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Cost of construction in Red River, Atchafalaya, and Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts
Hicks New Levee Highway (project RRA-1; length, 3.07 miles; con-

structed by B. W. Clopton in Red River, Atchafalaya, and Bayou
Boeuf Levee Districts, St. Landry Parish, under contract executed
Dec. 27, 1928):
Right-of-way and miscellaneous expenses.

$1. 25 Gravel and other construction material.

639. 44 Contract payments---

992, 36 Engineering, surveys, and supervision.

192. 09 Total cost of project.

$1,825. 14 Crooked Bayou New Levee Highway (project RRA-2; length, 0.50

mile; constructed by B. W. Clopton in Red River, Atchafalaya,
and Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts, St. Landry Parish, under con-
tract executed Dec. 27, 1928):
Right-of-way and miscellaneous expenses.

$1. 25 Gravel and other construction material.

699. 70 Contract payments.

1, 190, 27 Engineering, surveys, and supervision...

290. 64 Total cost of project..

2, 181. 86 Baberton New Levee Highway (project RRA-3; length, 1.06 miles; constructed by B. W. Clopton in Red River, Atchafalaya, and Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts, St. Landry Parish, under contract executed Dec. 27, 1928): Right-of-way and miscellaneous expenses.

$5. 00 Gravel and other construction material.

1, 438. 08 Contract payments..

2, 854. 08 Engineering, surveys, and supervision..

641. 96 Total cost of project-

4, 939. 12 Richard New Levee Highway, (project RRA-4; length, 0.69 mile;

constructed by B. W. Clopton in Red River, Atchafalaya, and
Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts, St. Landry Parish, under contract
executed Jan, 21, 1929):
Right-of-way and miscellaneous expenses.

$4. 50 Gravel and other construction material.

967, 85 Contract payments-

2, 389. 24 Engineering, surveys, and supervision.

304. 91 Total cost of project.

3, 666, 50 Elba, new levee highway (Project RRA-5; length, 0.290 miles;

constructed by Harvey and Jones in Red River, Atchafalaya,
and Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts, St Landry Parish, under con-
tract executed Jan. 31, 1929):
Right-of-way and miscellaneous expenses.

$122. 50 Gravel and other construction material.

511. 49 Contract payments.--

1, 791. 05 Engineering, surveys, and supervision.

340. 20 Total cost of project..

2, 765. 24 Nieta, new levee highway (Project RRA-6, length 0.190 mile,

constructed by Harvey and Jones in Red River, Atchafalaya,
and Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts, St. Landry Parish, under
contract executed Jan. 31, 1929):
Right-of-way and miscellaneous expenses.

$89. 47 Gravel and other construction material.

361, 67 Contract payments.--

1, 164. 58 Engineering, surveys, and supervision.-

299, 37 Total cost of project.

1, 915. 09 Forster new levee highway (Project RRA-7, length 0.90 mile,

survey constructed by Louisiana Highway Commission, Red
River, Atchafalyaa, and Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts, Avoyelles
Parish):
Engineering, surveys, and supervision.

136. 46

Cost of construction in Red River, Atchafalaya, and Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts

Continued

Sandy Bayou, Latanier Highway (project RRA-8; length, 0.375

miles; survey by Louisiana Highway commission, Red River, Atchafalaya, and Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts, Rapides Parish): Right-of-way and miscellaneous expenses.

$6.00 Engineering, surveys, and supervision..

233. 91

$239. 91

474. 53

Total cost of project--
Cologne Bend Highway (project RRA-9; length, 0.365 mile; con-

structed by M. Tansey in Red River, Atchafalaya, and Bayou
Boeuf Levee Districts, Avoyelles Parish, under contract executed
Jan. 13, 1932):

Contact payments -
Woodside Levee Highway (Project RRA-10; length, 1.115 miles;

constructed by B. W. Clopton in Red River, Atchafalaya, and
Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts, St. Landry and Avoyelles Parishes,
under contract executed Oct. 12, 1931):
Right-of-way and miscellaneous expenses.

2, 323. 42 Gravel and other construction material..

942. 45 Contract payments.--

3, 364. 50 Engineering, surveys, and supervision.

355. 89

6, 986. 26

Total cost of project.
St. Joseph Levee Highway (project RRA-11; length, 0.861 mile;

constructed by B. W. Člopton in Red River, Atchafalaya, and
Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts, St. Landry Parish, under contract
executed Oct. 12, 1931):
Right-of-way and misecellaneous expenses

$231. 57 Gravel and other construction material.

725. 60 Contract payments...

2, 465. 05 Engineering, surveys, and supervision.

343. 34

3, 765. 56

Total cost of project---
Bayou Current Levee Highway (project RRA-12; length, 0.748

mile; constructed by J. B. Leblanc Construction Co., Red River,
Atchagalaya, and Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts, St. Landry Par-
ish, under contract executed Oct. 12, 1931):
Right-of-way and miscellaneous expenses -

$208. 28 Gravel and other construction material.

677. 50 Contract payments --

2, 254. 03 Engineering, surveys, and supervision.

375. 89

3, 515. 70

Total cost of project..
Ryland, levee highway (project RRA-13; length, 0.711 mile; con-
structed by Guess & Albin in Red River, Atchafalaya, and Bayou
Boeuf Levee Districts, Rapides Parish, under contract executed
June 13, 1932):
Right-of-way and miscellaneous expenses.

$88. 39 Gravel and other construction material.

874. 92 Contract payments----

2, 501. 28 Engineering, surveys, and supervision.

858. 27

4, 322. 86

Total cost of project---
Harris Ferry, levee highway (project RRA-14; length, 0.313 mile;

constructed by Guess & Albin in Red River, Atchafalaya, and
Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts, Rapides Parish, under contract
executed June 13, 1932):
Right-of-way and miscellaneous expenses.

$101. 30 Gravel and other construction material.

430. 76 Contract payments.-

977. 83 Engineering, surveys, and supervision

639. 24

Total cost of project--

2, 149. 13 Cost of construction in Red River, Atchafalaya, and Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts

Continued

$678. 48

1, 741. 80

Magnolia, levee highway (project M-834; length, 0.341 mile; con

structed by Louisiana Highway Commission in Red River, Atcha-
falaya, and Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts, Avoyelles Parish; work
commenced April 22, 1933):
Gravel and other construction material.

$561. 93 Contract payments.-

116. 55
Total cost of project.--
Vick Highway (project M-835; length, 1.500 miles; constructed by

Louisiana Highway Commission in Red River, Atchafalaya, and
Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts, Avoyelles Parish; work commenced
June 30, 1933):
Gravel and other construction material..

$1, 613. 25 Contract payments...

128. 55 Total cost of project.-Westdale-Grand Bayou Highway (project M-1304; length, 1,500

miles; constructed by Louisiana Highway Commission in Red
River, Atchafalaya, and Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts, Red River
Parish; work commenced May 19, 1931):

Right-of-way and miscellaneous expenses.
Gravel and other construction material.
Contract payments.-

Total cost of project---
Total cost of construction in Red River, Atchafalaya, and

Bayou Boeuf Levee Districts.
Bordelonville-Hamburg Highway (project X-1; length, 3.97 miles;

constructed by Laiche & Miller in flood protection levee district,
Avoyelles Parish, under contract executed Oct. 23, 1929):
Right-of-way and miscellaneous expenses.

$1, 666. 08 Gravel and other construction material.

7, 115. 97 Contract payments---

10, 482. 28 Engineering, surveys, and supervision...

2, 279. 75

351. 00 6, 365. 63 4, 574. 67

11, 291. 30

52, 594. 94

Total cost of project----

21, 544. 08

Summary showing expenditures made for highway relocations account levee changes

since the enactment of the Flood Control Act of May 15, 1928

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Mr. DEAR. Mr. Chairman, yesterday there was some statement made about the law of Louisiana requiring payment for rights-of-way. I think that should be corrected, and I do not know of anyone who could correct it better than Mr. Jacobs. It was a statement made in error by so he wtinesses.

[graphic]

Mr. Rich. Let him make that as part of the record.
The CHAIRMAN. Does the State pay for the rights-of-way?

Mr. JACOBS. In the State of Louisiana, under the constitution of 1921, the rights-of-way are to be paid for at not to exceed the assessed valuation of that year. The ruling of the supreme court was that the payments were to be made by the levee boards. Yesterday it was referred to in the fifth district, I believe, by one of the witnesses, that they were not responsible for the lands between the borrow pit and the river. I do no believe the witness intended to make that statement because he knew better, but the reason it was on his mind was because of a ruling of the district attorney, who is legal adviser of that levee board. That district, the same as all others in Louisiana, is required to pay, under the State law, for all land thrown out, as well as the base of the levee.

Mr. DEAR. Yes, all land destroyed.

(Thereupon, the committee proceeded to the consideration of other business, after which the following occurred:)

The CHAIRMAN. We have one or two others here who desire to make statements on a matter we were considering before. Mr. Morgan, we will hear you now. Will you give your name, occupation, and address?

STATEMENT OF LOUIS L. MORGAN, COVINGTON, LA.

Mr. MORGAN. Louis L. Morgan, Covington, La. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, I do not know whether I have anything important to add to the record but if you will bear with me I assure you that I will be

very

brief. From your years of defeat and hope and struggle with this great problem of national concern, I understand that you have evolved a definite, comprehensive, and effective program of flood control, a program that you gentlemen have reason to believe will give substantial protection and security to those who have had occasion in the past at times to thank the stars and the moon and the sun for their providential escape from devastating floods. I want to say to you gentlemen here that the Louisiana Highway Commission is in thorough accord with your wonderful program. The Louisiana Highway Commission whole-heartedly applauds your foresighted and commendable statesmanship in fostering these great plans, and we cheerfully rejoice with those whose protection your great program assures. But, may I be permitted to respectfully observe that the Louisiana Highway Commission has constructed, and has been efficiently maintaining for a number of years improved roads along and contiguous to the Mississippi River and its tributaries.

Now, in furtherance of your program, you have encountered the inescapable necessity from time to time of changing your levee lines, and in changing these levee lines you have destroyed important highways in the State of Louisiana, highways that are used as the instrumentalities over which goods, wares, and merchandise, and things of every conceivable make, type, and kind are transported from city to city, and from State to State, every hour of every 24 hours of every day. The Louisiana Highway Commission realizing the importance of these arteries of commerce to the traveling public and to those

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engaged in domestic and interstate commerce and realizing that even a mere temporary suspension of the use and availability of these arteries of commerce would result in turmoil, loss, damages, stagnanation, and confusion and State-wide complaint, the commission immediately allocated and constructed the highways thus destroyed, and in the reconstruction and rehabilitation of these important highways at times it strained the commission's finances to the cracking point. It did more than that. It gravely imperiled at times its own credit in order to restore, relocate, and reconstruct these roads. Now, if the commission had not promptly reconstructed these arteries of communication, damages wide, severe and expensive would have resulted from their destruction, and I believe everyone of the same and possessing the discernment of a good man can appreciate that fact. Mr. Chairman, I say, therefore, that I have an abiding conviction that every member of the Congress whose highways are affected by levee changes or flood-control works should feel it his bounden duty to endeavor to write into this bill a mandate providing for the reimbursement of the highway destroyed, because the interests of their constituents and the Highway Commissions affected by flood-control works are bound together, by the mighty force of a common cause viz; The continued maintenance of improved roads along and contiguous to the Mississippi.

Now, the question of flood control, as I understand it, is a national responsibility, and since it is a national problem, does it not logically follow that an injury inflicted in the prosecution of a national undertaking becomes ipso facto a national liability?

Now, I do not think, as a matter of fact, that there should be any diversity of opinion upon that point and surely no subtle evasions should be invoked to that end. To thrust upon the highway commission or any agency of a State the responsibility for the reconstruction of roads destroyed by and at the instance of the Federal Government, without it providing for reasonable and timely indemnification, is a procedure that cannot be justified upon any theory or conception of right.

The CHAIRMAN. Mr. Morgan, I should like to ask you a question right there. Of course, I cannot get to the point of where you are appealing to have that written into this bill on account of its being a national responsibility, unless it is covered by property taken or damaged on account of it being exposed to the flood waters of the Mississippi River, as provided in this bill.

Mr. MORGAN. If it is not wide enough, its scope should be widened to take care of the commission claims.

The CHAIRMAN. You base that on the fact that this should be assumed as a national responsibility?

Mr. Morgan. It is a national responsibility: yes, sir.

The CHAIRMAN. If you had a highway which was exposed to flood waters of the Mississippi, by your set-back or changes in levees, just like the farmers' property that would come under this, if it is involved as being a right-of-way for a levee foundation on the main stem of the Mississippi River, of course it could not, because when this is assumed as a natural responsibility, as far as the act goes, it goes largely beyond that and says this is one exception, and State and local governments, which means a State or a highway commission shall furnish rights-of-way for levee foundations without

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