Jewish Magic and Superstition: A Study in Folk Religion

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University of Pennsylvania Press, Feb 13, 2004 - Religion - 356 pages

Alongside the formal development of Judaism from the eleventh through the sixteenth centuries, a robust Jewish folk religion flourished—ideas and practices that never met with wholehearted approval by religious leaders yet enjoyed such wide popularity that they could not be altogether excluded from the religion. According to Joshua Trachtenberg, it is not possible truly to understand the experience and history of the Jewish people without attempting to recover their folklife and beliefs from centuries past.

Jewish Magic and Superstition is a masterful and utterly fascinating exploration of religious forms that have all but disappeared yet persist in the imagination. The volume begins with legends of Jewish sorcery and proceeds to discuss beliefs about the evil eye, spirits of the dead, powers of good, the famous legend of the golem, procedures for casting spells, the use of gems and amulets, how to battle spirits, the ritual of circumcision, herbal folk remedies, fortune telling, astrology, and the interpretation of dreams.

First published more than sixty years ago, Trachtenberg's study remains the foundational scholarship on magical practices in the Jewish world and offers an understanding of folk beliefs that expressed most eloquently the everyday religion of the Jewish people.

 

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User Review  - raizel - LibraryThing

Lots of examples, focusing on folk religion in Germanic Jewry from the 11th century to 1600 CE. Importance of names---of people and angels, words, verses of the Bible, spells, etc. Read full review

Contents

THE LEGEND OF JEWISH SORCERY I
1
THE TRUTH BEHIND THE LEGEND II
11
THE POWERS OF EVIL
25
MAN AND THE DEMONS
44
THE SPIRITS OF THE DEAD
61
THE POWERS OF GOOD
69
IN THE NAME OF
78
THE BIBLE IN MAGIC
104
THE WAR WITH THE SPIRITS
153
NATURE AND
181
MEDICINE
193
DIVINATION
208
DREAMS
230
ASTROLOGY
249
APPENDIX IIMs Sefer Gematriaot On Gems
269
BIBLIOGRAPHY A A NOTE ABOUT THE SOURCES
315

THE MAGICAL PROCEDURE
114
AMULETS
132
GLOSSARY OF HEBREW TERMS
333
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About the author (2004)

Joshua Trachtenberg (1904-59) served in the American rabbinate for nearly three decades. He is the author of The Devil and the Jews. Moshe Idel is Professor of Jewish Thought at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His numerous publications include Kabbalah: New Perspectives, Messianic Mystics, and Hasidism: Between Ecstasy and Magic. He received the Israel Prize for excellence in the field of Jewish philosophy in 1999.

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