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This he has most clearly and strikingly manifested in the course of his providence, from the beginning o the world to the present day. He has always had the hearts of all his enemies in his hand, and made therr undesignedly willing to promote the very ends they hated. God designed to promote his own glory in the fall and recovery of mankind. And he employed Satan, his first and greatest enemy, as a free, voluntary instrument to promote that design, which he had no desire, nor intention to promote. And after the apostacy of the human race, we find, that God employed evil spirits, as free voluntary agents in fulfilling the purposes of providence. He undoubtedly employed their invisible influence in bringing about the dispersion of the ambitious and idolatrous builders of Babel; in sending Joseph into Egypt; in trying the patience of Job ; in hardening the heart of Pharaoh, and the hearts of the Egyptians; in hardening the hearts of the seven nations of Canaan, and preparing them for their predestinated ruin ; and in tempting Saul, Abab, Haman, and Judas, to pursue the path to their own destruction. God saw it necessary to bring all these things to pass, and employed the free and voluntary agency of his most inveterate enemies to effect his purpose. There is reason to believe, that God has as constantly and universally employed the unholy, as the holy angels in carrying on his gracious designs in this fallen world. And he as constantly and universally employs unholy as holy men in labouring for him in his vineyard. He has hitherto employed a vast many more sinners than saints, in his service. It appears from both

sacred and profane history, that God employed the Egyptians, Syrians, Babylonians, Grecians, and Romans, to labour for him, in preparing the way for the coming of Christ, and the spread of the gospel among those, who were perish. ing for the lack of vision. And he is now setting the whole wicked world in motion, and employing their selfish exertions to promote his benevolent and gracious designs. And though the labours of his mercenary servants never have been, and never will be vir.




leste uous ; yet they always have been, and will be, unnnin speakably useful

, in promoting his ultimate end, in the had reation of the world. And when he has accomplishJe ted this wise and noble end, he will then reap a rich nds harvest from their long, laborious, and undesigned serTvi. vices. I must add,

4. That God will, at the last day, reap the fruits of atan all the labours of the Lord Jesus Christ.

He came dm into the world to do the will of him who sent him, and

he delighted to do his will. He was the most faithful ved and laborious servant, that God ever employed in his the service. He went into his Father's vineyard, and went ed about his Father's business, before he was twelve years ersis old ; and he never lost, nor misimproved a single mobe ment of time, for more than twenty years. And though

his life was comparatively short ; yet he did more in eles thať short period, than any other person ever did, in

more than nine hundred and sixty years, and was far the Pip

most faithful, most industrious and most laborious serF Har

vant, that ever voluntarily entered into his Father's field. He knew all that he had to do and to suffer for

his Father before hand. He knew that he had to comLOT

bat the power and subtilty of Satan in the wilderness. He knew that he had to work miracles, to cure all manner of diseases, to cast out devils, to go all over Judea and preach the gospel of the kingdom, to lay open the corruption of the human heart, to condemn

the errours, delusions, and false religion of the apparher

ently best and worst of men, to meet their contradictions, reproaches, and malignant opposition, to endure the heat of summer and the cold of winter, and to save himself and others from sinking in the sea of Tibereas. But these labours, dangers, and sufferings, were nothing in comparison to what he knew that he had to endure in the garden, before the bar of Pilate, and on the cross, by the hands of wicked men. Though he fully anticipated these things and sensibly realized the tremendous sufferings before him; yet he did not shrink from them, but magnanimously and cheerfully resolved to meet them. Now is my soul trou

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bled : and what shall I say? Father save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour, Father, glorify thy name.” And when the time was come, that he should finish the work that his Father had given him to do, he steadfastly set his face to go to Jerusalem, to make his soul an offering for sin ; where he was derided, insulted, and with wicked hands crucified and slain. The painful and faithful labours of Christ were unspeakably greater, and more important, than all the labours of angels and men put together. Indeed, their labours would have been of little account, if not entirely lost, had it not been for the labours of Christ. He has done, and will do more than any other person in the universe, to bring home many sons unto glory, and to augment the holiness and happiness of heaven for ever. When he shall have finished his mediatorial work, he will exhibit the fruits of his labours before the eyes of the whole intelligent creation, and fill every holy heart with inexpressible joy. Thus at the end of the world, God will reap the fruit of his own labours, the fruit of Christ's labours, and the fruit of the labours of all his holy and unholy creatures; and these fruits will yield him a most glorious and plentiful harvest, and lay a broad and permanent foundation for the everlasting rest and enjoyment of all holy beings.


1. If at the end of the world, God will reap the fruits of his own labours, and of the labours of all his intelligent creatures ; then he will have a very rich and plentiful harvest of every thing the most valuable and desirable.

For, in the first place, he will have a rich and plentiful harvest of knowledge. None of his intelligent crea tures will come to their proper maturity in knowledge until the end of the world, when God's ultimate end in the creation of it, shall be completely answered, and

universally known. Though angels have been growing in knowledge from the day of their creation to this day, and will continue growing in knowledge from this day to the great and last day; yet they will not come to their full

growth, until they have seen all intelligent creatures collected together, and all their views, and feelings, and exertions completely unfolded, together with all God's dispensations of providence and grace towards them. Though they have been looking into God's works and ways for nearly six thousand years, with great attention, and though they have made great and rapid improvements in knowledge during this long period, yet they may learn ten fold more in one thousand

years to come, than they ever learnt before; and yet not arrive at their fall growth, or proper perfection in knowledge, until the end of the world, and the tinal consummation of all things. This is also equally true of the whole human race. Though they come into the world extremely ignorant, yet they naturally grow in knowledge as they grow in years; but though some of them have lived hundreds of years in this world, and thousands of years in another, yet none of thein ever have, or ever will, come to the full measure of perfect men in knowledge, till the end of the world. Then the intellectual powers and faculties of all minds, whether human or angelick, will come to maturity, though not to cquality. Angels will continue a superiour, and men an inferiour, order of beings; and one angel will be superiour to another angel, as well as one man superiour to another man, in knowledge. But this variety in knowledge will be consistent with absolute perfection in each individual. Now, if at the end of the world, the many myriads of angels, and the many millions of the human race, will all be collected together in one vast assembly, and exhibit all the improvements in knowledge they have ever made under all the means of divine cultivation, which they have ever enjoyed ; God' will certainly reap a rich and plentiful harvest of knowledge, which will afford him unspeakably more joy, than any harvest ever afforded the richest man in

this world. Every child of Adam will know more than Adam, or Enoch, or Moses, or Solomon, knew, when they left the world; and all the angels will know vastly more, than they ever knew before God's ultimate design in creation was accomplished and revealed. God will reap a rich harvest of holiness, as well as of knowledge. All the angels of heaven, and all that shall have been redeemed from among men, will shine forti in the kingdom of their Father, in all the beauties of holiness. The patriarchs, the prophets, the apostles, all that had been sanctified and justified, will appear but a little lower than the angels of heaven, in their gracious and divine attainments. And these attainments will appear far more valuable and excellent in the sight of God, than all their intellectual improvements. The righteous Lord loveth righteousness. God views holiness in himself and in his rational creatures, as infinitely more amiable and valuable, than any other excellence or perfection. And the immense fruits of holiness, which the immense number of his labourers in his vineyard shall have brought forth, in the course of many thousand years, will vastly increase the value and joy of his rich harvest at the end of the world. Furthermore, his harvest will then comprize not only all the knowledge, and all the holiness, but all the happiness of all his holy creatures. All his faithful servants will then cease from their labours, and enter into everlasting rest and enjoyment. They will enjoy that blessed kingdom, which had been prepared for them, by all the labours of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, and of the whole intelligent creation. And God will then see all his holy creatures brought to the perfection of their natures, placed in their proper mansions, and in the full enjoyment of all good. A more rich and plentiful harvest than this, we cannot conceive it possible for God to enjoy at the end of the world and final consummation of all things.

2. If God will reap such a rich and plentiful harvest of knowledge, holiness, and happiness, at the end of the world, then he deserves our everlasting gratitude

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