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Manchester.—[£.4200.] [See created July 23, 1847.] 1847, Oct. 18, James-Prince Lee, D.D.

Norwich.—[£.4500.] 1792,

Charles-Manners Sutton, D.D. 1805, March 9, Henry Bathurst, LL.D. 1837, April 18, Edward Stanley, D.D. 1849, Sept. 29, Samuel Hinds, D.D. (Resigned.) 1857, April 30, Hon. and Rev. John-Thomas Pelham, D.D.

Oxford.—[£.5000.] 1807, Jan. 14, Charles Moss, D.D. 1811, Dec. 31, William Jackson, D.D. 1816, Dec. 30, Hon. Edward Legge, LL.D 1827, Feb. 14, Charles Lloyd, D.D. 1829, July 13, Richard Bagot, D.D. 1845, Nov. 13, Samuel Wilberforce, D.D.

Peterborough.-[£.4500.] 1794,

Spencer Madan, D.D. 1813, Nov. 16, John Parsons, D.D. 1819, April 25, Herbert Marsh, D.D. 1839, May 7, George Davys, D.D. 1864, May 21, Prancis Jeune, D.D.

(From Bristol.) (From Llandaff.)

Ripon.—[£.4500.] [See created in 1836.] 1836, Oct. 15, Thomas-Charles Longley, D.D. 1856, Dec. 9, Robert Bickersteth, D.D.

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St. David's.—[£.4500.] 1800, Dec. 20, Lord George Murray, LL.D. 1803, June 25, Thomas Burgess, D.D. 1825, June 18, J. B. Jenkinson, D.D. 1840, July 23, Connop Thirlwall, D.D.

Salisbury.—[£.5000.] 1791,

John Douglas, D.D. 1807, May 30, John Fisher, D.D. 1825, May 21, Thomas Burgess, D.D. 1837, Mar. 13, Edward Denison, D.D. 1854, Mar. 27, Walter-Kerr Hamilton, D.D.

(From Carlisle.)

(From Exeter.) (From St. David's.)

Winchester.—[£.7000.] 1781,

Hon. Brownlow North, LL.D. (From Worcester.) 1820, July 18, Sir George-Pretyman Tomline, D.D. (From Lincoln.) 1827, Nov, 25, Charles-Richard Sumner, D.D. (From Llandaff.)

Worcester.—[£.5000.] 1781, Richard Hurd, D.D.

(From Lichfield.) 1808, June 14, Folliott-Herbert-WalkerCornwall, D.D.(From Hereford.) 1813, Sept. 10, Robert-James Carr, D.D.

(From Chichester.) 1841, April 29, Henry Pepys, D.D.

(From Sodor and Man.) 1861, Jan. 7, Henry Philpott, D.D.

Note.—The Bishops of London, Durham, and Winchester, rank next to the Archbishops; the rest according to priority of consecration. An order in council appeared in the London Gazette of October 1838, declaring that the Sees of St. Asaph and Bangor should be united on the next vacancy in either; and that, on that event occurring, the bishopric of Manchester should be immediately created within the archiepiscopal See of York, and that the county of Lancaster should form the See of the new bishop, being for that purpose detached from the diocese of Chester. The union of the Sees of St. Asaph and Bangor, however, was negatived by a resolution of the House of Lords in the session of 1846.

[By an order in council, Sept. 1, 1847, the See of Manchester has been created, and its limits defined.]












Dissolution of Parliament. Parliament may be dissolved at any time by the will of the Crown: on the death of the Sovereign it continues for six months, unless earlier dissolved by the new Sovereign. The same Parliament cannot sit for more than seven years, computed from the day named for it to meet in the proclamation by which it was called. 1st George I., c. 2.

New Parliament. A New Parliament is summoned by Royal proclamation, wherein the day is named for its meeting, which may be any time “not less than thirty-five days after the date of such proclamation." 15th & 16th Victoriæ, cap. 23.

Issuing Writs for a General Election. Upon the summoning of a new Parliament, a warrant or order, from the Queen in Council, is issued to the Lords High Chancellors of Great Britain and Ireland, commanding them to issue writs for the Election of Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses to Parliament. These writs are issued from the Petty Bag Office (12th & 13th Victoriæ, cap. 109), and are returnable to the Crown Office within thirty-five days of the date of the proclamation. The form of the writ is that anciently used, being made conformable to the provisions of the Reform Act, according to section 77, and to the 16th & 17th Victoriæ, cap. 68, s. 1.

Issuing Writs for Vacancies during a Parliament. After the assembling of the new Parliament, and during its continuance, the House of Commons alone has the power of ordering writs to be issued. These writs are issued by the Clerk of the Crown, upon receipt of a warrant from the Speaker. Occasional vacancies arise from the elevation of a Member to the Peerage, or the acceptance of an office of profit under the Crown, the death or bankruptcy of a Member, or the previous election being declared void by a Committee of the House.

During the session the Speaker issues his warrant, upon a motion agreed to by the House.

Upon a Member becoming bankrupt, and if within twelve months the commission be not superseded, or the debts satisfied, the Commissioners in Bankruptcy are required to certify the same to the Speaker, and the election of such Member is thereupon to be declared void. 52nd George III., cap. 144.

During a recess, by the Act 24th George III., cap. 26, s. 2, the Speaker is to issue his warrant for making out writs for electing members to serve in the room of those who shall die, or become Peers of Great Britain, upon receiving notice, by certificate, under the hands of two members, of the death of such member, or that a writ of summons has been issued under the Great Seal. The Speaker, upon receiving such certificate, shall forthwith cause notice to be inserted in the Gazette, and shall not issue his warrant until fourteen (Six days 26th Vic. cap. 20, p. 143] days after such insertion. To guard against inconvenience occurring by the death or absence of the Speaker, it is provided, that every Speaker of the House of Commons shall, within a convenient time after having been in office, at the beginning of every Parliament, by a written instrument under his hand and seal, nominate and appoint a certain number of persons, not more than seven, nor less than three members of the House, authorising them, or any one of them, to execute the powers given to the Speaker for issuing such warrants. No person so appointed shall be authorised to act, unless there be no Speaker of the House, or such Speaker be absent, nor any longer than such persons shall be members of the House,

The provisions of the above Act have been extended, by the following statute, to vacancies occurring during recess, by reason of the acceptance, by Members, of offices of profit from the Crown.

Act 21st & 22nd Victoriæ, cap. 110. After reciting the 24th George UI., it is enacted that, from and after the passing of this Act, it shall and may be lawful for the Speaker of the House of Commons for the time being, during any recess of the House as aforesaid, to issue his Warrant to the Clerk of the Crown to make out a new writ for electing a Member of the House in the room of any Member who has, since such adjournment or prorogation, accepted any office whereby he has, either by the express provision of any Act of Parliament or by any previous determination of the House of Commons, vacated his seat in the House of Commons, so soon as he shall have been gazetted thereto in any of the Queen's Gazettes, and a notice thereof, together with a copy of the Gazette, shall have been sent to the Speaker by a certificate under the hands of two Members of the House of Commons, according to the form in the Schedule to this Act annexed, or to the like effect.

Provided always, that any Member of the House of Commons accepting any such office as aforesaid shall forthwith notify his acceptance thereof to the Speaker, either by writing under the hand of such Member or by his countersigning the said certificate relating to such acceptance, and the Speaker shall not issue his Warrant in pursuance of this Act without having received such notification, and until fourteen (Six days 26th Vic. cap. 20, p. 143] days after he shall have caused notice of bis having received such certificate and notification to be inserted in the London Gazette.

Provided always, that in any case in which it shall appear to the Speaker to be doubtful whether the acceptance of any office which has been certified to him as aforesaid has the effect of vacating the seat of the person so appointed, it shall be lawful for the said Speaker, instead of issuing his Warrant in pursuance of this Act, to reserve such question for the decision of the House.

Provided always, that this Act shall not in any way apply to the acceptance of any of the following offices; that is to say, the office of Steward or Bailiff of Her Majesty's three Chiltern Hundreds of Stoke, Desborough, and Bonen ham, or of the Manor of East Hendred, or of the Manor of Northstead, or of the Manor of Hempholme, or of Escheator of Munster.

In the writs issued in pursuance of a warrant from the Speaker, the return of the late Member, and the cause of the vacancy, are both set forth.

The Act 26th Victoriæ, cap. 20 [8th June, 1863], further limits and defines the time for proceeding to Election during the recess.

" By the Act of the 24th of George III., cap. 26, the Act of the 52nd George III, cap. 144, and the Act of the 21st & 22nd of Victoriæ, cap. 110, the Speaker is enabled to issue his warrant to the Clerk of the Crown to make out new writs for the election of Members of the House of Commons in certain cases during the recess of Parliament, after giving Fourteen days notice in the London Gazette. And whereas it is expedient to limit the time of Notice required by the said Acts, be it enacted, &c.

" That the Act of the 24th George III., cap. 26, the Act of the 54th George III., cap. 144, and the Act of the 21st & 22nd Victoriæ, cap. 110, shall be so construed as if SIX and not Fourteen days notice had been originally in the said Acts, and this Act and the said Acts shall be construed and read together.'

Writs, to whom directed. The writs for the return of knights of the shire are directed to the Sheriffs of the several counties; for the return of citizens and burgesses, to the respective returning officers of the several cities, boroughs, and places returning Members; and for the return of Members to serve in Parliament for the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, to their ViceChancellors. 16th & 17th Victoriæ, cap. 68, s. 1.

Transmission of Writs. The Sheriff's of counties, and other returning officers of cities, boroughs, and places returning Members to Parliament, to whom writs are usually directed, are required from time to time, as changes may take place, to furnish the Postmaster-General with an account of the city, town, or place where they hold their respective offices. A list thereof is thereupon made out, and hung up at the General Post Office. Where the

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