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such statement- that he meant to leave to those who opposed the resolution to show, whether it would be safe or beneficial to grant the claims of the Catholics ; and that he thought it was quite unnecessary for bim to show any reason for the opinion he entertained, the mere existence of the exclusion being, as he contended, a sufficient argument in its favor. This was a doctrine which would apply to every temporary law whatever, which would make the crimes and follies of one century, sow division and discontent in the next when they had ceased to exist; and draw an eternal line of separation between persons whom common ties and common interests must ultimately blend together, when civil disabilities no longer reminded them to suspect and distrust each other. But he would ask any Englishman to lay his hand to his heart and say, if he thought that any disabilities ought, in any case, to be imposed upon any class of his fellow subjects without its being shown that these disabilities are necessary ? This was not an argument on which an Englishman ought to go. The grounds of the exclusion ought, in all cases, to be apparent. He did not desire them to appeal to authority with a view to decide this question, though great authorities might be produced in favor of the Catholic claims. The greatest statesmen, and he would confine himself, for obvious reasons, to those who were now no more, were advocates for concession to the Catholics. Mr. Pitt, Mr. Fox, and Mr. Burke, persons, who differed in opinion upon every other political


question, opposed to each other in every poli-. tical interest, were compelled by a sense of duty and of principle to agree in their views of . this subject, that it was necessary to do something in regard to those laws which affected the Roman Catholics. He did not mean to state to them, that because these great men were agreed in this opinion, they were therefore to be precluded from all discussion on the subject; but at least it was a strong reason for, them to be cautious; and weigh well what opinions they entertained, before they deter.. mined to differ from these statesmen. The gentlemen who moved and seconded the resolution, ought to show them why they differ froin Mr. Pitt, from Mr. Burke, and Mr. Fox. He asked them to show what the danger was which they apprehended ? For his own part he knew no danger which could follow from admitting any classof persons into the possession of privileges in the State, but what resulted either from their known professions or their known practice, either from the clearest evidence of their entertaining sentiments hostile to the · state, or of their manifesting such hostility by their actions. With respect to their professions, the Catholics had taken every oath which had been prescribed to them, renouncing all doctrines which could in any wise be considered inimical to the safety of the state. He had copies of these paths in his pocket, which, if the meeting was desirous, he would read to them. (General cry of read.) He knew they, wished to be informed, and not to set their names bastily to any petition which might be


...". I A. B. do sincerely promise and swear, .“ That I will be faithful, and bear true alle" giance to His Majesty King George the

Third, and him 'will defend to the utmost ,“ of my power against all conspiracies and atpro tempts whatever that shall be made against * his person, crown, or dignity; and I will so do my utmost endeavour to disclose and :~ make known to His Majesty, his heirs and. “ successors, all treasons and traitorous con

spiracies which may be formed against him or or them : And I do faithfully promise to " maintain, support, and defend, to the ut. “ most of my power, the succession of the

crown; which succession, by an Act, intituled, An Act for the further Limitation of .the Crown, and better securing the Rights

and Liberties of the Subject, is, and stands ,“ limited to the Princess Sophia Electress and “ Duchess Dowager of Hanover, and the " heirs of her body, being Protestants ; here" by utterly renouncing and abjuringi any - obedience or allegiance unto any other per: son claiming or pretending a rigbt to the “ crown of these realms: And I do swear, that


“ I do reject and detest, as an unchristian and « impious position, that it is lawful to murder 6 or destroy any person or persons whatsoever, " for or under pretence of their being heretics «i 'or io fidels ; and also that unchristian and « impious priociple, that faith is not to be * kept with heretics or infidels: And I furor ther declare, That it is not an article of my faith, and that I do renounce, reject, and • abjure the opinion, that princes excommu“ nicated by the Pope and Council, or any or authority of the See of Rome, or by any • authority whatsoever, may be deposed or “ murdered by their subjects, or any person

whatsoever ; And I do promise, that I will

pot hold, maintain, or abet any such opi" nion, or any other opinions contrary to what «« is expressed in this declaration : And I do " declare, That I do not believe that the Pope " of Rome, or any other foreign prince, pre" late, state, or potentate, hath, or ought to " have, any temporal or civil jurisdiction, power, superiority, or pre-eminence, directly or indirectly, within this realm ; And I “ do solemnly, in the presence of God, « profess, testify and declare, that I do make « This declaration, and every part thereof, in «r the plain and ordinary sense of the words of ~ this oath, without any evasion, equivocation, « or mental reservation whatever; and withfr out any dispensation already granted by the “ Pope, or any authority of the See of Rome, « or any person whatever ; and without think" ing that I am or can be acquitted before " God or man, or absolved of this declaration, ists or any part thereof, although the Pope or 56 any other person or authority whatsoever * sball dispense with or annul the same, or se declare that it was null or:void,*.


" So help me God.”

The Marquis begged the gentlemen to pay particular attention to the next oath he should read, and to bear in mind that Every Irish Roman Catholick actually took it. .

61, A, B. do swear, that I do abjure, conav demn, and detest, as unchristian and impi. « ous, the principle that it is lawful to murder, so destroy, or any ways injure any person whatso soever, for or under the pretence of being a s heretic, and I do declare solemnly before 66 God, that I believe that no act in itself unjust, « immoral, or wicked, can ever be justified or s excused by or under pretence or colour that • it was done either for the good of the church, s or in obedience to any ecclesiastical power " whatsoever, I also declare, that it is not or an article of the Catholic Faith, neither am " I thereby required to believe or profess, " that the Pope is infallible, or that I am bound " to obey any order in its own'nature immo* ral, though the Pope, or any ecclesiastical s power, should issue or direct such order ; “ but, on the contrary, I hold that it would " be sinful in me to pay any respect or obedi. se ence thereto: I further declare, that I do “ not believe that any sio whatsoever commit

Prescribed by the 31st of the King, and taken by all English Catholics,

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