The Geology of Stratigraphic Sequences

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 29, 2013 - Science - 435 pages
Sequence stratigraphy represents a new paradigm in geology. The principal hypothesis is that stratigraphie successions may be subdivided into discrete sequences bounded by widespread unconformities. There are two parts to this hypothesis. First, it suggests that the driving forces which generate sequences and their bounding unconformities also generate predietable three-dimensional stratigraphies. In re cent years stratigraphie research guided by sequence models has brought about fundamental im provements in our understanding of stratigraphie processes and the controls of basin architecture. Sequence models have provided a powerful framework for mapping and numerieal modeling, enabling the science of stratigraphy to advance with rapid strides. This research has demonstrated the importance of a wide range of processes for the generation of cyclie sequences, including eustasy, tectonics, and orbital forcing of climate change. The main objective of this book is to document the sequence record and to discuss our current state of knowledge about sequence-generating processes.
 

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Contents

Review of Current Concepts
1
Methods for Studying Sequence Stratigraphy
15
The Four Basic Types of Stratigraphic Cycle
49
The Basic Sequence Model
57
The Global Cycle Chart
70
The Stratigraphic Framework
77
Cycles with MillionYear Episodicities
99
Cycles with Episodicities of Less Than One Million Years
139
Tectonic Mechanisms
225
Correlation and the Potential for Error 281
280
SeaLevel Curves Compared
309
Approaches to a Modern SequenceStratigraphic Framework
323
Numerical and Graphical Modeling of Sequences
365
Discussion and Conclusions
373
Conclusions and Recommendations
385
References
397

Mechanisms
183
Milankovitch Processes 201
200

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