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EPISTULAE AD TRAIANUM

32611

C. PLINII CAECILII SECUNDI

EPISTULAE

AD TRAIANUM IMPERATOREM CUM

EIUSDEM RESPONSIS

EDITED, WITH NOTES AND INTRODUCTORY ESSAYS

BY

E. G. HARDY, M.A.

LATE FELLOW OF JESUS COLLEGE, OXFORD, AND FORMERLY HEADMASTER

OF GRANTHAM SCHOOL

London

MACMILLAN AND CO.

AND NEW YORK

1889

878 P7 Нао

PREFACE

Pliny's Letters to Trajan have little share in the literary interest of his other correspondence, and they have hitherto received comparatively scanty attention from editors and scholars. And indeed they would probably have received still less but for the famous letter on the subject of the Christians, contained among them. They have, however, a decided interest and importance of their own. They show us the actual working of the Roman provincial administration, though doubtless under somewhat exceptional circumstances, and in a province of secondary importance. The governors of Bithynia were not concerned with properly imperial interests; they had no important frontier to defend, and no dealings with threatening barbarian tribes. But the routine business, dealing often with petty and trivial matters, the financial disorders, the local jealousies, of which we get here and there in these letters a glimpse, and not least the suspicious oversight over the local collegia, are, there is every reason to believe, typical of many, if not of most, of the Roman provinces. In the notes to the Letters the attempt has been made, where possible, to refer the procedure of the legatus on the one hand, and the rescripts of the emperor on the other, to the general rules which guided the administration of the provinces. It seems indeed desirable that the wealth of information collected

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