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FIFTY YEARS BEFORE THE PUBLIC upon their excellence alone have attained an UNPURCHASED PRE.

EMINENCE, which establishes them as unequalled in
TONE, TOUCH, WORKMANSHIP, AND DURABILITY

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OCTOBER, 1881.-CONTENTS. Among the Azores.

....... MRS. S. E. DAWES . . The Mormons and the President ......

... Hon. E. A. THOMAS .......... 298 Withered ..

. . . . . J. M. E, SAXBY . . . . . . . . . . . . 302 The Good Deacon's Dream .....

.... Tirus TUTTLE ..., Francis Bret Harte ...

... M. S. V. DE V. .... Dumas as a Hero ....,

.....

... HART AYRAULT. Kith and Kin-CHAPTERS XXII. XXIII. ....... THE AUTHOR OF “ THE FIRST VIOLIN" . 313 Literary Work of Thomas Carlyle ............. ROSALIE A. COLLINS .......... 328 Unattained . . . ..

. ..

. . . . . . . . . ELIZABETH OAKES SMITH . . . . . . . . 332

... Lost on Lake Drummond-An Adventure in the Dismal Swamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . FRANK H. TAYLOR . . . . . . . . . . 333 Mary Knows ::::::::::::::

.................. G. B. G. ......... ..... 339 An Experience with Modern Ghosts-Parts I. II. ...... E. P. B......... ..... 340 A Strange Retribution-CHAPTERS I. II. III. .........C. H. AMBERS. ....

......351 Lora-A Pastoral- MOVEMENTS IX. X............ PAUL PASTNOR ...

. . . . . 361 Satsuma and Kioto Ware . .

.... ELEANOR MOORE HEISTAND ..... 363 The Angling Optimist .... FRANK H. STAUFFER , . . . . . . . . . 367 vages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . F. C. A. Current Topics:

...... 369 Civil-Service Reform-Nihilism-College Criminals-President Garfield— The Succession ........370 Literature and Art:

A Brief History of Ancient Peoples--No Laggards We-Valuable Cooking Receipts-Monsieur, Madam,

and the Baby-God Bless the Little Woman-Fiction-How Some Authors Work . .......... 374 Home and Society:

The Power of Hume-Hand-shaking—Are we Deteriorating ?-Eating as a Fine Art-Pedestrianism . . .377 Pot-Pourri;

Good Example-Astonishing Disclosures-Caution-Sailors' Yarns-Mr. Alison--A Snake Story-Scale

Regulating Titles in Missouri— The Power of a Name-Over the Banister-Wit in a Court-room, etc. . . 381

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AT SEA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289 A" POLER" EXPEDITION ....

XPEDITION . . . . . . . . . . . . 337 A FLORES CART DRAWN BY Cows. ....... 289 THE LADY OF THE LAKE ....

1E LAKE. . . . . . . . . . . . 3.37 PRINCIPAL CALDEIRA AT THE FURNAS ...... 290 OLD HOUSE AT DEEP CREEK .. ISLAND OF FAYAL FROM Pico ..:... .. 290A NANKIN GOLDFISH CISTERN. . VILLA FRANCA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290

A SOFT PORCELAIN VASE............ 363 THE OLD FRUIT WOMAN . . . . . . . . . . . . 291 | A MANDARIN VASE...... 364 WOMEN IN CLOAKS IN THE STREETS OF PONTA DEL

A NANKIN VASE AND COVER , ........ 364 GADA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292 | A MARINE-BLUE AND WHITE ROUND POT AND COVER WATER-CARRIERS OF Pico ........... 293

FOR ROSE-LEAVES ............ 305 A DONKEY CART............... 294 | A MANDARIN VASE, RICHLY DECORATED..... 365 WATER-CARRIER AND MILKMAN IN FAYAL, ... 295 | A CHINESE GRAY CRACKLE VASE......... 365 AZOREAN CHARACTERS ..

A HONAN VASE WITH ELEPHANT HEAD FOR HANDLE 365 THE ST. MICHAEL'S CARAPUCA .........

......... 297

| A MIACO FLOWER-POT ............. 305 A TYPE OF THE ISLANDERS. .......... 297 |

..... 297 | A QUAINT NANKIN BLUE AND WHITE VASE, ... 365 "THERE WAS ROAST BEEF AND MUTTON" . . . . 303 A KIOTO VASE, BLUE GROUND, WHITE MEDALLION, “ HE THOUGHT THAT HE SAW A REAL SPOOK ON A

ETC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305 BROOM ! . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 30

AN AWAJI VASE, BRILLIANT GREEN, PURPLE, AND “OH, SPARE ME, GOOD SPRITE!" ........ 304

WHITE" SPLASH" GLAZE ......... 305 BEFORE THE SPELL WAS BROKEN ... ... 305A JAR AND COVER IN HIZEN PORCELAIN..... 366 FRANCIS BRET HARTE ........... · · · · 307 A PEKIN PILGRIM BOTTLE ............ 366 UNCLE JOE ..............

.... 333 A CHINESE VASE, WHITE GROUND AND PENCILED THE CIVIL RIGHTS HOTEL ..

.... 334

DRAWINGS ............... 366 THE LANDLORD OF THE HOTEL .

..... 334 | A PEKIN VASE, WITH COLORED ENAMEL PAINTING. 366 THE MAIL WAGON. .....

.... 335' A DARK-BLUE QUSAJI VASE ........... 366 The BARON, ..

. 336 A PEKIN VASE, COVERED WITH RUBY GLAZE ... 366 THE BARON AND HIS BEAR ........... 336' A NANKIN GOURD-SHAPED VASE. ........ 366

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JOHN E. POTTER & COMPANY, Publishers,

617 Sansom Street, Philadelphia,

Vol. XVII.

OCTOBER, 1881.

No. 118.

AMONG THE AZORES.

By Mrs. S. E. DAWES.

| ing, are nine in number, and are somewhat widely

separated, forming three distinct groups. Flores and Corvo are the first we approach, and a hundred and twenty miles distant we reach the second group, consisting of Fayal, Pico, St. George, Graciosa, and Terceira. St. Miguel and San Maria form the third group, and lie some seventy miles further to the southeast.

An ocean voyage, however pleasant, becomes in time monotonous, and it was with great delight that we heard one morning, our fourteenth at sea, that land was in sight. I looked anxiously in the direction pointed out, and was told that what appeared only a blue cloud on the horizon was the island of Flores. A few hours later, Corvo, its nearest neighbor, was faintly outlined, and before sunset they had grown upon our vision until they looked like two green mountains rising

out of the sea, and capped with fleecy clouds. AT SEA.

Next morning we found ourselves near the

western end of the island, and as we had a light Far away in the Atlantic Ocean there is a breeze and could only move slowly along we had group of green islands, of which we know com ample time to enjoy the lovely views which it preparatively little, as they are somewhat out of the sented. The island is in reality a mountain in the way of ordinary travel. More than four hundred sea, and is cultivated with the greatest care almost years ago they were accidentally visited by a to its summit. We passed a succession of villages merchant vessel which was driven into their as we sailed along, and they were all built of stone vicinity by a storm. The vessel was bound to Lisbon, on reaching which port her commander made known his discovery to the Portuguese Government, which sent out an expedition to take possession and settle upon the islands. These pioneers left an indelible impress upon their descendants, as the old quaint customs which they brought with them still remain, and the primitive tools of those days are still in use.

Having decided on a summer cruise among these islands, I sailed out of Boston harbor one pleasant July morning, and as our vessel proved to be a fast one, and we had favoring winds all the way, the voyage out was delightful. These island gems, toward which we were sail

A FLORES CART DRAWN BY COWS, Vol. XVII.-19

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far on to the beach as possible the boatmen took us in their stout arms and carried us to land. As our vessel had probably been seen a long distance off, the news of our arrival had spread rapidly over the island, and there was a large crowd at the landing to greet us. It is very seldom that an American lady visits that island, and I was so much of a curiosity that all ihe women gathered round me, asking me, in Portuguese, who I was, and where I came from.

They were a strange looking crowd, barefooted and bare-headed, with the exception of a gay-colored handkerchief, which most of

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and neatly whitewashed. They formed the prettiest pictures imaginable, nestled in the green valleys, or crowning some bold headland.

As we neared Santa Cruz, the port of entry of the island, the American flag was displayed from our mast-head, and was the signal for the customhouse boat to visit us. It soon came alongside, and we found a number of dignitaries had come out to meet us, among them the governor of

VILLA FRANCA. the island. Having given us permission to land, I returned with these officials and some of our | them wore tied tightly under the chin. They wore own party for a few hours' visit to Flores.

full-gathered skirts and little short coats, and for an There was no wharf, and so the boat was rowed outside garment the prevailing fashion seemed to into a rocky little cove, and after being pushed as be one of these dress skirts turned wrong side

out and pinned about the neck. As I walked up girl with bright black eyes and pleasing face, from the landing toward the little quaint-looking came into the room to be presented to us. We custom-house perched on a rock, the crowd on the had a pleasant chat, considering that it was all beach followed me till I was glad to take refuge carried on at second-hand, for the family did not within, if only for a few moments.

understand English and we could speak very little The town is built mostly on the level land near Portuguese, so we were obliged to speak through the shore, but some of the houses stretch back an interpreter. We were just thinking it was time upon the mountain in the rear, and look very to take leave of our new friends, when a door was pleasant nestling among the orange-groves. There thrown open at the side of the room and we were is a large cathedral in Santa Cruz, with two towers, each surmounted with a small dome, and every village on the island has its stone church. The streets are very narrow and are paved with tiny stones, which form a very durable though not a very easy walk to tread upon. As I was passing up the principal street, I heard a strange creaking sound, and pretty soon a queer-looking vehicle came rattling over the stones, which was a clumsy affair indeed. The body was made of hardwood, very thick, and the sides of the cart were formed of basket-work. The wheels were a solid piece of wood, without spokes, of course, and they creaked fearfully. I think those carts are considered the best that make the most noise, and if there were many in the place the din would be fearful. This cart was drawn by two patient-looking cows yoked together, and their horrs were also tied. They were dragging a load of stones, but they were not as heavy as they looked, for the stones here are all light and grous. The island is of volcanic origin, and nearly all of the rocks show the action of fire upon them.

The consul of the port had gone to Layens, a town a few miles away, to attend a wedding, so the business was entrusted to a gentleman who

THE OLD FRUIT WOMAN. invited us from the custom-house to his own residence. His business office where we first entered ! invited out into a pleasant dining-room to lunch. was on the ground floor, and looked out into a A handsome bouquet of flowers stood in the centre pretty garden, which was tastefully laid out. After of the table, and ranged about it were plates of our business was transacted, he invited us up-stairs dried figs and raisins, different kinds of preserves, into the living apartments of the family. We were and some sweet-cakes as thin as a wafer and unlike first ushered into the drawing-room, which was anything I had ever seen or tasted. Some lemonlarge and quite gorgeous in gilding and stone- colored drink was served in tiny glasses, and I work. There were mats upon the polished floor, afterward learned it was called liquer, and was and the furniture was of cane and bamboo. No made from the juice of various fruits. While we woollen carpets or upholstered furniture is used were eating, servants stood by with green boughs upon any of the islands, for the climate is so to keep off the flies, which we found were as plenty moist they would gather dampness and mould in that far-away island as at home. On leaving very quickly. We were introduced to the ladies this hospitable mansion, which proved to be the of the family, and one of the daughters, a little finest on the island, I was presented with a beau

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