Retirement System for Interstate Carriers' Employees. Hearing Before a Subcommittee ... on H.R. 8651 ... July 16-17, 1935

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Page 81 - Should Congress, in the execution of its powers, adopt measures which are prohibited by the Constitution ; or should Congress, under the pretext of executing its powers, pass laws for the accomplishment of objects not intrusted to the government, it would become the painful duty of this tribunal, should a case requiring such a decision come before it, to say that such an Act was not the law of the land.
Page 53 - ... prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of such term; and (2) the terms of office of the members first taking office after the date of enactment of this Act...
Page 112 - That must always rest upon some difference which bears a reasonable and just relation to the act in respect to which the classification is proposed, and can never be made arbitrarily, and without any such basis.
Page 53 - Government and composed of three members appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Each member shall hold office for a term of five years, except that any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of the term and...
Page 3 - There is hereby established, as an independent agency in the executive branch of the Government, a board to be known as the 'National Mediation Board...
Page 50 - ... handling of property transported by railroad, and any receiver, trustee, or other individual or body, judicial or otherwise, when in the possession of the property or operating all or any part, of the business of any such employer: Provided, however, That the term "employer...
Page 1 - carrier" includes any express company, sleeping-car company, carrier by railroad, subject to the Interstate Commerce Act, and any company which is directly or indirectly owned or controlled by or under common control with any carrier by railroad and which operates any equipment or facilities or performs any service (other than trucking service) in connection with the transportation, receipt, delivery, elevation, transfer in transit, refrigeration or icing, storage, and handling of property transported...
Page 51 - employee " as used herein includes every person in the service of a carrier (subject to its continuing authority to supervise and direct the manner of rendition of his service...
Page 86 - ... great number of subjects of public interest, jurisdiction of which the States have never parted with, and which are reserved to them by the Tenth Amendment, would be to enact a detailed measure of complete regulation of the subject and enforce it by a so-called tax upon departures from it. To give such magic to the word "tax...
Page 112 - In the case at bar, Congress in the name of a tax which on the face of the act is a penalty, seeks to do the same thing, and the effort must be equally futile.

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