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be identified by no grade on containers other than applicable federal
grade or a designation that apples are not graded. Since appellee has
standing to litigate its constituents' claims, it may rely on them to meet
requisite amount of $10,000 in controversy. And it does not appear "to
a legal certainty” that claims of at least some of individual growers and
dealers will not come to that amount in view of substantial annual sales
volume of Washington apples in North Carolina (over $2 million) and
continuing nature of statute's interference with Washington apple in-
dustry, coupled with evidence in record that growers and dealers have
suffered and will continue to suffer losses of various types from operation
of challenged statute. Hunt v. Washington Apple Advertising Comm’n,
LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION
customarily used . . . for loading [and] unloading” within meaning of
§ 903 (a). Northeast Marine Terminal Co. v. Caputo, p. 249.
NORTH CAROLINA. See Constitutional Law, I; II, 2; Jurisdiction,
1; Standing to Sue.
OPERATING MOTOR VEHICLE WITHOUT OWNER'S CONSENT.
See Constitutional Law, V, 1.
PHOTOGRAPH IDENTIFICATION. See Constitutional Law, II, 1.
PREJUDGMENT WRITS AGAINST BANKS. See Banks.
PRELIMINARY INJUNCTIONS AGAINST MORTGAGE FORECLO-
SURES. See Banks.
PRETRIAL IDENTIFICATION EVIDENCE. See Constitutional Law,
PRETRIAL PUBLICITY. See Constitutional Law, II, 3.
PRIVACY RIGHTS. See Constitutional Law, VI.
PROCEDURAL SAFEGUARDS. See Stays.
PROCEDURE. See Intervention.
PUBLIC ASSISTANCE. See Abortions; Constitutional Law, III, 3, 5;
VI; Social Security Act.
RACIAL DISCRIMINATION. See Voting Rights Act of 1965.
REAPPORTIONMENT PLANS. See Voting Rights Act of 1965, 2.
REASONABLE ACCOMMODATION TO EMPLOYEES' RELIGIOUS
NEEDS. See Civil Rights Act of 1964, 1.
RELIGIOUS BELIEFS PROHIBITING WORK ON SATURDAYS.
See Civil Rights Act of 1964, 1.
RELIGIOUS DISCRIMINATION. See Civil Rights Act of 1964, 1.
RESIDENT ALIENS. See Constitutional Law, III, 1.
RETRIALS. See Constitutional Law, V, 3.
RETROACTIVITY OF NEW CONSTITUTIONAL RULE. See Consti-
tutional Law, II, 2.
RIGHT OF PRIVACY. See Constitutional Law, VI.
RIGHT TO FAIR TRIAL. See Constitutional Law, II, 3.
RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE. See Intervention.
SABBATARIANS. See Civil Rights Act of 1964, 1.
ST. LOUIS. See Constitutional Law, III, 3.
SECOND-DEGREE MURDER. See Constitutional Law, II, 2, 4.
SECRETARY OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE. See
Social Security Act, 2.
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION. See Investment
Company Act of 1940.
SELECTION OF JURIES. See Constitutional Law, II, 3.
SELF-DEFENSE AS DEFENSE TO MURDER. See Constitutional
Law, II, 2.
SENIORITY SYSTEMS. See Civil Rights Act of 1964, 1, 5.
SEX DISCRIMINATION. See Civil Rights Act of 1964, 2-4; Inter-
"SITUS" TEST OF ELIGIBILITY FOR LONGSHOREMEN'S COM-
PENSATION. See Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers' Compen-
sation Act, 1.
SOCIAL SECURITY ACT. See also Abortions; Constitutional Law,
III, 5; VI.
1. Aid to Families with Dependent Children-Required disclosure of
illegitimate child's father-Intervening legislation.—District Court's hold-
ing that a Connecticut statute requiring that mothers of illegitimate chil-
dren, as a condition to receiving AFDC benefits, disclose to appellant
Commissioner of Social Services names of children's fathers, was valid
provided that state authorities first determine, in accordance with $ 402
(a) of Social Security Act, that appellee mothers of illegitimate children
did not have "good cause" for refusing to disclose fathers' names, taking
into account "best interests of child,” is vacated and case is remanded in
light of an intervening amendment to Connecticut statute so that Dis-
rict Court can clarify whether appellant is free to make his own "good
cause" and "best interests of the child” determinations in absence of
effective regulations of Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
Maher v. Doe, p. 526.
2. Aid to Families with Dependant Children-Unemployed Fathers
Exclusion of fathers unemployed as result of misconduct, strike, or quit-
ting job.-Regulation promulgated by Secretary of Health, Education,
and Welfare pursuant to $ 407 (a) of Act, and authorizing States par-
ticipating in AFDC-UF program, within their discretion, to exclude from
definition of an unemployed father entitling family to benefits under pro-
gram a father "whose unemployment results from participation in labor
dispute or who is unemployed by reason of conduct or circumstances
which result or would result in disqualification for unemployment com-
pensation under the State's unemployment compensation law,” is a proper
exercise of Secretary's statutory authority and is reasonable. Batterton
v. Francis, p. 416.
3. Medicaid—State funding of nontherapeutic abortions.—Title XIX
of Act, which establishes a Medical Assistance Program (Medicaid), does
SOCIAL SECURITY ACT-Continued.
not require States to fund nontherapeutic abortions as a condition of par-
ticipation in program. Beal v. Doe, p. 438.
SOUTH CAROLINA. See Voting Rights Act of 1965, 2.
STANDING TO SUE.
State agency performing trade association functions.-Appellee, a stat-
utory agency for promotion and protection of Washington State apple
industry and composed of 13 state growers and dealers chosen from
electoral districts by their fellow growers and dealers, all of whom by
mandatory assessments finance appellee's operations, has standing, in a
representational capacity, to bring action challenging constitutionality of
North Carolina statute requiring that all apples sold or shipped into
North Carolina in closed containers be identified by no grade on con-
tainers other than applicable federal grade or a designation that apples
are not graded. Hunt v. Washington Apple Advertising Comm'n, p. 333.
STATE AGENCY'S STANDING TO SUE IN REPRESENTATIONAL
CAPACITY. See Standing to Sue.
STATE FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR HIGHER EDUCATION.
See Constitutional Law, III, 1.
STATE FUNDING OF ABORTIONS. See Abortions; Constitutional
Law, III, 5; VI; Social Security Act, 3.
STATE REAPPORTIONMENT PLANS. See Voting Rights Act of
"STATUS", TEST OF ELIGIBILITY FOR LONGSHOREMEN'S
COMPENSATION. See Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers'
Compensation Act, 2.
STATUTES OF LIMITATIONS. See Civil Rights Act of 1964, 3, 4.
STAYS. See also Jurisdiction, 2.
Necessity of stay in absence of procedural safeguards. State must allow
a stay where procedural safeguards, including immediate appellate re-
view, are not provided, and Illinois Supreme Court's order denying a stay
of trial court's injunction against petitioners denied this right. National
Socialist Party of America v. Skokie, p. 43.
STEWARDESSES. See Intervention.
STUDENT LOANS. See Constitutional Law, III, 1.
SUGGESTIVE IDENTIFICATION EVIDENCE. See Constitutional
Law, II, 1.
SUPREME COURT. See also Jurisdiction, 2.
Notation of the death of Mr. Justice Clark (retired), p. v.