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" ted by me can be forgiven at the mere wit!
of any Pope, or of any priest, or of any :“ person or persons whatsoever; but that sin
cere sorrow for past sins, a' firm and sincere resolution to avoid future guilt, and to
atone to God, are previous and indispensa.« ble requisites to establish a well-founded :' expectation of forgiveness; and that any :“ person who receives absolution, without " these previous requisites, so far from ob" taining thereby any remission of his sins, "o incurs the additional guilt of violating a' sa56 crament. And I do swear, that I will de.“ fend, to the utmost of my power, the settle.« ment and arrangement of property in this - country, as established by the 'laws now in so being : I do hereby disclaim, disavow, and “ solemnly abjure, any intention to subvert tħe
present church establishment, for the purpose of substituting a Catholic establishment
in its stead; And I do solemnly swear, that " I will not exercise any privilege to which I or am or may become intitled, to disturb and " weaken the Protestunt religion and Protest" ant government in this kingdoin.* .: ..
So help me God."
get up and say, these oaths were no security: because they were the oaths which the legis: lature themselves thought proper to prescribe. If they said they would not believe the Catholics on oath, why impose , any oath on them at all? What, in such a view, was to prevent the Catholics from getting possession of the House of Commons to morrow. Where is the security on which you rely, for excluding any person of any description whatever from public employment ? :Upon what system has your legislature, which requires oaths at every step, proceeded? If he felt no conscientious scru- i ples as to the nature of an oath, every Catholic, peer might enter the House of Lords, every Catholic commoner might enter the House of i Commons; eyery, other Catholic might hold: what commission, and administer what office: he chose, without asking their permission; but? Was it fair, was it just, when you prescribed these oaths, when they bad, taken them, acted upon them for twenty years, to turn round upon them, and, for want of better argument, charge them with the very opinion they had so.. solemnly renounced ? He had said, that theres were two things to be looked to in regard to the Catholics--their professions and their prac-i tice. He had adverted to their professions; i now what was their practice?. He would ask, if those who had taken these oaths were ever , , known to have betrayed them? They had : . fought yaliantly in the fileets and armies of , their country; and he would ask, if any of them had violated the oaths which hundreds of. thousands of them had taken? He kņew it's
might be said, that that mighty potentate the Pope of Rome would, some time or other, tell them to violate their oath. And who was that mighty potentate, the Pope of Rome? We live in times in which great revolutions have taken place, in which whole monarchies have been pulled down, constitutions given way, and in which all the mightiest passions of men have been engaged ; and he would ask if there was a single instance of this or any other pope having had the slightest influence in producing or modifying any of the changes which have taken place? If he had ever procured a single individual to desert the allegiance which he owed to his sovereign, or given to any sove. reign power to control his people ? But where was the Pope now? He wondered if the gena tleman who moved the resolution, and who seemed to entertain such a dread of him, knew where he was. The gentleman was so afraid of him, that he dared to say he knew. He had himself heard—but he was not willing to tell the meeting till the gentleman should say if he knew--he himself had accidentally heard from an eye-witness, the manner in which Bona parte had possessed himself of the person of this mighty potentate. He was seized in the daytime in the midst of his own palace by a few soldiers having received a previous intimation of what was intended, he issued a proclamation from his palace, calling upon all good Catholics to assist him ; but nobody, for all that, wouļd help him. In Italy, which they all knew was a Catholic country, and the very centre of.Catholicism---through the Ecclesi
into the hands of Catholics, that we find Count Wittgenstein, a Catholic, at the head of one of his armies. We also find a Protestant minister of war in that country : and that all Catholics and Protestants are employed by the state, who swear allegiance to the Emperor of Russia. He thought the church of England sufficiently strong not to stand in need of any exclusion to support it, which the church of Russia disdained. He knew that the churches of England and Russia were equally strong to suffer arms to be put into the hands of all religious denominations, without having any thing to apprehend. But would the gentleman who moved the resolu, tion, and those who supported bim, had they been Russians, addressed the Emperor at ibe
commencement of this campaign, pot to ex. press their confidence in the loyalty and exertions of their fellow subjects--but to tell him they had discovered some of his ministers and generals did not belong to the established Greek church-tbat it was true he had a General Count Wittgenstein, who was the best general in his army; but let him be dismissed for being a Catholic;that he had a minister who had organized that army, which had driven the invaders from the Russian territory; but let him be dismissed, because of his bez ing a Protestant ? Would this have been a course which it would have been advantageous for Russia to adopt ?
« Before concluding, he would yet trouble them with a few words. He was not an advocate for the Catholicshe disapproved their reli