of Pupils (R.S. Mac-
namee and S. C. Weadley)-Standard Plans
for School Houses (Joseph S. Walton)-Town-

ship High Schools (N. C. Schaeffer and J. P.

Fleeson)-Compulsory Education Act -Con-

stitution of Association- What Legislation is

Needed for the Public Schools (J. Q. Stewart,

D. 7. Fortney)-Directors in Attendance, 331.

PennsYLVANIA STATE TEACHERS' Associa-

TION : Proceedings of the Fortieth Annual

Session State Association, 93. Addresses of

Welcome and Responses for Association, 93.

Physical Culture and Training in Public.

Schools-Amanda Stout, 96. Inaugural Ad-
dress: “Independent, Self-Reliant, Honest”
-E. T. Jeffers, 98. Co-ordination of Courses
of Study: High Schools, Colleges, 101. Dr.

Burrowes Memorial, 107, 127; Report of Com- Stephen Collins Foster and His Songs, 546.

mittee, 140. Limitation of Kindergarten Work Story with a Moral, 418, 565.

-D. A. Harman, 107. The Ideal Primary Student Honor: Princeton College Examina-

School Course-Addison Jones, 111. Qualifi. tions, 24.

cations of High School Teachers-S. H. Dean, Substitution of Teacher for Text-Book, 410.
114. Are Our Schools Meeting the Demands of Superintendent and Professional Certificate-d.
the Hour ?-F. S. Miller, 116. Savonarola, G. C. Smith, 118.
the Florentine Reformer-Wm. H. Crawford, Superintendents Elected, May, 1896, 565.
119. School Grading and School Promotions
- Wm. J. Shearer, 120. Superintendent and

Talks from Outside.--Mrs. S. R. Winchell, 309.
Professional Certificate-A. G. C. Smith, 118.

Teachers' Salaries, 535.
The Scholarship of Normal Graduates-

John Teaching English, 303.

Morrow, 130. Professional Training in the Teaching Language, 358, 540.

Normal Schools -D. C. Murphy, 132. The Testing Quality of a Teacher's Work-M. J.

Ideal Course of Study for High Schools-C.

Brecht, 62.

A. Babcock, 137. Pennsylvania High Schools

The Chambered Nautilus (Poem)-Oliver Wen-
-N. C. Schaeffer, 126. Election of Officers,

dell Holmes, 30.

126. Report on Dr. Wickersham Memorial, The Germans in Pennsylvania-G. F. Baer, 240.

139. Auditors' Report, 139. Compulsory Ed-

The Heather Lintie: Story of Scotland-S. R.

ucation, 140. Committee on Legislation-).

Crockett, 172.

Q. Stewart, 141.

Resolutions, 141.

Mt. Their Reward: Ingratitude of the Public to their

Gretna Financial Report, 142.

Closivg

Great Benefactors, 371.

Words, 143. Members in Attendance, 144.

The Old Schools, 27.

Perpetual Benefaction-Editorial, 41.

The Owl Critic-James T. Field, 26."
Personal Power of the Teacher-C. J. Little, 483.

The Pilgrim Fathers, 321.
Philadelphia : Supt. Edward Brooks, 564.

The Red Mantle: German Mercbant of Olden

Physical Culture and Training in Public Schools

Time, 240.

- Amanda Stout, 96.

The School Museum, 17.

Physiology in the Schools: Phenomena of Life The Spring: She is a Blessed Thing (Poem)

and Death, 203.

- Mary Howilt, 508.

Pictorial Geography: Suggestive to Teachers- The Stagnant Period, 5.
C. M. Drake, 171.

The Stickit Minister: The Renunciation of Ro-

Power of Poetry, 382.

bert Fraser-S. R. (rockett. 57.

Professional Training in the Normal Schools- The Superintendency: Its Bearing upon the
D. C. Murphy, 132.

Efficiency of Our Schools-Editorial, 182.

Thought Power and Thought Habit, 519.

Qualifications of High School Teachers-S. H. Thrilling Story of Heroism, 245.

Dean, 114.

Too Artistic-- Dr. Murray, 472.

Too Many Incompetents, 307.

Rain Upon the Roof; Song-Coates Kenney, 570. Training in Morals, 362.

Reading Books, Silly-J. M. Greenwood, 542. Training a Necessity, 534.

Reading, Good, Mistaken Policy, 528.

Transportation of Pupils: Suggestive Hints for

Reading Neglected, 520.

Pennsylvania, 251,

Recent Legislation: Laws Passed at Session of Two Trees, 356.

1895, 84.

Unconscious Ministry of Desire Flint, The-

Savonarola, the Florentine Reformer, 119.

Mrs. Terry Cooke, 473.

Scheme of Secondary Education in Pennsyl-

vania: Report of Special Committee of State

Visit to the Cell: Rumpf and the Professor-

Teachers' Association: Course of Study-Ad-

Ernst Eckstein, 8.

mission to High Schools-Adjustment of Stu- “We Are Ancestors," 519.

dies-- Schedule of Branches in Lower and What Do Our Boys and Girls Read: Papers and

High Schools—N. C. Schaeffer, 47.

Magazines that harbor Evil Influences for the

Scholarship of Normal Graduates-John Mor-

Young-Washington Gladden, 246.

row, 130.

What Do We Remember? What We Empha-

School Grading and School PromotionsWm. size in Life, 409.

J. Shearer, 120.

What Legislation is Needed for the Public

Schoolmaster in Fiction-N.C. Schaeffer, 387. Schools-). Q. Stewart, 347.

School Playground: Influence on Child Life- What Makes a School ? 355.

James A. Steese, 358.

What the Public Expects, 307.

School Room Courtesy, 6.

Where is the Moral ? 5.

Selection of Teachers— Wm. Brower, 502. Whittier's Boyhood, 352.

Sixty Second Annual Report, 317.

Who is Your Great Man? 526.

Some Early Schools of Pennsylvania-T. J. Whose Fault Was It? 256.
Chapman, 205.

Why He Did Not Win: Sometimes it is Better to
Speaking Pieces in School - W. W. Davis, 533. Lose, 504.
Speak Gently; Song,Wallace, 92.

Wickersham Memorial Library, 564.

Spelling, Hints on, 551.

Wonderful Structure of the Ear-Ġ. Wilson, 194.

Spring Arbor Day-Editorial, 508.

Work to be Encouraged: Patriotism, Self-Sacri-

Standard of Teachers' Qualifications-H. S. fice and Heroism, 395.

Wertz, 428.

Wreck of the Hesperus, 295.

Standard Plans for School Houses-Jos. S. Wal-
ton, 339.

Youthful Train Wreckers, 565.

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THthe Reformatorije does not materially | pils when received at the Reformatore are

CHE primary object of in

of 67 per centof the pu

Reformatory differ from the primary object of instruc- entered in the primary classes, 15 per tion in our public schools; the end of cent. are entered in the intermediate, and education being in the one as in the 18 per cent are entered in the academic. other to develop the pupil into a useful, These figures are very interesting, as they competent, and honest bread-winner, to indicate the social strata to which the enable him to take his position in life as prisoners belonged in free life, and bean honorable and honored citizen. Not hind them there stretches a field of inonly is the end the same, but the means i finite extent for the examination of the and methods to that end are very similar careful and analytical thinker. Observe to those employed in free life. The work the comparative absence of the grammarin the “school of letters” for instance, school graduate as represented by the peris divided into three divisions—the arith- centage of those who enter the inmetic, language, and academic. In the termediate classes. Instead of a constant first two divisions the pupils are divided gradation from the highest to the lowinto classes covering a range of study in est, we find a gap separating the two exarithmetic, from reading the simplest tremes of illiteracy and a high school numbers-1 to 20-to problems in dis- education. But this question, however count, interest, etc., and in language interesting, is not along the lines of our from the very elements of English to the sketch. analysis of simple and compound sen- These percentages of admissions to the tences. The pupils on entering the in- various classes at entrance to the institustitution are graded into classes accord- tion are reversed when the men leave. ing to their respective capacities and Thus 47 per cent. are paroled while in acquirements, beginning if necessary the academic classes, 33 per cent. while: in the lowest class, and gradually rising, in the intermediate, and only 20 per cent.. class by class, until they are paroled. In while still in the primary. As the the academic division, intended only for pupil's advancement from class to class is: those who are sufficiently far advanced to dependent upon his work in the classpursue the studies required with interest room, 75 per cent. being required to pass and profit, three courses are offered- an examination, the efficiency of the those in practical ethics, English litera- school system will be apparent from these ture, and history.

statistics. The object always in view in

marking out the courses of study in the of skilled labor in order that the prisoner reformatory is utility, and all require when paroled may have the necessary ments and influences are intended to sub- mental and manual equipment to honorserve that one end.

ably obtain the means of lise. While the The school of letters is under the direc- prisoner cannot be educated as an expert, tion of J. R. Monks, who was formerly a he can be started on the road towards professor in Elmira College, assisted, accomplishment as a skilled workman. until very recently, by Jas. C. Van Etten, To prepare the prisoner for future usewho is now principal of one of the public fulness, though not to perfect him in that schools in the city of Elmira. These two usefulness, is the point at which reformaofficials are the only civilians connected tory treatment ends and real life begins. with the department, the instruction in The Reformatory is intended to break up all the classes, with the exception of the old habits of mind and body and to imacademic, being given by specially pre-plant new ones, but not to develop them; pared inmate instructors. This is a that must be the work of after years. unique feature of the system. These Manual training in that institution goes men, carefully selected from among the hand in hand with intellectual discipline, members of the academic classes, are each being carried on in conjunction with, trained in a class by theinselves. This and in subservience to, the other.. class is known as the normal class, and Appropos of recent occurrences, a fact is conducted by the school secretary. which people of the extramural world When deemed competent to take up should not forget is that a Reformatory practical work they are assigned to classes is essentially a sequestered government as visiting or assistant instructors; and if reared upon a basis of martial law. The their work in that capacity is satisfactory, nature of this government is coercive, its they are given regular classes and per- purpose is obedience, and while its instruform their duties under the personalments to that end are manifold, it should direction of the school officials. The be actuated, and in the Elmira Reformaacademic classes are taught by the offi- tory is actuated, in their application by a cials themselves.

principle of corrective, rather than of reThe ethics class, which meets every tributive, justice. Generally speaking, Sunday afternoon, is composed of the the rigors of this régimè are suspended, members of the academic and the two and the individual under this government highest intermediate classes. This class is given civil rights in so far as he uses is conducted by Prof. Monks, and great them judiciously, and they do not conflict care is given to its instruction; for practi- with the efficiency of the government itcal ethics is the basis of all sound morals, self. If rebellious and vicious, he is and a man can be a useful and honorable

declared a belligerent, he forfeits his civil citizen only in so far as he is imbued with rights, and against him the rigors of marethical principles.

tial law are proclaimed and enforced. At When we consider the class of men Elmira the application of corrective with which Mr. Brockway has to deal, measures is preceded by a careful considmen ranging in age from sixteen to thirty eration of means to ends; on this occasion years, and all of whom have been con- and with this individual, it is one measvicted of crimes punishable by the penal | ure, and on that occasion and with that code with imprisonment from two and a individual it is another; with some admohalf to twenty years, some of the results nition only is necessary, with others, it is accomplished at the reformatory-80 per a temporary suspension of privileges, cent. being established in honorable walks while with the persistently aggressive in life-seem almost incredible. It is not and incorrigible, severer treatment is imclaimed, however, that during the pris-perative. Law and order must be oner's stay at the reformatory, which enforced or the institution fails to accomaverages a little less than two years,plish the purpose of its inception, and he can be converted from a criminal and maintenance, and the peace and security defective being into a skilled mechanic, of society are imperiled. or an accomplished scholar. Education there is limited to the elements, the essentials of knowledge, and the hand

Evil is only the slave of Good,

Sorrow the servant of Joy. and the eye, equally with the mind, are

And the soul is mad that refuses food trained to the performance of some kind

Of the meanest in God's employ,

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