Nuclear Weapons and Scientific Responsibility

Front Cover
C. G. Weeramantry
Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1999 - Law - 430 pages
Several years ago when this work first appeared, it had become apparent that scientists, who play such a key role in the nuclear enterprise, needed to be alerted to the many questions of conscience and legality that were inextricably interlinked with their work. These questions lay at the heart of the nuclear weapons problem, for whatever the political and military leaders might ordain, the manufacture of such weapons was a plain impossibility without the active assistance of the scientific profession. Yet no substantive work on this topic had until then been attempted. Such a work appeared at that time to be an urgent and important need. If the problem was then acute and serious, it is even more so now. The power of nuclear science has grown and with it has grown the power of the individual scientist to initiate new developments. The changes in the world order that have occurred in the intervening years enable individual scientists to hold themselves out as available for employment. Those who seek their expertise may include not only governments but other entities as well. The power of global destruction that these scientists command renders it imperative that they be alerted on a continuing basis to the problems of conscience that arise. Hence the need for a re-issue of this work, for which there had been many requests from concerned scientists, professional groups, socially concerned organisations and also from lawyers. The book is re-issued in its original form but updated by the inclusion of more recent work as contained in extracts from three judicial opinions upon the matter.
 

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Contents

The Beginnings
1
The Cold War
15
The Distinctiveness of Nuclear Weapons
29
The Arsenals
50
The Origins and Current Status of
64
Is the Use of Nuclear Weapons Illegal?
83
Is the Manufacture of Nuclear Weapons Illegal?
111
CHAPTER 8
138
Unilateral Scientific Abstention
172
Consequences of the Thesis advanced in this Book
182
APPENDIX A The Nuclear Winter according to Lord Byon 1816
189
Einsteins Letter to Roosevelt 1939
202
A Statement in Support of
216
a New Zealand v France
231
c General Assembly Advisory Opinion
291
PRELIMINARY OBSERVATIONS ON THE OPINION OF THE COURT
297

The Responsibility of the Scientist
148
The Principle of Foreseeability
154
Some Ideological Objections
164
The importance of a clarification of the
313
184
408
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