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LEBANON-Supt. Snoke : The leading provement was especially noticeable in events of July were the meeting of the State methods and general training for schoolTeachers' Association and the fourth annual assembly of the Pennsylvania Chautauqua, Washington have adopted a series of music both at Mt. Gretna. Our teachers deserve books for use in the schools. Three of the praise for the support they gave the former. Trevorton schools opened August 5, and all The sessions of the latter should have been of the Mt. Carmel Township schools August better attended by our educational classes. 12th, for term of ten months. The two-room The work was of a very superior character. brick building at Montandon has had a new Jackson district is erecting a four-room roof put on it and been otherwise repaired. building in Myerstown.
Upper Augusta purchased Monroe's ReadLYCOMING Supt. Becht: The High ing Charts for each school. Cameron town, School of Jersey Shore borough graduated ship placed a combined Arithmetic and its first class under the new course of study. Grammar chart in its schools. We have The graduates, ten in number, acquitted arranged to hold a series of seven teachers' themselves in a manner creditable to the in- meetings, most of them before schools open. stitution and themselves. Prof. Furst, who The objects of these meetings are: 1. To try has charge of the school, is an earnest and to arrive at some definite outline of work conscientious worker, and has given his for the coming year; 2. To introduce pupil's best efforts to building up a splendid system monthly report cards, where not already in of schools. The semi-annual meeting of use;. 3. To arrange for the holding of Local the County Directors' Association convened Institutes; 4. To advocate the teaching of in the U. S. Court Room in Williamsport, local geography and local history. June ist. Two sessions were held. Dr. J. PERRY-Supt. Arnold : Nineteen public F. Fleming presided, and W. W. Champion examinations were held during June and acted as secretary. Among the questions July, and 155 provisional certificates issued. discussed were the following : The Care of These, with the high grade certificates held School Books and Apparatus ; the Ne- by teachers in the county, are more than cessity of Supplying Supplementary Text sufficient to fill our schools. The examinaBooks; the Compulsory School Law. At tions were more thorough and searching the afternoon session Dr. N. C. Schaeffer than heretofore, and consequently the numdelivered an interesting and instructive ad- ber of applicants rejected was greater than dress to the directors assembled on “The last year. It is hoped that our teaching Duties and Responsibilities of School Di- force will thus be improved. A number of rectors.”
new school-houses are in course of erection, MIFFLIN-Supt. Cooper : Our summer The building at Millerstown has been Normal class was held at Reedsville. Prof. greatly improved and fully supplied with W. W. Deatrick, of Kutztown Normal, and patent furniture. On account of the crowded Prof. Kennedy, principal of the Lewistown condition of the schools, a two-room brick public schools, did excellent work as in- building will be erected at Marysville and structors. My own work was without com- one new school organized. pensation. The class was a good one, con- SNYDER-Supt. Bowersox; Eighty-nine sisting of 40 ladies and 42 gentlemen. At teachers and prospective teachers attended our annual examinations, 121 applicants our Normal School. Prof. I. L. Herman, were examined and 96 legal certificates is- Drs. A. E. Gobble, P. Hermand, and Prof. sued. Prof. Auman, ex-Supt. of Juniata Wm. Noetling rendered excellent assistance. county, will teach at Burnham.
Instruction in method and government was Monroe-Supt. Serfass: A revised course our chief aim, and we believe that greater of studies has been adopted by the School enthusiasm and love for the teacher's work, Board of Stroudsburg: The grade of the and skill in the profession, will be manigrammar school has been raised and the fested by those who attended the sessions of following studies added to the High School: the Normal than would have been the case higher arithmetic, Greek or botany, Virgil, otherwise. Prof. Schroyer has again been higher algebra, Xenophon's Anabasis or selected as Principal of the Selinsgrove natural philosophy, and English literature. schools. Arrangements are being made to With these additional studies, together with revise the course of study in the Selinsgrove that thoroughness characteristic of the past, district, and it is to be hoped they will be the high school of Stroudsburg will rank successfully carried out, as great improveamong the most efficient of its class in the ment can be made therein by the proper efState.
i fort of teachers and directors.
TiOGA-Supt. Raesly: There has been a examinations were held in the county, at- change of principals in some of the borough tended by 216 applicants, of whom 162 re- schools, as follows: Miss Laura Cass goes ceived certificates. All our schools are sup- to Fall Brook, Mr. H. F. Walker to Blossplied with teachers.
burg, Mr. A. U. Deming to Covington, Mr. NORTHUMBERLAND Supt. Shipman : Hugh Sherwood to Mansfield, and Mr. There were 225 provisional certificates is- George B. Strait to Knoxville. Prof. A. B. sued this year. The average ability of the Hitchcock, who was for many years priuciapplicants was above that of last year ; im- pal of the Knoxville schools, has quit teach
NORTHAMPTON = Supt
. Hoch: Eighteen i
ing to engage in the insurance business. up. At a recent meeting the Board ordered Mansfield will employ but two teachers this The School Journal for each member. At year, as all grades under what was known the next meeting, twenty-one copies were as the high school will be taught in the ordered for the teachers. Several sets of Model School department of the Normal English Classics have been adopted as supSchool. During the summer new houses plementary reading. A meeting of teachers have been built in Delmar, Middlebury, and was held on August 31, for re-organization Rutland. There have been more applicants of the Institute and for instructions in for schools than usual, which fact, in con- Drawing by the supervisor. The teachers nection with the stringency of the times, have subscribed for Educational Foundahas induced several districts to reduce tions,” and will use it as a basis for professalaries.
sional study during the year. They have WESTMORELAND – Supt. Ulerich : The also unanimously agreed to contribute at total number of applicants for certificates least twenty-five cents each towards the was 835. Of this number we rejected 252. proposed Dr. Thomas H. Burrowes Memorial On the whole our teachers did much better Fund. The Executive Committee reported work on examination this year than during the following programme for the next meetthe other two years of my term of office. ing, September 28th: 1. Devotional exerThis is easily explained from the fact that cises; 2. “Educational Foundations;" 3. 96 per cent. of all persons examined attended Instrumental solo by Miss Alice Richards; school somewhere during the summer. 4. Selection to be read from The PennsylvaAbout 150 of our teachers were in attend- nia School Jonrnal by Mr. Houseknecht; 5. ance at Normal schools of the State. The An Octet: Misses Stair, Davis, Keiser, teachers for the coming year have all been Richards, and Messrs. Houseknecht, Stair, elected, and our number will be increased Evans, and Dewey; 6. Talk on some educaabout 30 in the entire county. The prospects tional subject by Mr. Coxe. for a successful year are very encouraging. SHENANDOAH Supt. Whitaker: Our
FOSTER Twp.—The Board adopted one schools opened August 22d. The attendance set of relief maps to be used at our District so far has been the largest in our history. Institute, which will be held once a month. We have just opened a beautiful four-room Five new outhouses have been built, and all building which cost upwards of $13,000. It the others repaired.
is finely constructed and finished throughHAZLETON-Supt. Harman: The Con- out, and has the Smead Heating and Ventitrollers have been spending, money pru- lating System. The rooms are very condently but generously in repairs, books and venient and attractive, and are supplied apparatus. Each year of late finds us better with good furniture, blackboard surface and equipped to do successful work.
apparatus. New furniture has been placed HAZLE TWP. (Luzerne Co.)—Supt. Mul- in one room in one of our old buildings, and hall: A new two-room building has been in other rooms the desks have been repaired completed on the Diamond Addition. Our and varnished. Much work has been done schools opened August 19th. An increased during vacation on our buildings and attendance, especially in the primary grades, grounds, and their condition as regards rewas noticeable. If the law enforcing the pairs and cleanliness is exellent. Our attendance of pupils who are now out of Board have renewed their subscription to The school goes into effect, it will certainly be- School Journal both for themselves and all come a very difficult matter to accommodate our teachers. Since The Journal is being all of them.
read by our School Directors and teachers MIDDLETON-Supt. Weber: Without en- they have a more intelligent knowledge of forcing the Compulsory Law we are necessi- school matters, and take more interest in tated to open two more schools for the educational affairs both local and general. accommodation of the pupils. Our enroll- STEELTON-Supt. McGinnes: Five new ment the first week was 105 more than the teachers were elected for the ensuing term, previous year. Indications are favorable three of them to fill vacancies and the refor a very successful year. Seven of the mainder to take charge of new positions. ten boys of the class of '95 are entering a Of this number one is a college graduate, Normal School or College this fall. One of three are Normal School graduates, and one the ten was buried last week, leaving nine, a graduate from the public schools. of whom seven will receive higher training. WILLIAMSPORT – Supt. Transeau: Our The Pollard Synthetic Reading and Spelling school term began August 26th, with an enis adopted for use in our schools and å rollment of 4,129 pupils. This is the largest special teacher is employed to give the enrollment we have ever had during the first necessary instruction to our teachers. week of school. We now have 103 teachers
NEWPORT Twp. (Luzerne Co.) — Supt. and three paid substitutes, whose entire time Dewey: Several events of recent date show is to be spent in the schools, and when a vathat the School Directors of this township cancy occurs in the corps of teachers one of are alive to the best interests of the schools. the three is to be elected to fill the vacancy. A two-room addition is being built at Alden This arrangement will give us, in case of a and at Glen Lyon. Another room will be vacancy, a teacher who has some experience used in Wanamie as soon as it can be fitted and knowledge of teaching.
CARE OF THE VOICE. Mr. Eichber", Supervisor and 'timbre' of the female voice. I am convinced of Music in the public schools of Boston, gives the that the voice of a girl from twelve to seventeen following caution, which is well worth heeding years of age requires all the more careful manageHe says: The age of most of the pupils in the ment from the very fact that, not suffering, like a high schools renders extreme caution in the treat. boy, from an almost absolute impossibility to sing, ment of their voices a duiy and a sacred obligation. she is likely to over-exert herself, to the lasting inThe commun belief that boys' voices alone require jury of both health and voice. When teachers are especial care during the period of transition has led better acquainted with these physiological facts, they to much loss of voice and of health. Just as im- will understand the necessity of not sacrificing such portant, if less striking, changes occur in the nature | young-such temporarily “diseased” voices to the
DO THEY THINK OF ME AT HOME?
J. E, CARPENTER. Chas. W. GLOVER.
Do they think
me at home, of me at eve? of how I loved
Do they ev -
think of me? I who used to sing? Is
my hap - Py,
the ear - ly days? Do they
shared their ev - ’ry grief, I who min.gled in their glec? Have their hearts grown cold and harp I struck untouch'd, Does a stranger wake the string? Will no kind for - giv - ing think of him who came, Lut could never win their praise ? I am hap - py by his
strange to the one now doom'd to roam, I would give the world to know,—“Do they word Come a-cross the rag - ing foam? Shall I nev - er case to sigh,— " Do they side, And from mine he'll nev - er roam, But my lieart will sad - ly ask,
think of me
at home?" I would çive the world to know, “Do they think of me at home?"
desire of exhibiting and showing off their classes. Ising, and then told her her voice was gone, that she Another frightful cause of injury proceeds from the must not sing a note for a year, and return to him desire of many female pupils alu ays to sing the at the end of that time, and in the meantime imhighest part-the first soprano. It is with them prove her health. She faithfully complied with "Aut Cæsar, aut nullus." Periodical examination these directions, and came back to Garcia at the of the pupils' voices, by the teacher, has seemed to appointel tin Rest at a critical period, had reme the only safe course in order to remedy this evil sored her voice, to her own delight and to the In Jenny Lind's younger days, it is related that gratification of her master. From that moment a she applied for instructions to Garcia, the great grand career was open before her, which has made teacher of vocal music in Paris. llc heard herlher name a “household word” in two continents.
'HE second of the Gateways of Wis- | nutely into a description of the ear, it
dom is the ear. The organ or instru- may now be stated that in order to proment of hearing is in all its most import- duce sound, a solid, a liquid, or a gas, ant parts so hidden within the head, that such as air, must in the first place be we can not perceive its construction by a thrown into vibration. We have an exmere external inspection. What in ordi- ample of a solid body giving a sound, nary language we call the ear, is only the when a bell produces a musical note on outer porch or entrance-vestibule of a being struck; of a liquid, in the dash of curious series of intricate, winding pas- a waterfall, or the breaking of the waves; sages which, like the lobbies of a great and of air, in the firing of a cannon, or building, lead from the outer air into the the blast of a trumpet.
Sounds once inner chambers. Certain of those pas- produced travel along solid bodies, or sages are full of air ; others are full of through liquids, or through the air, the liquid ; and membranes are stretched like last being the great conveyor or conducparchment curtains across the corridors tor of sounds. at different places, which can be thrown The human ear avails itself of all these into vibration, or made to tremble, as the modes of carrying sound ; thus the walls head of a drum or the surface of a tam- of the skull, like the metal of a bell, conbourine does when struck with a stick or vey sounds inwards to the nerves of hearthe fingers. Between two of these parch- ing; whilst within the winding canals ment-like curtains a chain of very small referred to is enclosed a volume of liquid, bones extends, which serves to tighten or which pulsates and undulates as the sea relax these membranes, and to communi- does when struck by a paddle-wheel or cate vibrations to them. In the inner- the blade of an oar. Lastly, two chammost place of all, rows of fine threads, bers divided from each other by a memcalled nerves, stretch like the strings of a brane, the one leading to the external piano from the last points to which the ear, the other opening into the mouth, tremblings or thrillings reach, and pass are filled with air, which can be thrown inwards to the brain. If these threads into vibration. We may thus fitly comor nerves are destroyed, the power of pare the organ of hearing, considered as hearing as infallibly departs as the power a whole, to a musical glass, i, e, a thin to give out sound is lost by a piano or glass tumbler containing a little water. violin when its strings are broken. if the glass be struck a sound is emitted,
Without attempting to enter more mi- during which not only the solid wall of the tumbler, but the liquid in it, and the Moreover the blind can scarcely fail to air above it, all tremble or vibrate to- find their own tastes suited in some porgether, and spread the sound. All this tion of the talk of their neighbors, and is occurring every moment in our ears; may thus gratify their inclinations to a and as a final result of these complex considerable extent. Whilst the deaf, thrillings, the nerves, which I likened to unless they have a great aptitude for such the piano strings, convey an impression occupations as employ the eye and the inwards to the brain, and in consequence hand, are far more narrowed in their of this we hear.
circle of studies, and much niore solitary We know far less, however, of the ear than the blind. No one has illustrated than of the eye. The eye is a single this so touchingly as Dr. Kitto in his chamber open to the light, and we can striking book on the “Lost Senses," see into it, and observe what happens when referring to his never having heard there. But the ear is many-chambered, the voices of his children: “If there be and its winding tunnels traversing the any one thing arising out of my condition rock-like bones of the skull, are narrow, which more than any other fills my heart and hidden from us as the dungeons of a with grief, it is this : it is to see their castle are; like which, also, they are blessed lips in motion, and to hear them totally dark. Thus much, however, we not; and to witness others moved to know, that it is in the innermost recesses smiles and kisses by the sweet peculiarof these unilluminated ivory vaults, that | ities of infantile speech which are incomthe mind is made conscious of sound. municable to me, and which pass by me Into these gloomy cells, as into the bright like the idle wind." chamber of the eye, the soul is ever pass
And a similar difference appears, ing and asking for news froin the world though to a less extent, between those without; and ever and anon, as of oid in who have lost sight and those who have hidden subterranean caverns where men lost hearing, after having enjoyed them. listened in silence and darkness to the ut- Milton, in one of the noblest passages of terance of oracles, reverberations echo Paradise Lost, bewails his blindness ; but along the resounding walls, and responses in a passage still nobler, he rejoices at come to the waiting spirit, whilst the what is left to him. I need not quote world lifts up its voice and speaks to the these passages in full to you, or recall soul. The sound is that of a hushed those two sonnets unsurpassed in our voice, a low but clear whisper; for, as it language, in the one of which he answers is but a dim shadow of the outer world the question he has raised, we see, so it is but a faint echo of the
“Does God exact day labor, Light denied ?" outer world we hear. Such then, is the ear; and it is in some
and in the other tells his friend that respects a more human organ than the though his eyes eye, for it is the counterpart of the buman
“Their seeing have forgot ;
Nor to their idle orbs doth sight appear voice ; and it is a sorer affliction to be cut off from listening to the tongues of our
Of sun, or moon, or star, throughout the year,
Or man or woman, Yet I argue not fellow men, than it is to be blinded to the
Against Heaven's hand or will, nor bate a jot sights on which they gaze.
Of heart or hope ; but still bear up and steer Those who are born or early become Right onward." deaf, are far more isolated all their lives Contrast with Milton an equally great from their hearing neighbors, than the genius, Beethoven the musician, who in blind are from those who see. The blind the prime of life had the misfortune to as a class are lively and cheerful; the lose his hearing, and could find almost deaf are shy and melancholy, often no alleviation of his misery in gratifying morose and suspicious; and naturally so, the senses which remained. Gloom, for our interest in each other far exceeds, anguish, and often the blackest despair and ought to exceed, our interest in the darkened all his later years onwards to world, and from all this human sympathy the tomb. No doubt, as men they were the deaf are almost totally cut off ; whilst very differently constituted. Milton was the blind, excused from many duties a man of serenely cheerful, versatile temwhich the seeing only can discharge, are perament, and of unusual mental culture, peculiarly free to indulge in gossip with so that he had many things to fall back their more favored neighbors, and can upon in the way of work and pleasure; largely exchange opinions with them. and in spite of his blindness, he could