Exile and Creativity: Signposts, Travelers, Outsiders, Backward Glances

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Susan Rubin Suleiman
Duke University Press, 1998 - Psychology - 449 pages
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A major historical phenomenon of our century, exile has been a focal point for reflections about individual and cultural identity and problems of nationalism, racism, and war. Whether emigrés, exiles, expatriates, refugees, or nomads, these people all experience a distance from their homes and often their native languages. Exile and Creativity brings together the widely varied perspectives of nineteen distinguished European and American scholars and cultural critics to ask: Is exile a falling away from a source of creativity associated with the wholeness of home and one's own language, or is it a spur to creativity?
In essays that range chronologically from the Renaissance to the 1990s, geographically from the Danube to the Andes, and historically from the Inquisition to the Holocaust, the complexities and tensions of exile and the diversity of its experiences are examined. Recognizing exile as an interior experience as much as a physical displacement, this collection discusses such varied topics as intellectual exile and seventeenth-century French literature; different versions of home and of the novel in the writings of Bakhtin and Lukács; the displacement of James Joyce and Clarice Lispector; a young journalist's meeting with James Baldwin in the south of France; Jean Renoir's Hollywood years; and reflections by the descendents of European emigrés. Strikingly, many of the essays are themselves the work of exiles, bearing out once more the power of the personal voice in scholarship.
With the exception of the contribution by Henry Louis Gates Jr., these essays were originally published in a special double issue of Poetics Today in 1996. Exile and Creativity will engage a range of readers from those whose specific interests include the problems of displacement and diaspora and the European Holocaust to those whose broad interests include art, literary and cultural studies, history, film, and the nature of human creativity.

Contributors. Zygmunt Bauman, Janet Bergstrom, Christine Brooke-Rose, Hélène Cixous, Tibor Dessewffy, Marianne Hirsch, Denis Hollier, Henry Louis Gates Jr., Linda Nochlin, Leo Spitzer, Susan Rubin Suleiman, Thomas Pavel, Doris Sommer, Nancy Huston, John Neubauer, Ernst van Alphen, Alicia Borinsky, Svetlana Boym, Jacqueline Chénieux-Gendron

 

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Contents

SUSAN RUBIN SULEIMAN Introduction
1
CHRISTINE BROOKEROSE Exsul
9
THOMAS PAVEL Exile as Romance and as Tragedy
25
Men Women
37
HELENECIXOUS Mamae disse ele or Joyces Second Hand
59
DENIS HOLLIER Letter from Paris Foreign Mail
89
TRAVELERS
98
El Inca Shuttles with Hebreo
109
Armandos Self
220
OUTSIDERS
239
Inscriptions
263
A Foreign Body in French
281
James Baldwin
305
The Jew as a Polish
321
An Essay
353
Central European Refugees
373

An Argentine Snapshot
143
Another
163
JANET BERGSTROM Jean Renoirs Return to France
180
Postmemories in Exile
418
Contributors
447
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About the author (1998)

Susan Rubin Suleiman is C. Douglas Dillon Professor of the Civilization of France and Professor of Comparative Literature at Harvard University. She is the author of several books, including, most recently, Budapest Diary: In Search of the Motherhood.

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