Modern Faith and Thought

Front Cover
Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1990 - Religion - 604 pages
Thielicke here studies the themes of doubt and appropriation in modern Protestant thought. A leading advocate of dialectical theology, Thielicke examines the work of the great German Protestant religious philosophers from Lessing and Schliermacher through Barth and Tillich, probing these theologians' understanding of their context and how this tradition can impact our own engagement with our times. Clear, finely nuanced, historically and philosophically mature, this is a vital reflection on the history of theology and in systematic theology.
 

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Modern faith and thought

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Developing and expanding his lectures in systematic theology, the noted German theologian explores the themes of doubt and appropriation in modern Protestant thought. A leading exponent of dialectical ... Read full review

Contents

C Concluding Evaluation
342
II Wilhelm Herrmann
344
A Biography
345
C Martin Kāhlers Christology in Contrast to Herrmanns
354
D Herrmanns Ethical Views
357
GWF Hegel
362
II Foundations of the System
365
III Philosophy of Religion
376

C Existential Interpretation
28
The Scope of Theological Thinking from the Enlightenment Doubt
34
II Doubt of Gods Justice
35
III Epistemological Doubt
39
IV Pragmatic Doubt
41
V The Question of Appropriation
43
VI Survey of Themes for Discussion
47
PREPARATORY CONCEPTIONS DESCARTES AND THE ENLIGHTENMENT
49
Descartes The Breakthrough to the Human Subject
51
II The Personality of Descartes
58
III The Teachings of Descartes
62
B His Proof of God and the World
68
C The Doubting and the Believing Descartes
73
Descartes as the Initiator of Coming Movements
75
Reimarus and Deism
79
II The Deistic Theology of Reimarus
84
B Reimarus as a Representative of Deism
90
III The Basic Problem of Theodicy
97
B Death
99
IV Implications for the Attitude to Conventional Christianity
102
G E Lessing The Question of the Unconditioned in History
109
II Lessings Wrestling with the Relation between Revelation and History
110
C History as Threat
114
False Assurances
116
E Lessings Concept of Subjectivity
118
F Lessing as a Precursor of Kierkegaard
120
III Lessings Wrestling with the Relation between Revelation and Reason
122
B Historical and Rational Concepts of Truth and Their Limitations
123
C The Complementary Relationship of the Two Concepts
125
D Reason Representative of the Total Person an Not Just the Rational Sector
126
E The Abiding Transcendence of Revelation and Its Rational Content
127
Two Concepts of Reason
131
IV Critical Survey of Lessings Influence
134
JS Semler The Question of the Conditioning of Revelation by History
140
The Criteria of Understanding
141
III Survey of Semlers Influence
145
IV Accommodation to the Recipients of Proclamation
147
V Special Implications for the Question of the Canon
151
VI Conclusions
154
THE GREAT SYSTEMS OF THE 18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES AND THEIR INFLUENCE
157
The Correlation of Religion Christianity and Consciousness
159
I Personality and Intellectual Physiognomy
160
B Biography
166
II Schleiermachers Main Theological Works
177
A Speeches on Religion
178
Structure
180
The Theological Intentions of Schleiermacher
203
The Soliloquies
211
B The Christian Faith
212
2 Sin and Christology
221
Christology
223
3 The Sermons the Problem of Eschatological Statements
227
E SCHLEIERMACHERS SELFINTERPRETATION IN HIS LETTERS TO F LOCKE
230
The Influence of Schleiermacher
233
A Biography
234
B Basic Theological Intention
235
C The Relation between Present and Past in Salvation History
238
D Decisive Questions
240
7 Why Does He Choose This Theological Path and Not Another?
241
3 What Is the Result for the Concept of Salvation History?
242
E Concluding Critical Appraisal
246
Alexander Schwizer
248
B Schleiermacherian Approach
249
C Predestination and Absolute Dependence
250
D Theological Dead End
253
Interlude The New Humanism or Human Liberation
255
Wilhel von Humbodlt
261
The New Humanism in the World of Modern Technology
268
Immanuel Kant
273
II Kants Place in the Epistemological Situation
275
III The Relation between Thinking and Being
283
IV First Survey of the Theological Influence of Kants Epistemology
285
v Theological Interpretation of the Critical Works
288
B Critique of Pure Reason
289
C Critique of Practical Reason
294
Heines Ironical Criticism of Kant
302
Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone
305
VI General Influence of Kants Philosophy
309
VII Systematic Consideration of the Relation between Theonomy and Autonomy
313
Kants View of Society The Relation between Morality and Law
318
Theological Kantians
324
An Elliptical Theology
329
B Positive Religion and the Absoluteness of Christianity
377
1 Reconciliation
380
2 The Trinity
382
C Dialectical Resolution of Antitheses
383
2 God and Humanity
384
IV Concluding Questions
388
B The General Intellectual Question
389
Theologians Influenced by Hegel
391
B The Question of the Truth of Dogma
392
C The Question of Gods Personality
395
D The Question of Sin
396
II Karl Barth
399
B Threatened Evacuation of the Historical
405
C Approximation to Universalism
406
D The Basic Question of Theological Thoughts in Barth
407
The Speculative Outsider
409
A Biography
410
B Secularization as the Absorbing of the Church
412
C The Metaphysical Background
417
D Concluding Evaluation
421
LeftWing Hegelians
424
B Intellectual Physiognomy
427
The Broken Relationship with Hegel in the First Life of Jesus
430
II Ludwig Feuerbach
441
B Christianity and Religion
443
2 Theology as Anthropology
446
The End and New Beginning of Apologies
449
D Feuerback and Successors
457
1 Sigmund Freud
458
2 Ernst Bloch
459
3 JeanPaul Sartre
461
Questions to Theology and Theological Counterquestions within the Framework of Anthropology
464
A Authentic and Inauthentic Humanity
465
1 The Place of the Anthropological Question
466
3 Economic Humanity
467
4 The Concept of Alienation
468
B The Break in Marxist Anthropology
469
1 The Idealistic Origin
470
2 Humanity as the Transitional Point in Spiritual Processes
471
3 The Break with Hegel
472
4 The Extreme Opposite
473
C Insight into Necessity as the Basis of Human Action
474
1 The Problem of Responsibility
475
2 The Dominion of Necessity
476
3 The Dynamic Thrust of History
477
4 The Validity of the Truncation of Humanity
478
5 The Elimination of the Personal Sphere
479
D Degradation of Human Beings to Mere Functions
480
2 Communist Humanism
482
4 Exclusion of Basic Anthropological Questions
483
5 Socialism as a Free Act
484
6 A Vague View of Humanity
485
E Anthropological Miscalculation
486
1 Authentic Humanity
487
2 The Decisive Insight
488
The Struggle for the Unconditionality of Christian Truth
490
A Biography
491
B From Hegel to Kierkegaard
494
C The Exisiting and the Abstract Thinker
495
D The Infinite Passion of Inwardness
497
The Lack of Direct Knowability
500
F The Problem of Historical Certainity
502
G The Leap into Faith
504
H Why the Effort of Kierkegaardian Dialectic?
507
I The Religious Author as Gods Spy and His Unmasking
511
J Critical Evaluation
514
Unconditionality from Relativism
519
A Biography
520
C The Historical Character of Human Reality First Phase
522
D The Search for the Absolute
525
E The Rank of Christianity in Religious History
528
The Concept of the Religious A Priori with a Glance at Karl Heim
531
G The Sharpened Problem of Relativism Second Phase
538
1 The Involvement of Religion in the Prevailing Culture
539
2 The Link between Religion and Individuation
541
H CONCLUSION
543
Results
546
II Conclusion
561
Paul Tillich
564
Index of Names
573
Index of Subjects
579
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