The Airplane, a History of Its Technology
Commissioned in celebration of the 100th Anniversary of Powered Flight. The airplane is a system comprising aspects of aerodynamics, propulsion, flight dynamics, and structures. This book outlines the history of the technical development of the airplane. Richly illustrated, it moves the reader through time beginning with Leonardo da Vinci and forward to the present. In each chronological period, the various aspects of the synthesis of aerodynamics, propulsion, flight dynamics, and structures to the design of flying machines is described and critically evaluated.
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19th century aerodrome aerodynamic aerodynamic force aerodynamicists aeronautical engineering aircraft airﬂow airfoil shape airplane airplane design angle of attack aspect ratio wings Aviation biplane Boeing calculations cambered Cayley’s Chanute compressibility concept conﬁguration Douglas Douglas DC-3 drag coefﬁcient efﬁciency experimental experiments feet ﬁghter ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst ﬁxed ﬂaps ﬂight ﬂow ﬂuid ﬂying machine Fokker form drag fuselage George Cayley glider high-speed horsepower increase jet-propelled airplane Junkers Laboratory landing gear Langley’s later leading edge lift coefﬁcient Lilienthal table Lilienthal’s Mach number mature propeller-driven airplane Maxim maximum mechanical miles per hour monoplane NACA cowling Orville pilot pounds pressure propulsion reﬂected scientiﬁc shown in Figure Smithsonian Space Museum SPAD SPAD XIII speciﬁc speed of sound streamlining structural strut-and-wire biplane successful supersonic surface swept wings technical theory thick airfoils transonic turbofan velocity Volta conference whirling arm Wilbur wind tunnel wind-tunnel tests World Wright brothers Wright Flyer