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Secs. 17, 18, 19, and 26 state why it is irreparable and why the order was granted jutropar without notice, and shall by its terms expire within such time after entry, not to exceed ten days, as the court or judge may fix, unless within the time so fixed the order is extended for a like period for good cause shown, and the reasons for such extensions shall be entered of record. In case a temporary restraining order shall be granted Hearings without notice in the contingency specified, the matter of the issuance of a preliminary injunction shall be set down for a hearing at the earliest possible time and shall take precedence of all matters except older matters of the same character; and when the same comes up for hearing the part obtaining the temporary restraining order shall proceed with the application for a preliminary injunction, and if he does not do so the court shall dissolve 'he temporary restraining order. Upon two days' notice to the Dissolution. party obtaining such temporary restraining order the opposite party may appear and move the dissolution or modification of the order, and in that event the court or judge shall proceed to hear and determine the motion as expeditiously as the ends of justice may require.

Sec. 18. That, except as otherwise provided in section Bond. 16 of this Act, no restraining order or interlocutory order of injunction shall issue, except upon the giving of security by the applicant in such sum as the court or judge may deem proper, conditioned upon the payment of such costs and damages as may be incurred or suffered by any party who may be found to have been wrongfully enjoined or restrained thereby.

Sec. 19. That every order of injunction or restraining Specific reasons order shall set forth the reasons for the issuance of the application same, shall be specific in terms, and shall describe in reasonable detail, and not by reference to the bill of complaint or other document, the act or acts sought to be restrained, and shall be binding only upon the parties to the suit, their officers, agents, servants, employees, and attorneys, or those in active concert or participating with them, and who shall, by personal service or otherwise, have received actual notice of the same.

* Sec. 26. If any clause, sentence, paragraph, or part of !! Porto! this Act shall, for any reason, be adjudged by any court valid, other of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, such judgment affected. shall not affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder

Act holdin.

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thereof, but shall be confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph, or part thereof directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment shall have been rendered.

erned hereby.

defined.

BILLS OF LADING ACT.
AN ACT Relating to bills of lading in interstate and foreign com-

merce.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-

tives of the United States of America in Congress assemBulls of lading. bled, That bills of lading issued by any common carrier 39 Stat. L., 538. for the transportation of goods in any Territory of the

United States, or the District of Columbia, or from a Issued in inter- place in a State to a place in a foreign country, or from state and foreign commerce govo a place in one State to a place in another State, or from

a place in one State to a place in the same State through another State or foreign country, shall be governed by

this act. Straight bills SEC. 2. That a bill in which it is stated that the goods

are consigned or destined to a specified person is a

straight bill. Order bills do SEC. 3. That a bill in which it is stated that the goods

are consigned or destined to the order of any person named in such bill is an order bill. Any provision in such a bill or in any notice, contract, rule, regulation, or

tariff that it is nonnegotiable shall be null and void and Negotiability. shall not affect its negotiability within the meaning of

this act unless upon its face and in writing agreed to by

the shipper. Issued in part SEC. 4. That order bills issued in a State for the trans

portation of goods to any place in the United States on the Continent of North America, except Alaska and Panama, shall not be issued in parts or sets. If so issued, the carrier issuing them shall be liable for failure to deliver the goods described therein to anyone who purchases a part for value in good faith, even though the purchase be after the delivery of the goods by the carrier

to a holder of one of the other parts: Provided, however, For insular, That nothing contained in this section shall be inter

preted or construed to forbid the issuing of order bills

fined.

uso forbidden.

Proviso.

etc., use permitted.

Socs. 6-8 in parts or sets for such transportation of goods to Alaska, Panama, Porto Rico, the Philippines, Hawaii, or foreign countries, or to impose the liabilities set forth in this section for so doing.

Sec. 5. That when more than one order bill is issued in Duplicates. a State for the same goods to be transported to any place Character to be in the United States on the Continent of North America, except Alaska and Panama, the word “duplicate," or some other word or words indicating that the document is not an original bill, shall be placed plainly upon the face of every such bill except the one first issued. A carrier shall be liable for the damage caused by his failure Liability so to do to anyone who has purchase the bill for value in good faith as an original, even though the purchase be after the delivery of the goods by the carrier to the holder of the original bill: Provided, however, That Exceptions. nothing contained in this section shall in such case for such transportation of goods to Alaska, Panama, Porto Rico, the Philippines, Hawaii, or foreign countries be interpreted or construed so as to require the placing of the word "duplicate" thereon, or to impose the liabilities set forth in this section for failure so to do.

SEC. 6. That a straight bill shall have placed plainly Straight bulls upon its face by the carrier issuing it "nonnegotiable” or “not negotiable.”

This section shall not apply, however, to memoranda Memoranda. or acknowledgments of an informal character.

Sec. 7. That the insertion in an order bill of the name Negotiability of of a person to be notified of the arrival of the goods shall not limit the negotiability of the bill or constitute notice to a purchaser thereof of any rights or equities of such person in the goods.

SEC. 8. That a carrier, in the absence of some lawful , Carrier to do. excuse, is bound to deliver goods upon a demand made mand. either by the consignee named in the bill for the goods or, if the bill is an order bill, by the holder thereof, if such a demand is accompanied by

(a) An offer in good faith to satisfy the carrier's law- Conditions. ful lien upon the goods;

(b) Possession of the bill of lading and an offer in good faith to surrender, properly indorsed, the bill which was issued for the goods, if the bill is an order bill; and

, not negotiable.

order bills.

liver goods on do. Secs. 8 and 9-11

goods.

deliy.

(c) A readiness and willingness to sign, when the goods are delivered, an acknowledgment that they have been delivered, if such signature is requested by the

carrier. Lawtul excuse. In case the carrier refuses or fails to deliver the goods,

in compliance with a demand by the consignee or holder 80 accompanied, the burden shall be upon the carrier to establish the existence of a lawful excuse for such refusal

or failure. Mer shall deliver Sec. 9. That a carrier is justified, subject to the provi

sions of the three following sections, in delivering goods to one who is—

(a) A person lawfully entitled to the possession of the goods, or

(b) The consignee named in a straight bill for the goods, or

(c) A person in possession of an order bill for the goods, by the terms of which the goods are deliverable to his order; or which has been indorsed to him, or in blank by the consignee, or by the mediate or immediate

indorsee of the consignee. Liability calfor SEC. 10. That where a carrier delivers goods to one

who is not lawfully entitled to the possession of them, the carrier shall be liable to anyone having a right of property or possession in the goods if he delivered the goods otherwise than as authorized by subdivisions (b) and (c) of the preceding section; and, though he delivered the goods as authorized by either of said subdivisions, he shall be so liable if prior to such delivery he

(a) Had been requested, by or on behalf of a person having a right of property or possession in the goods, not to make such delivery, or

(b) Had information at the time of the delivery that it was to a person not lawfully entitled to the possession of the goods.

Such request or information, to be effective within the meaning of this section, must be given to an officer or agent of the carrier, the actual or apparent scope of whose duties includes action upon such a request or information, and must be given in time to enable the officer or agent to whom it is given, acting with reasonable

diligence, to stop delivery of the goods. do Sec. 11. That except as provided in section twenty

six, and except when compelled by legal process, if a carrier delivers goods for which an order bill had been

unlawful ary.

Exceptions.

Fallure to deliver goods.

of the goods.

Secs. 11 and 12-14 issued, the negotiation of which would transfer the right to the possession of the goods, and fails to take up and cancel the bill, such carrier shall be liable for failure to deliver the goods to anyone who for value and in good faith purchases such bill, whether such purchaser acquired title to the bill before or after the delivery of the goods by the carrier and notwithstanding delivery was made to the person entitled thereto.

SEC. 12. That except as provided in section twenty-six, Delivery of part and except when compelled by legal process, if a carrier delivers part of the goods for which an order bill had been issued and fails either

(a) To take up and cancel the bill, or

(b) To place plainly upon it a statement that a portion of the goods has been delivered with a description which may be in general terms either of the goods or packages that have been so delivered or of the goods or packages which still remain in the carrier's possession, he shall be liable for failure to deliver all the goods specified in the bill to anyone who for value and in good faith purchases it, whether such purchaser acquired title to it before or after the delivery of any portion of the goods by the carrier, and notwithstanding such delivery was made to the person entitled thereto.

SEC. 13. That any alteration, addition, or erasure in a Alteration of a bill after its issue without authority from the carrier issuing the same, either in writing or noted on the bill, shall be void, whatever be the nature and purpose of the change, and the bill shall be enforceable according to its original tenor.

SEC. 14. That where an order bill has been lost, stolen, Lost, stolen, ar or destroyed a court of competent jurisdiction may order the delivery of the goods upon satisfactory proof of such loss, theft, or destruction and upon the giving of a bond, with sufficient surety, to be approved by the court, to protect the carrier or any person injured by such delivery from any liability or loss incurred by reason of the original bill remaining outstanding. The court may also in its discretion order the payment of the carrier's reasonable costs and counsel fees: Provided, a voluntary indemnifying bond without order of court shall be binding on the parties thereto.

The delivery of the goods under an order of the court, Delivery as provided in this section, shall not relieve the carrier of court. from liability to a person to whom the order bill has

bill.

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