Landscaping the Human Garden: Twentieth-century Population Management in a Comparative Framework

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Stanford University Press, 2003 - Social Science - 344 pages
For centuries, human perfection has been a powerful goal, but only in the twentieth century were national states able to achieve the capacity to impose radical change on entire societies in the name of rooting out imperfections.

The contributions to this volume constitute an ambitious attempt to study a number of significant efforts by twentieth-century states to reshape either through social policy or brute force their societies and their populations according to ideologies based on various theories of human perfectibility.

The cases examined include Germany during the World War I, the Russian Revolution and the subsequent Soviet regime, Germany under the Nazis, ethnic cleansing in the former Yugoslavia, French anti-abortion policies in the interwar era, the treatment of Japanese Americans during the World War II, attitudes toward postwar Soviet Jewry, the changing role of Israeli war widows, and the particular difficulties facing east central European governments from the World War I until 1956.

 

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Contents

When Memory Counts
7
State Violence as Technique
19
The Transformation of State and Society
46
Corporatism or Democracy
67
The Dead and the Unborn
91
Defining Enemies Making Victims
135
War Genocide and Postwar Soviet Jewry
167
Social Darwinism Versus Social Engineering
189
How to Construct a Productive Disciplined
205
Ethnic Cleansing Between War and Peace
218
Female Images in a State of
236
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About the author (2003)

Amir Weiner is Associate Professor of History at Stanford University. He is the author of Making Sense of War: The Second World War and the Fate of the Bolshevik Revolution.

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