A Test of Time: The Volcano of Thera and the Chronology and History of the Aegean and East Mediterranean in the Mid Second Millennium BC
Oxbow Books, 1999 - Aegean Islands (Greece and Turkey) - 494 pages
The great mid-second millennium BC eruption of the Thera (Santorini) volcano in the Aegean Sea, has been the subject of intense popular and scholarly interest. The effects of the eruption have been linked with the destruction of the Minoan palace civilization of Crete, the legend of Atlantis and even the events described in the Biblical account of the Exodus. Scientists have studied the remains of the volcano, traced eruption products across the east Mediterranean, and sought evidence for a climatic impact in ice-cores and tree-rings. At Akrotiri, archaeologists have unearthed a major prehistoric town which was buried by the eruption, finding multi-storey houses decorated with wonderful frescoes, and full of ceramics and other finds linking this site with the contemporary civilisations of Crete, Greece, Anatolia, Cyprus, the Levant and Egypt.
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A brief history of the Thera debate
Aims and Preliminary issues for this Study
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Common terms and phrases
17th century BC Aegean Ahmose Akrotiri Anatolia appears archaeological argued associated Assyria beginning Bichrome Bietak bowl calibration century BC ceramic Chapter chronology clear consider contemporary context conventional correlation Crete Cypriot Cyprus debate destruction discussion earlier early east eastern effect Egypt Egyptian errors eruption eruption of Thera especially et al event evidence example fact Figure final finds frescoes further GISP2 glass Hankey Hyksos ice-core important king Knossos late later LCIA LCIB less LMIA LMIB major material Mediterranean Merrillees Middle Minoan noted occurred offer Palace perhaps period phase possible present probably problems proposed radiocarbon range recent records reference regard region reign relatively relevant samples seems sherd showing signal similar specific style suggest Table Tell Tell el-Dab'a Thera tomb Tuthmosis types volcanic volcanic eruption Ware Warren Zielinski
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