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Adriatic Aedes ALB BIH BGR Albania Anopheles antibodies arthropods BGR HRV CZE Bhanja virus BIH BGR HRV bite bloodmeal Borrelia Bosnia and Herzegovina breeding sites Bulgaria burgdorferi cattle caused CCHF Central Europe clinical contaminated countries Croatia cycle Czech Republic dengue Disease Distribution domestic animals eggs elevation encephalitis endemic areas enzootic epidemic typhus female flea forests GRC HUN MKD Greece habitats Haemaphysalis hantavirus host HRV CZE GRC humans Hungary Impact and Historical infection insecticides isolated Ixodes ricinus larvae lice Lyme disease malaria mammals Military Impact military personnel mites MKD POL ROM mosquitoes Mountains myiasis occur outbreaks outdoors papatasi pathogen permethrin Poland population Q fever region reported reservoir resistance Rickettsia rodents ROM SER SVK Romania sand flies skin Slovak Republic Slovakia Slovenia sq km stings Surveillance and Suppression SVK SVN temperatures tick-borne ticks transmitted transovarial tularemia urban Vector Ecology Profiles Vector Surveillance venom viruses Yugoslavia
Page 173 - Risk of infection with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato for a host in relation to the duration of nymphal Ixodes ricinus feeding and the method of tick removal.
Page 124 - ... southeast and east Asia. Tick typhus, actually a form of spotted fever, is not uncommon in travelers who spend time trekking or on safari in Africa or the Indian subcontinent. Prompt removal of attached ticks and use of repellents to prevent tick attachment provide the best preventions against disease. Production of typhus vaccine in the United States has been discontinued and there are no plans for commerical production of a new vaccine.
Page 231 - The table is thus read : 10 milligrams 10 centigrams 10 decigrams 10 grams 10 decagrams 10 hectograms • 10 kilograms 10 myriagrams 10 quintals...
Page 225 - ... observations have been made that help to explain the cause and provide approaches to the control of many diseases. The statistical basis of classification of disease employs analysis of the incidence (the numbers of new cases of a specific disease that occur during a certain period) and the prevalence rate (number of cases of a disease in existence at a certain time) of diseases. If, for example, a disease has an incidence rate of 100 cases per year in a given locale, and, on the average, the...
Page 225 - ... procedures and gain reliability of recorded findings. Epidemiology: the study of the relationships of various factors that determine the frequency and distribution of diseases in the human community; study of health and disease in populations. Incidence: the rate at which a certain event occurs, as the number of new cases of a specific disease occurring during a certain period of time.
Page 174 - Majori. 1996. Occurrence and spread in Italy of Aedes albopictus, with implications for its introduction into other parts of Europe. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 12: 177-183.
Page 214 - Lewis DJ, 1982. A taxonomic review of the genus Phlebotomus (Diptera: Psychodidae).
Page 124 - Even in these areas, however, the risk of typhus for US travelers is extremely low. No typhus case in an American traveler is known to have occurred in recent years. Vaccination against typhus is not required by any country as a condition of entry. Typhus vaccination is suggested only for the following special risk groups: 1.
Page 171 - Survivability and infectivity of viscerotropic Leishmania tropica from Operation Desert Storm participants in human blood products maintained under blood bank conditions. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1993 Sep;49(3):308-15.