## Social Constructivism as a Philosophy of MathematicsThe book offers novel analyses of the important but under-recognized contributions of Wittgenstein and Lakatos to the philosophy of mathematics. Building on their ideas, it develops a theory of mathematical knowledge and its relation to the social context. It offers an original theory of mathematical knowledge based on the concept of conversation, and develops the rhetoric of mathematics to account for proof in mathematics. Another novel feature is the account of the social construction of subjective knowledge, which relates the learning of mathematics to philosophy of mathematics via the development of the individual mathematician. It concludes by considering the values of mathematics and its social responsibility. |

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### Contents

A Critique of Absolutism in the Philosophy of Mathematics | 1 |

Reconceptualizing the Philosophy of Mathematics | 39 |

Wittgensteins Philosophy of Mathematics | 64 |

Lakatoss Philosophy of Mathematics | 97 |

The Social Construction of Objective Knowledge | 131 |

Conversation and Rhetoric | 162 |

The Social Construction of Subjective Knowledge | 206 |

Social Constructivism Evaluation and Values | 247 |

279 | |

305 | |

### Common terms and phrases

absolute absolutist accepted account of mathematics argues assumptions axioms basis central certainty concepts concerns conjecture construction conversation criteria criticism cultural dialectical dialogue discourse ematics epistemological existence explicit fallibilism fallibilist formal foundation genesis GLMD Hegel heuristic history of mathematics human individual informal mathematical intuition intuitionism intuitionists justification Kitcher knowledge claims Lakatos Lakatos's LMD Lakatos's philosophy language games learner linguistic logic of mathematical mathematical community mathematical discovery mathematical knowl mathematical knowledge mathematical objects mathematical practice mathematical proof mathematical texts mathematical theories mathematical truth mathematicians meaning methods nature of mathematics notion objective knowledge objects of mathematics persons philosophy of mathe philosophy of mathematics philosophy of science Platonism Popper position problems propositions realm refutation rejection rhetoric role rules school mathematics semiotic shared signifiers social constructivism social constructivist social context structure tacit knowledge theorems tion traditional transformations values Vygotsky warranting Wittgenstein Wittgenstein 1978 Wittgenstein's philosophy