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Some are poisonous when eaten ; others are , of various metals, and translated and editmerely venomous. Among the first are many ed Kobbe's “Inorganic Chemistry." spheroids, a tetrodon, and many Clupea, which are abundant near tbe Cape of Good

PROFESSOR Bonamy Price, Professor of llope. In the Japan Sea is found a very Political Economy in the University of Os. peculiar tetrodon, which is sometimes used ford, died in London, January 8th. He was as a means of suicide. It brings on sensa- born in Guernsey in 1807; was one of the tions like those produced by morphia, and masters in Dr. Arnold's school at Rugby then death.

from 1830 to 1850; and was one of the

recognized authorities in his special branch The nervous irritation produced by tin- of research. His lectures, in their pobnitus, or noises in the ear, from which many lished form, have had an important ccopersons suffer much, has been mentioned as nomic influence. They include "The Prinà possible cause of mental disorder. The ciples of Currency" (1869), and " Chapters coarser diseases of the ear are subject to on Political Economy” (1878). In 1876 surgical treatment from without; but nerv. Professor Price published another work, ous affections provoked by obscure dis.“ On Currency and Banking." orders are not so amenable, because their

Dr. Carl PASSATANT, the African trar. causes are more subtle, although none the eler, died recently at Honolulu, in the thirtyless real. Sometimes an obstruction of the fourth year of his age. eustachian tube may be the chief cause of tinnitus.

DR. FERDINAND VANDEVEER HAYDES, a geologist whose name is inseparably associ.

ated with the Government explorations of OBITUARY NOTES.

the Rocky Mountain region, died in Phila. at his home in Cambridge, Massachusetts, Massachusetts, in 1829, and was graduated Dr. Aga Gray, the eminent botanist, died delphia, December 22d, after an illness of

many months. He was born in Westfield, January 30th, in the seventy-eighth year of from Oberlin College in 1850, and from the his age, after an illness of about a month. He Albany Medical College in 1853. He was conwas born in Paris, Oneida County, New York, nected for more than twenty years, a great in 1810; studied medicine, and received the part of the time as chief, with the exploradegree of M. D. in 1831, but never engaged tions of the Western Territories, including in practice; became an assistant in the Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, New Mexico, chemical laboratory of Dr. John Torrey in Dakota, Montana, Idaho, and Utah. De1833; and a little later was appointed cura- sides the official reports of his exploring tor in the Lyceum of Natural History: His work, he was the author of the books, “ 'The first botanical writings were descriptions of Great West; its Attractions and Resources " sedges and of certain plants of northern and western New York.' In the “ Elements (1880), and North America ” (1883). He of Botany," published in 1836, he showed scientific societies, and an honorary and

was a member of most of the American that he had already views of his own, he was not afraid to utter, even though they corresponding member of many foreign so

cieties. might be different from those of the then recognized authorities in science. From M. F. J. Raynaud, an eminent Fredeh that time till the end of his life he worked electrician and director of the Higher School with unceasing activity and growing fame, of Telegraphy, died early in January, from and for many years hé bas been recognized the results of a murderous attack. Ple was as one of the leading botanists of the worid. associated with the laying of several tele. His numerous works are well known to all graphic cables, one of which, crossing the readers and students, and can not be cata- Seine, having been broken, he repaired in logued in a note. It is enough to say of 1870, in the face of the enemy's fire. lle them that whichever class of them we re- was the first person to call the attention of gard, they have never been excelled. French men of science to the labors of Eng.

lishmen in electric unities; and he transPROFESSOR T. S. Humridge, chemist of lated Gordon's " Treatise on Physics " into the University College of Wales at Aberyst. French. with, died November 30th, aged thirty-four years. He prosecuted his earlier scientific

The recent death is announced of Prostudies while serving as a clerk in a corn, cal Institute of Berlin, who was a great au

fessor Arthur Christiani, of the Physiologi. merchant's office, at the evening classes of the Science and Art Department, and after thority on the physiological action of elecward studied under Professors' Frankland tricity, and on the physiology of the nervous and Bunsen. His first publication was on system and of the sense of hearing. “The Coal-Gas of the Metropolis.” He in- Dr. Max SCHUSTER, an eminent petrolo vestigated the atomic weight of beryllium, gist, of the University of Vienna, died last made redeterminations of the specific heats November.

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339 Broadway, New York.

New York Life Ins. Co.

Office, Nos. 346 & 348 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.

JANUARY 1, 1887. Amount of Net Cash Assets, January 1, 1886..

$63,512,618.00 REVENUE ACCOUNT. Premiums.......

$16,386,067.69 Less deferred premiums, January 1, 1886..

878,161.65 $15,507,906.04 Interest and rents, etc. (including realized gains on Securities sold) 4,157,766,42 Less Interest accrued January 1, 1888.....

435,284,18 3,722,502, 24– $19,280,468.3 DISBURSEMENT ACCOUNT.

$82,743,026.28 Losses by death, including reversionary additions to same......

$2,757,085,97 Endowments, matured and discounted, including reversionary additions to same. 559,075.01 Dividends, annuities, and purchased policies....

4,311,119.11 Total paid Policy-bolders..

.$7,627,230.09 Taxes and re-insurances...

243,142.84 Commissions, brokerages, agency expenses and physicians' fees.....

2,529,857.57 Office and law expenses, salaries, advertising, printing, etc....

523,672.30–$10,928,402.4 ASSETS.

$71,819,623.48 Cash in bank, on hand, and in transit (since received).....

$3,088,805.18 United States Bonds and other bonds and stocks (market value, $48,124,273.88).. 39,522,443.99 Real Estate

6,839,974.22 Bonds and Mortgage. Arst lien on real estate (buildings thereon insured for

$14,000,000.00, and the policies assigned to the Company as additional collateral security)..

15,228,775.00 Temporary Loans (market value of securities held as collateral, $5,912,741.00)... 4,450,000.00 Loans on existing policies (the Reserve held by the Company on these policies amounts to over $2,000,000.00)

408,619.44 *Quarterly and semi-annual premiums on existing policies, due subsequent to Jan. 1, 1887..

1,041,666.15 *Premiums on existing policies in course of transmission and collection. (The

Reserve on these policies, included in Liabilities, is estimated at $1,050,000) 646,437.14 Agents balances..

161,905.81 Accrued Interest on investments, January 1, 1887..

486,497.10–$71.819,623.46 Market value of securities over cost on Company's books...

8,601,499.89 *A detailed schedule of these items will accompany the usual annual report filed with the In

surance Department of the State of New York CASH ASSETS, January 1, 1887..

$75,421,453.37 APPROPRIATED AS FOLLOWS: Adjusted losses, due subsequent to January 1, 1887

$202,346.43 Reported losses, awaiting proof, etc..

853 625.28 Matured endowments, due and unpaid (claims not presented).

87,890,70 Annuities due and unpaid (uncalled for).

9,818.74 Reserver for re-insurance on existing policies; participating insurance at 4 per ct.

Carlisle net premiud; Don-participating at 5 per ct. Carlisle net premium. 62,525,599.00 Reserved for contingent liabilities to Tontine Dividend Fund, Jan.

1, 1886, over and above a 4 per cent Reserve on existing policies of that class...

$3,128,742.77 Addition to the Fund during 1856.

1,320,580.09 DEDUCT

$4,444,278.46 Returned to Tontine policy-bolders during year on matured Tontines, 267,848.21 Balance of Tontine Fund January 1, 1857.

4,176,425,25 Reserved for premiums paid in advance...

83,720.12

$67,340,926.12 Divisible Surplus (Company's Standard)........

8,080,527.25

$75,421,453.37 Surplus by the New York State Standard, at 4% per cent (including the Tontine Fund).... $16,549,31953

From the undivided surplus of $8,050,027.25 the Board of Trustees has declared a Reversionary divided to par ticipating policies in proportion to their contribution to surplus, available on settlement of next annual premium Death-claims paid. Income from Interest. Insurance in force.

Cash Assets, 1882.... $1,955,292. 1882.... $2,798,018. Jan. 1, 1883....$171,415,097. Jan. 1, 1958.... $50.800 1833.. 2,263,092. 1883. ... 2,712,863. Jan. 1, 1884.... 198,746,043. Jan. 1, 1644.

55,519,00 19-4... 2,257,175. 1884... 2,971,624. Jan. 1, 1885.... 229,882,586. Jan. 1, 1685.. 1685.... 2,999,109. 1-85... 8,390,069. Jan, 1, 1886.... 259,674,500. Jan. 1, 1886.. 66,864,321 1986.... 2,757,035. 1886.... 8,722,502. Jan. 1, 1887.... 804,873,540. Jan, 1, 181.... 78,491,452 Number of Policies issued during the year, 22,02%. Risks assumed, $85,178,294.

TRUSTEES: WM. H. APPLETON, HENRY BOWERS, Elias 8. HIGGINS, GEORGE H. Potts, ALFI. STUDYTIL WILLIAM H. BEERS, JOHN CLAFLIN, WALTER H, LEWIS, C. C. BaldwIN, HENRY Tros, WILLIAM A. Booth, ROBERT B. COLLINS, EDWARD Martin, JOHN N. STEARNS, A. H. Wium, Hon. BexJ. H. Bristow, R. SUYDAM GRANT, RICHARD MÜSER, Wm. L. STRONG, L. L. Waltz

WILLIAM H. BEERS, President. THEODORE M. BANTA, Cashier.

HENRY TUCK, Vice-President. D. O'DELL, Superintendent of Agencies.

ARCHIBALD H. WELCH, 2d Vice-President A. HUNTINGTON, M. D., Medical Director. RUFUS W. WEEKS, Actuary.

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PAGE

CONTENTS.
I. College Athletics and Physical Development. By Professor Ev-
GENE L. RICHARDS. (Illustrated.)....

721 II. The Struggle for Existence. By Professor T. H. HUXLEY.. 732 III. Forms and Failures of the Law. By PHILIP SNYDER.... 751 IV. Hypnotism in Disease and Crime. By A. Binet and C. FÉRÉ.. 763

V. Californian Dry-Winter Flowers. By Prof. Byron D. HALSTED. 770 VI. The Family Life of Fishes. By Karl HENNINGS. (Illustrated.). 777 VII. A Paper of Candy. By WILLIAM SLOANE KENNEDY..

782 VIII. The Earliest Plants. By Sir William Dawson. (Illustrated.). 787 IX. Chinese Superstitions. By ADÈLE M. FIELDE...

796 X. The Present Status of Mineralogy. By Prof. F. W. CLARKE.. 799 XI. Uniformity of Social Phenomena. By F. NEUMANN-SPALLART.. 806 XII. The Chemistry of Underground Waters. By Prof. G. A. DAUBRÉE. 813 XIII. The Cause of Character. . .

821 XIV. Sketch of David Ames Wells. (With Portrait.)...

832 XV. Correspondence.

841 XVI. Editor's Table : Scientific Habits of Thought.—Death of Professor Gray, etc. . 842 XVII. Literary Notices. ...

848 XVIII. Popular Miscellany...

856 XIX. Notes..

863

A NEW YORK :
D. APPLETON AND COMPANY,

1, 8, AND 6 BOND STREET. SINGLE NUMBER, 50 CENTS.

YEARLY SUBSCRIPTION, $8.00. COPYRIGHT, 1888, BY D. APPLETON AND CO. Entered at the Post-Office at New York, and admitted for transmission through the mails at second-class rates.

IT CAN BE CURED. Whether you believe it or not, send for a pamphlet describing

Drs:STARKEY&PALEN'S

TREATMENT

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NOT A DRUG. INHALATION.

Catarrh.

There is no other disease that comes so near being a universal one in this country as Catarrh. The victims of it are very ignorant of its cause, na

ture, or remedy, A little enlightenment on the subject will prove a blessing to the many sufferers from it. For this purpose it is needful to know something of the anatomy and physiology of the mucous membrane, for this is the seat of the disease.

The most familiar example of the mucous membrane is the inside of the lips, cheeks, throat, and nostrils. In these situations it may be quite closely examined by any one. It is seen to be smooth, shining, of a pink color, and is moist. From these visible locations the membrane extends through the whole of the respiratory or breathing organs, and of the digestive organs; and it lines every organ which has an opening to the outside world. In its anatomy it bears a strong analogy to the skin. In some lower order of animals either of these membranes may be made to do the office of the other. The animal may be turned wrong side out, in which case the skin and lining of the stomach have changed places, and the animal continues to live.

One office of this membrane is to exude from its myriads of minute glands a bland, transparent, unctuous fluid. This is called mucus, and it keeps the membrane in a condition to perform its many other functions properly. There are many causes operating to set up congestion, swelling, and inflammation in this membrane. When it becomes inflamed the quality and quantity of the normal mucus are immediately changed. A good illustration of this is an acute attack of influenza, “cold in the head," which needs no description. There are many stages and degrees of this affection, and all are properly named CATARRH.

It may cause severe pain in the head, face, ears, throat, chest, and elsewhere. The effects are very annoying to its victim, and at times the sufferer becomes disgustingly offensive to his companions. One characteristic of this disease is the obstinacy with which it resists the best directed and even successful treatment. The number of M. D.'s who can boast of having CURED a single case of Catarrh is humiliatingly small. Hence have sprung up a little army of "Catarrh Specialists." Sometimes these succeed in partially drying up the profuse discharge and call it a cure. But the disease is a strictly constitutional one, and hence can not be cured by the application of merely local treatment.

The Compound Oxygen is the only known remedial agent that will cure Catarth with commendable promptness. There are two features of the cure of Catarrh by this treatment which should commend it to the enlightened attention of its victims : First-The whole constitutional health is being improved and established at the same time. Second— The system being thus put into a state of integrity, it remains there, and the cure is therefore permanent.

ALMA, NEB., April 6, 1887. "Six months ago to-day, I commenced the use of a Home Treatment of Compound Oxygen, which, as I wrote you in April, I expected to take at least one year to get well, if ever. I am about as well noy as a man of sixty-two years of age could be expected to be, after suffering for twenty years. I am enterest cured of Catarrh ;; pain in spine ; bowels regular; appetite improved. Before using it I seldım ate more than one meal a day, and never any breakfast for some years, and sleep was out of the questies except about one night in three for the last eighteen years. Since inhaling, I have not lost a half-deses nights' sleep in six months, and none in five and a half months.

Hon. E. C. GRIFFITH."

It will be interesting to the afflicted to peruse the new brochure, a book of 200 pages, full of the account of Drs. Starkey & Palen's Compound Oxygen, and the testimony of wonderful cases in Consumption, Asthma, Bronchitis, Dyspepsia, Catarrh, Hay-Fever, Headache, Debility, Rheumatism, Neuralgia, and all Chronic and Nervous Disorders cured or helped by this treatment. It will be sent free by mail to all who will address Drs. STARKEY & PALEN, No. 1529 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Penna. ; 331 Montgomery Street, San Francisco, Cal. ; 58 Church Street, Toronto, Canada.

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