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urn that away? Would it increase the value of the property that is Fithin the two levees at the present time?

Mr. JACOBS. In the State of Louisiana we started building levees 'n 1717. For a long number of years we had flumes or gates in our levee systems. We had so many crevasses as a result of those flumes that the State passed a law whereby it is a penitentiary offense for any such gates to be placed by anyone in a levee. It is prohibited by the State law and also by the Government.

Mr. Rich. If the Army engineers would do that work, couldn't they meet that situation?

Mr. JACOBS. No. If they did, we would not accept it as a maintenance job. The Flood Control Act calls for levees, after their completion, to be turned over to the State for maintenance. To put those gates in there is impractical. If a gate was built in there and it was built as it should be, it would be very expensive. If they put them in there, such as the one in the Bayou des Glaises levee that cost $300,000, that would be different, but they won't do that. This water that is impounded between these areas deprives these people of the opportunity for the cultivation of their land. If the United States Government had through their district engineers knowing that this main channel here, shown in gray [indicating), which is some 12 or 15 miles from that levee-if they were to go in there themselves and enlarge this levee, which existed in 1928, and in one or two cases set it back, build it, then they would eliminate payment, and the State of Louisiana then would agree to put a gate in there in that case, but we would not accept it as long as we have an inferior line of levee along the front.

There are a number of such cases along the river that were brought up in that way as a result of the policy of the Mississippi River Commission from 1928 down to 1932. The first 4 years the engineers made allocations that went extremely far back, and as a result of these back bends tremendous blocks of land have been thrown out there and the levee boards are broke. They cannot pay up. In some cases they are issuing certificates of indebtedness in business, but in others they are not issuing them. In the fifth Louisiana district, where this levee is located, they do not believe that they should pay for the lands thrown out, although we have had some 10 or 12 cases in the Supreme Court based on that situation, which makes the responsibility for payment for it rest on the levee board.

Now, for the information of your committee, I have prepared a statement of the levee districts on the Mississippi River, divided up into parishes, with the parishes broken down into the actual project jobs, showing the actual cost of construction, the actual area involved, the assessed valuation, the amount that has been paid by the levee district, the amount still to be paid by the levee district, and the total obligation of the levee district under the State law. A question was raised the other day, I think, by you, Mr. Rich, as to what would be the amount of indebtedness for all of Louisiana on all levee set-backs. If you will check up the Government reports, you will find that they used the same percentage we used over the entire State. That is, the assessment is about 40 percent of the actual value of the land. So we use a figure of two and one-half times that to arrive at it. It is about as close as can be gotten for the stretch of the river over all of those parishes.

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United States, Kimbrough, new levee (1931) (3.0 miles below Simpson Point) owner:

Phoenix Life Insurance Co. (paid to C. E. Wood et al).
Susie K. Forrest
H. R. Wood (paid to C. E. Wood et al).

9. 13

9.13
136. 27
315.79

42.94 105.04

2 93. 33 2 210.55

91. 30
1, 362. 70
3, 155. 90

456.50
2, 147.00
5, 252.00

Total.

460.99

9.13

147. 98

303. 88

4, 609.90

7,855. 50

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United States, Kimbrough to Heckatoo, new levee and enlargement (1930-31) (5 miles below

Simpson Point): H. R. Wood...
United States upper State farm, new and enlargement (1930) (4 miles above State farm);

owner: Arkansas State Farms
United States lower State farm, new levee (1930) (1 mile above State farms); owner: Arkan-

sas State Farms.
United States above Auburn, new and enlargement (1930–31) (at State farms); owner:

Arkansas State Farms.
United States, Auburn to Douglas, and United States, Douglas, new and enlargement
(1930–31) (142 miles below State farms); owner:
J. W. Jones
J. D. Crockett.
W. W. Douglas.
R. E, Lake.
O. N. Gatlin
J. C. Gleason et al.

(1) (1)

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102.88

8. 21
11. 61
38. 43

3. 94 32.01

439. 62

50. 02
450. 64
132. 90

2, 648. 30

922. 10
1,631. 60
677. 80

39. 40
320.00

Total..

282. 45

85. 37

197. 08

1,073. 18

6, 239. 20

United States:

Below Douglas to South Bend, new levee (1930–31); above South Bend, new levee

(1929–30); Bickers, new levee (1929–30); Lake Dian, new levee (1929–30); above Pendle-
ton, new levee (1928-29); Euchubby, new levee (1929); (2 miles below Douglas to
Lincoln County line and Desha County line); owner: F. 0. Lowden..

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United States:

Upper Silver Lake, new levee (1929–30); Mud Lake new levee (1929–30); Lower Silver

Lake, new levee (1929–30); above Pendleton, new levee (1929-30) (from county line to

Lake Lenox) -
Pendleton to Medford, new levee (1932) (at Lake Lenox).
Davis Lake, new levee (1931-32); Medford, new levee (1931-32) (at Medford)
Medford, enlargement (1931-32)
Medford enlargement (1931-32); McKennon,.enlargement (1931-32) (1 mile below Bed-

ford.
Lake Belcoe, new levee (1931-32) (about 3 miles below Medford).
Redford, new levee (1931-32) (at Redford)
Hopedale, new levee (1928-29) (2 miles below Redfork)

107. 30 2 121. 39

$1,579, 28

344. 58 1, 215. 50

$13, 355.70 5, 980. 81

866. 15

4. 92

32. 86

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Tabulation of right-of-way acquired by Southeastern Arkansas Levee District for construction of United States levees built under Flood Control

Act of 1923Continued DESHA COUNTY, ARK.-Continued

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35. 60 1,061, 40

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458. 57

157. 40

128. 50

107.30

65.37

344. 58

13, 335.70

135035-35---4

Total. United States, Davis Lake, new levee (1931–32); Medford, new levee (1931-32) (at Medford);

Henry James et al. (paid to Emma Fryer et al.).

owner:

243. 10

121. 71

2 121, 39

1, 215.50

5,980, 81

CHICOT COUNTY, ARK.

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United States:

Panther Forest, levee (1928) (approximately 4 miles above Luna Landing, Ark.)'
Vaucluse to Sunnyside, levee and United States Sunnyside, set-back levee (1931-32)

(approximately 8 miles below Luna Landing) -
Sunnyside to Seven Oaks, levee (1931–32) (approximately 4 miles above Lakeport,

Ark.):
Seven Oaks to Moss Point, levee (1931-32) (2 miles below Lakeport, Ark.)4_
Above Grand Lake, levee (1932) (3 miles above Grand Lake, Ark.)
Grand Lake, levee (1930–31) (in vicinity of Grand Lake, Ark.)*-
Below Grand Lake, levee (1932) (3 miles below Grand Lake, Ark.)".
State line, levee (1931-33) (above Louisiana-Arkansas State line)

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Total.
United States, Panther Forest, levee (1928) (approximately 4 miles above Luna Landing,
Ark.): 1

C. W. Bone
Yellow Bayou plantation.
Panther Forest plantation.

29. 37 208. 03 75.82

29. 37 93. 05 50.93

114.98 24. 89

Total.

313. 22

173.35

139.87

United States, Vaucluse to Sunnyside, levee and United States, Sunnyside, setback levee (1931-32) (approximately 8 miles below Luna Landing, Ark.): 4

Kansas City Life Insurance Co.
Delphonse Manchini..
Eugene Mazzanti.
Dean Harrison..
F. H. Dantzler.
Chas. Grassi.

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