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President McKinley's Administration-March 4, 1897-September 14, 1901.

(JOSEPH MCKENNA, Attorney General, March 5, 1897, to June 25, 1898; JOHN W. GRIGGS, Attorney General, June 25, 1898, to March 29, 1901; PHILANDER C. KNOX, Attorney General, April 5, 1901, to September 14, 1901.)

1.

United States v. Anderson. Petition filed June 7, 1897, in

the Circuit Court, Western District of Missouri, to restrain the operations of “The Traders' Live Stock Exchange,” of Kansas City, an association formed for the purpose of buying cattle on the market. A temporary injunction was granted and the case was appealed to the Circuit Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. From there it was certified to the Supreme Court of the United States for instructions. The Supreme Court reversed the decree of the Circuit Court and remanded the case with directions to dismiss the petition. Decree of dismissal entered December 27, 1898.

2.

United States v. Coal Dealers' Association. Petition filed

December 16, 1897, in the Circuit Court, Northern District of California, to restrain the operations of an alleged combination of coal dealers to maintain prices fixed by agreement. A temporary injunction was. granted, from which no appeal was taken, and on May 2, 1899, a final decree was ordered granting the relief prayed for.

3.

United States v. Chesapeake and Ohio Fuel Company et al.

Petition filed May 8, 1899, in the Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio, to annul a contract and dissolve a combination between producers and shippers of coal in Ohio and West Virginia. A decree declaring the contract to be illegal and ordering the dissolution of the combination was entered on November 22, 1900.

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President Roosevelt's Administration September 14, 1901-March 4, 1909.

(PHILANDER C. KNOX, Attorney General, September 14, 1901, to June 30, 1904; WILLIAM H.

MOODY, Attorney General, July 1, 1904, to December 16, 1906; CHARLES J. BONAPARTE,
Attorney General, December 17, 1906, to March 4, 1909.)
1.
United States v. Northern Securities Co. et al. Petition filed

March 10, 1902, in the Circuit Court, District of Minne-
sota, to enjoin the defendant, the Northern Securities
Co., from acquiring, holding, or voting the shares of the
capital stock of two competing railway companies. The
Circuit Court on April 9, 1903, entered a decree in favor
of the Government, and this decree was affirmed by the

Supreme Court on March 14, 1904. 2. United States v. Swift & Co. et al. Petition filed May 10,

1902, in the Circuit Court, Northern District of Illinois, to restrain the defendants, who were engaged in the buying of livestock and the selling of dressed meats, from carrying out an alleged conspiracy entered into between themselves and the various railway companies to suppress competition and to obtain a monopoly. Demurrers to the petition were overruled on February 18, 1903, and a preliminary injunction was granted. The defendants having failed to answer, the court entered a final decree on May 26, 1903. On appeal by the defend

ants this decree was affirmed by the Supreme Court. 3. United States v. The Federal Salt Company et al. Peti

tion filed October 15, 1902, in the Circuit Court, Northern District of California, to restrain the defendants from combining and conspiring to suppress competition in the manufacture and sale of salt in the Western States. A temporary restraining order was issued forthwith, and on November 10, 1902, the court granted an injunction pendente lite, thus in effect making the

restraining order perpetual. 4. United States v. The Federal Salt Company. Indictment returned February 28, 1903, at San Francisco, Northern

5.

District of California, against the so-called Salt Trust.
On May 12, 1903, a plea of guilty was entered and a fine

of $1,000 was imposed and collected. United States v. Baker & Holmes Company et al. Petition

filed September 12, 1903, in the Circuit Court, Southern District of Florida, for the purpose of dissolving a combination of wholesale grocers. Decree of dismissal entered November 1, 1907.

6.

7.

United States v. General Paper Co. et al. Petition filed

December 27, 1904, in the Circuit Court, District of Minnesota, against the General Paper Co. and 23 other corporations engaged in the manufacture and sale of paper, alleging a combination and conspiracy to restrain trade and commerce. On May 11, 1906, the court ordered judgment in favor of the Government, and on June 16, 1906, a decree was entered dissolving the combination

and granting all relief prayed for in the petition. United States v. Armour & Co. et al. Indictment returned

July 1, 1905, at Chicago, Northern District of Illinois, against the so-called Beef Trust. Many preliminary objections were urged and all were disposed of in favor of the Government, except certain special pleas of immunity, based upon the fact that the information on which the defendants were indicted had been given by them to the Department of Commerce and Labor. On March 29, 1906, the court sustained the pleas so far as the individual defendants were concerned and overruled them with respect to the corporations. Nolle

prosequi entered February 5, 1913. United States v. MacAndrews & Forbes Company et al.

Indictment returned June 18, 1906, in the Southern District of New York charging a combination and conspiracy to regulate the interstate trade and sale in licorice paste. January 10, 1907, MacAndrews & Forbes Co. and the J. S. Young Co. were found guilty on certain counts, and a verdict of acquittal was returned as to the individual defendants. MacAndrews & Forbes Co. was fined $10,000 and J. S. Young Co. $8,000.

8.

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9. United States v. Metropolitan Meat Company et al. Peti

tion filed in October, 1905, in the Circuit Court for Hawaii, to restrain the operation of alleged unlawful combinations in restraint of trade in beef and beef products. Demurrer to bill overruled October 2, 1906. The

case was subsequently dismissed. 10. United States v. Nome Retail Grocers' Association. Peti

tion filed November 4, 1905, in the District Court, Second Division, District of Alaska, charging defendants with combining to fix prices and to suppress competition. With the consent of the defendant, a decree dissolving

the combination was entered on February 8, 1906. 11. United States v. Terminal Railroad Association of St.

Louis et al. Petition filed December 1, 1905, in the Circuit Court, Eastern District of Missouri, to enjoin the defendant railroads from continuing an unlawful combination to operate Eads Bridge and Merchants Bridge as a common agency of interstate commerce. Upon disagreement of circuit judges, the case was carried to the Supreme Court, but was remanded by that court for further proceedings. The petition was then dismissed by the Circuit Court, and an appeal was taken to the Supreme Court, where, on April 22, 1912, the decree of the Circuit Court was reversed, and the case remanded with directions to enter a decree in conformity with the opinion of the Supreme Court. A controversy having arisen as to whether the district judge or the three circuit judges had jurisdiction, a writ of prohibition was filed against the district judge, which was sustained by the Supreme Court. A final decree was entered by the circuit judges on January 29, 1914. There being some question as to whether this decree carried out the mandate and opinion of the Supreme Court, the case was again taken to the Supreme Court, which ordered that the first paragraph be modified. This order was carried out in a decree

dated January, 29 1917. 12. United States v. Allen & Robinson et al. Petition filed in

October, 1905, in the Circuit Court, District of Hawaii, against an alleged combination to control the trade in lumber in that Territory. Decided adversely to Gov

ernment and petition dismissed on March 30, 1911. 13. United States v. Otis Elevator Co. et al. Petition filed

March 7, 1906, in the Circuit Court, Northern District of California, against the Otis Elevator Co., and a number of other corporations and individuals, for entering into an alleged combination to restrain trade in the manufacture and sale of elevators. The case was not contested and a decree granting the relief prayed for was entered

on June 1, 1906. 14. United States v. F. A. Amsden Lumber Company et al.

Indictment returned May 4, 1906, in the District Court of Oklahoma, charging the defendants with restricting competition and maintaining agreed prices in the sale of lumber. Pleas of guilty were entered September 25, 1907, and fines aggregating $2,000 were imposed and

collected. 15. United States v. National Association of Retail Druggists

et al. Petition filed May 9, 1906, in the Circuit Court, District of Indiana, alleging a combination in restraint of interstate trade in the sale of drugs and proprietary medicines. An agreed decree granting the relief sought

in the petition was entered on May 9, 1907. 16. United States v. Virginia-Carolina Chemical Company

et al. Indictment returned May 25, 1906, Middle District of Tennessee, against 31 corporations and 25 individuals engaged in the fertilizer business, charging a conspiracy in violation of the Federal Antitrust Act and a conspiracy to commit an offense against the United States in violation of section 5440 of the Revised Statutes. On April 17, 1908, various motions, pleas in abatement, and demurrers were filed. On July 3, 1908, the motions and demurrers were overruled, but the pleas in abatement were sustained and the indictment quashed.

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