The Origins of the Second World War
Manchester University Press, 2001 - 211 頁
In this accessible account Victor Rothwell examines the origins of the Second Word War, from the flawed peace settlement of 1919 to the start of the true world war at Pearl Harbor in 1941.
Reflecting current historical understanding of the subject, the author discusses, within a chronological framework, the underlying issues, such as the clash between 'have' and 'have not' states, as well as their relative military and economic strengths. Did the cause of peace advance in the 1920s, only to be stopped in its tracks and threatened with reversal by the economic depression that began with the Wall Street crash in 1929? What was the nature of Nazi thinking about war, foreign policy and the (primarily British) policy of appeasement, which sought to accommodate the Third Reich? Why did Britain itself for long prefer appeasement to collective security? Furthermore, the events in the Far East are examined and a contrast is drawn between the greater interest of the United States in that region than in Europe throughout the 1930s. Lastly, the complex process by which European war, starting in September 1939, became world war is treated as much more than an epilogue to what happened during the preceding decade.
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A. J. P. Taylor agreement aims alliance ally ambassador American Anglo-French army attack August Berlin border Britain Britain and France British policy Cabinet Cambridge cent Central Europe Chamberlain China Chinese Churchill Clarendon Press colonial Crises crisis Czech Czechoslovakia Danzig defence Deist Diplomacy Diplomatic Revolution Donald Cameron Watt early East Eastern economic European favour forces Foreign Minister Foreign Office France French Fuhrer Gerhard German Aggression Germany's Halifax Hitler Hitler's Germany Ibid important Italy Japan Japanese late Macmillan ment military Munich Mussolini naval navy Nazi Germany Nazism negotiations neutral Neville Neville Chamberlain Oxford pact peace Poland policy of appeasement Policy of Hitler's Polish political Prime Minister rearmament regime relations remilitarisation response Rhineland Ribbentrop Robert Robert Boyce Roosevelt Russia Second World Second World War September Soviet Union Stalin Starting World Third Reich tion treaty United University Press Versailles Weimar Weinberg West Western powers World War London