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1 “Kedhah, the liar," on account of the wonderful tales MR. Brown's explanation of the word Ucrimdr I | he told of himself. believe to be correct; but it is not now brought forward. The termination us is not originally Roman, but for the first time, as he would seem to think. When Sanscrit. In putting tus as the orthography for the same question was asked, Notes and Queries,

lume I have been negligent, it ought to be written vol. iv. p. 255, I answered it by reviving, in the same volume, at p. 427, the explanation given for the first

thus, according to the orthography of Castell, who time, so far as I know, by the Rev. George North,* who very justly makes į equivalent to the Hebrew th. stated, that from the Arabic word karama, honoravit, But, suppose us to be a Latin termination, and that was derived a word ukrim, or ukrima, honoratus. I Vabalat is a noun from the verb Vabal; ought not afterwards found that the word ö, UKR was the correct UCRIMDR to have been written UCRIMDRUS, seeing that

| it is a compound noun, and put in opposition with one, as Mr. Brown has said ; I, however, did not attempt

"Vabalathus? I have translated a number of the Muto explain MDR, and in this Mr. Brown is probably correct. I am rather doubtful as to whether, in the time of

katteb inscriptions, and find but two or three names

of persons, none of them ending in tus or thus. Aurelian, names were given from personal qualities or

The names I have found are Raft, Jallad, Nath dispositions, whatever may have beenethe case in early

(Nathan), and Hafi. I do not find that I am wrong times; and I also think it is quit unnecessary, in

in Vabalathus. Odenathus was never supposed to be analysing the name of Vaballathus, to take into account what is evidently the Roman termination. Besides this,

the father of Vabalathus. to correspond to the raus ending the names of Vaballa-! As regards cpiac, I think we shall find the Greek thus and his supposed father Odenathus, we should have, Evpia and Latin Syrius to be derived from the Arabic not cwej, but cweb. The native names, it is most pro- objaw suryan, Syrian ; Saw sari, a prince; bable, were Ouaballath, Oudenath-or rather, perhaps, ww sar, the head or chief. Assyria, the chief Ouaballatho, Oudenatho, as the old Arabic names, such as are found in the Sinaitic inscriptions, all end in

kingdom in the world, i. e. in the time of Ashur (see

Genesis x, 11.), or, as it is inscribed on the Nimroud u, ,, with which the nunciation of the nominative bricks. A vt)

bricks, Aythr. appears to be connected.

Southwick Vicarage, June 10. T. R. BROWN, For some other particulars as to the etymology of these names, I may be permitted to refer to the extracts

MuscoviTE PASSPORT TO EVERLASTING LiFe. from M. de Longperier, inserted in Notes and Queries,

BEFORE burial the Muscovites kiss the corpse, or coffin, vol. v. p. 149.

and the priest places between the fingers of the deceased There is another point about the coins of Vaballath us

a piece of paper, as a testimonial or pass for his introto be cleared up, the word, or words, cpwiac some-duction into the other world. This passport, signed by times cpiac. I have sometimes conjectured cp to be the Patriarch, is sold by the priest. The form thus – an abbreviation of CWTHP, preserver ; but I doubt

We whose names are hereunto subscribed -, the this, and cannot explain the rest.

patriarch or metropolitan, and the priest of the I have written Vaballathus, rather than Vabalathus,

city of — , do make known and certify by these prein accordance with the Alexandrian coins, but it is of no

sents, that the bearer of these our letters hath always lived

among us like a good Christian, professing the Greek reliimportance which form is employed.

| gion; and though he hath committed some sins, yet he hath Clifton.


confessed the same, and received absolution, and taken the

communion for the remission of his sins, hath honoured The word UCRIMDR I do not remember to have seen

God and his saints, hath said his prayers, and fasted on the in print until last April, in Current Notes; I am, how hours and days appointed by the church, and hath carried ever, happy to find my interpretation is satisfactory to himself so well towards me, his confessor, that I have no an Oriental scholar.

reason to complain of him, nor to deny him the absolution Mr. Scott's criticisms on VABALATHUS induce the of his sins. In witness whereof we have given him the following remarks :- In the eastern tales, or romances, present testimonial, to the end that, upon sight thereof, St. the greater number of which are doubtless of a date | Peter may open to bim the gate of everlasting bliss. considerably posterior to the time of Zenobia, we find

The coffin is then closed and deposited in the grave, frequent mention made of names given to persons of the

* of the face eastward. They mourn forty days, and feast mature age, and corresponding with their qualities and |

ities and on the third, because then the face is disfigured ; again dispositions ; as in the history of Abderaim

of Abderaim

(Mogul | on the

(Mogul on the seventh, because the body then begins to putrify; Tales), recited by Mouiad, whose father was called

| and thirdly, on the twentieth, because then the heart

corrupts. Some relations erect huts, and cover the • Compiler of the Sale Catalogue of the Museum Meadi- graves with mats, because in the morning and in the anum, 1755. See the description of the denarius of Vaba- evening, for six weeks, the priest prays over the buried lathus, p. 97.


EOTENS OR GIANTS.- In that admirably humourous

MERRY Jests. drama, Beaumont and Fletcher's Knight of the Burn

From a Manuscript temp. King Charles the First. ing Pestle, 1613, is a curious mention of the old gigantic race, alluded to in Current Notes, p. 41. On a time, a merry fellowe being brought before Sir It shows that their Teutonic name was at that period a Stephen Soame, in London, for a common drunkard, and familiar household word. The adventurous Rafe, in the standing between him and the constable, Sir Stephen first act of the play, is seen “ like a grocer in 's shop, read- sharply reproued him, tould him it was his dayly cusing Palmerin of England,"and lauding the true knights, tome to bee drunk, and that hee was soe att the present. who protect damsels and destroy giants; the citizen's Noe! quoth the fellow, I am not nowe drunk, but I conwife chimes in with “they say the king of Portugall fess myselfe to bee betwixt hawke and busard. cannot sit at his meat, but the Gyants and the Ettins A country man walkinge in Westminster yard, and will come and snatch it from him."

seeing the lawyers come flockinge out of the hall, asked, F. W. FAIRHOLT.

what they were ? Lawyers ! answered one. Oh Lord!

quoth the countryman, how can this citty endure soe MASQUERADE OF Divinity.

many lawyers, for we have but one about us, and he

troubles all our country. Pope Julius the Third, who held the Papal See from 1550 to 1555, one day being oppressed by the sultriness

Dr. Harvey of Cambridge beinge piouslie given, made of the weather retired into a summer-house in his gar

an excellent way or causey, three or four miles long, den, and for coolness stripped himself of his clothing; Join

joining to Cambridge, and often viewinge the workmen, at that juncture two Cardinals came to his villa, and

a merry gentleman calls to him, Mr. Doctor! Mr. ordering them to be admitted, he obliged them without

Doctor! this is not the way to heaven. Surely, Sir, I further ceremony to divest themselves of their habili

eir habilis | think soe, replied Dr. Harvey, for if it had, I feare, I ments and appear in the same state of nudity with him

should not have met you here. self. Having done so, the Pontiff asked them what they! A fellow condemned to have his ears cut off, and imagined the people would say of them supposing they being brought to the pillory, the executioner looking for should walk through the public streets in their then con- them, found none, and turning to the spectators, tould dition, and take a few turns in the Camp of Florus ? them hee was disappointed, for his ears were gone. Hee “Why, no doubt,” replied the Cardinals, " they would who was condemned, replyed, Sirra! I am not bound to take us for knaves or fools, and stone us into the bar- find you ears. gain." “Then,” said Pope Julius, “it is our habits A drunkard being threatened to be sent to prison. alone that preserve us from the character of knaves and often repeated, his worship was a wise justice. On the fools ; of what vast obligations are we under, my reve

next morning, being again called, and rebuked for his rend brethren, to the masquerade of divinity!".

beinge drunk, insomuch that the night before, he had often tould him, hee was a wise justice.“ Nay! then,"

answered he, “if I said so, I was drunke indeed." GREAT EFFECTS FROM LITTLE CAUSES.

One being afeared of going to sea, it was demanded, Pope INNOCENT X. had an implacable hatred of the

why he was soe; aunswered, “ because soe many men French, that he evinced on all occasions, and persecuted

were drown'd.” “Then," quoth the other, “ are you the family of his predecessor, Pope Urban VIII., with

not afeared of goeing to bed, considering the farre the most deadly ire. The immediate cause Amelot de la Houssaie thus explains :

greater number die in their beds ?” While Cardinal Barberini, Pope Urban's nephew, was legate in France, he went to see the curious library and collections of the Sieur de Moustier, when Monsignor

ORIGIN OF THE TURKISI SYMBOL, THE CRESCENT. Pamphilio, who attended, slipped a small but rare Tue Crescent was the symbol of the City of Byzanvoluine into his pocket. As they were leaving, the tium, now Constantinople, and was adopted by the legate, who had observed the transaction, closed the Turks. The device is of very early origin, as appears door, and desired De Moustier to examine whether he from coins, and is traditionally said to have taken its had lost any book; he immediately missed the stolen rise from an event thus related by a native of Byzanone. The Cardinal bid him search all his train; but tium :Pamphilio resisting to be examined, they came to blows, Philip of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great, but De Moustier becoming the victor, by the prelate's meeting with bold resistance while besieging Byzantium, being encumbered in his long habit, beat him severely, directed his engineers during the darkness of the night and found the book in his possession.-Mémoires His- to undermine the walls; fortunately for the besieged, a toriques, vol. i. p. 362.

young moon suddenly appearing discovered the purpose The Barberini, or, as now named, the Portland Vase, of the besiegers, and the design failed. The Byzantines, in the British Museum, was the property of Pope Urban. in acknowledgment, erected a statue to Diana, and the

M. F. Crescent became the symbol of their state.

MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTION AT BARDWELL. Human FIGURES with Wings.-On many ancient On a slab within the altar-rail at Bardwell Church, statues and sculpture, and on many of the Greek and in Suffolk, is the following curious epitaph in Greek;

Roman coins, winged figures are frequently reprebut no name or date. It is supposed to refer to some

sented. When did the custom obtain prevalence ? former incumbent of Bardwell, probably the Rev.

L. M. TaomAS TUER, who was buried there Dec. 29, 1708, The fashion, or custom, to endow human figures with and of whom there is no other memorial.

wings, is more recent than the time of Homer, in whose 36, Lincoln's Inn Fields, May 30. G. E. ADAMS.

Iliad, viii. 398, and xi. 183, the gold-winged Iris, apvoor.

Tepos, admits of many interpretations. Even the monsters "Αξιον άνδρα πόλου λαμπρού εί τις τινα ζητεί

of Hesiod's Theogony are without wings, and it was, as it 'Evbadɛ tolóvrov å vopónov oõua kalévdet.

seems, after the connection with the east, that this animal Ούτος λατρευτής ή τοιό θεόιο· αληθούς

addition to the human form became customary in Greece. Τούς τε γονείς τίμα και τίμα τον Βασιλήα, Φίλτατος ή φίλων ούτος βέλτιστος αδελφών, Ούτος ανήρ ή των ανδρών μεν φίλος απάντων Μάλλον δε πτωχών οις ποικίλα δώρα έδωκε.

BIRTI-PLACE OF CERVANTES. Ζώς ών ή τoίoς τoίoς τε θνηξόμενος τε.

In Spain, at every step, the traveller finds sufficient Μέχρι έως ή γάρ πνεύμαυτού ύστατον εκπνων

to excite the most melancholy reflections. Dr. Bowring, “Ως έφατ' αντιβολών έμε Κύριέ μου ελέησον. Εί ζώ η θνήσκω το θέλημα θεοίο γινέσθω

when in the Peninsula in 1819, went to Alcalá de

Henares, the birth-place of Cervantes, the writer of the Εί ούν ήν όυτως τουτου θάνατός τε βίος τε, Ούτος έτοιμος έη θανατω αγαπής διά έργα

everywhere known adventures of Don Quixote. He "Αξιος εύ τε πόλου διά ΤΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΙΗΣΟΥ.

sought for the house in which he was born, but was told it had been destroyed that a herd of friars might

enlarge their kitchen-garden! and his enquiry respectLITERAL TRANSLATION.

ing the manuscripts of Ximenes Cisneros elicited a conIf any one seeks for a man worthy of the shining heaven, clusive reply: they had been cut up for sky-rocket cases here rests the body of such an one.

to celebrate the arrival of some worthless grandee. This man was the servant of God: he truly both honoured Since the certainty of Alcalá de Henares being the his parents and honoured his king.

birth-place of Cervantes has been fully proved, numerous He was the dearest of friends, and the best of men : he was transcripts have been made of the entry of his baptism,

the friend of all men, especially the poor, to whom he | October 9, 1547, at p. 192, in the parish records, the gave various gifts.

oldest of the registries in the Church of St. Mary He died as he lived : 80 that, up to the time he drew his

Mayor; yet it is singular that no one has observed the last breath, he said,

fact, the father's name is there registered as “ Car“ Beholding me, O Lord, have mercy on me! vantes," Whether I live or die, God's will be done.”

Among the ecclesiastical documents at Tarragona, If, therefore, he was ready for death, through his deeds of examined by Fray Jayme Villanueva, was a mass of

love, he was worthy of heaven, through our Saviour, letters addressed to the Cabildo, in 1614, relating variJesus Christ.

ous atrocious acts of robbery and murder perpetrated by Roque Guinart and his band (see Don Quixote, vol. iv.,

part 2, cap. 60,) and imploring their assistance to rid ERROR RESPECTING CROMWELL'S Death.

the country of those freebooters. Cervantes appears to THE Protector was, on August 12, 1658, while at have immediately availed himself of the facts, as the Hampton Court, taken ill of a fever, and was brought to second part of Don Quixote was printed in 1615. CerWhitehall, where he died on September 3rd. Several vantes died in Spain, on the same day that Shakespeare historians state, that on the day he died, there hap- | died in England, April 23, 1616. pened the greatest storm of wind that was ever known.'

R. T. M. Clarendon also, by mistake, reiterates that assertion, but it is erroneous, and has become one of those popular delusions which may fairly be classed with household

Milton STATUE.—Many years since I remember a words. Anthony Wood, in his diary, under August 30th, statue of Milton in Vauxhall Gardens. Was it by notices

| Roubiliac, by whom the Handel statue was executed?

and where is it now? Munday, a terrible raging wind happen'd, which did

J. L. S. much hurt. Dennis Bond, a great Olivarian and antimonarchist, died on that day, and then the devil took Bond The Milton was a cast in lead, and painted. Early in for Oliver's appearance.

the morning of Thursday, December 27th, 1810, some perSept. 3. Oliver Cromwell the Protector died. This I set son or persons made their way into the gardens and mutidown, because some writers tell us, that he was hurried lated the statue by breaking off the legs and one of the arms. away by the devill in the wind before mention'd.

It is supposed the watch in the grounds disturbed them, as Edinburgh.

C. M. the broken parts were all they carried off.


ESCROQUER.–Current Notes, vol. iv. p. 10. The The keepers of the early records have in many in-note relative to Herrard follows the extract from Perronstances been themselves the destroyers of some of the iana, p. 39; in the folio edition of Richelet, printed at highest consequence. In the Cathedral library, Exeter, Rouen, 1719, fol. vol. i. p. 532; thus :is deposited the manuscript entitled or known as The Le fils de François Herrard de Vitri a escroqué dix louis Exon Domesday,' and in 1810, while being examined, it d'or à M. Richelet, et ce faquin au lieu de cacher la con. was discovered that a leaf had been torn out; when a duite de son fils, en rendant ce qu'il avoit lâchement escroqué, note of the circumstance was made at the time. Subsea l'insolence d'approuver, et de remercier par un sot quently Mr. Trevelyan called to see the book, and billet Monsieur Richelet de sa générosité. honourably produced the missing leaf from his pocket. It transpired that the leaf had descended to him from Dean Willoughby, who was Dean of Exeter in the time

DORCHESTER CHURCH. of King Henry the Eighth, and who had no doubt ANTHONY Wood in his Diary, under May 20, 1659, abstracted the leaf in question. Thus a spoliation at the

mentions the following interesting fact, in relation to era of the Reformation, was restored at a much later

the town of Dorchester. * Let any one examine the volumes of Royal signatures

At Dorchester, and thence to Warborow, to the house of among the Musgrave Collections in the British Museum,

Adam Hobbes, a farmer, to desire leave to see a book in his and it will then be apparent how wickedly very many

hands, containing matters relating to the church of Dor

chester. He denied him the sight of it, but Hobbes being letters patent and other records have been mutilated,

acquainted with Thomas Rowney, an attorney of Oxon, A.W. for the puerile object of simply possessing an autograph. persuaded him to leave it in his hands for my use, which

he did the next mercate day that he came to Oxon. 'Twas

a book in quarto, written in parchment, in the reign, I PoeticAL SIGN.- In a well-known country town think, of Qu. Elizabeth, and in it he saw the large will of where four inns were already established, the Bear, the Richard Beauforest, dated July 18, 1554, and proved on Angel, the Ship, and the Three Cups, a fifth was June 8, 1555 ; whereby he gives the abbey church of successfully added, the White Horse, having under the Dorchester, which he had bought of the king, to the towne sign, the following bold lines :

of Dorcbester.
" My White Horse shall bite the Bear,

C. W.
And make the Angel fly;
Shall turn the Ship her bottom up,

Man's life is an hour-glasse that being runne,
And drink the Three Cups dry!”

Concludes the hour of joy, and so is donne.


WHITE HORSE AT CHERWELL.—The following may interest some reader of Current Notes. T. P.' CARPET WORDS.—The capacity of FELTHAM's carpet

Christopher Alsop, M.A., who about the year 1770. bag seems to be something like the conjuror's inplanned and caused to be made the figure of the White exhaustible bottle. We forward forty or more Latin Horse, at Cherwell, an object that has greatly interested words, which may be added to the English already travellers on the Bath road; died early in March, 1816, at noticed :Calne, in Wiltshire, in his 85th year.



Apte Par


Arce Parce

The Chamberlain's Account for this borough for the



Erat years 1749-50, has the following entry





Paret Tace Paid for prosecuting one Richardson, and others,

Crepat Ater

Parte sharpers, by pricking at a game, called Pricking in the Old


Pater Hat, 6s. 10d.


Rapte Per Can any of your correspondents explain the nature of

Acer, subst. Re Pera this game? Neither Brand nor Hone mention it; both, Acer, adject. Pace Petra however, mention a game called . Pricking at the Belt,'

ELIZA AND MARY N. or girdle, named also playing at

Cork, May 27.

Fast and Loose,' and described by Brand* as a cheating game, much practised by the gipsies in the time of Shakespeare,' I presume Pricking in the Old Hat must have been

To CORRESPONDENTS. somewhat similar in character.

GRAHAM.—The Earldom of Kerry passed, on the Leicester.

WILLIAM KELLY. death of his cousin, in 1818, to the present Marquis of

Lansdowne; whose eldest son, Thomas Fitz-Maurice, by * Popular Antiquities, edit. 1813, vol. ii. p. 300. courtesy Earl of KERRY, died in 1836.



No. XLII.]

“ Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

[JULY, 1851,


such old cronies, that I ought not to be angry with her st two were addressed to William Mudford for sticking close to my skirts. editor of the Courier evening newspaper. The three

With sincere respect, believe me your much obliged, * last to Thomas Hurst, bookseller and publisher. Queen

Tuesday morn.

S. T.Č. Caroline died at Hammersmith, August 7th, 1821. This fact identifies the period of the first two letters,

Grove, Highgate, which are otherwise undated; they refer to his Lectures

Friday night, Dec. 5, 1829. on Shakespeare in that year.

DEAR SIR,-A proof slip appertaining to some other DEAR SIR, I have written a column or more on the cha:

Knight of the Press, has been sent by mistake, which I have racter of the late Queen, in connection with the prevailing

re-enclosed. tendency among a numerous party, to asperse their superiors.

I have been very grierously afflicted by a sort of rheuI hope you will be pleased with it. There are two pages more

matic fever, affecting principally the right side and the which you may depend on being left at the Courier Office,

whole half of the back lengthways; the more grievous, that before six o'clock to-morrow evening. I assure you, that

the paroxysms have come on about midnight, and rendered my main wish for having the Courier sent me, proceeds

it impracticable to lie down, t or even to sit still for many from the conviction that in reading it, few days could pass

minutes together, till seven or eight in the morning ; but for in which something would not suggest itself to me, though

two or three hours before the fit, there comes on an indebut a paragraph of a dozen lines, which I might as well

scribable depression of spirit which my reason finds it diffiwrite as talk, and which, might yet be occasionally useful

cult to overrule, and impossible to prevent or remove, and to you, more so perhaps than set articles.

after the fits my whole back feels hot and sore as a bruise. I enclose for your kind acceptance, tickets for my two

But the weather is sadly against me, and I can only pray for Courses of Lectures;* and at the same time, enclose an

myself and for all; may God either proportion the sufferings advertisement, which I should be glad to have inserted in

to the strength, or grant strength in proportion to the sufferMonday and Wednesday's Couriers. I hope that Mr.

| ings. Thy will be done! Amen. Street will be so good as to let my Prospectus appear. Alas!

Accept assurances of sincere respect dear sir, these Lectures are my only resource. I have

and regard from your obliged, worked hard, very hard, for the last years of my life, but

S. T. COLERIDGE. from Literature as Publication, I cannot gain even Bread. We dine on Sundays at half-past four, and should be

August 23, 1830. happy if you would take a family dinner with us, when you

You may if you like, and continue to wish it, have the are not better, or more agreeably engaged.

first half of the Aids to Reflection, on the understood condiYour obliged, S.T. COLERIDGE,

tion, that you shall have the second as soon as it is actually

required, whether I have or have not made the additions, or MY DEAR SIR, I hope you will come and give the farewell rather substitutions, which I meditate and which, conshake by the hand to my Shakespeare. The Romeo and sisting almost wholly of transcripts from manuscripts, my Juliett pleased me even beyond my anticipation ; but alas ! health only has prevented. This is the best compromise scanty are my audiences ! But Poverty and I have been that, in the present uncertainty and restiveness of my Beast

body, I can make between my desires to improve the book, • The late Henry Nelson Coleridge, in the Biographical and my anxiety not to worry or disappoint you or the public. Supplement to the Biographia Literaria, 1847, vol. ii.

S.T. COLERIDGE. p. 430 ; observes—“I have not been able to obtain any exact account of all my Father's courses of lectures given after his visit to Germany, but find from letters and other

• On the initials, which Coleridge sometimes affixed to his sources of information, that he lectured in London, in 1804,

| letters, he made the pun, Estese (Eornon.) before going to Malta ; on his return from Malta, in 1807;

His residence at Highgate commenced in April, 1816. again in 1808; in 1811; in 1814, in which year he also

+ Coleridge once went with a friend to visit a young lady lectured at Bristol ; in 1817, and for the last time, I believe,

whose father and mother were for many years martyrs to in 1819." The lectures alluded to in these letters, were the gout; when he, in his eccentricity, expressed their helpdelivered still later, in 1821.

less situation by the following parody of ByronThe subject appears to have been a favourite one with

They lazily mumbled their mca's in bed, the Lecturer. See Gillman's Life of Coleridge, 1838, vol. 1,

Unable to crawl from the spot where they fed. p. 252,


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