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the Railway Labor Act, as amended, and their State and National legislative committees and their general committees and their insurance departments and their local lodges and divisions, established pursuant to the constitution and bylaws of such organizations.

“(b) The term 'employee' means (1) any individual in the service of one or more employers for compensation, (2) any individual who is in the employment relation to one or more employers, and (3) an employee representative. The term "employee shall include an employee of a local lodge or division defined as an employer in subsection (a) only if he was in the service of or in the employment relation to a carrier on or after the enactment date. The term employee representative' means any officer or official representative of a railway labor organization other than a labor organization included in the term 'employer' as defined in section 1 (a) who before or after the enactment date was in the service of an employer as defined in section 1 (a) and who is duly authorized and designated to represent employees in accordance with the Railway Labor Act, as amended, and any individual who is regularly assigned to or regularly employed by such officer or official representative in connection with the duties of his office.

"(c) An individual is in the service of an employer whether his service is rendered within.or without the United States if he is subject to the continuing authority of the employer to supervise and direct the manner of rendition of his service, which service he renders for compensation: Provided, however, That an individual shall be deemed to be in the service of an employer not conducting the princi. pal part of its business in the United States only when he is rendering service to it in the United States.

“(d) An individual is in the employment relation to an employer if he is on furlough, subject to call for service within or outside the United States and ready and willing to serve, or on leave of absence, or absent on account of sickness or disability; all in accordance with the established rules and practices in effect on the employer: Provided, however, That an individual shall not be deemed to have been on the enactment date in the employment relation to an employer not conducting the principal part of its business in the United States unless during the last pay-roll period in which he rendered service to it prior to the enactment date, he rendered service to it in the United States.

“(e) The term 'United States', when used in a geographical sense, means the States, Alaska, Hawaii, and the District of Columbia.

“(f) The term 'years of service shall mean the number of years an individual as an employee shall have rendered service to one or more employers for compensation or received remuneration for time lost, and shall be computed in accordance with the provisions of section 8 (b): Provided, however, That where service prior to the enactment date may be included in the computation of years of service as provided in subdivision (1) of section 3 (b), it may be included as to service rendered to a person which was on the enactment date an employer, irrespective of whether, at the time such service was rendered, such person was an employer; and it may also be included as to service rendered to any express company, sleeping-car company, or carrier by railroad which was a predecessor of a company which, on

the enactment date, was a carrier as defined in subsection (m), irrespective of whether, at the time such service was rendered to such predecessor, it was an employer. Twelve calendar months, consecutive or otherwise, in each of which an employee has rendered such service or received such wages for time lost, shall constitute a year of service. An ultimate fraction of six months or more shall be taken as one year. An ultimate fraction of less than six months shall be taken at its actual value.

“(g) The term 'annuity' means a monthly sum which is payable on the 1st day of each calendar month for the accrual during the preceding calendar month.

“(h) The term 'compensation' means any form of money remuneration earned by an individual for services rendered as an employee to one or more employers, or as an employee representative, including remuneration paid for time lost as an employee, but remuneration paid for time lost shall be deemed earned in the month in which such time is lost. Such term does not include tips, or the voluntary payment by an employer, without deduction from the remuneration of the employee, of any tax now or hereafter imposed with respect to the compensation of such employee.

“(i) The term 'Board' means the Railroad Retirement Board. “(j) The term 'enactment date' means the 29th day of August 1935.

“(k) The term 'company includes corporations, associations, and joint-stock companies.

“(1) The term 'employee' includes an officer of an employer.

“(m) The term 'carrier' means an express company, sleeping-car company, or carrier by railroad, subject to part I of the Interstate Commerce Act.

“(n) The term “person' means an individual, a partnership, an association, a joint-stock company, or a corporation.

“ANNUITIES

“SEC. 2. (a) The following-described individuals, if they shall have been employees on or after the enactment date, shall, subject to the conditions set forth in subsections (b), (c), and (d), be eligible for annuities after they shall have ceased to render compensated service to any person, whether or not an employer as defined in section 1 (a) (but with the right to engage in other employment to the extent not prohibited by subsection (d)):

201. Individuals who on or after the enactment date shall be sixtyfive years of age or over.

“2. Individuals who on or after the enactment date shall be sixty years of age or over and (a) either have completed thirty years of service or (b) have become totally and permanently disabled for regular employment for hire, but the annuity of such individuals shall be reduced one one-hundred-and-eightieth for each calendar month that they are under age sixty-five when the annuity begins to accrue.

"3. Individuals, without regard to age, who on or after the enactment date are totally and permanently disabled for regular employ. ment for hire and shall have completed thirty years of service.

“Such satisfactory proof of the permanent total disability and of the continuance of such disability until age sixty-five shall be made from time to time as may be prescribed by the Board. If the individual fails to comply with the requirements prescribed by the Board as to proof of the disability or the continuance of the dig. ability until age sixty-five, his right to an annuity under subdivision 2 or subdivision 3 of this subsection by reason of such disability shall, except for good cause shown to tho Board, cease, but without prejudice to his rights under subdivision 1 or 2 (a) of this subsection. If, prior to attaining age sixty-five, such an individual recovers and is no longer disabled for regular employment for hire, his annuity shall cease upon the last day of the month in which he so recovers and if after such recovery the individual is granted an annuity under subdivision 1 or 2 (a) of this subsection, the amount of such annuity shall be reduced on an actuarial basis to be determined by the Board so as to compensate for the annuity proviously received under this subdivision.

“(b) An annuity shall be paid only if the applicant shall have relinquished such rights as he may have to return to the service of an employer and of the person by whom he was last employed; but this requirement shall not apply to the individuals mentioned in subdivision 2 (b) and subdivision 3 of subsection (a) prior to attaining age sixty-five.

"(c) An annuity shall begin to accrue as of a date to be specified in a written application (to be made in such manner and form as may be prescribed by the Board and to be signed by the individual entitled thereto), but

“(1) not before the date following the last day of compensated service of the applicant, and

“(2) not more than sixty days before the filing of the application.

“d) No annuity shall be paid with respect to any month in which an individual in receipt of an annuity hereunder shall render compensated service to an employer or to the last person by whom he was employed prior to the date on which the annuity began to accrue. Individuals receiving annuities shall report to the Board immediately all such compensated service.

“COMPUTATION OF ANNUITIES “SEO. 3. (a) The annuity shall be computed by multiplying an individual's ‘years of service' by the following percentages of his ‘monthly compensation': 2 per centum of the first $50; 11/2 per centum of the next $100; and 1 per centum of the next $150.

“(b) The 'years of service of an individual shall be determined as follows:

“(1) In the case of an individual who was an employee on the enactment date, the years of service shall include all his service subsequent to December 31, 1936, and if the total number of such years is less than thirty, then the years of service shall also include his service prior to January 1, 1937, but not so as to make his total years of service exceed thirty: Provided, however, That with respect to any such individual who rendered service to any employer after January 1, 1937, and who on the enactment date was not an employee of an employer conducting the principal part of its business in the United States no greater proportion of his service rendered prior to January 1, 1937, shall be included in his 'years of service than the proportion which his total compensation (including compensation in any month in excess of $300) for service after January 1, 1937, rendered anywhere to an employer conducting the principal part of its business in the United States or rendered in the United States to any other employer bears to his total compensation (including compensation in any month in excess of $300) for service rendered anywhere to an employer after Janu

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(2) In all other cases, the years of service shall include only the service subsequent to December 31, 1936.

“(3) Where the years of service include only part of the service prior to January 1, 1937, the part included shall be taken in reverse order beginning with the last calendar month of such service.

(4) In no case shall the years of service include any service rendered after June 30, 1937, by an individual who is sixty-five years of age or over, except for the purpose of computing his monthly compensation as provided in subsection (c) of this section.

“(c) The 'monthly compensation shall be the average compensation earned by an employee in calendar months included in his 'years of service', except (1) that with respect to service prior to January 1, 1937, the monthly compensation shall be the average compensation earned by an employee in calendar months included in his years of service in the years 1924–1931, and (2) that where service in the period 1924–1931 is, in the judgment of the Board, insufficient to constitute a fair and equitable basis for determining the monthly compensation for service prior to January 1, 1937, the Board shall determine the monthly compensation for such service in such manner as in its judgment shall be just and equitable. If the employee earned compensation after June 30, 1937, and after the last day of the month in which he attained age sixty-five, such compensation shall be disregarded if the result of taking such compensation into account would be to diminish his annuity. In computing the monthly compensation, no part of any month's compensation in excess of $300 shall be recognized.

(d) The annuity of an individual who shall have been an employee representative shall be determined in the same manner and with the same effect as if the employee organization by which he shall have been employed were an employer.

“(e) If the individual was an employee when he attained age sixty-five and has completed twenty years of service, the minimum annuity payable to him shall be $40 per month: Provided, however, That if the monthly compensation on which his annuity is based is less than $50, his annuity shall be 80 per centum of such monthly compensation, except that if such 80 per centum is less than $20, the annuity shall be $20 or the same amount as the monthly compensation, whichever is less. In no case shall the value of the annuity be less than the value of the additional old-age benefit ho would receive under title II of the Social Security Act if his service as an employee after December 31, 1936, were included in the term *omployment as defined therein.

"(f) Annuity payments due an individual but not yet paid at death shall be paid to a surviving spouse if such spouse is entitled

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to an annuity under an election made pursuant to the provisions of section 4; otherwise they shall be paid to the same individual or individuals who may be entitled to receive any death benefit that may be payable under the provisions of section 5.

"(g) No annuity shall accrue with respect to the calendar month in which an annuitant dies.

“(h) After an annuity has begun to accrue, it shall not be subject to recomputation on account of service rendered thereafter to an employer, except as provided in subdivision 3 of section 2 (a).

*(i) If an annuity is less than $2.50, it may, in the discretion of the Board, be paid quarterly or in a lump sum equal to its commuted value as determined by the Board.

"JOINT AND SURVIVOR ANNUITY “SEC. 4. An individual whose annuity shall not have begun to accruo may elect prior to January 1, 1938, or at least five years before the date on which his annuity begins to accrue, or upon furnishing proof of health satisfactory to the Board, to have the value of his annuity apply to the payment of a reduced annuity to him during life and an annuity after his death to his spouse during life equal to, or 75 per centum of, or 50 per centum of such reduced annuity. The amounts of the two annuities shall be such that their combined actuarial value as determined by the Board shall be the same as the actuarial value of the single-life annuity to which the individual would otherwise be entitled. Such election shall be irrevocable, except that it shall become inoperative if the individual or the spouse dies before the annuity begins to accrue or if the individual's marriage is dissolved or if the individual shall be granted an annuity under subdivision 3 of section 2 (a): Provided, however, That the individual may, if his marriage is dissolved before the date his annuity begins to accrue, or if his annuity under subdivision 3 of section 2 (a) ceases because of failure to make the required proof of disability, make a new election under the conditions stated in the first sentence of this subsection. The annuity of a spouse under this subsection shall begin to accrue on the first day of the calendar month in which the death of the individual occurs.

“DEATH BENEFITS “SEC. 5. The following benefits shall be paid with respect to the death of individuals who were employees after December 31, 1936:

“(a) If the deceased should not be survived by a widow or widower who is entitled to an annuity under an election made pursuant to the provisions of section 4, there shall be paid to such person or persons as the deceased may have designated by a writing filed with the Board prior to his death, or if there be no designation, to the legal representative of the deceased, the amount, if any, by which 4 per centum of the aggregate compensation earned by the deceased after December 31, 1936, exceeds the sum of the total of che annuity payments actually made to the deceased plus the total of the annuity payments due the deceased but not get paid at deach. If the person or persons designated to receive the death benefit do not survive the deceased, the death benefit shall be paid to the legal representative of the deceased.

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