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and finished at the top with a row of brass-headed centre, which is finished with three knotted stitches. nails, which serve to fasten it. On this foundation The lines uniting the stitches are worked in chaina border cut in some geometrical design from the stitch with pale-green silk, and a twisted fringe same material, but in a contrasting color, is seven inches deep surrounds the cover. The color applied, and the bottom of the drapery is then of the plush used for the foundation can, of course, cut in points.

be varied to suit the furniture of the room where A pretty combination of colors is to make the it is to be placed. foundation of maroon and the applied work oldgold. Tassels formed of both shades are then

FELT TABLE-COVER. sewed to the bottom of each point, and between A very handsome table-cover, which yet required

little expenditure of time and labor, was displayed among the fall novelties at an art store in a New England city.

The foundation consisted of a piece of maroon felt, one yard and a quarter square, whose edge was cut in wide, moderately shallow curves. Beneath this edge was placed a border one-quarter of a yard wide, of old-gold felt, cut at the bottom in points, so arranged that the deepest part of the scalloped edge of the centre fell about half an inch above the division between the points, the bottom of said points being very slightly rounded.

The old-gold border, after FIG. 3.-COVER FOR SMALL FANCY TABLE.

being basted to the proper

position beneath the cenevery two points. If Canton flannel is selected tre, was held in place by a band of old-gold felt, for the fabric, it will probably require a stout lining. about an eighth of a yard wide, laid on the ma

roon centre about an inch above the scallops, and COVER FOR SMALL FANCY TABLE.

feather-stitched on both edges. A second row of The variety of designs for table-cover seems feather-stitching ran through the edge of the band. almost endless, yet the demand keeps ever a little Spite of the small amount of labor involved, the in advance of the supply, and the beautiful pat. effect of this table-cover, owing to the contrast of tern illustrated in Fig. 3 will doubtless be eagerly color, was elaborate, and might easily be made welcomed. It is certainly exceptionally quaint more so by substituting some pretty design in coland pretty, and has been handed down from the ored silk for the feather-stitching in the centre of Jast century. The material is dark-green plush, the band. embroidered with two lighter shades of green An old-gold centre with border and band of filoselle silk, the figures being edged with fine blue, a dark-green centre with border and band gold cord. They are filled out with long stitches of apple-green, a blue centre with border and band of paler silk, shaded into darker tones toward the of olive-green, were all handsome combinations.

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EMBROIDERED MUMMY-CLOTH TABLE-COVER. of cloth, lined either with fur or Canton flannel,

A beautiful table-cover, imported from England, bordered with fur around the top, and finished at and specially intended for five-o'clock teas, was the bottom with enamel cloth. Paper patterns recently shown the writer. The foundation was can be procured at the establishments where patécru mummy-cloth, on which was embroidered in terns of dresses are furnished, if the maker is Kensington outline-stitch designs of cups, saucers, doubtful of her own skill in shaping. A handbowls, pitchers, etc., each corner consisting of a some one could be made of dark-blue cloth, lined waiter containing a tête-à-tête set. These designs with chinchilla or gray squirrel fur, and edged were embroidered around the edges with very with blue and gray cord. A monogram of applied dark-blue silk, the lines within being light-blue. work in some contrasting color could be added by Between the blue embroidery and the edge of the way of further ornament. cloth ran a drawn-work border about one inch in width, and handsome écru lace two inches and a !

PAINTED FIRE-SCREENS. Among the beautiful articles displayed in the show-rooms of the New York Society of Decorative Art are fire-screens of plush, painted in oil-colors. Various are the designs, which, of course, must be chosen to suit the maker's taste and skill; but those readers of the MONTHLY who can use a brush as well as a needle will not be disappointed if they essay a branch of flowering dog-wood on a background of Damascus red plush, taking care, however, to use only the smallest possible quantity of pure white paint. Set in a frame of ebonized wood, this would be an exquisite bridal or holiday gift.

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PAINTED CARD-CASE.
Another very charming gift, to be executed

with both brush and needle, is a card-case ornaFIG. 4.- EMBROIDERED FOOT-WARMER.

mented with some floral design.

To make this little article, cut from pasteboard half wide finished the cover. Any of the designs of two oblong pieces, somewhat longer and wider cups, saucers, and bowls used for stamping doylies than an ordinary visiting-card. Cover them on can be employed for the border around the cloth. the outside with silk of any color preferred, and

line with satin of a contrasting shade in such a EMBROIDERED FOOT-WARMER.

manner that both silk and satin are in one piece, Fig. 4 illustrates a very comfortable and ex thereby forming a sort of hinge, by which the two tremely pretty article for the use of an invalid or sides of the case close like a book. Next add elderly lady, and may be recommended as a inost within a satin pocket on each side, running desirable Christmas gift. It is made of blue vel- lengthwise of the case, to hold the cards. The vet, embroidered with an initial or monogram in outside of one-half the case should then be painted the centre and sprays of flowers scattered over the in some floral design harmonizing with the color surface. Gold or silver thread, or white silk, can of the silk, the other half being left plain. be used for the initial. Pink and olive filoselle Black silk, with a bunch of violets painted upon silk are chosen for the flowers. The remainder of it, and lined with violet satin, is a very pretty the work must be intrusted to the furrier.

combination. Cardinal color, with a cluster of

daisies, lined with old-gold satin and pale-blue CLOTH FOOT-WARMER.

silk, with pink moss-rose-buds and pink satin A plainer style of foot-warmer, or foot-muff, as lining, also please many tastes. these articles are frequently called, can be made If painting is beyond the maker's skill, decalco

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manie designs may be substituted, or a spray of which the strip may be drawn in. The puffs in flowers can be embroidered in Kensington stitch the middle of the upper part of the covering are upon one side of the case.

formed by gathering the satin in several rows.

This central part is edged by a narrow border of BRUSH-CASE.

embroidered flannel with pinked vandykes. A A recent novelty, which will doubtless be in pleating of satin ribbon will complete the sachet. demand for a Christmas gift, because inexpensive, The pattern for the embroidered border is clearly easily made, and appropriate for either a lady or illustrated in Fig. 5. This border would also be gentleman, is a brush-case, to be hung on the a most charming finish for a small table-cover, wall beside a bureau. It is usually of either brown and will doubtless be found useful for many other or écru linen, oblong in shape, with the corners purposes. If employed for a table-cover, the rounded off, and cut somewhat longer than an square or oblong centre might be a different color ordinary hair-brush. A piece sufficiently deep to from the embroidered border, which in that case, cover the brush part is then added to form a to improve its appearance somewhat, may be pocket, in the same way that a watch-case is I applied with some fancy stitch. made, and the whole case is bound with very narrow crimson, scarlet, or blue silk ribbon. On the pocket part of the case two hair-brushes crossed are embroidered in Kensington outline -stitch, Sa

MAS surrounded by an arabesque border executed in the same stitch. A loop, concealed by a bow of ribbon matching the binding, is added at the

FIG. 5.-EMBROIDERED SACHET BORDER. top, to suspend the case. Two straight pieces of the linen, about an inch

EMBROIDERED BLANKET. and a half wide, are inserted between the side Little people are not forgotten in the general of the pocket and the side of the back, to give fancy for decorating articles of every description, the pocket sufficient fullness to permit the inser- and Kensington embroidery is now applied to the tion of the brush. These pieces should of course purpose of ornamenting infants' blankets. An be the length of the pocket, and the seams formed exquisite one recently displayed was of the finest by sewing them in are bound with ribbon like the white flannel, bordered to the depth of an inch rest of the case.

with pink satin, feather-stitched on the inner edge

with white silk. A band of pink satin passed SACHET IN COLORED EMBROIDERY.

diagonally across the blanket, and in one of the A sachet both novel and beautiful in design triangles thus formed was embroidered a spray of may be made as follows. Cut two pieces of card- moss-rose-buds and green leaves. The effect was board eight inches square. The bottom part dainty and delicate enough for a baby princess. slightly wad, strew with perfumed powder, and Another blanket, similar in general design, but cover on both sides with satin of any shade the differing in color, was finished with blue satin of maker may select. A bias strip of satin five inches an exquisite shade. The diagonal band crossing wide and sixty-six inches long will form the puffed it was also of blue satin, but instead of the spray portion, whose lower edge is gathered and fastened of rose-buds, small clusters of forget-me-nots were to the bottom part. The upper edge has a narrow embroidered in the triangular space, as if scattered seam for the passing of a silk cord, by means of there by some careless hand.

Vol. XVII.—36

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CURRENT TOPICS.

Gold and Silver Production. It is said that well-nigh in any degree responsibility therefor, under the rules of five thousand millions of gold and silver have been extracted law and equity. It is to be hoped, therefore, that the direcfrom the earth since the world was startled by the discovery tors of the Mechanics' Bank, of Newark, will be held by of gold mines in the distant and unknown region of Califor those who have been wronged through their negligence to nia, and, immediately afterward, on the plains of Ballarat. the utmost of responsibility under existing law, as declared The period is past when gold-finding yielded its peerless by the statutes and the decisions of the courts. and romantic harvests of wealth, and presented, hoth in California and Australia, its socially and economically pecul. The Assassin Guiteau.-If there is one thing which to iar features. In some of the newer States the discovery of the nostrils of the American people of the present day is remarkable silver mines has had a potent effect in developing | tainted with the rankest treason, it is to lift a voice in the State, but not as widespread as the world's two great behalf of the wretched assassin of our late chief Executive gold fields. But, for all this, the annual yield of precious The literature of the past quarter is a curious mess, stewed metals has not greatly diminished, because the falling off in expressly to pander to the perverted tastes of a nation which the gold product has been in part compensated for by the in its intoxication of grief has suddenly turned into a beastly rapid increase in the production of silver. Thus, for exam- glutton voracious of only the vile and the filthy. Is it really ple, in the United States, while the yield of gold has reso very edifying to read of the abject terror with which the mained about the same during the last ten years, the silver crime-stained man watches every strange face and starts product has more than doubled, and now exceeds the gold affrighted at even the innocent pranks of the prison mouse? in value. Bradstreet's lately published a summary of the or can the sensational, highly.colored daub of a picture prereport of the Director of the Mint, in which he estimates tending to portray the culprit as he stood at the bar to plead the total production of silver for the fiscal year 1880 at to the indictment afford relief for a single pang his deed $39,200,000, and gold at $36,000,000.

caused the people? We greatly misread the character of

our people is within a twelvemonth they blush not with The Newark Bank Failure.-It seems that nothing in sincere shame at the atrocities, the shameless brutality, they the way of a lesson is seriously considered or taken advan have shown in dealing with a sallen-and, for the honor of tage of by our modern bank director. With the many the race, let us hope a demented-brother. A twelvemonth? defalcations that have been taking place of late years Aye, we hoped after the issue of his vile work we should throughout the United States, the average director still see humanity assert itself. But there has not been one single persists in neglecting his trust, only to waken up to the fact moment when the people have not drank in deeply the that his cashier has been neatly swindling the institution to potions full of gall and bitterness dipped from the very calthe tune of thousands of dollars. This has been the case dron of iniquity. Anything to prove the knave an incarnate with the directors of the Newark bank, and they now are fiend, anything portraying vividly the utter depravity of the brought to realize the fearsul responsibility which rested abandoned creature, anything and everything that can be upon them, and which they so gravely disregarded in the said to deprive him even of that recognition which his kinvery face of the every-day lessons brought to their attention. ship with us demands, is a delectable viand, and adds a Their neglect of duty was of the grossest character, and flavor to our breakfasts. they are at least morally, if not legally, responsible for the If common decency and the sufferance a fraternal symbeginning and end of the failure. They afford but another pathy claims cannot evoke respectful regard for ourselves in example of the terrible mistake of allowing men on whom this reference, must the sense of justice also be numbed that great reliance is placed to continue business from month to would plead for a just hearing of the criminal? Shall we month, and from year to year, without adequate checks upon allow ourselves to become so infused with the spirit of their faithlessness.

retribution that every nerve shall tingle with the desire of Cashier Baldwin was probably neither better nor worse revenge? Is it treasonable to plead for justice were even than many other men similarly situated. His directors his Satanic majesty at the bar ? Cannot justice be outraged withdrew from him the advisory supervision which was equally as atrociously by denying Guiteau a fair and impar. justly his due. No man indeed would wish to be subjected tial trial and punishing him unduly if found guilty, as by conto such a character test as goes with the unchecked direc-niving at his escape from a just sentence? The people of tion of a great bank. Happily, it is an open question the United States are, to say the least, as much interested in whether the directors are not civilly liable for negligence in furnishing the friendless, resourceless, helpless wretch with allowing their cashier to embezzle some two million dollars the means to secure a defense, as they are interested in the of other people's funds.

manner and thoroughness and righteousness of the prosecuIn business morals the point to be always insisted upon tion. is that the severest penalties should immediately follow upon If there is one man who would have had the moral courwrong-doing. The bank director is in the position of age to list his voice in favor of the desenseless in the moment trustee, and, if unfaithful to his trust, he should not escape of his despair; if our country ever has produced one soul heroic enough to stand single-handed on the side of justice, delivery when the very pig has not yet been slaughtered, keeping at bay a merciless pack of vindictive persecutors and, may be, is but a suckling; or iron when the rough ore thirsting for the life of their victim; if there ever lived on has not even been extracted from the vein! It has even been our soil one man who breathed the same air we do, yet was recorded that one dealer, bolder than the rest, sold the catch not infected by the innocuous malaria of misguided public of a certain salmon-river in Oregon two years ahead, when opinion; if there ever was one man who, could he be heard probably the salmon whose capture was concerned had not from beyond the narrow river, from the Elysian realms of obtained the dignity of a grilse! peace, would raise his hand to calm this tumultuous tempest Though all such enterprises may properly be characterized against a miscreant's life with his Master's “ Peace! be still!" as unconscionable and iniquitous, yet from an ethical point it was the martyred President himself.

of view there is none whose practice requires more of the And shall we who mourn his loss—how deeply we cannot qualities that go to make up the heartless, unseeling, susay—who counted him our model—and who of present men premely selfish being than the speculation in breadstuffs. If so worthy as he ?-forsake his steps at the very moment they there is one transgression of that moral law imposing brothlead to the greatest glory? Is there glory in the sabre thrusterly treatment and fraternal recognition between man and that sets free the soul of a vanquished foe? Is there glory man which partakes of the essence of the arch enemy of in the conviction of a prejudged culprit? Is there anything mankind, it is the withholding of the means of subsistence of glory in a trial where the accused stands bound and for the low purpose of amassing wealth. The fluctuations speechless? If there is, it is a glory of a different kind in prices consequent on the economic law of supply and from that which radiated from the banks of the Potomac, or demand depending upon or resulting from natural fertility or flooded us with its light, and comforted our stricken hearts barrenness furnish ample opportunity for the exercise of from the cottage by the sea.

legitimate enterprise on the part of far-seeing merchants. It must be the glory that blights the memory of a Mrs. There is not even one trait of mercantile ability visible in Surralt, or that causes men to repeat to their sons the State the manipulations of grain speculators. It is but a contest proceedings following the martyred Lincoln's fate with a between shrewd and cunning Shylocks--:100 even that. It shudder and a whisper.

is rather a self-conversion into the Alpine avalanche which, No; in these days, when men's minds need be calm, let impelled by its own rude massiveness, crushes and buries all us not demit the prerogative of dealing justly even with the lesser and weaker masses beneath its ruins. Yet this pheman who aimed at the nation's life. “Let justice be done" nomenon is bound by nature's law; but the speculating is the demand. Let it be done, whether it send the man to vampires that feed upon the very blood of the humble ones the gallows, or lets him pine in prison, or sets him free. of the earth are the originators of their own unseeling ruin.

You that have adopted the name of the nation's abhorCommercial Speculation. The word “corner” bears rence as the synonym of infamy-a distinction far too honora significant import in commercial circles. To corner or able even for that-reflect one moment and judge which is sap an individual or an entire commercial community means the more guilty: the man who, in one fell act, aimed at the a piece of speculative engineering ingenious, clandestine, life of the nation's chief, or the man who, in cold blooded and destructively effective.

calculation, with calm, collected brow, plans the pinching The axiom that speculation is the soul of trade may be hunger of millions of the nation's children? The first lanperfectly defensible. In the ordinary acceptation, and such guishes in a place of public safety; the second riots in sumpas our commercial forefathers understood and practiced, it luous privacy undisturbed by the bitter cry for bread that was justifiable enterprise, based upon substantial capital and ascends from his very gate. founded on natural fluctuations in prices. But there was For less crimes than this men have suffered social ostraalways something tangible to it. The speculator embarked cism, and in the old times, when sincerity was alive, bore on his venture and waited on the return of the actual stuff, the brand that their diabolism merited. Or is it so laudable or he bought and held the actual goods. If the article hap- an occupation that when now and then the triumphs of pened to be in curtailed production, he realized his profit on eternal justice assert superiority and miscarry the plottings the enterprise. If the supply was superabundant, he lost. of speculators, and they fail, we must appoint a day of But in either case he was a benefactor to the community. / general mourning, and proclaim a universal sympathy and First, he prevented possible scarcity and famine; secondly, confidence in the integrity of the firm whose avariciousness he brought abundance when barren supplies threatened a and wholesale greed has for once been reaping what it sowed ? scarcity.

The history of our race shows that men have worshiped But at the present day commercial speculations have de. even the devil to the end that he would bring no evil upon generated into mere transfers of “paper contracts." There them. is no necessity that the seller should actually hold the goods It is not a sufficient justification for these mischief. he transfers; it is not even requisite that any one hold the makers in trade to say that public apathy tolerates or even article bought or sold. “Futures” are considered as legiti- encourages their iniquity, or that there are no commercial mate objects of trade as present stock. .

principles which they transgress. So much the worse for No matter whether the seed has not yet been sown for the commerce that allows the greed for gain to become the new crop of cotton, purchases can be made early in the year determining law of life, and so much the worse for the of a winter delivery of that cotton; wheat you shall have for people who, as insects attracted by the light that burns them, any month named; pork, bacon, or lard will be sold for are forever the fawning patrons of these enterprising blights.

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