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“There is one in Pittsburg.".
At one side is a small stand with a hot-air blow“The process is no doubt very intricate," ob- pipe set at right angles to the wheel. The operator served Frank.
takes one of these bars of glass three feet long “On the contrary," returned our friend, “it and holds the end in this hot blast which melts is very simple. As I under
the glass. A thread is then stand it, a mass of molten
drawn from the bar with a glass is taken from the fur
pair of pincers and secured to nace, and two of the em
the wheel. The steam is then ployees of the factory, with
turned on and the wheel begins tongs, pull it slowly in op
to revolve, while from the bar posite directions until it
of glass held in the hot blast stretches along the floor of the
a thread of glass runs steadily factory like a red-hot rope,
forth. At first it is thick, but from one end of the apart
when the wheel increases its
ment to the other. After a
revolutions the thread gradsufficient number of these
ually dwindles down until long ropes of glass have been
it becomes as fine as the drawn, say of a thickness
finest silk thread. If it is of from one-half to three
desired to run more than one quarters of an inch in diame
thread at a time, another end ter, they are cut into lengths
is started and fastened about of about three feet each and
the wheel in the same way allowed to cool, becoming
as before, and is spun at annealed gradually, When
the rate of three or four cold they are taken to the A BEAUTIFUL SPECIMEN OF GLASS FRAME. miles per minute. Strange spinning-room. Here is a
as it may appear, the finer large driving-wheel of wood over eight feet in the thread is spun, the more elastic and pliable diameter, and with a smooth surface of about it becomes.” twelve inches in width. This driving-wheel is “But does this thread possess strength ? I run by steam power, and can be revolved at the should hardly imagine it would,” Frank remarked. rate of three hundred revolutions per minute. "Yes, it does; in addition to pliability, it has
also great tensile strength. But to continue: If a jug, a decanter, or vase, is to be blown, After an immense coil of the glass has been spun, the operator proceeds in much the same manner it is bound together in skeins, and the next step as a bottle-blower, except that the article is not in the process of making cloth is weaving. For moulded but manipulated by the workman until it this purpose a weaving machine very similar to a assumes the desired shape. silk-weaving machine is used. The fibres of glass With an instrument something like a pair of are stretched across the loom and the weaver passes sugar-tongs he compresses the glass at one part, his spindle from side to side, uniting the warp and expands it at another, and gives it graceful curves. the woof. By regulating the machinery the fabric While effecting this, the material often becomes can be made fine or coarse as desired, and the cold and has to be heated from time to time at an threads, having gained strength by the degrees of opening in the furnace until brought into proper fineness to which they are spun, unite together condition again. If the vessel is to have a foot, like silk threads. Not only can a fine-grained another workman brings a little melted glass on fabric be made, but even lace patterns, no matter the end of a rod and applies it to the bottom, how intricate, may be exactly reproduced.” where the first workman quickly fashions it; if it is
“I should think this would be very pretty, to have a handle, more glass is brought and speedily especially if in different colors," I observed. formed; and in this manner they continue until
" That is one of its greatest beauties," returned the piece is completed. Many articles of Aintour friend ; "a roll of glass-cloth can be made of glass are considered finished at this stage, but a combination of colors, such as deep-amber glass, those which are “ cut' require a further process. white glass, clear glass, purple and iridescent glass, The cutting or grinding is effected by means of and when woven together in one fabric it would a thin wheel; and above is a vessel containing glitter under the gas-light like an immense setting water or sand, which trickles down on the wheel. of infinitesimal gems."
Some of the wheels are of iron, some of stone, “Do you think this manufacture will ever come and some of willow-wood, according to the kind into general use?”
of work to be done. "That I cannot say. The price for which The workman takes the glass article and applies glass-cloth can be produced will no doubt decide it to the edge of the rapidly-revolving wheel, acwhether it remains a curiosity or not; at present cording to the pattern he desires to produce, and it is an expensive article."
holds it in various positions till the ground porDuring our lengthy conversation we had fol tions present the ornamental appearance he delowed Mr. Hires through the various departments sires. of his establishment, and having completed the There is another process of engraving glass, survey we left him and returned to the hotel for somewhat different from this, and without the aid some supper.
of wheels. A cylindrical vessel with a coneBy this time I was thoroughly aroused to a state shaped bottom is filled with well-dried sand. At of lively interest in glass manufacture, and during the apex of the cone is a short tube, through the next few days gleaned much important infor- which the sand is allowed to flow in a continual mation on the subject. Among other things I stream. A tube conveying air or steam passes will mention a few processes connected with the down through the centre of the vessel and ends in manufacture of flint-glass, which is a much finer a nozzle. By a jet of steam the sand is thrown quality than the other, and of greater brilliancy. violently against the glass article to be engraved,
No one would suppose that so beautifully trans- and exerts an abrading action upon it. Holes may parent a substance could result from a mixture of be drilled in glass and other substances much sand, hard and opaque; red-lead, not less opaque; harder, by means of this apparatus; but in enand soda or potash, very far from resembling glass graving on glass very little pressure is required, in hardness or transparency; yet these are the as the lines need not be deep. Those portions ingredients used to make flint-glass. Formerly, of the work which are to remain clear are covered instead of sand, flints were employed, ground to with paper or an elastic varnish, these substances a very fine powder, and hence the name; but this being sufficient to withstand the action of the practice has been wholly abandoned.
BY FRED F. Foster.
FORMERLY, among the residents on one of the weeks on a farm in the “Granite State," whither most fashionable thoroughfares of our “modern she was attracted by an advertisement which came Athens," was the family of John Eveleth, banker. to her notice, “ Private board in the country," There were rumors that Mr. Eveleth had once that seemed to promise exactly what she sought. been a soap-maker; that in this decidedly plebeian The family of which she thus became an iomate vocation he had acquired the basis of his substan- consisted of Mrs. Mason,-a woman upward of tial fortune. The brown-stone front, with its fifty years old,-one son, Henry, not far from costly appointments; the grand dinners, served on twenty-five, and one daughter, Emma, about her massive plate; the gorgeous “turn-outs;" the own age—twenty. To Miss Eveleth, from the, elegant silks, satins, broadcloths—these were es time of her arrival, everything connected with tablished facts. Absurd, indeed, would it have this family was a happy surprise. She had supbeen to overweigh such claims to distinction with posed that country people had no regard for aught paltry rumors. Therefore his aristocratic neigh save that pertaining to the “ bread-and-butter” of bors made no attempt to ostracise him from their existence. A few hours passed with the Masons midst.
served effectually to disabuse her mind of so erroTo Mr. and Mrs. Eveleth but one child was neous an impression. They were people who born, Blanche, the idol of her parents, and, from believed in education for the masses, not for the her infancy, never knowing a desire ungratified, few, and sought all means tending to intellectual if love or money rendered its gratification possible. advancement. Naturally, even when a child, she was an imperious Accustomed as she was to sycophantic homage, little tyrant; naturally, too, this imperiousness the treatment she received at the hands of these “grew with her growth, and strengthened with strangers, kindly, but devoid of obsequiousness, her strength." Yet she possessed many excellent won her respect. Their easy, unconstrained manqualities, which gained her numerous warm friends. ner in her presence, proving they did not consider
She “came out" at sixteen, this early début her as belonging to an order of beings superior to being in accordance with the wishes of her mother, their own because she was a resident of Boston, who was desirous that her daughter should contract convinced her they estimated people for what an eligible marriage, and was aware that, “other they really are; that, while with them, it would things being equal," a fresh and fair young face not pay to “put on airs." The courtliness mani. is a powerful “ card.” With her mother's matri fested by each member of the family toward the monial schemes, Blanche, unfortunately, had no others; the willingness with which one deferred sympathy. She was, however, more than willing to the wishes of another; the earnest, loving ento render herself agreeable to the gentlemen; in deavors made by mother, brother, sister, to outdo fact, her aim seemed to be the subjugation of mas. one another in little acts of tender love, satisfied culine hearts, and wherever she was were to be her that an exhibition of her own domineering found scores of her victims. Every one knew her proclivities would not only be in bad taste but for an arrant coquette; nevertheless, she continued excite the contempt of the family. Previously, to impress each gentleman with whom she asso- she had neither thought nor cared what opinion ciated with the conviction that he was the favored people held of her; just then she was anxious to mortal. When matters culminated in a proposal, create a favorable impression. as they frequently did, she would listen thereto This desire, laudable in itself, in her case, we with downcast eyes and modest mien, then blast are sorry to say, was incited by an unworthy the suitor's hopes with the utmost sang froid. motive: nothing other than the wish to see if she
Finally, weary of an incessant round of excite- could inspire the son with the grande passion; to ment, and heartily desiring a temporary exemption learn if he, a strong, self-possessed man, could be therefrom, she went, one summer, to pass a few | converted into the nervous, impetuous lover. He seemed, in every respect, so unlike any upon She and the young man were much in each whom she had heretofore practiced her wiles, it other's company. He rode or walked with her to would be a novel and interesting experiment, and various places of interest near his home; she the result would assist to establish or refute her played or sang for his entertainment. The more pet hypothesis: “All men are unconscionably she saw of him, with the greater respect for him weak where women are concerned.”
was she inspired. Whereas other gentleman had To be sure, he was only a farmer, with hands pandered to her vanity, he ever endeavored to and feet far from delicate, and a sunburnt face; stimulate her to faith in her capacity for little one whom her acquaintances of the beau monde things. And the earnestness with which she often would not place in the category of “gentlemen.” found him regarding her, the occasional tremor of But his features were regular, his countenance his voice when he spoke to her, convinced her expressive of intelligence and radiant with good that the task she had undertaken was not likely to humor, his brown eyes beaming with smiles ; and, prove fruitless. despite the tan, she deemed him fine-looking. | One morning at the break fast-table, Mrs. Mason, He was, in the best sense of the word, a gentle. noticing the purple rings circling her eyes, and man; honest, industrious, and well qualified to the pallor of her countenance, said : command the esteem of all who knew him.
“ You look ill, Miss Eveleth. Were you sick With slight personal knowledge of the world during the night?”. outside the immediate vicinity of his home, he "Only restless," was the response. “I am believed all women pure, true, sincere, judging never able to sleep when a thunder-storm is in them from his mother and sister. To find the one progress.” upon whom he had lavished the wealth of his “ The shower last night was remarkably heavy,'' manly affections, by whom he had every reason to | observed Emma. believe it fully reciprocated to find her weak, “I shall be under the necessity of having base, heartless, would be a crushing blow. The Emma's assistance about my forenoon's work," wound might not be “so deep as a well," and in continued Mrs. Mason; “but can't you drive for time the primal, benumbing pain it caused would an hour or two with Miss Eveleth, Henry?". wear away ; but his implicit confidence in her sex “ As well as not, if Miss Eveleth would like to would be shattered forever.
take a ride." Unusual as it was for her to consider the pos- “ Thank you," returned Blanche; “it would sible consequences of her acts, the above thoughts give me great pleasure." obtruded themselves upon her mind ; and more “I wish Emma could accompany us, to describe than once she half resolved to renounce her the various objects we shall see," remarked Henry. purpose, so unwomanly, so absolutely cruel did it “There is scarcely a tree, shrub, or stone for seem to trifle with the affections of such a man. | miles around with which she has not some roBut she had invariably thrust her conscience aside mantic tale connected.” when dictating a course antipodal to that which | “You can drive past the “haunted house'," the realization of her wishes necessitated, and the returned Emma. “You are as well acquainted protests of the little monitor against any of her with its romantic, or rather tragic, history as plans had become feeble as well as infrequent. In I am." the present instance, her recurrent impulses, though | “Really a haunted house ?'' asked Blanche. noble and generous, were unable to withstand the | “Yes," answered Emma ; "a place to which mightier power opposed to them ; indeed, after one might fitly apply Hood's words: each appeal of the good angel, she was more desperately intent upon the enterprise than before.
«O'er all there hung a shadow and a fear,
A sense of mystery the spirit daunted, Success, she felt assured, would never crown her
And said as plain as whisper in the ear, efforts unless she first secured the favor of Mrs.
The place is haunted.'”. Mason and Emma, in whose opinion Henry implicitly trusted, conformably to which his own L “ I have always wished to see something about was in no slight degree moulded ; and to this end which there was a sense of mystery,' and my she made herself extremely agreeable to them. wishes are now in a fair way to be gratified. Thank you for suggesting this one object of gave him every reason to believe it was reciprointerest.”
cated. From this happy dream he was rudely The ride among the low-lying hills that cloud awakened by the receipt of a letter from her, in less, cool, exhilarating morning, bringing within which she informed him that their pleasant firtathe range of her vision grand and varying scenery, tion' must end, as she was shortly to wed a gentlerestored the color to Blanche's cheeks, and caused man to whom she had, for a long time, been the rings circling her eyes to disappear. All at secretly affianced; followed, ere many weeks, by once her companion said :
the knowledge that she had married. "There is the haunted house."
“The poor fellow was completely unmanned, Looking in the direction indicated with his and, in a moment of desperation, took his own finger, she got a glimpse of a building situated life. His mother was prostrated with grief, and several rods from the highway, and so nearly in less than three months was laid in a grave hidden from view by the trees surrounding it that beside her son. Since then strange sounds have but for his words it would have escaped her been reported to proceed from this house, accomnotice.
panied by weird lights flashing at the windows. "I will tie my horse to this post," he con- Probably these sounds and sights, if not wholly tinued, jumping from the carriage, “and we will imaginary, are referable to natural causes; but no go where you can examine the place all you one has ever attempted to ‘lay' the ghost supposed choose. There is no dew, and the rain of last to 'haunt' these premises." night seems to have soaked into the ground, so “What became of her ?'' the surface is not at all moist," assisting her to “She died in an asylum for the insane, after alight. Then they took a path which from long suffering untold agony; her insanity caused by her disuse had become overgrown with weeds and remorse.” knot-grass, and presently reached a spot whence “Most likely you consider her suffering a just she distinctly saw the house.
| retribution for her sin ?" It was a cottage, to which time and storm had | “I believe that every deviation from the path imparted a hue not unlike that of the granitic of right is punished.” boulders dotting the neighboring hill-sides. About | “What should you do, if subjected to such the door, where once, no doubt, the sunflower and treatment as young Williams received ?" Blanche hollyhock had bloomed,-even if rarer flowers could not help asking; but she put the question were not to be found,-only a few dried thistles with a tremulous voice, and looked down as she and stunted shrubs appeared. Of the fence en-spoke. closing the homestead all that remained was an “One can hardly foretell what he will do under occasional worm-eaten post.
| particular circumstances." “Would you like to go inside?'' asked Henry. “You would not commit suicide?" “If you please," was the reply.
| “That has always seemed to me an unsatisA push on the door caused it to swing on its factory method of extricating one's self from rusty hinges with a harsh, grating sound, and they trouble.” entered. The odor of the building was musty and "Perhaps you would prefer to assist in avenging extremely disagreeable, and Blanche was satisfied your wrongs?" with a brief stay in-doors. When once again out- “I see no reason why the fact that I had been side, she said:
wronged should lead me to dishonor my manhood “ Your sister suggested a 'tragic history' as sufficiently to seek a petty revenge." connected with this house."
“Shouldn't you hate a woman who trifled with “It is soon told. Something more than a score your affections?". of years since, a widow-Mrs. Williams-resided Henry, surprised at the singularity of her queshere with her only child, a young man, twenty- tions, remarked : two years of age. He became deeply enamored “I think I should despise her most supremely." of a young lady whose home was in a neighboring “I think you would," returned Blanche, and a town; and, though no engagement between them silence fell between them that continued till they existed, she knew and encouraged his love, and re-entered the carriage; nor during the remainder