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traveler made a remark that set others has been the queen of song in that part to looking up their atlases at the first of the world. From Australia she finally opportunity. He had said that a traveller went to England, where she has resided can leave London and go around the some years. Her voice is still in its finest world and never set foot on other than form, and is regarded as second only to British soil. Asked to outline the itinerary Patti's in the United Kingdom. Mine. he answered : From England to Halifax; Sterling is more than a great vocalist. to Victoria over the Canadian Pacific; Sbe is a poet, an orator, a reformer, and across the Pacific to Hong Kong, step- an enthusiastic Christian worker. Many ping there on the British reservation ; of her best songs are her own creations, thence to Singapore, Penang, the island and both words and music have been a of Mauritius, Cape Town, South Africa ; | mighty aid to the English women's orSt. Helena, and home to England; or from ganizations in their effort to interest, Penang, in the gulf of Ceylon, thence edify, and improve the great public. home by way of Bombay, Aden, Perim, During the nine days of the World's Malta, and Gibraltar."

Council of Women she attended and sang

at every session. Every song was a masSCENE: A school room in the year terpiece. Some were pathetic, and stirred 1900. Teacher (to new boy)-Hans, the auditor to tears; others were martial, have you got your certificate of vaccina- and caused the audience involuntarily to tion against smallpox ? “ Yes, sir." keep time with the tune, while still others Have you been inoculated for croup? were dramatic and kept listeners alert as “Yes, sir." Have you had an injection if they were witnessing the tragedies of of cholera bacillus ?' “ Yes, sir." Have Shakespeare or the Greek playwrights !” you a written guarantee that you are proof against whooping cough, measles, I THINK that perhaps the greatest fault and scarlet fever? “Yes, sir." Are in reading is that there is not enough of you provided with your own drinking it. In the first two or three years of cup?' “ Yes, sir." Will you make a school life there should be a great deal of solemn promise never to exchange easy reading done at sight in addition to sponges with the other boys and never to that prepared before coming to the class. use any other pencil but your own ? “Yes, In the third and fourth years, the chil. sir." Do you agree to have your books dren should be taught to read independfumigated with sulphur and your clothes ently, to use a dictionary, and to get the sprinkled with chioride of lime once a meaning of derivatives. By the sixth week ? “Yes, sir." Hans, I see you fulfill grade I think the child has usually acall the requirements of modern hygienics. quired the habit of reading, either of Now you can climb that wire, place your- close attention or carelessness in calling self on an isolated aluminium seat, and the words, the habit of grasping the begin to do your sums.-Nachrichten. thought or of letting it loosely slip past

the tongue and brain. Probably all furA DELEGATE to the World's Council ther trainirg will either emphasize or of Women, held in London a short time vary these traits; it will rarely change since, says of an old-time American them, I fear. Again, then, I insist on singer, “A great voice is next to a great the necessity of concentrating the work intellect in swaying the multitude. It is on reading in the lower grades. The possessed by the World's Council of German schools average an hour per day Women in magnificent form in the per- in reading, and if American schools did son of Mme. Antoinette Sterling Over as well the outcome of our school life twenty years ago Mme. Sterling was the would be better than it is, star singer of the famous choir of Plymouth Church. She was a young woman A REPORT in the Bombay Guardian at that time, but even then had a voice indicates what influences are at work to and a technique which made her rank demoralize India, and undo the work of among the great artists of those days. missionaries in that land. All vessels She next made fame and considerable bound for west and south missions stop at fortune as a concert singer in many of the Madina. Here is the list of liquors great cities of the world. In Australia which passed through in one week. It is she sprang into the highest popularity in taken from the daily returns posted in a single evening, and from that time on Liverpool : 900,000 cases of gin; 24,000 butts of rum ; 30,000 cases of brandy; | disagreeable brother, Isaac Evans. In 28,000 cases of Irish whiskey ; 800,000 Pendennis” Thackeray is undoubtedly demijohns of rum ; 36,000 barrels of rum; portrayed. “Harold Skimpole" is Leigh 30,000 barrels of gin; 15,000 barrels of Hunt, who never forgave Dickens for the absinthe ; 40,000 cases of vermouth. portrayal. “Micawber" was Dickens'

own father, and “Mrs. Nickleby” bis TAKE, as a single instance of the power mother.-A. E. Winship. of poetry, Walter Scott's opening lines in the “ Lady of the Lake," where he de- THE teacher who stops growing begins scribes the chase of the stag. The stag to lose teaching power. There are many escapes and evades his pursuers, but petty annoyances which assail every what a picture the great poet has put into teacher, and usually some one or more words ! Reduced to prose, the ordinary serious drawbacks to one's intellectual observer and writer would have said, vitality. All these can be more than “They chased the stag several miles, but counter-balanced by the inspiriting effects lost him in the Trosachs.” He could of new intellectual activity. If that is not possibly have said in prose,

wanting, the friction becomes galling, the The antlered monarch of the waste,

pleasure of daily work is impaired, the Sprung from his heathery couch in haste, teacher loses cheerfulness and energy and But ere his fleet career he took

the old measure of success is wanting. The dewdrops from his flank he shook ; Like crested leader, proud and high, Toss'd his beamed frontlet to the sky;

HIGHER education should : 1. Give A moment gazed adown the dale,

students nobler and loftier aims and build A moment snuffed the tainted gale,

up higher aspirations and a purer life; 2. A moment listened to the cry

Give students the broadest general inThat thicken'd as the chase drew nigh. Then, as the headmost foes appear’d,

sight into past and human affairs ; 3. With one brave bound the copse he clear'd,

Make students realize as much of God's And stretching forward free and far

laws as may be revealed by science ; and Sought the wild heaths of Uam Var.

4. Give men the power to add in some The poet began his picture with an in- way to the realm of truth. cident that only a poet would have thought worthy of words, but what a

The Colorado Educator speaks in a picture the few words make !

tone somewhat sarcastic, as follows:

We must, probably, put up with extravThe stag at eve had drunk his fill Where danced the moon on Monan's rill

agant 'booms' in life, but the boom And deep his midnight lair had made teacher' can hardly be doing much good In lone Glenartney's hazel shade.

in a community; yet there are many of

them. This is particularly true of soGod never works only for to-day. His called high-schools.

called high-schools. These are supposed plan runs on and on. The web He to be beyond community criticism, and weaves is from everlasting to everlasting; apparently some teachers do manage to and, if I can fill a part of that web, be it draw fleece over the eyes of their patrons. ever so insignificant, it will abide forever. Reference is made here to the pseudoAnd this is one of the most comforting high schools of small towns. Next May thoughts to us. While on earth we may do or June may be seen accounts of the something for eternity.-Bishop Simpson. Smithville high school with a fine gradu

ating class of twelve or fifteen. Where is GEORGE ELIOT's father is portrayed Smithville ? How large? It is the in “Adam Bede." The childhood of county seat of Backaway county-popuDickens is in “ David Copperfield.” The lation 800. June is in the future, true, life and the times of Erasmus are given and we can only prophesy; but have we in Charles Reade's “The Cloister and not just received the course of study? the Hearth,” Goldsmith put his own Six teachers are employed in Smithville life into “The Vicar of Wakefield.” -one of these is a kindergartner and Coleridge as a talker is to be seen in three are in the high school. Professor Carlyle's ' Life of John Sterling." Breezy, of Zephyr College, is the able suCharlotte Bronte's idolized sister Emily perintendent. That he is the right man for was her heroine, “Shirley.” “Dinah his responsiblity is evident from his exMorris" was an aunt of George Eliot. perience of two years-one in Blowburg, "Tom Tulliver" was George Eliot's six months in Slackville, where he


brought the schools up to such a lofty | modern scholar, taught by experience, standard that the Wearytown School might well say, not only to every aspirant Board singled him out of 100 applicants. for distinction in literary pursuits or the But he was to be a man of destiny, and learned professions, but to every one after a stay of three months in Weary- possessed of an honorable ambition to town, the Smithville board literally stole become an intelligent and influential citihim from that community. Besides this zen, “Turn the pages of your dictionary record he can show ten recommendations. and your encyclopædia with untiring

We see by this course of study that no resolution and patience." Perhaps there mean subjects are takep up. Algebra, is no other achievement which so discivil government, and the fuss over in tinctly marks the turning point in the stuGaul look quite pale when seen beside dent's career-and every teacher worthy spherical trigonometry, political economy of the name is, above all, a student-as and Homer. Some of the students are that which crowns his efforts when he troubled in vulgar fractions, it is true, first acquires that strength of will, that and not all sure about the decimal point mastery over all the forces of indolence, in United States money; but who will re- which enables him to make it a matter of member that next June when the presi- habit and of conscience to refer promptly dent of the Board presents each with a to the dictionary or other book of referdiploma, under the beautiful motto, ence on every necessary occasion, trusting Ohe! jam satis !!

nothing to guesswork, and nothing to a

lazy resolution to look it up at some more SMALL boys often ask their parents : convenient season.-Canada Ed. Journal, “How deep is the sea ?” The answer depends entirely upon the sea. The fol- EVERY man who reaches the threelowing table, compiled by one who has

score years and ten'' should be investigated, may help one to the solution

Shakespeare's creation was, of one of the small boy's problems. Average depth in yards : Pacific, 4,252 ;

Though I look old, yet am I young and lusty;

For in my youth I never did apply : Atlantic, 4,026; Indian, 3,658; Antarctic,

Hot and rebellious liquors in my blood, 3.000 ; Arctic, 1,690; Mediterranean,

Nor did not with unbashful forehead woo 1,476 ; Irish, 240 ; English Channel, 110; The means of weakness and debility; Adriatic, 45; Baltic, 43. Round Table.

Therefore iny age is as a lusty winter,

Frosty but kindly. A SLEEPER is one who sleeps. A Many strong men die early, not besleeper is that in which the sleeper sleeps. cause their vital forces are exhausted, but A sleeper is that on which the sleeper because they abuse their powers, waste

Therefore, while the sleeper sleeps in the sleeper, the their time because of foolish excesses. sleeper carries the sleeper over the sleeper under the sleeper, until the sleeper which Secretary Morton says: The demand carries the sleeper jumps the sleeper and for apples grown in the United States has wakes the sleeper, by striking the sleeper always been in excess of the supply. under the sleeper, on the sleeper, and The United Kingdom of England alone there is no longer any sleeper sleeping in during the nine months ending Septemthe sleeper, though he may not, as a rule, ber, 1894, paid the orchards of the United be troubled with insomnia.

States $2,500,000. The greatest enemy to

our export apple is the coddling moth.' The college president who once aston- But the entire crop can be made wormished some of his students by saying that less if the orchards of the United States he had no doubt that he used his diction- will use the following receipts : Use Paris ary much more frequently than any of green at the rate of i pound to 150 galthem, said only what is probably true of lons of water. Weigh sufficient poison almost every professor and author of abil- for the capacity of the land used and ity and scholarship. As Horace, the make it into a thin paint with a small prince of Roman lyric poets, enjoined quantity of water, and add powdered or

young men of his day who were quicklime equal to the weight of the ambitious of poetic honors to turn the poison used, mixing thoroughly. The pages of the Greek classics, their models, lime takes up the free arsenic and reby day and by night, so the successful moves the danger of scalding. Strain

upon the

the mixture into the spray tank, taking satisfactory. Before the formal opening care to pulverize and wash all the poison of the road, in a few weeks, it is asserted through the strainer. During the opera- that one of the locomotives will show a tion of spraying. see that the liquid is speed of over eighty miles an hour. agitated with sufficient frequency to prevent the settling of the poison. Let the In military stables horses are known first spraying follow within a week after to have pretended to be lame in order to the falling of the blossoms of either apple avoid going to a military exercise. A or pear, and follow this with a second chimpanzee had been fed on cake when treatment just before the fruit turns down sick; after his recovery he often feigned on the stem, or when it is from a quarter coughing in order to procure dainties. to half an inch in diameter. The first | The cuckoo, as is well known, lays its spraying reaches the eggs laid by the eggs in another bird's nest, and to make moth in the flower end of the fruit shortly the deception surer it takes away one of after the falling of the blossoms, and the the other bird's eggs. Animals are consecond the later eggs laid by belated scious of their deceit, as is shown by the moths. Do not spray the trees when in fact that they try to act secretly and bloom, and if a washing rain immediately noiselessly; they show a sense of guilt if follows treatment repeat the application. detected; they take precautions in advance

to avoid discovery ; in some cases they SPIRITUAL, deterioration, says The Ad- manifest regret and repentance. A natvance, is one of the easiest things in the uralist describes how his monkey comworld. Men go down with a great deal | mitted theft. While he pretended to sleep more facility than they go up. Eternal the animal regarded him with hesitation, vigilance is the price of liberty. It is and stopped every time his master moved also the price each one must pay if he or seemed on the point of awakening. would hold, to say nothing of spiritual progress, if he would hold what has al- A WRITER in the Philadelphia Ledger ready been gained in moral and spiritual who has recently visited the battlefield realms. How many dead limbs there are of Chickamauga, remarks: “Heroes as hanging and dangling on all our church great have died and yet shall fall' sang trunks. A little less interest in prayer; the author of the Iliad. But where on a more casual reading of the Bible; drop- American soil, or on any other soil, can ping into irregularity in church attend- be found a twenty bours' figbt such as ance; stopping work; drawing the purse this, maintained by both sides without strings a little tighter when appeals are defensive works, for the most part at made for benevolence; forming associa- point-blank range and in countless astions which are worldly, and in which saults almost hand to hand. The men religion is largely discounted; an in- of the Army of the Cumberland can visit creased absorption in business- these and with a feeling of indescribable pride this others like them are rounds in the ladder wonderful and patriotism-stirring objectby which one descends from life to death. lesson in American valor, which has lately

maintained in perpetuity as a record of tric locomotives on the road from Boston what American soldiery is capable of to Nantasket Beach made some time ago doing under the inspiration of an idea was surprisingly satisfactory The few and the guidance of a trusted leader. As officials of the road, who were the only we turned from the field to ride towards persons present, believe that it is a long Missionary Ridge, I could not help restep towards revolutionizing passenger calling that no portrait of Geo. H. Thomas traffic on railroads. The locomotive re- hangs in the cadet mess hall at West sponded to every test. On spurts the Point, where the walls are decorated with engine made between forty-five and fifty the pictures of the most distinguished miles an hour with ease. The possibili- graduates of the United States Military ties of the electric current were shown to | Academy. The silent, stolid, self-conan extent never before known to railroad tained soldier, who stands unique among men. The first locomotive used weighed Union commanders for never having lost 16,000 pounds, and was equipped with a battle; the man who, left behind to four motors. The second engine bad confront the entire Confederate forces two motors. Both trials were equally | under Hood, made Sherman's march to

An experimental test of the new elec- beint dedicated for national uses, to be

the sea almost a summer excursion and or ten years later the one who had the not a tragedy; the general who alone college training will probably be found annihilated an entire army at Nashville to be working more easily, with greater and destroyed forever rebel opposition confidence, and with exactly as much or west of the Alleghenies, and who un- more success than the friend who had complainingly bore criticism and slur and four years the start.- Outlook. slander, is at last receiving the calm and considerate verdict of history, a verdict AUDUBON was born in Lousiana, on which outlasts and overcomes the preju- May 4, 1780. His father, a Frenchman, dices and jealousies of contemporaries." settled in Louisiana, but afterwards pur

chased a farm near the present village of I HAVE the pleasure of knowing a family Narcissa, on Perkiomen Creek, not far in Philadelphia who have lived in the from Philadelphia. This farm young same house for forty years. As the Audubon inherited about 1798, and here children of this family grew up they de- he was thereafter, whenever he was at veloped a musical talent inherited from home.” He remained pretty steadily four or five generations of men learned in here for tweive years, clerking for a comthe law as well as skilled with the bow. pany which was operating a lead mine Every Sunday between 12 and 1 o'clock near there. Meehan's Monthly tells us it was the custom of the father and the that the old house is still standing, as is sons to play classic music, the father the neighboring house from which Audubeing first violin, one son viola, one bon had his wife. It is said to have been second violin, and the other violoncello. a strong love match. In 1810 he started They played well, and, as I lived nearer off on his great hunt for birds, removing Philadelphia in those days than I do to- his wife and children to Henderson, Ohio. day, I often dropped in at these re- In 1826 he went to London, where his hearsals, as they called them. Five work on American birds was published. years ago I was in Philadelphia on a Sunday. I had not seen my old friends IDLENESS standing in the midst of unin fifteen years, but I was sure they were attempted tasks is always proud. Work living at the old place. I walked around is always tending to humility. Work to the house, and as I mounted the touches the key of endless activity, opens marble steps I heard sounds of music. the infinite, and stands awe-struck before Could it be possible that a “rehearsal” the immensity of what there is to do. was going on? Yes, sure enough. There sat the father, his hair snow white, with The institution of school vacations his violin tucked under his chin, and the dates back considerably further than has three “boys”-fathers themselves - all been assumed. Vacations were first inplaying away as they had been doing troduced in old Hellas, and Anaxagoras, since they were children. To be sure, the philosopher, was the founder of the they were married men and did not live custom. He lived at Lampsacos, on the at home, but they met every Sunday Asiatic side of the Hellespont, honored morning at their father's for their music. and loved by old and young alike. When

once asked what the city could do for WHAT is true of the so-called learned him, he replied: “Close the schools anprofessions is true to-day of every line of nually for one month, and give the business. In order to succeed the man children's time over to play alone. I must be able

use every faculty to the wish you would choose the month I die best advantage. He must have not only in for that purpose." His wish was a sound mind, but a trained mind. He granted, and as late as the third century must be able to think in the right way, of our era the children of Lampsacos enand to act at the right moment. In the joyed a month's vacation every year, be-early stage of his career in business a ginning with the celebration of the anniyoung man will not appreciate what he versary of Anaxagoras' death. has missed by not going to college. Assuming that he entered an office or a Two young clerks in the employ of store at seventeen, and that his friend. Hibbard, Spencer, Bartlett & Co., the: entered college at the same age, he will wholesale hardware merchants of Chicago, feel at twenty-one greatly the superior of were caught stealing. Mr. Hibbard told his friend in business ability. But five them they could choose between jail and

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