Sex and Manners: Female Emancipation in the West 1890 - 2000

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SAGE, Sep 1, 2004 - Social Science - 200 pages
`This is a highly original and in many ways brilliant text. It is a model of how historical/process sociological research ought to be conducted and written-up. The author's subtle blending of theory and data is outstanding' - Eric Dunning, Professor of Sociology, University of Leicester

`Wouters has written a book both broad in scope and deep in analytic reach. Exploring changes in courtship norms over the last century in English, Dutch , German and American books of manners, he discovers changes which confirm the theory of informalization. Relations between the sexes are, he shows us, less regulated from outside and more from inside. This change calls paradoxically for both an emancipation of emotion and an ever sharper cultural eye on ways of managing emotion. The book carries Elias s classic, The Civilizing Process one giant step further. An important contribution and a fascinating read' - Arlie Russell Hochschild, University of California

This dazzling book examines changes in American, Dutch, English and German manners, regarding the changing relationships between men and women. From the disappearance of rules for chaperonage and the rise of new codes for courting, dates, public dances and the work place, it shows how women have become their own chaperone by gaining the rights to pay for themselves, to have a job and be a sexual subject.

This original and thought-provoking book:

provides empirical evidence showing how younger generations removed their courting from under parental wings and how the balance of power between the sexes shifted in women s favour;

monitors changes in codes regarding sexuality by focusing on the balance between the desire for sexual gratification and the longing for enduring intimacy;

documents the balance of controls over sexual impulses and emotions shifting from external social controls to internal ones;

compares nationally different trends, particularly between the USA and Europe, focusing on the American dating system and its resulting double standards;

argues that the initial greater freedom of American women has turned into a deficit.

Cas Wouters teaches Sociology at Utrecht University

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
On Regimes of Manners and Emotions
8
Manners and the Modelling Function of Good Societies
10
Confined to the Drawing Room
14
Dancing Fury
19
To Pay or Be Paid For?
24
England
25
Germany
27
Dating Codes Alter World War II
103
In and Out of Circulation
105
The Sexual Revolution in the USA
111
The 1980s and the 1990s
115
Courting Regimes Compared Some National Differences and General Trends
119
The Lust Balance of Sex and Love Since the Sexual Revolution Fuck Romance
124
The Sexual Revolution
126
From Sexual Liberation to Sexual Oppression
128

The Netherlands
28
The USA
30
Going to Work Manners at Work
33
The USA
34
England
40
Germany
43
The Netherlands
44
Developments in Courting Regimes
47
Chaperonage and the Courting Regime in England
50
Chaperonage and the Courting Regime in Germany
57
Chaperonage and the Courting Regime in the Netherlands
64
Chaperonage in the USA
75
Chaperonage Compared Some National Differences and General Trends
83
The American Dating Regime
85
The Stag Line Cutting In Getting Stuck
95
The line
96
Dating Necking and Petting in the 1930s and early 1940s
98
The AntiPornography Movement
130
What is the Price of Sex?
133
Revival of Lust
135
A Lust and Love Revival
137
International Comparisons Theoretical Interpretations and Regularities in Processes of Emancipation and Integration
140
Balancing The Lustbalance and the Balance of Power the Balance of Controls and the Wel Balance
148
Regularities in Processes of Emancipation and Integration
153
Three types TrendFollowers Radicals and Moderates
155
Phases in Processes of Emancipation Accommodation and Integration
157
Intensified TugsofWar and Ambivalence
159
Notes
162
References
165
Manners Books
171
Name Index
177
Subject Index
181
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Cas Wouters is a senior lecturer at the Institute of General Social Sciences at Utrecht University.

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