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P S A L M S.


[See Notes.]



The mention of Sion, as God's Holy Hill, in the 6th verse of this psalm, proves that Sion had that name before the Temple was built upon it. For this psalm is so expressly ascribed to David in the thanksgiving of the Christian congregation, Acts IV, 25. that I think no doubt can be entertained that he was the author of it. Sion therefore had, in David's time, the name of God's Holy Hill, either by desig. nation, as the intended seat of the Temple, or as the place of the temporary tent in which the Ark was deposited by David.

spake in

The Song consists of three parts: the first spoken in the

person of the psalmist, the second of Messiah, and the third again by the psalmist. But the division will be different according to the reading that may be adopted of the 6th verse. As that verse stands in the Masoretic text, it contains the word which God, according to the 5th verse, in his wrath," and is therefore a part of the psalmist's narration. The first part, therefore, spoken by the psalmist, consists of the first six verses. The 7th, 8th and 9th, are spoken by the Messiah, and make the second part. But if we adopt that reading of the 6th verse, which is expressed in the version of the LXX, then the 6th verse is spoken by the Messiah of himself. And, in this case, the first part spoken by the psalmist ends with the 3d verse; Messiah speaks the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th and 9th verses ; and the psalmist, again, the three following, .


1 To what purpose do the heathen confederate,

And the nations meditate* a vain thing?

* Or threaten. Or if pay may be taken adverbially, “ And the nations mutter angrily in vain.”

2 The Kings of the earth set themselves in array,

And the Statesmen sit in council together, Against Jehovah, and against his Anointed One.

3 66 Let us break off their fetters,

" And cast away from us their-twisted-cords."

4 He that sitteth in heaven shall laugh,[A]

The Lord shall make scorn at them.

5 Then shall he speak against them in his wrath, [B] And in-his-burning-anger he shall strike-them


6 [C] Yet will I anoint my King

Upon my holy hill of Sion.


7 [D] I will publish the decree of God: Jehovah

saith unto me, My Son art Thou; I, this day, have begotten


8 Demand of me; for I appoint the Heathen

thine inheritance, And the extremities of the Earth thy-fast-pos


9 Thou shalt rule them with a sceptre of iron, Thou shalt break [E] them to pieces like a pot

ter's vessel.


10 Now therefore, O ye kings, grow wise,

Be taught, O ye judges of the earth.

11 Serve the Jehovah

With fear, and rejoice with diffidence.*

12 Kiss the Son

Lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way;[F]
For, within a little, shall his wrath blaze forth----
Blessed is every one who taketh shelter under


* Literally “ with trembling;” but the thing meant is that sort of fear which arises from a man's diffidence of his own strength and

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