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GIAQUR AGGRESSIONS IN THE East.

pension of one hundred pounds per annum, that was

regularly paid to him by William Lowndes of the ExEUROPEAN intercourse has greatly changed affairs at

cheguer. He died in Rose Street, Sept. 25, 1680; and Constantinople. An Englishman or a Frenchman may

n. may the Burial Register of St. Paul, Covent Garden, simply now by merely taking off his shoes, sans firman, “sans

records everything," enter without let or hindrance the mosque of Santa Sophia itself, and, again taking off the shoes,

“ 27, Samuel Butler, Esqre." though retaining the hat, may also stroll into that of a title that but sparingly is awarded to others of the Sultan Achmet during “Divine service,” listen to the sepultured dead, who had apparently a better claim. monotonous chant of the Imaums, and observe the

Zoust’s Portrait of Butler, formerly in the Harleian prostrations of the worshippers. Continuing his walk, | Gallery, was purchased at the sale, March 10, 1741-2, he may wander about the Seraglio Gardens without by Lord Coleraine ; but in 1744, when engraved for suspicion. The officers of the guard, it is true, may Grey's edition of Hudibras, was then in the possession stop him, but it will be merely to offer pipes and coffee,

of Dr. Mead. Five-and-twenty years since it was in and to chat about the war ; and then, disregarding a the possession of the writer, and was engraved for Balddoubtful shake of the head from an old Mussulman, he win's edition. It is now in Manchester or Liverpool. may walk into the courts of the Seral itself, and criti- Subscriptions are now being made to place an inscripcise the odd heterogeneous mass of splendour, exhibit- tion on the outer wall of the church, to mark his last ing a little taste, with much barbarity. The splendour

deposit; and also a marble tablet within the church ; is in the profuse gilding, now in a state of rapid decay. the Rector, the Rev. Henry Hutton, is very desirous to acPera, too, has its attractions-in the evening bands of complish these mementoes

complish these mementoes, and most willingly proffers niusic may there be heard, and good beer may be ob- 1 to head the list of subscribers. tained. The Bosphorus is in all its beauty, shining like silver in the bright sun, except where the highlycoloured houses contrast in reflection with the tall black GAZETTE.—Chalmers states, the first papers of news, cypresses, and where its surface is varied by the passage since termed Gazettes, were produced in Venice in 1536, of numerous merchant craft and hugetransport steamers, and were circulated in manuscript long after, as appears such as the Orinoco and Himalaya, or the swift little from a collection of these Gazettes, in the Magliabechian Turkish steamers with their odd mixture on board of Library at Florence. Life of Rudiman, p. 114. pretty Greek faces, Turkish yasmacks and their fezzed The title of Ghazie, the Victorious, gave the name of brethren, a few English and French officers on leave Gazetta to the Chronicles of the Wars with the Turks, being intermingled, and a pretty fair sprinkling of which were first published in Venice-hence our travelling Englishmen, dressed in a mixture of straw Gazette? hat and turban, and a sort of style oscillating between. Traditionally it is said, the small silver coin of Venice the West and the East most surprising to behold. The at which the printed paper was sold, originated the title Turks are much improved in civility; the women wear of Gazette. Coriate describing its memorabilia, observes, their yasmacks generally smaller and thinner, and one Whatsoever thou art that meanest to see Venice, in may prophesy the time not far distant when that article any case forget not to goe up to the top of Saint Markes may become merely a fashionable custom in dress, an tower before thou comest out of the citie, for it will cost air-woven web, and used to set off to advantage that but a gazet, which is not fully an English penny." which it is now supposed to conceal.

Crudities, 1611, 4to. p. 185. Constantinople, August 19.

BRUSSELS GAZETTE.—The newspaper so called in the

seventeenth century, was distinguished beyond all other HUDIBRAS.—The couplet referred to by our Corres- papers of news, for its flagrant falsehoods, or misreprepondent, C.E. was caused by the knight's fondness for

sentation of facts, so much so, that when any informa• vitilitigation,' a term meaning no more than a per tion arrived to which doubt was attached, it was instantly verse humour of wrangling

ascribed to the Brussels Gazette, Count Zinzendorf in He that complies against his will,

his Lecteur Royale, relates that “ When Charles the Is of his own opinion still,

Second quitted Brussels, he desired his agent there to

send him occasionally the news. Being a Spaniard, he are the so often misquoted lines in the edition corrected asked, Of what kind, Sire, would you have the news ? and amended by the author, 1678, Svo. Part Ill. As the king appeared surprised at the question, he reCanto iii. p. 102 ; or referring to later editions, lines plied, Sir, my master, Don Juan, the Governor of the 517-548.

Low Countries, gives me positive orders always to send Samuel Butler, the author of Hudibras, a volume him good news, whether true or false!" The Journal that will remain while English literature shall last, de St. Petersbourg appears to possess all the excellenwas towards the close of his existence maintained by a cies of its predecessor.

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POETICAL SIGN BOARDS, IN LEICESTERSHIRE. the Leicestrians, and reminding us of the faculties of An Inn, near Leicester, called the Red Cow, has the the famous Dragon of Wantley, of whom it was saidfollowing inscription :

Houses and churches were to him geese and turkies,
This is the Red Cow

He ate all, and left none behind.
That never did low;

Leicester.

W.K.
With skin as soft as silk.
So walk in, if you please,
Here sit down at your ease,

POETICAL SIGN BOARDS IN STAFFORDSOIRE.
And taste her nut-brown milk.

In the village of Horton, near Leek, are two poctical Hanley, Sept. 9.

H. P. D. signs over inn doors, one as follows :

My ale is good, In the village of Aylestone, of which the Duke of

My measure just,

You must excuse Rutland is Lord of the Manor, and in which is still the

I cannot trust. ancient Manor-house, formerly a residence of the Earls of Rutland, is the sign of the Marquis of Granby, as

The other, replete with admonition, intimatesmay be supposed a favourite one in this county, bearing

If you pass by the following lines

And dry you be:
Though noble Granby's dead and gone,

The fault's on you
Yet let us him remember ;

And not on ine!
To king and country he was friend,

A VERY humourous sign may be seen at Waterhouse's
But none to the Pretender.

near Leek, at the “ Crown Inn"Over a cobbler's shop, in this town, were inscribed these Come my lads and

your wishes, alluring rhymes

With glee come

your greatest joys; Come to the

SO2 , and drink like fishes, I make good boots, I make good shoes,

Spend each a

my jovial boys; And bad ones I make better ;

Drink to the

O of England's glory, My price is just, I never trust,

Which friendly

s with her increase; And therefore have no debtor.

And let this motto

each story, Below the representation of a Sweeping-Machine, at | Long last the

that keeps the peace ! a chimney-sweeper's domicile, the owner's useful avo- The sign of a gate with the following lines is very cations are thus represented

common in this part of the country :-
John K***** lives here,

The gate bangs well and hinders none,
Sweeps chimneys clean, and not to dear;

Refresh and pay, and so pass on!
Smoke-jack cleaner, if required,
Puts chimneys out when they're a-fired.

In a Currier's shop at Burslem is a large sign over

the counter, with these wordsAt the Bee Hive Public House is a nearly similar version of the lines, noticed in Current Notes, p. 68, as

No trust here, no, not a penny! being at Morningside, near Edinburgh

Hanley, Sept. 9.

H. P. D.
Within this live we're all alive,
Good ale it inakes us funny,

The Engine Public House at Bedworth, near Coven-
If you are dry, as you pass by,

try, a respectable road-side house, for many years kept Step in, and taste our honey.

by Jeremiah Parish, and now by some of his family; The sign of the Three Loggerheads is also among the had below his sign, moved but a few years sincepictorial embellishments of this town, representing two

I hope my Engine will not fail, jovial topers, and below, the usual distich

To draw my friends good beer and ale !

The Robin Hood at Nuneaton, the last lines having Loggerheads be!

aptly reference to the then landlord-
The following inscription, though not strictly poetical, I Now Robin Hood is dead and gone,
may be mentioned as a curiosity -

Come and drink with little John !
The Nottingham

The same, I am informed, is at Croydon. Attached
Pyflit and Muffin House

to the sign of the Bell, common throughout WarwickBaked and Sold Here

shire, within the last forty years was the injunctionEvery Day.

The Bell hangs well, and in there's none : Proof being hereby afforded of the digestive powers of Refresh and Pay, and Travel on!

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We three

• Under the Plough, very common in the same Shire- |

NOTES ON LONG HAIR.
God speed the Plough,

The exuberance of the full flowing wig in the time of
Likewise the Harrow;

Charles the Second, had possibly a political cause. The Ready money to-day,

fanatics, who during the usurpation, affected to regulate And Trust to-morrow !

all their actions by Scripture, found in one of the Over the fire-place in a Public House at Chichester, I

Epistles, 1 Corinthians, chap. xi. ver. 14, the text which remember reading five-and-twenty years ago, and it says:may be there now,

If a man have long hair it is a shame unto him.
Since Man to Man is so unjust,

This they considered as relative to all modes, places
No Man can tell what Man to trust;
I've trus!ed many to my sorrow,

and times, and therefore with great devotion and zeal Pay to-day, take Trust to-morrow !

clapped a bowl-dish upon their heads and clipped their

hair to the brim. The appearance this shorn character The Old Parr's Head, in Aldersgate Street, I well

gave them, obtained for the Puritans the appellation of recollect, had in the window an ill painted figure of the

Round-heads. After the Restoration, it was natural the ancient gentleman, under which were the following half

Courtiers should assume a fashion wholly dissimilar to borrowed, half-original lines

these subverters of Monarchy, and in opposition to the Your head cool,

short hair of the Round-heads, they lengthened the Your feet warm,

periwig to the waist. It is easy to suppose, that among But a glass of good gin,

military men, to appear in the field, some expedient Would do you no harm !

would be adopted to confine the hair, that had thus in - At Seven Oaks, in Kent, was a sign, with these lines, the drawing-room loosely flowed over the shoulders, but the production of the landlord's own brain

which on horse-back, must in the highest degree, be : 1, John Stubbs, liveth here,

both inconvenient and troublesome. Hence full wigs Sells good brandy, gin and beer ;

tied back with a riband, were designated by names, I made my borde a little whyder,

which are still retained. A full wig tied back in one To lette you knowe I sell good cyder.

curl, was called a Major ; in two curls, a Brigadier. In G.S. | Marlborough's time, at the beginning of the last cen

tury, wigs with deep curls, and not more than eighteen PROVINCIAL SiGN BOARD ELEGANCE.

inches in length from back to front were adopted under

the designation of Campaign wigs. Other professions On a sign board at Oundle about forty years since, sought similar conveniences in a different mode, and was the following inscription

thus physicians and lawyers became possessed of the Messieurs habiliments fabricated, renovated and

CA IRA.-It is a circumstance little known that this depurated

song, so pre-eminent in all proceedings of the direful by

French revolution, had its origin in a saying of Dr. ? Wright, Cosmopolitan.

Franklin while he was ambassador in France. When Oundle, Sept. 8. .

Tapßn.

informed of any disaster that occurred to the Americans then struggling for independence; his general reply

was, “I expected it, but nevertheless Ca Ira.As he ST. PETER'S, CORNILL.–The parish authorities

became popular, the words became remarkable, and at have recently acquired by purchase a volume of great

length, when a song was required for revolutionary purlocal interest-a large folio manuscript of the Bible and

poses, his saying that had almost become a household the Apocrypha, with St. Jerome's Preface, written upon

word, presented itself, and was adopted for the burden. vellum, with upwards of one hundred and fifty minia

E. C. ture paintings of Historical Events, Portraits of the Patriarchs, Evangelists, etc. and valuable as presenting highly important examples of English Costume. The Dr. KITCHENER, of musical notoriety, held frequent manuscript, comprising 586 leaves of fine white vellum, evening conversaziones, and, with a view to decorum, appears to have been the work of an English illumina- placed a small placard over the parlour chimney-piece, tor or illuminators, and executed in London, early in the inscribedfourteenth century, and having at the end a rubricated

Come at seven, go at eleren! Colophon—Iste liber pertinet perpetue cantarie duorum capellanorum celebrancium ad altare Sanctæ Trinitatis but George Colman, to whom such early hours were an in Ecclesia Sancti Petri super Cornhill in London..

| abomination, one evening took occasion, by inserting a This highly valuable acquisition was purchased of small pronoun, to materially alter the readingMr. Willis during the past month.

Come at seven, go it at eleven!

Tye.

W.M.

WILLIS'S CURRENT NOTES.

No. XLVI.]

“Takes note of what is done
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

[OCTOBER, 1854.

PARTICULARS OF SIR ISAAC NEWTON,

She had by this Smith, one son and two daughters; From Family Papers.

these married and had descendants, to all or many of Tæe truth of the following particulars, which are in

whom Sir Isaac, when his fortune increased, was kind the hand-writing of my mother, whose grandfather was

and munificent: giving to one 5002., to another an brother to Sir Isaac Newton's mother. may be depended

estate of the value of 40001. or thereabouts, to make up on. She wrote these memorandums for the information

a loss, occasioned by the imprudent marriage of one of of her children; her words are these :

on them, and to prevent a law-suit among themselves. “Hannah Ascough, was younger sister of the Rev.

This was done many years before his death. — Ascough, my father's father. She married a Mr.

“He had a half-sister, who had a daughter, to whom

he gave the best of education, the famous witty Miss Newton, of Colsterworth, not far froin Grantham, in Lincolnshire, who had an estate of about 1201. per ann.

Barton, who married Mr. Conduit, of the Mint. He which he kept in his own hands and occupied himself.

succeeded Sir Isaac in the Mint, and is buried at the She had by him, one son called Isaac, [born Dec. 25,

West door of Westminster Abbey, leaving only one 1642, 0.S.); after the death of Mr. Newton, her brother,

daughter, married to the eldest son of Lord Lymington.* my grandfather, who lived near her, directed her in all

| Sir Isaac bought an estate of about seventy or eighty affairs, and put her son to school to a very good master,

pounds a year, and gave it Miss Conduit, (then very Mr. Stokes, at Grantham. When he had finished his

| young), before he died.. school learning, his mother took him home, intending,

“ He was kind to all the Ascoughs, and generous

$ and munificent to such of them whose imprudence had as she had no other child, to have the pleasure of his

| made his assistance necessary; to one of them he gave company, and that he, as his father had done, should

8001., to another 2001., to another 1001., and many occupy his own estate ; but his mind was so bent upon his improving in learning, that my grandfather pre- ;

other sums; and other engagements did he also enter vailed upon her to send him to Trinity College* in

into for them. He was the ready assistant of all who Cambridge, where her brother, having himself been a

were any way related to him, to their children and

grandchildren. He made no will; his paternal estate member of it, had still many friends. "Isaac was soon taken notice of by Dr. Isaac Barrow,

of 1201. a-year went to a distant relation of his grandwho, observing his bright genius, contracted a great

father Newton;t he had no relations on that side, his friendship for him: indeed, he became so eminent for

father nor himself had no brother nor sister. his learning, joined with his singular modesty, that he was courted to accept the honours afterwards conferred * John Wallop, first Viscount Lymington, was created upon him, on the calling in of the coin, and the neces Earl of Portsmouth, April 11, 1743. John Wallop, the sity of a new coinage.

eldest son, who married Miss Conduit, died v. p. "The “He was unwillingly brought from the university

| Earl died in 1762; and was succeeded, by his grandson, into the busy part of the world-his great aversion ;

the second Earl, who died in 1797.] but by his great judgment and strict integrity on that

[+ There would appear to be some difference in the sup

posed value of this property ; a conditional gift of that occasion, he saved the nation at that time, as I have

land, is here printed from the original for the first time:heard it related by those who well knew the affair,

In consideration of the affection I beare to Isaac Warand also from himself, 80,0001.

ner, my godson, the son of John Warner, of Salsy Forest, “ Isaac's mother, after her son went to Cambridge, I doe hereby give and grant to the said Isaac Warner, was courted by a rich old bachelor, who had a good all the rents and profits of that part of my Estate at estate and living near her, the Rev. Benjamin Smith, Woolstrop, in Lincolnshire, which descended to me from but she settled some land upon Isaac before niarriage. my ancestors, and which is of the yearly value of twenty

five pounds, or thereabouts, until such time as the said * It does not appear that what has been asserted of Sir Isaac Warner shall have received thereout One hundred Isaac having been sent to the university by the pecuniary pounds, and no more. And, I hereby give and grant to aid of some neighbouring gentlemen is at all true: it cer- the said Isaac Warner, full power to distreyne for and tainly was not necessary, his mother had sufficient; so had recover the said rents, as the same shall grow due, and do his uncle. I therefore suspect there must have been some hereby authorise John Warner to receive such rents for the misinformation as to this point: a point, however, of no use of his said son, and to give receipts for the same. importance.

Witness my hand, the 25 day of March, Anno Dni, 1725. VOL. IV.

“He is said never to have sold the copies of any of , and therefore complained of his memory beginning to his books, published in his life-time, but gave them fail him; but he added immediately, that it was in such freely to the bookseller. He was generous to his ser- a year of such an Olympiad, naming them both very vants, and had no love of riches, though he died worth exactly. The ready mention of such chronological 30,0001., which fell to three of his half-brother dates seemed, says the Doctor, a greater proof of his Smith's children, three of his half-sister Pilkington's, memory not failing him, than the naming of the King and his half-sister Barton's two daughters : all these would have been. survived Sir Isaac.

What coxcomb therefore was it that first published “He was a person of very little expense upon himself; to the world the silly story of the decay of Sir Isaac kept a handsome, genteel, constant table, never above Newton's faculties before his death? This has been three men and three women servants; towards his several times repeated. His faculties may, indeed, in some latter end, when he could not use a chariot, only a degree, have been impaired, as he had employed them chair, he kept but two men servants; he was exceed- intensely for, perhaps, seventy years: but if any ruins ingly bountiful and charitable, not only to relations, but there were in this great man's powers, there remained to acquaintance, or persons well recommended, and also still too much strength of mind to be called imbecility. to ingenious persons, in any useful art or science.” | A persisting application, and such a mastery over his Thus far the extracts from the family papers.

imagination, as to keep it up to the point he had in It does not appear that he ever became imbecile, he view for a very long time, without snapping, was his did not, or would not recollect the solution of many of peculiar talent: and the instrument with which he did his problems of former years; and perhaps the ill- such great things, and which, his temperance and contreatment he had met with from some foreigners, made stitution singularly formed for such purposes, enabled him rather shy towards the last, of entering into the him to practise through a long life. His candour and discussion of any matters about which a dispute might modesty, even to bashfulness, were the graces which arise; but I know that he conversed with my aunt, in made such superior knowledge not disgusting to his whose arms he died, and with others, like any other reasonable man, to the day of his death, and on that He was not only the Mathematician, but the Historian, day, read the newspaper :* but I lately met with a letter the Chronologist, the Chemist, and the Critic: I have of the late Dr. Pearce, Bishop of Rochester, wrote in never met with any of his chemical manuscripts, but 1754, to Dr. Hunt, Hebrew Professor at Oxford ; and they certainly exist somewhere. I remember to have published in 1770, in Cadell's edition of Sir Isaac heard from the late learned Dr. Kidby, a gentleman Newton's Chronology, p. 10, which puts this imputation well known to many learned men, perhaps still alive, of Sir Isaac Newton's imbecility to shame. It appears that Sir Isaac Newton was as great in chemistry, as in that Dr. Pearce was with Sir Isaac Newton a few any other science. It might therefore be an acquisition days before his death, when he was writing without if those chemical papers of his could be found. Mr. spectacles, by but an indifferent light. That he was William Jones, if I remember right, was supposed to then preparing his Chronology for the press, and had have had several manuscripts of Sir Isaac Newton's in written for that purpose the greatest part of it over his possession ; how he came by them, or why he kept again. He read to the Doctor some part of the work, them to himself, if he had such, I could never rightly on occasion of some points in chronology which had been learn : I remember to have heard him blamed on that mentioned in the conversation. Before the dinner was account forty years ago; this is perhaps a groundless brought up, he continued near an hour reading to him, charge. I only mention it, that inquiry may be made and talking about what he had read: and what was of Mr. Jones's heirs, or the persons into whose hands particular, speaking of some fact, he could not recollect his papers came after his decease, whether any manuthe name of the King in whose reign it had happened, scripts of Sir Isaac Newton's worth notice exist ? and

| surely if any exist, they must have their worth!

J. H. Memorandum — There is due from Tenants at this

[These notes were written in November, 1774, and elicited day, One year and halfe's rent.

from the son of the author of the Synopsis Matheseos, the asJohn Newton, Woolstrop, to pay a year's rent, for a close he has in Colsterworth, 91.

surance that no such papers had been found in his father's

library, and that the story of his having made an improper Rob. Newton, to pay a year's rent, for a close in Buck

use of any papers belonging to Sir Isaac Newton, was master, 61. To make 121. for the Church."

wholly groundless.] It would seem that here is particularised the land settled upon him, by his mother before her marriage.]

[Sir Isaac Newton, on Saturday morning, March 18, 1726-7, read the newspapers, and discoursed a long time,

SCHILLER.–The house at Weimar in which Schiller with his physician, Dr. Mead, in the full possession of his in- lived, though small and considerably dilapidated, was tellectual powers, but at night, he was deprived of his purchased at public auction, June 29, 1847, for 5025 senses, and being struck with death, did not recover them; dollars, (10051. sterling,) by the Corporation of that he died on Monday, March 20, in his eighty-fifth year.] 7 town, being nearly double the amount of its value.

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