The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers, Vol. IV: September 1921-September 1922

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University of California Press, 1983 - History - 1192 pages
The fourth volume of the Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers marks the period of deepening crisis in the UNIA's political and economic fortunes. After September of 1921, membership declined and morale in the UNIA began to weaken. Underlying it all, however, was the final failure of the Black Star Line that resulted when negotiations with the United States Chipping Board for the purchase of the long proposed African ship collapsed in March 1922. The movement also suffered a major setback when the first Liberian colonization plan aborted in the summer of 1921. On the political front, Garvey's African program had to compete with W.E.B. Du Bois's Second Pan-African Congress. The were also major shifts in Garvey's political strategy during this period, his speeches reflecting a desire to placate the U.S. government, while simultaneously assailing his lef-wing critics for promoting "social equality." This disavowal of radicalism earned him further enemies on the left. One of his chief black critics, Cyril V. Briggs, the leader of the African Blood Brotherhood, unwittingly supplied federal investigators with evidence that led to Garvey's indictment on charges of mail fraud in February 1922. By prosecuting him, however, the Department of Justice did not discredit Garvey in the eyes of his followers; rather, it temporarily strengthened his hold over the movement as the appearance of persecution intensified the loyalty of the UNIA membership. But later in 1922 Garvey did lose favor among many of his followers when it was disclosed that he had met secretly in Atlanta with the Acting Imperial Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan. What Garvey had thought was a diplomatic triumph proved instead to be anathema to most blacks. At the Third UNIA Convention in 1922, Garvey repudiated the entire executive council of the UNIA, while expressing his anger of "plots" against him from within the UNIA leadership. Loyalty to Garvey thus became a more urgent issue than ever before. But although Garvey was once again able to silence his critics within the UNIA, the price was to be a badly fractured and demoralized movement. At the same time, his political adversaries outside the UNIA were steadily gaining ground against him. As meticulously documented as the three previous volumes, Volume IV provides the first extended record of Garvey's emergent social philosophy, particularly as it relates to his conception of "racial purity" and the metaphysics of the human condition. It stands as an impressive record of the Garvey movement.
 

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Contents

ILLUSTRATIONS
xxvii
EDITORIAL PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES xxxvü
xxxvii
TEXTUAL DEVICES
xliii
CHRONOLOGY
li
September Edward J Brennan to William J Burns
1
Kanawha
8
September Negro Factories Corporation Stock
10
September Report by Special Agent P138
14
March Confidential Informant 800 to George F Ruch
560
March Editorial in the Christian Recorder
566
Department of State to William J Burns
582
March Meeting Announcement
588
April Secretary of W E B Du Bois to Dusé
597
April A Rudolph Silverston to the United States
615
May Confidential Informant 800 to George F Ruch
624
May Article by E Ethelred Brown
635

September Report by Special Agent J G Tucker
21
September J Harry Philbin to the United States
28
September Cyril A Crichlow to Charles Evans Hughes
29
September Negro Factories Corporation Advertisement
49
September Ralph V Sollitt Assistant to the Chairman
72
McGuire
128
Garvey
135
October Speech by Marcus Garvey
141
October Article by W A Domingo
153
November George B Christian Jr Secretary
161
November J Edgar Hoover to W W Grimes
167
November Confidential Informant 800 to George F Ruch 200
200
November Confidential Informant 800 to George F Ruch
217
November Article in the Negro World
228
December Confidential Informant 800 to George F Ruch
271
December Negro World Advertisement
282
December J J Hannigan to the Director Office of Naval
311
ca December Statement by the UNIA
317
s January J Harry Philbin to the Treasurer United
330
Intelligence
339
the Secretary United States Shipping Board
375
January Speech by Marcus Garvey
444
January William J Burns to Edward J Brennan
462
ca January Salary List by Marcus Garvey
472
February Bureau of Investigation Report
478
February Report by Bureau Agent Harold Nathan
489
February Ganesh Rao to the Editor Negro World
495
February Report by Bureau Agent W L Buchanan
521
ca January
527
Silverston
554
May Confidential Informant 800 to George F Ruch
642
June R B Moseley UNIA Commissioner
649
June Editorial Letter by Marcus Garvey
672
June J J Hannigan to the Director Office
678
Nations
735
July Speech by Marcus Garvey
743
July Marcus Garvey to Charles Evans Hughes
751
August Opening Speech by Gabriel M Johnson
760
August Speech by Marcus Garvey
766
August Convention Brochure
777
August Convention Report
783
August Convention Report
794
August Convention Report
805
s August Royal Italian Ministry of External Affairs
812
August Article in the New York Times
816
August Convention Report
824
August Convention Report
830
Battle
838
Battle
932
August Convention Report
943
August Report by Special Employee Andrew M
949
August Convention Report
1026
August Report by Special Employee Andrew M
1042
September Convention Report
1048
Revisions to the Constitution
1063
Delegates to the 1922 UNIA
1069
Finances of the Black Star Line
1077
Report of the UNIA Treasurer
1086
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About the author (1983)

Robert A. Hill is director of the Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers Project in the African Studies Center at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he is also Associate Professor of History. Barbara Bair is associate editor of the American series of the Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers Project and associate editor, with Robert Hill, of Marcus Garvey: Life and Lessons, a centennial companion volume to The Marcus Garvey and UNIA Papers.

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