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The Christian Commonwealth, or the civil policy of the rising kingdom of Jesus Christ. By John Eliot, 10 of DCCCV. 26 Oct.

All the foregoing volumes, and others, up to 870, are small quartos. Catalogue of 142 volumes, large quartos, shows nothing about our country, except in Newspapers, which are the chief contents of this parcel. Next follows Catalogue of .1968 pieces in 905 volumes of the octavo size, of which but few were attractive to me.

A Key into the Language of America, &c. By Roger Williams of Providence in New England. London, printed by Gregory Dexter, 1643. Vol. LXVIII. 7 Septr.

A description of the new world, or America, islands and - continent, by George Gardyner. Vol. CCV. 16 Jany. 1649.

The tenth Muse lately sprung up in America, or several poems. Also, a Dialogue between Old England and New, concerning the late troubles. With divers other pleasant and serious Poems. By a Gentlewoman in those parts. Vol. CCLXXIV. marked 5 July 1650.

opens with an address to the “ Kind Reader," ending with verses, by N. Ward, followed by three pages of verses “ To my deare Sister, the Author of these Poems,” signed I. W. another copy of verses, signed C. B. another, signed R. Q. with a fourth, signed N. H. a fifth "upon the author,” signed C. B. kanother to Mrs. Anne Bradstreete author of this poem," signed H. S. and a final page of two Anagrams. No more need be said, as the second edition in a decent 12mo. printed at Boston by John Foster 1678-ss in our Library.

The heart of New England rent at the blasphemies of the present generation, or a brief tractate concerning the Doctrines of the Quakers: ""By John Norton. Vol. DCCCXVIII. marked Jany. 1659. ...

, in number, filled with single sheets, as public Acts, Proclamations, &c:u oso? 138

of one of the first class of Harvard College I found a letter in Peck's Desiderata Curiosa II. 504 of the Ed. in 4to. being No. 19 of lib. XIII, which may seem worth copying, addressed to the clerk of the Council of State: “After my humble service and thankfulnesse for all your christian respect and favours, I am occasioned by an extraordinary


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exigent, to move you, a little beyond my bounds, that (as this bearer, Mr. Clerke, my agent & faithfull friend, shall explaine my affairs to you, you may vouchsafe to lighten my present cares so farre as (with securitie from my Lord Charles Fleetwood or lieutenant general Ludlow) you shall find safe and convenient. Wherein you would greatly refresh my bowells, & (with your pardon of this strange boldnesse) more oblige me to be

your very humble faithful servant, Alby in Norfolk, July XXVI. NATL. BREWSTER.

MDCLVIII. These to the worthily honored Henry Scobell Esq. present, in Westminster."

One of my principal pursuits was to obtain evidence of births or marriages of our early settlers, in which the frequent failure of registries in the Parishes subjected me to be sometimes disheartened. Occasionally there may be too heavy expense in searching those records; but usually the keepers are as liberal as exact. For the copious extracts from the Parish Register of Groton in Suffolk, I was indebted to Richard Almack, Esquire, which are here given precisely as transcribed : 1532 Teomasing 'Clopton the daughter of Mr. Willm Clorton Gent. and of

Mistress Margery his wife was baptised the 18th day of February.

(She was married to John Winthrop and died in childbed 1616.) 1587 ?John Winthrop the sonne of Adam Winthropp and Anna his wife was

baptised the 16th January. Verder 1592 Jane the daughter of Adam Winthrop was baptised the 17th daie of

June. Saturday 1600 Lucie Winthropp the daughter of Adam Winthropp Gent. and Mrs.

Anna his wife was baptised the 27th day of January. Today 1605 John Winthropp the sonne of John Winthropp and of Marie his wife

was baptised the 23d of February, Sunday 1607 Hennery Winthropp the sonne of John Winthropp and of Mary his wife

was baptised the 19th day of Januarye. we doy 1614 Anna Winthropp the daughter of John Winthrop Esgre. was baptised

the 8th day of August. álise same month. See porno 1615 Anna Winthropp the daughter of John Winthrop Esq. was baptised the

the 26th of June. dieet Sorme pouth. See mona 1619 Steven the son of John Winthrop Esqre. and Margaret his 38 wife was

baptised the last daie of March. Wedlocoy · The seat of the family, of which William was the head, was Castleins, a manor house in Groton. It is often mentioned in the letters of Govr. Winthrop to his third wife. The date of the death of this second wife is, evidently, an error of transcription, as the true time is given afterwards.

? He was four days old, when baptized, as his father mentions his birthday in the Almanac we possess.

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* She marrieel 29.4pnil 1610, auoneeing to Sanel


1620 Adam the sonne of John Winthropp Esquire was baptised the 9th of 6

April. 1622 Deane Winthropp the sonne of John Winthroppe Esqre was baptised the 7

23d of Marche. elha3 1624 Nathaniel Winthroppe the sonne of John Winthroppe Esquire was bap- og tised the 20th of Februarie. i.e.1624

chien 1627 Samuell the sonne of John Winthroppe Esqre. & Margaret his wife 9

August the 26th. 1630 Ann Winthropp daughter of John Esqre. and Margaret his 3d wife bap- 10

tised Aprill 29th.
Martha Winthropp daughter of Hffry & Elizabeth his wife baptised e

May 9th.
1651 Stephen Winthropp sonne of Stephen Winthroppe and of Judith his

wife was born May 13th.
1563 Willm Mildmaye Esq. and Annis Winthropp widow was married the

7th daie of June - Thomas his son, and Alice her daughter the

12th of the same Month.
1579 Adam Winthrop Gent. & Anne Browne were married the 20th daie of

1604 Thomas Jones and Anna Winthropp were married the 20th daie of fixes
Februarie - She died the 16th daie of Maie Anno 1619.

wieve The 1612 Thomas Gosline and Mrs. Jane Winthrop were married the 5th day of

1615 John Winthrop Esq. and Thomasinge Clopton was married the 6th day 767

of Decr.
1622 Immanuell Downinge and Luce Winthropp Gent were married the 10th

bar? of Aprile.

ment Ines1630 John Winthrope and Martha Jones were married Februarie the 8th.

asa 1562 ÞAdam Winthrop the elder Esq was buryed the 12th day of November. 1614 Anna Winthrop the daughter of John Winthrope Esq. was buried the

26th day of August. 1615 Mrs. Mary Winthropp the first wife of John Winthrope Esq was buryed ceri the 26th day of June.

stile Anna Winthrop her daughter was buryed the 29th day of June. 1616 A younge child of John Winthrop Esq. was buried the second of De

cember. Mors. Thomasin Winthrope the 2d wife of John Winthrop Esq. was evol

huried the 11th day of December. 1623 Adam Winthropp Gent. was buried the 28th of Marche.

degud, 14

pois could 1630 Mrs. Forth Waltropp burled 234 November

. It was dir

by the neetud ! This Thomas was knighted (I suppose, by Queen Elizabeth) and resided at Springfield Barnes in Essex. He left issue by Alice Winthrop, (who was, of course, aunt of our first Governor,) and Sir Wm. Mildmay, created baronet in 1765 was descended from them. See Burke's Extinct Baronetcies,

? Probably the name Fones, several times occurring in the printed letters of Gopr. Winthrop is mistaken for Jones; or this name is an error, and should be that.

Philip was given as the name of Mr. Gostling in an old genealogy, by some mistake ; or was assumed, erroneously, from the use of this name in the first will of

, , ,
She , we may presume, of her aunt.

Thou No doubt this was the grandfather of Govr. Winthrop; and, probably, to him was made the grant of the manor of Groton from Henry viii. after the suppression of the so. the religious houses.

• Beyond question, this is our Governor's mother. See his letters April 29 and
May 8 of this year.

We had never heard before of the marriage of Forth Winthrop. He was a son
of the first John by the first wife, but younger, probably, than Henry, from the order of:

us 2 dil die neusten years

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feing tw, Waithropis gu Ivy no

An earnest desire was felt to ascertain, more plainly than • can be learned from Mather's Magnalia, the derivation of

Govr. Bradford. My application was made to the most competent authority, yet: with only partial success, as the following letter evinces :

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30 Torrington Square, Sept. 11, 1842. MY DEAR SIR, There have been many persons of the surname of Bradford, living in the parts of Yorkshire in the vicinity of Doncaster, and at Doncaster itself, where the name occurs in the Catalogue of Mayors. One family of the name, who were settled at Arksey, a village about three miles North of Doncaster, appeared at Sir William Dugdale's Visitation of the County in 1665 and 1666, when they recorded a Pedigree, which I have printed in my account of Arksey (South Yorkshire, Vol. I.) from MS. Č. 40 in the College of Arms. There was a still older family of the name seated in the neighborhood of Wakefield, of whom I have seen account in Collections of Yorkshire Genealogies, but no mention of any member of it going to New England.

One family of the name possessed a small estate at Austerfield, a chapelry about nine miles south of Doncaster, and within a short distance of Bawtry. This name might be so easily read Ansterfield, that it appears highly probable such a mistake has been made by some one, and that this is the place at which Governor Bradford was born. At the sama time I have seen nothing which directly connects him with this family, of whom the following is all that has occurred to me. 1606 April 11. Robert Bradfourth is

Robert Bradfourth is a witness to the will of Robert Hartley of Austerfield, yeoman.

1607 March 1. Thomas Bradfurth of Doncaster, yeoman, To Richard Bradfurth, my son, one bible-book and one

in which he is named in his father's will made in 1620, and was, when that will was alteted, upon the death of Henry, presumed to be alive. This appears by his name remaining, the obliterated parts being included between * stars * His baptism is not mentioned in the above list, and perhaps it occurred in Lofdon. It may be thought, that in the transcription there is an error, and that Mrs. should be Mr. Of Nathaniel, before mentioned, notice is never found, and he, probably, died in early youth. The children of Govr. Winthrop, then, were fifteen in all, scilicet, the ten, whose baptisms are given above, one, the child of the Second wife, dying before baptism, Mary and Forth, children of the first wife, perhaps not born at Groton, William, child of the third wife, and Joshua, of the fourth, both born in this city.

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halberd,” also a messuage and lands, — 20s. to the poor of Doncaster — daur. Catherine Bradfurth — daur. Anne Wildbore.

1609 April 15. Will of Robert Bradfurth of Austerfield, yeoman. After a short, pious, introduction, he gives to the Chapel at Austerfield 10s. — to his servant Grace Wade the use of a house * * * * * Thomas Silvester clerk and servant Alice Welch — to his brother in law James Hall he gives a sorrel nag — son Robert his best iron-bound wain, his best yoke of oxen, his counter wherein the Evidences are, one corselet with all the furniture belonging to it, a cupboard, table, and form. The residue he gives to his four children Robert, Mary, Elizabeth and Margaret Bradforth, and makes them his Executors. His good neighbour, Mr. Richardson of Bawtry is to have the tuition of his son Robert and daughter Margaret, and of their fortunes till they are 21 ; William Downer of Scrooby to have the like of Elizabeth, and Mr. Silvester of Awkley of his daughter Mary. [Scrooby and Awkley are both villages near Austerfield.] He gives to his son Robert the reversion of two leases, one of which he has of the King's land in Austerfield, the other what he holds of Mr. Morton of Martin.

1628 Novr. 28. Will of William Vesey of Brampton, gent. gives “lands at Austerfield which I bought of Robert Bradforth.”

1630 May 20. Will of Robert Wright of Doncaster, draper, “ To Robert Bradford of Austerfield my grey suit of apparel.” — To Richard Bradford, son of Robert of. Austerfield one fustian doublet and one pair of hose.

1633 June 19. Will of Bryan Bradford of Doncaster, shearman — nephew Simon Bradford 10s. — wife to have the house he lives in, and on her death, to go to his nephew William Bradford &c. bequests small.

This you will, at once, perceive, proves little more than that a family of the name of Bradford had lands at a place called Austerfield in Yorkshire ; and in the absence of any proof of there being an Ansterfield in that County, it may be thought a no unreasonable presumption, that this was the place intended.

Yours faithfully


Austerfield, on my map of Yorkshire, is plainly to be seen,

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